Cranes - Safety - Design - Requirements for equipment

This European Standard specifies requirements for the design and selection of electrical, mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic equipment used in all types of cranes and their associated fixed load lifting attachments with the objectives of protecting personnel from hazards affecting their health and safety and of ensuring reliability of function.
NOTE   Specific requirements for particular types of cranes, and for load lifting attachments, are given in the appropriate European Standard.
The electrical equipment covered by this European Standard commences at the point of connection of the supply to the crane (the crane supply switch) including systems for power supply and control feeders situated outside the crane, e.g. flexible cables, conductor wires or bars, electric motors and cableless controls.
The principles to be applied for cranes transporting hazardous loads are given in this standard. Particular requirements are given for cranes transporting hot molten metal.
The standard does not cover the detail design of individual items of equipment except with regard to their selection for specific aspects of use.
In general, the proof of competence calculations and related strength requirements or safety margins of equipment and components are not covered by this standard. These questions are covered in EN 13001 parts 1 and 2, and in the EN 13001-3 series that is partly under preparation (see Annex A). Exceptionally, some safety margins are given here for items not covered in EN 13001-series.
Hazards due to noise are not covered by this standard. They are addressed in safety standards specific to each type of crane.
The specific hazards due to potentially explosive atmospheres, ionising radiation, and operation in electromagnetic fields beyond the range of EN 61000-6-2 are not covered by this European Standard.
The significant hazards covered by this European Standard are identified in Clause 4.
This European Standard is not applicable to cranes, which are manufactured before the date of publication by CEN of this standard.

Krane - Sicherheit - Konstruktion - Anforderungen an die Ausrüstungen

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen an die Konstruktion und Auswahl der elektrischen,
mechanischen, hydraulischen und pneumatischen Ausrüstung für alle Arten von Kranen und ihren
dazugehörenden fest eingescherten Lastaufnahmemittel fest, mit dem Ziel, das Personal vor Gefährdungen
seiner Sicherheit und Gesundheit zu schützen und die Betriebssicherheit der Funktionen sicherzustellen.
ANMERKUNG Besondere Anforderungen an spezielle Kranarten und Lastaufnahmemittel sind in entsprechenden
Europäischen Normen angegeben.
Die elektrische Ausrüstung, die von dieser Europäischen Norm abgedeckt wird, beginnt an der Netzanschlussstelle
des Krans (dem Kranhauptschalter) und schließt die Systeme für Energieversorgung und
Steuerleitungen außerhalb des Krans, z. B. flexible Leitungen, Schleifleitungen, Elektromotoren und
kabellose Steuerungen, mit ein.
Für Krane, die gefährliche Lasten transportieren, sind die anzuwendenden Grundsätze in dieser Norm
angegeben. Besondere Anforderungen sind an den Transport feuerflüssiger Metalle gegeben.
Diese Norm behandelt keine Detailkonstruktion einzelner Einheiten der Ausrüstung, außer im Hinblick auf
ihre Auswahl für bestimmte Aspekte der Anwendung.
Berechnungen zum Sicherheitsnachweis, Festigkeitsanforderungen oder Sicherheitsabstände für Ausrüstung
und Einzelteile sind allgemein nicht Bestandteil dieser Norm. Fragen hierzu behandeln EN 13001, Teile 1
und 2, und die Normenreihe EN 13001-3, die teilweise in Vorbereitung ist (siehe Anhang A). Lediglich für in
der Normenreihe EN 13001 nicht aufgeführte Positionen werden hier einige Sicherheitsabstände aufgeführt.
Gefährdungen durch Lärm sind nicht Bestandteil dieser Norm. Diese sind in den Produktnormen der
jeweiligen Kranarten festgelegt.
Besondere Gefährdungen durch explosionsgefährdete Bereiche, ionisierende Strahlung und Einsatz in
elektromagnetischen Feldern, über den Anwendungsbereich von EN 61000-6-2 hinaus, werden in der
vorliegenden Europäischen Norm nicht behandelt.
Die signifikanten Gefährdungen, die durch diese Europäische Norm abgedeckt sind, sind in Abschnitt 4
aufgelistet.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Krane, die vor dem Veröffentlichungsdatum der vorliegenden Norm
durch CEN hergestellt wurden.

