Motorcyclists' protective clothing against mechanical impact — Part 3: Motorcyclists' chest protectors - Requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies the minimum coverage to be provided by motorcyclists’ chest protectors. This European Standard contains the requirements for the performance of the protectors under impact and details of the test methods, requirements for sizing, ergonomic requirements, and requirements for innocuousness, labelling and the provision of information.
Note that this European Standard defines a product which provides limited protection against mechanical impacts and falls to the chest. If the product is only intended to protect against lofted stones (commonly used in Motocross riding) readers are invited to refer to EN 14021:2003 instead.

Motorradfahrer-Schutzkleidung gegen mechanische Belastung - Teil 3: Brustprotektoren für Motorradfahrer - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Mindestabdeckung fest, die durch Brustprotektoren für Motorradfahrer bereitzustellen sind. Die Norm enthält Anforderungen bezüglich der Leistung des Protektors bei einem Aufprall, Einzelheiten zu den Prüfverfahren sowie Anforderungen an die Größenbestimmung, Ergonomie, Unschädlichkeit, Kennzeichnung und Informationsbereitstellung.
Es ist zu beachten, dass diese Norm ein Produkt festlegt, dass nur einen begrenzten Schutz gegen einen mechanische Aufprall und Stürze auf die Brust bereitstellt. Falls das Produkt nur dafür vorgesehen ist, gegen hochgeschleuderte Steine zu schützen (allgemein verwendet bei Motocross-Fahrten), werden die Leser stattdessen an EN 14021:2003 verwiesen.

Vêtements de protection contre les chocs mécaniques pour motocyclistes - Partie 3 : Protecteurs de poitrine pour motocyclistes - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

Varovalne obleke za motoriste pred mehanskimi vplivi - 3. del: Ščitniki prsnega koša za motoriste - Zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard določa najmanjše kritje, ki ga zagotavljajo ščitniki prsnega koša za motoriste. Ta evropski standard vsebuje zahteve glede delovanja ščitnikov v primeru mehanskega vpliva in podrobnosti o preskusnih metodah, zahteve glede velikosti, ergonomike, neškodljivosti, označevanja in zagotavljanja informacij.
Upoštevajte, da ta evropski standard določa izdelek, ki zagotavlja omejeno zaščito prsnega koša pred mehanskimi vplivi in padci. Če je izdelek namenjen zgolj zaščiti pred udarci kamnov (pogosto se uporablja pri vožnji z motorjem), glejte standard EN 14021:2003.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
18-Dec-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
19-Dec-2018
Completion Date
19-Dec-2018

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Motorradfahrer-Schutzkleidung gegen mechanische Belastung - Teil 3: Brustprotektoren für Motorradfahrer - Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenVêtements de protection contre les chocs mécaniques pour motocyclistes - Partie 3 : Protecteurs de poitrine pour motocyclistes - Exigences et méthodes d'essaiMotorcyclists' protective clothing against mechanical impact - Part 3: Motorcyclists' chest protectors - Requirements and test methods43.140Motorna kolesa in mopediMotorcycles and mopeds13.340.10Varovalna oblekaProtective clothingICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1621-3:2018SIST EN 1621-3:2019en,fr,de01-marec-2019SIST EN 1621-3:2019SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 1621-3:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1621-3
December
t r s z ICS
s uä u v rä s r English Version
Motorcyclists 5 protective clothing against mechanical impact æ Part

uã Motorcyclists 5 chest protectors æ Requirements and test methods Vêtements de protection contre les chocs mécaniques pour motocyclistes æ Partie

u ã Protecteurs de poitrine pour motocyclistes æ Exigences et méthodes d 5essai
MotorradfahreræSchutzkleidung gegen mechanische Belastung æ Teil

uã Brustprotektoren für Motorradfahrer æ Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on

s v November
t r s zä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s x t sæ uã t r s z ESIST EN 1621-3:2019

