Mountaineering equipment - Harnesses - Safety requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies safety requirements and test methods for harnesses for use in mountaineering including climbing. It is applicable to full body harnesses, small body harnesses, sit harnesses and chest harnesses.

Bergsteigerausrüstung - Anseilgurte - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Norm legt sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Anseilgurte fest, die beim Bergsteigen einschließlich Klettern verwendet werden. Sie ist anwendbar für Komplettgurte, Kleinkörpergurte, Sitzgurte und Brustgurte.

Équipement d'alpinisme et d'escalade - Harnais - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences de sécurité et les méthodes d’essai qui s’appliquent aux harnais utilisés en alpinisme et en escalade. Elle est applicable aux harnais complets, aux harnais de petite taille, aux harnais cuissard et aux harnais torse.

Gorniška oprema - Pasovi - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode

Ta evropski standard določa varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode za pasove za uporabo v gorništvu, vključno s plezanjem. Uporablja se za komplete plezalnih pasov, plezalne pasove majhnih velikosti, sedežne plezalne pasove in prsne plezalne pasove.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
11-Dec-2018
Current Stage
9060 - Closure of 2 Year Review Enquiry - Review Enquiry
Due Date
04-Jun-2021
Completion Date
04-Jun-2021

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Gorniška oprema - Pasovi - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metodeBergsteigerausrüstung - Anseilgurte - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenÉquipement d'alpinisme et d'escalade - Harnais - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essaiMountaineering equipment - Harnesses - Safety requirements and test methods97.220.40Oprema za športe na prostem in vodne športeOutdoor and water sports equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 12277:2015+A1:2018SIST EN 12277:2016+A1:2019en,fr,de01-februar-2019SIST EN 12277:2016+A1:2019SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 12277:20161DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 12277:2016+A1:2019
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 12277
December
t r s z ICS
{ yä t t rä v r Supersedes EN
s t t y yã t r s wEnglish Version

Mountaineering equipment æ Harnesses æ Safety requirements and test methods Équipement d 5alpinisme et d 5escalade æ Harnais æ Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d 5essai

Bergsteigerausrüstung æ Anseilgurte æ Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on

t x September
t r s w and includes Amendment
s approved by CEN on
s z June
t r s zä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Rue de la Science 23,
B-1040 Brussels

t r s z CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s t t y yã t r s w ªA s ESIST EN 12277:2016+A1:2019

EN 12277:2015+A1:2018 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5 4 Safety requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 6 4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 6 4.1.1 Load transmitting part .................................................................................................................................. 6 4.1.2 Dimensions of tapes ....................................................................................................................................... 6 4.1.3 Threads ............................................................................................................................................................... 7 4.1.4 Components ...................................................................................................................................................... 7 4.1.5 Textile part ........................................................................................................................................................ 7 4.2 Strength .............................................................................................................................................................. 7 5 Test methods .................................................................................................................................................... 7 5.1 Conditioning and test conditions .............................................................................................................. 7 5.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................... 7 5.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 7 5.2.2 Threads ............................................................................................................................................................... 7 5.2.3 Type A harnesses ............................................................................................................................................. 8 5.2.4 Type B harnesses ............................................................................................................................................. 8 5.2.5 Type C harnesses ............................................................................................................................................. 9 5.2.6 Type D harnesses ......................................................................................................................................... 10 6 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 10 7 Information supplied by the manufacturer ........................................................................................ 10 Annex A (informative)

Standards on mountaineering equipment ......................................................... 14 Annex ZA (informative)

!Relationship between this European Standard and the essential requirements of Regulation (EU) 2016/425 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2016 on personal protective equipment aimed to be covered.............. 15 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 16

SIST EN 12277:2016+A1:2019

EN 12277:2015+A1:2018 (E) 3 European foreword This document (EN 12277:2015+A1:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 136 “Sports, playground and other recreational facilities and equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by June 2019. This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 18 June 2018. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 12277:2015. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !" In comparison with the previous edition, the following major changes were made: a) Amendment of the belt test; b) New definitions added and amendment of some definitions; c) Amendment of safety requirements; d) Amendment of test methods; e) Amendment of marking and requirements for information supplied by the supplier. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Regulation, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 12277:2016+A1:2019

EN 12277:2015+A1:2018 (E) 4 Introduction The text of this European Standard is based on the former UIAA-Standard E “harnesses” (Union Internationale des Associations d'Alpinisme), which has been prepared with international participation. This European Standard is one of a series of standards for mountaineering equipment, see Annex A. SIST EN 12277:2016+A1:2019