Appareils de levage à charge suspendue - Sécurité - Conception - Prescriptions relatives à l'équipement

La présente Norme européenne spécifie des prescriptions pour la conception et le choix des équipements électriques, mécaniques, hydrauliques et pneumatiques utilisés pour tous les types d’appareils de levage à charge suspendue et leurs accessoires fixes de levage de charge, dans le but de s’assurer de la fiabilité des fonctions et de protéger le personnel des phénomènes dangereux qui pourraient affecter leur santé et leur sécurité.
NOTE   Des prescriptions spécifiques pour des types particuliers d’appareils de levage à charge suspendue et pour leurs accessoires de levage de charge sont données dans la Norme européenne appropriée.
L’équipement électrique couvert par la présente Norme européenne commence au point de raccordement de l’alimentation de l’appareil de levage à charge suspendue (l’interrupteur d’alimentation de l’appareil de levage), il comprend les alimentations de puissance et les alimentations de commande situées à l’extérieur de l’appareil de levage à charge suspendue, telles que les câbles souples, les fils électriques ou les barres conductrices, les moteurs électriques et les commandes sans fil.
Les principes à suivre pour des appareils de levage à charge suspendue transportant des charges dangereuses sont donnés dans la présente norme. Des prescriptions particulières sont indiquées pour les appareils de levage à charge suspendue transportant du métal en fusion.
La présente norme ne traite pas de la conception détaillée des éléments individuels de l’équipement, sauf en ce qui concerne leur sélection pour des aspects spécifiques d’utilisation.
En règle générale, les calculs de vérification d’aptitude et les prescriptions relatives à la résistance ou les marges de sécurité correspondantes s’appliquant à l’équipement et aux composants ne sont pas couverts par la présente norme. Ces questions sont traitées dans l’EN 13001 parties 1 et 2, et dans la série des EN 13001-3 qui est en partie en cours d’élaboration ; voir l’Annexe A. Exceptionnellement, certaines marges de sécurité sont données ici pour les éléments qui ne sont pas traités dans la série EN 13001.
Les phénomènes dangereux liés au bruit ne sont pas couverts par la présente norme. Ils sont traités dans les normes de sécurité spécifiques de chaque type d’appareil de levage à charge suspendue.
Les phénomènes dangereux spécifiques dus à des atmosphères potentiellement explosives, au rayonnement ionisant et à l’utilisation dans des champs électromagnétiques, qui sortent du domaine d’application de l’EN 61000-6-2, ne sont pas couverts par la présente Norme européenne.
Les phénomènes dangereux significatifs couverts par la présente Norme européenne sont identifiés à l’Article 4.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux appareils de levage à charge suspendue qui ont été fabriqués avant la date de publication de la présente norme par le CEN.

Žerjavi - Varnost - Konstruiranje - Zahteve za opremo

Ta evropski standard podaja zahteve za konstruiranje in izbiro električne, mehanične, hidravlične in pnevmatične opreme, ki se uporablja v vseh vrstah žerjavov in njihovi povezani pritrjeni dvigalni opremi. Cilj tega standarda je zaščita osebja pred tveganji, ki vplivajo na njihovo zdravje in varnost, ter zagotavljanje zanesljivosti delovanja.
OPOMBA: Posebne varnostne zahteve za posamezne vrste žerjavov in za dvigovalno opremo so navedene v ustreznem evropskem standardu.
Električna oprema, ki jo zajema ta evropski standard, se začne v točki povezave napajanja z žerjavom (stikalo za napajanje žerjava) in vključuje napajalne sisteme in kontrolne vhode, ki se nahajajo zunaj žerjava, na primer zvijave kable, prevodne žice ali zbiralke, elektromotorje in brezžične krmilnike.
V tem standardu so podana načela, ki se uporabljajo za žerjave za prevoz nevarnih bremen. Za žerjave za prevoz vroče tekoče kovine so podane posebne zahteve.
Ta standard ne vsebuje podrobnih načrtov posameznih delov opreme, razen v zvezi z njihovo izbiro za posebne vidike uporabe.
Ta standard na splošno ne podaja dokazov o izračunih kakovosti in povezanih zahtev o moči ali varnostnih mejah opreme in delov. Ta vprašanja obravnavata 1. in 2. del standarda EN 13001 in skupina standardov EN 13001-3, ki je delno v postopku priprave (glej dodatek A). Izjemoma so v tem standardu podane nekatere varnostne meje za elemente, ki niso zajeti v skupini standardov EN 13001.
Ta standard ne zajema tveganj zaradi hrupa. Ta tveganja so obravnavana v varnostnih standardih, ki so značilni za vsako vrsto žerjava.
Posebne nevarnosti zaradi potencialno eksplozivne atmosfere, ionizirajočega sevanja in delovanja v elektromagnetnem polju, ki presegajo področje uporabe standarda 61000-6-2, niso zajete v tem evropskem standardu.
Posebne nevarnosti, ki jih zajema ta evropski standard, so navedene v točki 4.
Ta evropski standard se ne uporablja za žerjave, izdelane pred datumom objave tega standarda s strani CEN.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-Apr-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
11-Apr-2018
Completion Date
11-Apr-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 13135:2013+A1:2018
01-julij-2018
Žerjavi - Varnost - Konstruiranje - Zahteve za opremo
Cranes - Safety - Design - Requirements for equipment
Krane - Sicherheit - Konstruktion - Anforderungen an die Ausrüstungen