EN 1621-3:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6 4 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................... 7 4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 7 4.2 Innocuousness .................................................................................................................................................. 7 4.3 Minimum dimensions of zones of protection........................................................................................ 7 4.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 7 4.4 Impact Attenuation ......................................................................................................................................... 8 4.5 Impact Distribution ........................................................................................................................................ 8 4.6 Ergonomic requirements ............................................................................................................................. 8 5 Test equipment ................................................................................................................................................ 9 5.1 Dropping apparatus ....................................................................................................................................... 9 5.2 Bar Impactor ..................................................................................................................................................... 9 5.3 Hemispherical Impactor ............................................................................................................................... 9 5.4 Anvil ..................................................................................................................................................................... 9 5.5 Force measurement instrumentation .................................................................................................. 10 5.6 Tolerance and uncertainty ....................................................................................................................... 10 5.7 Ergonomic Assessment .............................................................................................................................. 10 5.7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 10 5.7.2 Tests .................................................................................................................................................................. 11 6 Test methods ................................................................................................................................................. 11 6.1 Samples ............................................................................................................................................................ 11 6.2 Boundary and Feature marking .............................................................................................................. 11 6.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11 6.2.2 Full Chest protectors – Impact Attenuation Template .................................................................... 12 6.2.3 Full Chest Protectors – Impact Distribution

Impact Points ......................................................... 12 6.2.4 Divided Chest protectors -

Impact Attenuation Template ........................................................... 12 6.2.5 Divided Chest protectors -

Impact Distribution Impact Points .................................................. 12 6.3 Impact attenuation test .............................................................................................................................. 12 6.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12 6.3.2 Impact sites .................................................................................................................................................... 13 6.3.3 Test results ..................................................................................................................................................... 15 6.4 Impact distribution test ............................................................................................................................. 15 6.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15 6.4.2 Impact Sites .................................................................................................................................................... 15 6.4.3 Test Results .................................................................................................................................................... 16 6.5 Sample preconditioning ............................................................................................................................ 16 6.5.1 Ambient impact test .................................................................................................................................... 16 6.5.2 Wet impact test ............................................................................................................................................. 16 6.5.3 Optional high temperature impact test ................................................................................................ 16 6.5.4 Optional low temperature impact test ................................................................................................. 16 SIST EN 1621-3:2019

EN 1621-3:2018 (E) 3 6.6 Expression of Test Results ......................................................................................................................... 17 6.7 Test report ...................................................................................................................................................... 17 7 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 17 8 Information supplied by the manufacturer ........................................................................................ 18 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 20

SIST EN 1621-3:2019

EN 1621-3:2018 (E) 4 European foreword This document (EN 1621-3:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 162 “Protective clothing including hand and arm protection and lifejackets”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by June 2019. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and Regulation (EU) 2016/425. EN 1621 consists of the following parts, under the general title “Motorcyclists’ protective clothing against mechanical impact”: — Part 1: Motorcyclists' limb joint impact protectors - Requirements and test methods — Part 2: Motorcyclists' back protectors - Requirements and test methods — Part 3: Motorcyclists' chest protectors - Requirements and test methods — Part 4: Motorcyclists' inflatable protectors - Requirements and test methods According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 1621-3:2019

EN 1621-3:2018 (E) 5 Introduction Motorcyclists' chest protectors are devices worn within or on top of other protective clothing, covering the chest of the rider. The performance requirements have been chosen as a best practical compromise between protection, comfort, and ergonomic requirements. Protectors that are too stiff or heavy will not be worn. The test methods are designed to provide information on protection against impacts against edges such as kerbstones or corner of car roofs. The force levels in the tests do not compare directly with the forces to which riders are exposed in accidents, but experiences have shown that products meeting the requirements of this European Standard may reduce the incidence and severity of injuries. This standard accommodates two different typologies of protector, which are offered to encourage the adoption of certified protection within the different disciplines of motorcycling and the type of rider. These are namely the divided and full protector, the definition of which are provided in Clause 3. Two performance levels are specified for motorcyclists' chest protectors against impacts. These are level 1 for soft protectors which fulfil only the force transmission requirements, and level 2 for more rigid protectors which fulfil both the force transmission and force distribution requirements. There may be, however, weight and restriction penalties associated with providing level 2 protection. SIST EN 1621-3:2019

