Mountaineering equipment - Avalanche airbag systems - Safety requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies safety requirements and test methods for avalanche airbag systems to reduce the risk of being buried by a snow avalanche.
This European Standard does not consider personal protection against impact or cold temperature.

Bergsteigerausrüstung - Lawinen-Airbag-Systeme - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm legt Sicherheitsanforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Lawinen-Airbag-Systeme fest, um das Risiko zu vermindern von einer Schneelawine begraben zu werden.
Diese Europäische Norm behandelt nicht den persönlichen Schutz vor Stößen oder vor Kälte.

Équipement d'alpinisme et d'escalade - Systèmes de sac gonflable anti-ensevelissement lors d'une avalanche - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences de sécurité et les méthodes d’essai applicables aux systèmes de sac gonflable anti-ensevelissement lors d’une avalanche, afin de réduire le risque d’ensevelissement lors d’une avalanche de neige, pouvant entraîner des blessures, voire la mort.
La présente Norme européenne ne prend pas en considération la protection contre les chocs ou les basses températures.

Gorniška oprema - Sistem zračnih blazin za zaščito v snežnih plazovih - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode

Standard se uporablja za sisteme zračnih blazin za zaščito v snežnih plazovih, katerih namen je, da v primeru snežnega plazu zadržijo uporabnika nad snegom. Podaja varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode. (EN 16716)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
14-Feb-2017
Current Stage
9060 - Closure of 2 Year Review Enquiry - Review Enquiry
Due Date
02-Sep-2022
Completion Date
02-Sep-2022

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Bergsteigerausrüstung - Lawinen-Airbag-Systeme - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenÉquipement d’alpinisme et d'escalade - Systèmes de sac gonflable anti-ensevelissement lors d’une avalanche - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d’essaiMountaineering equipment - Avalanche Airbag systems - Safety requirements and test methods97.220.40Oprema za športe na prostem in vodne športeOutdoor and water sports equipment97.220.20Oprema za zimske športeWinter sports equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 16716:2017SIST EN 16716:2017en,fr,de01-julij-2017SIST EN 16716:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 16716:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 16716
February
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{ yä t t rä v r English Version

Mountaineering equipment æ Avalanche airbag systems æ Safety requirements and test methods Équipement d 5alpinisme et d 5escalade æ Systèmes de sac gonflable antiæensevelissement lors d 5une avalanche æ Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d 5essai Bergsteigerausrüstung æ LawinenæAirbagæSysteme æ Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren This European Standard was approved by CEN on

t z November
t r s xä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s y CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s x y s xã t r s y ESIST EN 16716:2017
EN 16716:2017 (E) 2 Contents

Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6 4 Safety requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 7 4.1 Function .............................................................................................................................................................. 7 4.1.1 Activation system ............................................................................................................................................ 7 4.1.2 Carrying system ............................................................................................................................................... 9 4.2 Design .................................................................................................................................................................. 9 4.2.1 Performance ..................................................................................................................................................... 9 4.2.2 Material requirements ............................................................................................................................... 10 4.2.3 Ergonomic requirements .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.2.4 Detachable airbag systems ....................................................................................................................... 11 4.2.5 Electric airbag systems .............................................................................................................................. 11 5 Test methods ................................................................................................................................................. 12 5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12 5.2 Test of activation force ............................................................................................................................... 12 5.3 Test of activation distance ........................................................................................................................ 12 5.4 Test of airbag inflation ............................................................................................................................... 12 5.5 Test of airbag volume ................................................................................................................................. 12 5.6 Test of rated number of deployments .................................................................................................. 12 5.7 Test of condensation effects on the activation system ................................................................... 13 5.8 Test of working time span/low temperature test ............................................................................ 13 5.9 Test of high temperature damage .......................................................................................................... 13 5.10 Cold temperature deployment ................................................................................................................ 13 5.11 Test of minimum battery reserve time ................................................................................................ 13 5.12 Test of Airbag Pressure .............................................................................................................................. 14 5.13 Test of airbag burst pressure ................................................................................................................... 14 5.14 Impact test of the airbag ............................................................................................................................ 14 5.15 Test of influence of snow during deployment ................................................................................... 14 5.16 Test of practical deployment ................................................................................................................... 14 5.17 Test of carrying system .............................................................................................................................. 15 5.18 Test of pull-off-strength ............................................................................................................................. 15 5.19 Practical tests ................................................................................................................................................ 15 5.20 Corrosion resistance test ........................................................................................................................... 15 6 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 15 7 Information supplied by the manufacturer ........................................................................................ 16 Annex A (informative)

Standards on mountaineering equipment ......................................................... 18 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the essential requirements of Directive 89/686/EEC aimed to be covered ..................................................... 19 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 20