Appareils de levage à charge suspendue - Sécurité - Conception - Prescriptions relatives

à l'équipement
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 13135:2013+A1:2018
ICS:
53.020.20 Dvigala Cranes
SIST EN 13135:2013+A1:2018 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 13135:2013+A1:2018
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SIST EN 13135:2013+A1:2018
EN 13135:2013+A1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
April 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 53.020.20 Supersedes EN 13135:2013
English Version
Cranes - Safety - Design - Requirements for equipment

Appareils de levage à charge suspendue - Sécurité - Krane - Sicherheit - Konstruktion - Anforderungen an

Conception - Prescriptions relatives à l'équipement die Ausrüstungen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 5 January 2013 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 22 November

2017.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 13135:2013+A1:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 13135:2013+A1:2018
EN 13135:2013+A1:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 8

4 List of significant hazards ......................................................................................................................... 11

5 Safety requirements and/or protective measures .......................................................................... 14

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

5.2 Electrical equipment ................................................................................................................................... 14

5.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 14

5.2.2 Physical environment and operating conditions ............................................................................. 15

5.2.3 Electrical supply ........................................................................................................................................... 15

5.2.4 Protection against electric shock by direct contact ......................................................................... 15

5.2.5 Control circuits and control functions .................................................................................................. 15

5.2.6 Operator interface and mounted control devices ............................................................................ 16

5.2.7 Power driven motions ................................................................................................................................ 16

5.2.8 Selection of motors ...................................................................................................................................... 16

5.3 Mechanical equipment ............................................................................................................................... 25

5.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25

5.3.2 Clutches and couplings ............................................................................................................................... 25

5.3.3 Brakes............................................................................................................................................................... 25

5.3.4 Gear drives...................................................................................................................................................... 28

5.3.5 Wheels on rails .............................................................................................................................................. 29

5.3.6 Rope systems ................................................................................................................................................. 30

5.3.7 Chain systems ................................................................................................................................................ 33

5.3.8 Belt systems ................................................................................................................................................... 34

5.3.9 Adjustment rods ........................................................................................................................................... 36

5.3.10 Compensating means .................................................................................................................................. 36

5.4 Structures associated with mechanical equipment ......................................................................... 36

5.4.1 Structures ........................................................................................................................................................ 36

5.4.2 Structural equipment ................................................................................................................................. 37

5.5 Fluid power systems ................................................................................................................................... 38

5.5.1 Controls and control devices of fluid power systems ..................................................................... 38

5.5.2 Protective measures ................................................................................................................................... 38

5.5.3 Overload testing ........................................................................................................................................... 39

5.5.4 Hydraulic equipment .................................................................................................................................. 39

5.5.5 Pneumatic equipment ................................................................................................................................ 42

5.6 Fixed load lifting attachments ................................................................................................................. 43

5.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 43

5.6.2 Hooks ................................................................................................................................................................ 44

5.7 Equipment for safeguarding .................................................................................................................... 45

5.7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 45

5.7.2 Safety related functions of control systems ........................................................................................ 46

5.7.3 Measures to decrease the consequences of loss of drive power ................................................. 46

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SIST EN 13135:2013+A1:2018
EN 13135:2013+A1:2018 (E)

