Methods of testing cement - Part 3: Determination of setting times and soundness

This European Standard specifies the methods for determining standard consistence, setting times and soundness of cements.
The method applies to common cements and to other cements and materials, the standards for which call up this method. It may not apply to other cement types that have, for example, a very short initial setting time. The method is used for assessing whether the setting time and soundness of a cement is in conformity with its specification.
This part of EN 196 describes the reference methods and allows the use of alternative procedures and equipment, as indicated in notes, provided that they have been calibrated against the reference methods. In the event of a dispute, only the reference equipment and procedures are used.

Prüfverfahren für Zement - Teil 3: Bestimmung der Erstarrungszeiten und der Raumbeständigkeit

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Verfahren zur Bestimmung der Normsteife, der Erstarrungszeiten und der Raumbeständigkeit von Zement fest.
Die Verfahren gelten für Normalzemente; ferner gelten sie für andere Zemente und Baustoffe, wenn in den entsprechenden Normen auf diese Verfahren verwiesen wird. Unter Umständen gelten die Verfahren nicht für Zementarten, bei denen beispielsweise der Erstarrungsbeginn sehr rasch einsetzt. Die Verfahren werden angewendet, um beurteilen zu können, ob Zemente die gestellten Anforderungen hinsichtlich der Erstarrungszeiten und der Raumbeständigkeit erfüllen.
Der vorliegende Teil von EN 196 beschreibt die Referenzverfahren; andere Verfahren und Geräte - sofern in Anmerkungen darauf hingewiesen ist - dürfen angewendet werden, wenn sie nachweislich zu den gleichen Prüfergebnissen führen wie die vorgeschriebenen Verfahren und Geräte. Im Streitfall sind die Referenzgeräte und die Referenzverfahren maßgebend.

Méthodes d'essai des ciments - Partie 3 : Détermination du temps de prise et de la stabilité

Cette norme européenne spécifie les méthodes permettant de déterminer la consistance normalisée, les temps de prise et la stabilité des ciments.
La méthode s’applique aux ciments courants et à d’autres ciments et matériaux, pour lesquels les normes prescrivent ces méthodes. Elle ne doit pas s’appliquer aux autres types de ciments, qui ont, par exemple, un temps de début de prise très court. La méthode est utilisée pour juger si le temps de prise et la stabilité d’un ciment sont conformes à sa spécification.
Cette partie de l'EN 196 décrit les méthodes de référence et, comme indiqué dans les notes, autorise l'utilisation de variantes pour les modes opératoires et l’équipement, à condition que ces variantes aient été étalonnées par rapport aux méthodes de référence. En cas de litige, on doit utiliser seulement l’équipement et les modes opératoires de référence.

Metode preskušanja cementa - 3. del: Določanje časa vezanja in prostorninske obstojnosti

Ta evropski standard določa metode za določanje standardne gostote, čase vezanja in prostorninske obstojnosti cementov.
Metoda se uporablja za običajne vrste cementa in druge vrste cementa in materialov, katerih standardi zahtevajo njeno uporabo. Ne uporablja se za druge vrste cementa, ki na primer vključujejo zelo kratek začetni čas vezanja. Ta metoda se uporablja za ocenjevanje, ali sta čas vezanja in prostorninska obstojnost cementa v skladu s svojo specifikacijo.
Ta del standarda EN 196 opisuje referenčne metode ter dovoljuje uporabo drugih postopkov in opreme, kot je navedeno v opombah, če so kalibrirani glede na referenčne metode. V primeru spora se uporabljajo le referenčna oprema in postopki.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
22-Nov-2016
Current Stage
9020 - Submission to 2 Year Review Enquiry - Review Enquiry
Due Date
15-Jan-2022
Completion Date
15-Jan-2022

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 196-3:2017
01-januar-2017
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 196-3:2005+A1:2009
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Methods of testing cement - Part 3: Determination of setting times and soundness
Prüfverfahren für Zement - Teil 3: Bestimmung der Erstarrungszeiten und der
Raumbeständigkeit