EN 1621-3:2018 (E) 6 1 Scope This document specifies the minimum coverage to be provided by motorcyclists’ chest protectors. The standard contains the requirements for the performance of the protectors under impact and details of the test methods, dimensions, ergonomic requirements, and requirements for innocuousness, labelling and the provision of information. This document defines a product which provides limited protection against mechanical impacts and falls on the chest. If the product is only intended to protect against lofted stones (commonly used in off-road riding) then EN 14021 will be used. Where a product is intended to protect against mechanical impacts and lofted stones this document will be used. 2 Normative references The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 14021, Stone shields for off-road motorcycling suited to protect riders against stones and debris - Requirements and test methods ISO 6487, Road vehicles — Measurement techniques in impact tests — Instrumentation EN 1621-1, Motorcyclists' protective clothing against mechanical impact - Part 1: Motorcyclists' limb joint impact protectors - Requirements and test methods 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/

ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp 3.1 chest protector protector with dimensions and form to protect the rider's chest to reduce the severity of injuries caused by mechanical impacts and falls to the chest 3.2 full chest protector protector designed as a single piece with dimensions and form to protect the rider’s chest 3.3 divided chest protector protector designed in two separate halves with dimensions and form to protect the rider's chest 3.4 zone of protection specific area of the protective equipment that is intended to provide protection and this area is subject to specific testing SIST EN 1621-3:2019

EN 1621-3:2018 (E) 7 3.5 Type A protector protector of smaller dimension; these are more commonly (although not exclusively) optimised for use with smaller riders 3.6 Type B protector protector of larger dimension; these are more commonly (although not exclusively) optimised for use with larger riders 4 Requirements 4.1 General Motorcyclists’ chest protectors shall meet an overall requirement that they are safe to use, comfortable to wear and fit for their purpose. Chest protectors shall be provided with means of restraint and/or adjustments capable to ensure that the protector is maintained in position during use. This requirement is not applicable for protectors to be inserted or incorporated into garments. Testing shall be carried out according to 5.7. 4.2 Innocuousness The innocuousness shall comply with the requirements of EN 1621-1. 4.3 Minimum dimensions of zones of protection 4.3.1 General

Motorcyclists’ chest protectors shall provide a minimum zone of protection. For full chest protectors this is defined in Figure 1a, and for divided chest protectors in Figure 1b. Dimensions are provided in Table 1.

Full Chest Protectors b) Divided Chest Protectors Figure 1 — Minimum zone of protection SIST EN 1621-3:2019

EN 1621-3:2018 (E) 8 Table 1 — Minimum zone of protection - Dimensions Type Dimensions of Figure 1 in mm r l1 l2 h1 A 25 42 84 118 B 30 50 100 140 NOTE The type B protector dimensions are intended to cover the needs of most motorcycle riders. However, for ergonomic reasons, in certain cases the type B protectors may be unsuitable. In such cases, the alternative type A protectors can be chosen by the user. 4.3.2 Levels of protection — Level 1 Protectors: Protectors made of soft material providing impact attenuation but not impact distribution. — Level 2 Protection: Protectors made of more rigid material providing impact attenuation and impact distribution. NOTE Level 2 protectors give improved protection; however, they can be heavier and have restriction penalties associated. 4.4 Impact Attenuation This requirement is applicable to level 1 and level 2 protectors. When impact attenuation is tested in accordance to 6.3 with samples conditioned to 6.5.1 (ambient impact test), and repeated with samples conditioned to 6.5.2 (wet impact test) and, if required, 6.5.3 (high temperature impact test) and/or 6.5.4 (low temperature impact test), the transmitted force shall record an average peak force

¶ 18 kN and no single value shall exceed 24 kN. The average for each group of impacts conducted from 6.5.1 to 6.5.4 and the individual peak forces are reported. After each test, there shall be no fragmentation of the sample and no sharp edges shall be formed. However, formation of cracks and loss of soft debris is permissible. 4.5 Impact Distribution This requirement is applicable to level 2 protectors only. When impact distribution is tested in accordance to 6.4 with samples condition to 6.5.1 (ambient impact test), and, if required, 6.5.3 (high temperature impact test) a

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