5.7.4 Safety devices to prevent overrunning of movements .................................................................... 46

5.7.5 Derailment safety device ........................................................................................................................... 47

5.7.6 Provisions to prevent tipping ................................................................................................................... 48

5.7.7 Storm-locking ................................................................................................................................................. 48

5.7.8 Anti-collision device .................................................................................................................................... 49

5.8 Environmental effects ................................................................................................................................. 49

5.8.1 Protection against weakening of material .......................................................................................... 49

5.8.2 Temperature .................................................................................................................................................. 49

5.9 High risk applications ................................................................................................................................. 50

5.9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 50

5.9.2 Decreasing of the probability of occurrence of harm ...................................................................... 50

5.9.3 Additional requirements for the transportation of hot molten metal ...................................... 52

6 Verification of the safety requirements and/or protective measures ...................................... 56

7 Information for use ...................................................................................................................................... 60

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 60

7.2 Instructions for operation in special situations ................................................................................ 60

7.3 Instructions for installation and maintenance .................................................................................. 60

7.4 Maintenance instructions in the case of high risk applications .................................................. 61

7.5 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 61

Annex A (informative) Selection of a suitable set of crane standards for a given application ........ 63

Annex B (informative) Design of rail wheel flanges ........................................................................................ 65

Annex C (informative) Guidance on rope systems ........................................................................................... 68

Annex D (informative) Specification of endurance of equipment .............................................................. 69

D.1 Basic approach ............................................................................................................................................... 69

D.2 Examples of application ............................................................................................................................. 70

D.2.1 Roller bearing ................................................................................................................................................ 70

D.2.2 Lifting attachment, fixed or non-fixed ................................................................................................... 70

D.2.3 Turnbuckle ...................................................................................................................................................... 71

D.2.4 Electromechanical component ................................................................................................................ 71

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC ........................................................................................ 72

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 73

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SIST EN 13135:2013+A1:2018
EN 13135:2013+A1:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 13135:2013+A1:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 147

“Cranes - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2018, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by October 2018.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 22 November 2017.
This document supersedes !EN 13135-1:2013".

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags ! " .

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

Since the previous edition, major changes have been made in 5.2.8, 5.3.3.2, 5.3.3.5, 5.3.6.2, 5.6.2, 5.7.2,

5.9 and in Annex D, which deals with a new issue. There are several updates in standard references, and

a number of clauses have been redrafted for reasons of clarity and technical and editorial accuracy.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 13135:2013+A1:2018
EN 13135:2013+A1:2018 (E)
Introduction
This European Standard is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

This European Standard has been prepared to provide one means for equipment of cranes to conform

with the essential health and safety requirements of the Machinery Directive.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are

covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

When provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B

standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other

standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C

standard.
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SIST EN 13135:2013+A1:2018
EN 13135:2013+A1:2018 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies requirements for the design and selection of electrical, mechanical,

hydraulic and pneumatic equipment used in all types of cranes and their associated fixed load lifting

attachments with the objectives of protecting personnel from hazards affecting their health and safety

and of ensuring reliability of function.

NOTE Specific requirements for particular types of cranes, and for load lifting attachments, are given in the

appropriate European Standard.

The electrical equipment covered by this European Standard commences at the point of connection of

the supply to the crane (the crane supply switch) including systems for power supply and control

feeders situated outside the crane, e.g. flexible cables, conductor wires or bars, electric motors and

cableless controls.

The principles to be applied for cranes transporting hazardous loads are given in this standard.

Particular requirements are given for cranes transporting hot molten metal.

The standard does not cover the detail design of individual items of equipment except with regard to

their selection for specific aspects of use.

In general, the proof of competence calculations and related strength requirements or safety margins of

equipment and components are not covered by this standard. These questions are covered in EN 13001

parts 1 and 2, and in the EN 13001-3 series that is partly under preparation (see Annex A).

Exceptionally, some safety margins are given here for items not covered in EN 13001-series.

Hazards due to noise are not covered by this standard. They are addressed in safety standards specific

to each type of crane.

The specific hazards due to potentially explosive atmospheres, ionising radiation, and operation in

electromagnetic fields beyond the range of EN 61000-6-2 are not covered by this European Standard.

The significant hazards covered by this European Standard are identified in Clause 4.