EN 12277:2015+A1:2018 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard specifies safety requirements and test methods for harnesses for use in mountaineering including climbing. It is applicable to full body harnesses, small body harnesses, sit harnesses and chest harnesses. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 892, Mountaineering equipment — Dynamic mountaineering ropes — Safety requirements and test methods 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 harness assembly of narrow textile fabric(s) (hereafter referred to as tape), adjusting device(s) and/or other elements which fit around the body to support it in a hanging position after a fall 3.1.1 full body harness (type A) harness which fits at least around the upper part of the body and the thighs Note 1 to entry: This type of harness will support an unconscious person in a head up position. 3.1.2 small body harness (type B) full body harness according to type A intended for people up to 40 kg Note 1 to entry: This type of harness is particularly suitable for people with an undeveloped or ill defined waistline. 3.1.3 sit harness (type C) harness in the form of a waist belt and connecting sub-pelvic support suitably arranged to support a conscious body in a sitting position 3.1.4 chest harness (type D) harness which fits around the upper part of the body around the chest and under the armpits Note 1 to entry: A type D harness should only be used in combination with a type C harness. 3.2 load transmitting part part of the harness which transmit load in the tests in accordance with 5.2.3, 5.2.4, 5.2.5 or 5.2.6 as appropriate SIST EN 12277:2016+A1:2019

EN 12277:2015+A1:2018 (E) 6 3.3 adjusting device device which allows adjustment to be made to the harness(es) to the needs of the wearer 3.4 rope attachment point part of the harness intended for the attachment of the rope Note 1 to entry: Harnesses can have several attachment points. 3.5 belt part of the harness which is around the waist 4 Safety requirements 4.1 General 4.1.1 Load transmitting part The following parts of the harness in contact with the dummy during the test are not defined as load transmitting parts to the body: shoulder straps, the part of the thighs excluded in Figure 1 and accessory parts.

Key 1 load transmitting part to the body Figure 1 — Parts transmitting load to the body in leg loops of a harness 4.1.2 Dimensions of tapes For ergonomic reasons the tape assembly shall comply with the following dimensions: a) load transmitting parts to the body in contact with the dummy during the tests in accordance with 5.2.3.2, 5.2.4.2, 5.2.5.2 or 5.2.6.2 as appropriate: 1) harnesses of type B and D: 28 mm minimum; 2) all other types of harnesses: 43 mm minimum; b) shoulder straps: 1) harnesses of type B: 23 mm minimum; 2) all other types of harnesses: 28 mm minimum; c) all other parts: no requirements specified. SIST EN 12277:2016+A1:2019

EN 12277:2015+A1:2018 (E) 7 4.1.3 Threads Where stitching is used to provide safety and strength (e.g. in joints) the visible area of stitching shall contrast with the tape in colour or surface appearance. 4.1.4 Components Any component that can come into contact with the user or with any textile part shall be free from burrs and sharp edges. 4.1.5 Textile part Any textile part which can come into contact with the user shall be free from burrs. 4.2 Strength 4.2.1 When tested in accordance with 5.2.3, 5.2.4, 5.2.5.2, 5.2.5.3 or 5.2.6, no load transmitting part to the body shall break completely. In addition, the dummy (or the cylinder) shall not be released from the harness and no load bearing buckles or adjusting devices shall slip more than 20 mm. 4.2.2 Any loop or combination of loops which are specified in the instructions for use for abseiling shall pass the tests in accordance with 5.2.3.2, 5.2.4.2 or 5.2.5.2, as appropriate. 4.2.3 If there are multiple rope attachment points (for different sizes) the tests in accordance with 5.2.3, 5.2.4, 5.2.5 or 5.2.6 shall be repeated as appropriate for each size as specified in the information to be supplied. Second and subsequent samples may be necessary. 4.2.4 If a harness of type B is adjustable, the range of adjustments shall be within the maximum and minimum ranges claimed on the label (in accordance with Clause 6). This shall be checked, after each of the adjustments, in accordance with 5.2.1. 4.2.5 If the type A or type B harness can be divided into a type C and a type D harness, each component which has a rope attachment point shall meet the requirements of this European Standard. 5 Test methods 5.1 Conditioning and test conditions Dry the test samples for at least 24 h in an atmosphere of (50 ± 5) °C and less than 20 % relative humidity. Then condition these test samples in an atmosphere of (23 ± 2) °C and (50 ± 2) % relative humidity for at least 72 h. Then start testing these samples at a temperature of (23 ± 5) °C within 10 min. 5.2 Procedure 5.2.1 General Verify the requirements according to 4.1.1, 4.1.3 and 4.1.4 by visual and tactile examination. Verify the requirements according to 4.1.2 by measuring with the harness on the dummy loaded in accordance with 5.2.3.2, 5.2.4.2, 5.2.5.2 or 5.2.6.2. For the width in 4.1.2 the measurements shall be made in three locations per dimension. 5.2.2 Threads Check by visual examination that the re

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