SIST EN 16716:2017

EN 16716:2017 (E) 3 European foreword This document (EN 16716:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 136 “Sports, playground and other recreational facilities and equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2017, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2017. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive. For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 16716:2017

EN 16716:2017 (E) 4 Introduction This European Standard is one of a package of standards for mountaineering equipment, see Annex A. SIST EN 16716:2017

EN 16716:2017 (E) 5 1 Scope This European Standard specifies safety requirements and test methods for avalanche airbag systems to reduce the risk of being buried by a snow avalanche. This European Standard does not consider personal protection against impact or cold temperature. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 12277, Mountaineering equipment — Harnesses — Safety requirements and test methods EN 55014-1, Electromagnetic compatibility — Requirements for household appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus — Part 1: Emission (CISPR 14-1) EN 55014-2, Electromagnetic compatibility — Requirements for household appliances, electric tools and similar apparatus — Part 2: Immunity — Product family standard (CISPR 14-2) EN 60335-1, Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60335-1) EN 60335-2-29, Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 2-29: Particular requirements for battery chargers (IEC 60335-2-29) EN 60335-2-30, Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 2-30: Particular requirements for room heaters (IEC 60335-2-30) EN 60335-2-80, Household and similar electrical appliances — Safety — Part 2-80: Particular requirements for fans (IEC 60335-2-80) EN 60529, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529) EN 61000-6-2, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-2: Generic standards — Immunity for industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-2) EN 61000-6-3, Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) — Part 6-3: Generic standards — Emission standard for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments (IEC 61000-6-3) EN 61558-2-16, Safety of transformers, reactors, power supply units and similar products for supply voltages up to 1 100 V — Part 2-16: Particular requirements and tests for switch mode power supply units and transformers for switch mode power supply units (IEC 61558-2-16) EN 62133, Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes — Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in portable applications (IEC 62133) EN ISO 9227, Corrosion tests in artificial atmospheres — Salt spray tests (ISO 9227) EN ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2015) SIST EN 16716:2017

EN 16716:2017 (E) 6 EN ISO 13934-1, Textiles — Tensile properties of fabrics — Part 1: Determination of maximum force and elongation at maximum force using the strip method (ISO 13934-1) EN ISO 13937-2, Textiles — Tear properties of fabrics — Part 2: Determination of tear force of trouser-shaped test specimens (Single tear method) (ISO 13937-2) ISO 7000, Graphical symbols for use on equipment — Registered symbols ASTM F2153, Standard Test Method for Measurement of Backpack Capacity 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 activation system device to initiate the deployment of the avalanche airbag system (e.g. deployment handle) 3.2 airbag part of the avalanche airbag system which changes the shape for increasing the volume of the avalanche airbag system 3.3 airbag volume volume of the fully inflated airbag which changes shape during deployment 3.4 avalanche airbag system personal protective equipment worn by the user, which reduces the probability of being buried in a snow avalanche by rapidly increasing the volume of the user in combination with the device 3.5 carrying system part of the avalanche airbag system attaching the activation system, inflating system and airbag to the user EXAMPLE back pack, vest 3.6 detachable airbag system avalanche airbag system where the inflation system, activation system and airbag can be removed as a unit from the carrying system by the user by design 3.7 fully inflated airbag airbag inflated to a point that it achieves its intended shape and maintains that shape under its own weight 3.8 inflation system part of the avalanche airbag system which deploys the airbag after the activation system has been used EXAMPLE Gas cylinder with venturi valve SIST EN 16716:2017

EN 16716:2017 (E) 7 3.9 inflation time time between initiation of deployment and fully inflated airbag 3.10 non-refillable cartridge pressurized gas cartridge for single use or refillable only by the manufacturer or someone authorized and trained by the manufacturer to do these refills 3.11 operating pressure maximum pressure above atmospheric pressure in the airbag achieved during deployment of the airbag at ambient temperature 3.12 refillable cartridge pressurized gas cartridge with a technical application for making a refill by qualified personnel 4 Safety requirements 4.1 Function 4.1.1 Activation system 4.1.1.1 General Components of the avalanche airbag system should comply with applicable EU Directives (e.g. Transportable pressure equipment (TPED) – Directive 2010/35/EU). 4.1.1.2 Activation force When tested in accordance with 5.2, the activation force for a mechanical activation system shall be between 50 N and 150 N. 4.1.1.3 Activation distance When the mechanical activation system is tested in accordance with 5.3, the maximum activation distance of 100 mm shall be met. 4.1.1.4 Airbag inflation When tested in accordance with 5.4, full inflation of the airbag (see 3.7) shall be achieved within 5 s after activation and the airbag shall remain fully inflated for at least 3 min. 4.1.1.5 Airbag volume The fully inflated airbag shall achieve a minimum volume of 150 l. The volume test of the airbag is specified in 5.5. 4.1.1.6 Rated number of deployments When tested in accordance with 5.6, the device shall be able to withstand twice the rated number of deployments stated by the manufacturer. The rated number of deployments shall at least be 20. All deployments of the avalanche airbag system shall meet the requirements in 4.1.1.2 and 4.1.1.4. SIST EN 16716:2017