This European Standard is not applicable to cranes, which are manufactured before the date of

publication by CEN of this standard.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 818-1, Short link chain for lifting purposes — Safety — Part 1: General conditions of acceptance

EN 818-7, Short link chain for lifting purposes — Safety — Part 7: Fine tolerance hoist chain, Grade T

(Types T, DAT and DT)
EN 1037, Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start-up
EN 1561, Founding — Grey cast irons

EN 12077-2, Cranes safety — Requirements for health and safety — Part 2: Limiting and indicating

devices

EN 12385-4, Steel wire ropes — Safety — Part 4: Stranded ropes for general lifting applications

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SIST EN 13135:2013+A1:2018
EN 13135:2013+A1:2018 (E)
EN 12644-2, Cranes — Information for use and testing — Part 2: Marking

EN 13001-1, Cranes — General design — Part 1: General principles and requirements

EN 13001-2, Crane safety — General design — Part 2: Load actions

EN 13001-3-1, Cranes — General design — Part 3-1: Limit states and proof competence of steel structure

!EN 13001-3-2, Cranes — General design — Part 3-2: Limit states and proof of competence of wire

ropes in reeving systems

EN 13001-3-5, Cranes — General design — Part 3-5: Limit states and proof of competence of forged

hooks"
EN 13155, Cranes — Safety — Non-fixed load lifting attachments

EN 13411-1, Terminations for steel wire ropes — Safety — Part 1: Thimbles for steel wire rope slings

EN 13411-3, Terminations for steel wire ropes — Safety — Part 3: Ferrules and ferrule-securing

EN 13411-4, Terminations for steel wire ropes — Safety — Part 4: Metal and resin socketing

EN 13411-6, Terminations for steel wire ropes — Safety — Part 6: Asymmetric wedge socket

EN 13480-3, Metallic industrial piping — Part 3: Design and calculation
EN 13557, Cranes — Controls and control stations
EN 60034-1:2010, Rotating electrical machines — Part 1: Rating and performance

EN 60204-11, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 11: Requirements for HV

equipment for voltages above 1 000 V a.c. or 1 500 V d.c. and not exceeding 36 kV

EN 60204-32:2008, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 32: Requirements for

hoisting machines

EN ISO 4413, Hydraulic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4413)

EN ISO 4414, Pneumatic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4414)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13732-1, Ergonomics of the thermal environment — Methods for the assessment of human

responses to contact with surfaces — Part 1: Hot surfaces (ISO 13732-1)

EN ISO 13849-1, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General

principles for design (ISO 13849-1)

EN ISO 13850, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop — Principles for design (ISO 13850)

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SIST EN 13135:2013+A1:2018
EN 13135:2013+A1:2018 (E)

IEC 60364-4-41, Low-voltage electrical installations — Part 4-41: Protection for safety — Protection

against electric shock
ISO 4306-1:2007, Cranes — Vocabulary — Part 1: General
ISO 4309, Cranes — Wire ropes — Care and maintenance, inspection and discard

ISO 4347, Leaf chains, clevises and sheaves — Dimensions, measuring forces and tensile strengths

ISO 6336-1, Calculation of load capacity of spur and helical gears — Part 1: Basic principles, introduction

and general influence factors

ISO 6336-2, Calculation of load capacity of spur and helical gears — Part 2: Calculation of surface

durability (pitting)

ISO 6336-3, Calculation of load capacity of spur and helical gears — Part 3: Calculation of tooth bending

strength

ISO 6336-5, Calculation of load capacity of spur and helical gears — Part 5: Strength and quality of

materials

ISO 10300-1, Calculation of load capacity of bevel gears — Part 1: Introduction and general influence

factors

ISO 10300-2, Calculation of load capacity of bevel gears — Part 2: Calculation of surface durability

(pitting)

ISO 10300-3, Calculation of load capacity of bevel gears —- Part 3: Calculation of tooth root strength

ISO 12482-1, Cranes — Condition monitoring — Part 1: General

ISO 12488-1, Cranes — Tolerances for wheels and travel and traversing tracks — Part 1: General

ISO/TR 14521, Gears — Calculation of load capacity of wormgears
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this standard, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010, ISO 4306-

1:2007, EN 60204-32:2008 and the following apply.
3.1
backup brake

brake that is additional to the service brake that is able to stop and hold the load

Note 1 to entry: A backup brake can have fewer design cycles than the service brake.

Note 2 to entry: Such a brake is also known as emergency brake or safety brake.
3.2
backup limiter

limiter that is only activated if other (primary) limiting means fail to operate as intended

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SIST EN 13135:2013+A1:2018
EN 13135:2013+A1:2018 (E)
3.3
belt system

system for supporting and moving load or crane part via belt and wheel arrangement, comprising the

belts and all the attachments and parts which are in contact with the belts

EXAMPLE Belt drive wheels, belts, belt reversing wheels, belt terminations and belt guides.

3.4
breakdown torque of an a.c. motor

maximum value of the steady-state asynchronous torque which the motor develops without an abrupt

drop in speed, when the motor is supplied at the rated voltage and frequency

Note 1 to entry: In case of variable frequency drives, the breakdown torque can be defined in a similar manner

for each combination of voltage and frequency.
[SOURCE: EN 60034-1:2010, 3.15]
3.5
chain system

system for supporting and moving load or crane part via chain and wheel arrangement, comprising the

chains and all the attachments and parts which are in contact with the chains

EXAMPLE Chain drive wheels, chains, chain reversing wheels, chain terminations and chain guides.

3.6
compensating beam
beam to equalise forces at the ends of two ropes

Note 1 to entry: The amount of compensation is limited by the permitted movement of the beam.

3.7
compensating sheave

sheave which performs the function of compensating beam in a continuous rope system

Note 1 to entry: The amount of compensation is not limited by the movement of the sheave.

3.8
crane

machine for cyclic lifting, or cyclic lifting and moving, of loads suspended on hooks or other load lifting

attachments

Note 1 to entry: "Suspension" can include additional means fitted to prevent swinging or rotation of the load.

3.9
hoisting mechanism

system for supporting and moving load or crane part against gravity, comprising all components from

fixed load lifting attachment to the motor
3.10
load bearing chain
assembly of load bearing components
3.11
load bearing component
mechanical or structural component which is stressed by the hoist load
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SIST EN 13135:2013+A1:2018
EN 13135:2013+A1:2018 (E)
3.12
load hook

device attached to chain, rope, bottom block or lifting attachment from which the load, load handling

devices or slings can be suspended
3.13
load suspension system
common term for belt, chain and rope systems employed to suspend a load
3.14
low-voltage electrical equipment

electrical equipment operating with voltages not exceeding 1 000 V a.c. or 1 500 V d.c.

3.15
maximum motor speed

maximum motor speed during operation between the rated speed and the mechanical limit speed

3.16
mechanical limit speed of the motor
speed above which the motor can suffer mechanical damage
3.17
multi-plate hook
load hook consisting of several plates
EXAMPLE Typically used for transporting hot molten substances.
3.18
rated capacity for lifting attachment

rated load for lifting attachment and maximum load that the lifting attachment is designed to lift

3.19
rated capacity
rated load

maximum net load that the crane is designed to lift for a given crane configuration, load location and

operating condition

Note 1 to entry: For mobile cranes, replace net load in the definition by hoist medium load.

Note 2 to entry: For net load and hoist medium load, see ISO 4306-1.
3.20
rated speed of motor
speed corresponding to the rating of the motor used

Note 1 to entry: For variable speed drives, the following also applies: Maximum speed of the motor at which it is

still able to supply its rated torque.
3.21
redundant

multiple arrangement of components and/or sub-assemblies arranged so that if one of the components

or sub-assemblies fails, the function is still operational
Note 1 to entry: The function may be with limited performance.
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SIST EN 13135:2013+A1:2018
EN 13135:2013+A1:2018 (E)
3.22
rope anchorage

arrangement comprising the parts between the rope termination and the fixed load bearing structure

EXAMPLE Pins, bolts, compensating beams, tension rods.
3.23
rope sheave

wheel which supports the rope and can change the direction of the rope without change of the rope

force, except minor losses due to the efficiency of the rope sheave system
3.24
rope system

system for supporting and moving load or crane part via rope and sheave arrangement, comprising the

ropes and all the attachments and parts which are in contact with the ropes

EXAMPLE Wire ropes, sheaves, compensating sheaves, rope terminations and rope guides.

Note 1 to entry: Rope attachment on the drum is included but the rope drum itself is outside of this definition.

3.25
rope termination
equipment to connect the end of the rope t
...

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