EN 16716:2017 (E) 8 4.1.1.7 Condensation effects When tested in accordance with 5.7, the avalanche airbag system shall meet the requirements of 4.1.1.2 and 4.1.1.4 and condensation effects shall not lead to malfunction or damage. 4.1.1.8 Working time span The avalanche airbag system shall work at least over a time period of 24 h at

« u r °C without any external support (e.g. power supply, pressure support). When tested in accordance with 5.8 the avalanche airbag system shall meet the requirements of 4.1.1.2 and 4.1.1.4. 4.1.1.9 Temperature range Airbag systems shall achieve full inflation within the temperature range given by the manufacturer or between

« u r °C and +50 °C, whichever is greater, without damage. Testing shall be carried out in accordance with the relevant clauses of 5.8, 5.9 and 5.10. The requirements of 4.1.1.2 and 4.1.1.4 shall be met and there shall be no damage to the airbag system. 4.1.1.10 Battery reserve time of electronic components Electrically powered avalanche airbag systems shall have an integrated indication system which shows when the battery for the activation and inflation is low. When this occurs, the activation and inflation systems shall still be able to be deployed within the next 6 h. When tested in accordance with 5.11, the requirements of 4.1.1.2 and 4.1.1.4 shall be met. 4.1.1.11 Pressure performance When tested in accordance with 5.12, all components of the airbag system that will be pressurized during full inflation shall withstand at least a pressure of the operating pressure plus 0,1 bar for 30 min without damage. Leakage shall be compensated. After that, the airbag system shall be able to perform a further activation. The test requirement of 4.1.1.4 shall be met. When tested in accordance with 5.13, all components of the airbag system that will be pressurized during full inflation shall withstand at least a pressure of the operating pressure plus 0,25 bar without bursting. 4.1.1.12 Airbag impact When tested in accordance with 5.14, the airbag impact test shall not damage the airbag. The airbag shall still meet the minimum inflation requirement as described in 4.1.1.4. 4.1.1.13 Airbag fabric strength The airbag fabric shall meet the following minimum requirements: — tensile strength according to EN ISO 13934-1: warp: (1 500 N/5 cm)/ weft: (1 500 N/5 cm); — tearing strength according to EN ISO 13937-2: warp: (70

Verification may be carried out by airbag fabric manufacturer's certificate (not older than 1 year) or test. 4.1.1.14 Snow influence When tested in accordance with 5.15, the air intake components of the airbag shall not be negatively affected by snow during deployment and full inflation shall be achieved. The requirements of 4.1.1.4 shall be met. SIST EN 16716:2017

EN 16716:2017 (E) 9 4.1.1.15 Practical deployment When tested in accordance with 5.16, the avalanche airbag system shall meet the requirements of 4.1.1.4 after deployment. 4.1.2 Carrying system 4.1.2.1 General The carrying system shall keep the avalanche airbag system firmly connected to the user during the avalanche, including the potential where the person could slip out of the carrying system. 4.1.2.2 Connecting strength When tested in accordance with 5.17 the avalanche airbag system shall withstand a load of 3 kN for at least 1 min. The avalanche airbag system shall not become detached from the dummy, and the airbag shall not become detached from the avalanche airbag system. The avalanche airbag system and airbag shall remain in their original intended position. 4.1.2.3 Pull-off-strength When tested in accordance with 5.18, slippage of the carrying system above the head of the user shall be prevented. If a leg loop or vest is used, it shall withstand a load of 800 N applied in the direction of use for at least 1 minä The leg loop shall not break and its fixation buckles shall not slip

· 20 mm. The vest shall not break and its fixation buckles shall not slip

· 20 mm. When other systems are used to prevent slippage of the carrying system over the head of the user, they shall be tested in the same manner. 4.2 Design 4.2.1 Performance The following requirements shall be verified by visual/practical evaluation. Where required, tests shall be performed in accordance with 5.19. The avalanche airbag system shall be easy for the user to put on in the proper position and keep in their position during wearing under the consideration of external impacts such as necessary movements and postures. It shall have a simple adjustment to provide a correct fit for the user. It shall be easy to put on and take off. The inflation system, activation system and airbag shall not be affected by anything that the avalanche airbag system is intende

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