Méthodes d'essai des ciments - Partie 3 : Détermination du temps de prise et de la

stabilité
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 196-3:2016
ICS:
91.100.10 Cement. Mavec. Apno. Malta Cement. Gypsum. Lime.
Mortar
SIST EN 196-3:2017 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 196-3:2017
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SIST EN 196-3:2017
EN 196-3
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
November 2016
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 91.100.10 Supersedes EN 196-3:2005+A1:2008
English Version
Methods of testing cement - Part 3: Determination of
setting times and soundness

Méthodes d'essai des ciments - Partie 3 : Prüfverfahren für Zement - Teil 3: Bestimmung der

Détermination du temps de prise et de la stabilité Erstarrungszeiten und der Raumbeständigkeit

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 5 September 2016.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 196-3:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 196-3:2017
EN 196-3:2016 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 4

3 Principles ........................................................................................................................................................... 4

4 Laboratory, equipment and materials .................................................................................................... 4

4.1 Laboratory ......................................................................................................................................................... 4

4.2 Equipment and materials ............................................................................................................................. 5

5 Standard consistence test ............................................................................................................................ 5

5.1 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................... 6

5.2.1 Mixing the cement paste ............................................................................................................................... 6

5.2.2 Filling the mould.............................................................................................................................................. 8

5.2.3 Determination of standard consistence .................................................................................................. 8

6 Setting time test ............................................................................................................................................... 8

6.1 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................... 8

6.2 Determination of initial setting time ....................................................................................................... 9

6.2.1 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................... 9

6.2.2 Report .................................................................................................................................................................. 9

6.3 Determination of final setting time ....................................................................................................... 10

6.3.1 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 10

6.3.2 Report ............................................................................................................................................................... 10

7 Soundness test ............................................................................................................................................... 10

7.1 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 10

7.2 Procedure........................................................................................................................................................ 12

7.3 Report ............................................................................................................................................................... 12

7.4 Retest ................................................................................................................................................................ 12

Annex A (informative) Alternative method for setting time tests ........................................................... 13

A.1 Test principle ................................................................................................................................................. 13

A.2 Initial setting time procedure .................................................................................................................. 13

A.3 Report — initial setting time ................................................................................................................... 13

A.4 Final setting time procedure .................................................................................................................... 13

A.5 Report — final setting time ...................................................................................................................... 13

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SIST EN 196-3:2017
EN 196-3:2016 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 196-3:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 51 “Cement and

building limes”, the secretariat of which is held by NBN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2017, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by May 2017.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 196-3:2005+A1:2008.
In comparison to EN 196-3:2005+A1:2008, the following changes have been made:
— In Clause 2, the normative references have been updated.
— In 6.2.2, data of repeatability and reproducibility have been added as a note.

— In 6.3.2, the elapsed time in minutes has been approximated to the nearest 5 min.

— The standard has been editorially revised.

EN 196 consists of the following parts, under the general title “Methods of testing cement”:

— EN 196-1, Methods of testing cement — Part 1: Determination of strength;
— EN 196-2, Method of testing cement — Part 2: Chemical analysis of cement;

— EN 196-3, Methods of testing cement — Part 3: Determination of setting times and soundness;

— CEN/TR 196-4, Methods of testing cement — Part 4: Quantitative determination of constituents;

— EN 196-5, Methods of testing cement — Part 5: Pozzolanicity test for pozzolanic cement;

— EN 196-6, Methods of testing cement — Part 6: Determination of fineness;

— EN 196-7, Methods of testing cement — Part 7: Methods of taking and preparing samples of cement;

— EN 196-8, Methods of testing cement — Part 8: Heat of hydration - Solution method;

— EN 196-9, Methods of testing cement — Part 9: Heat of hydration - Semi-adiabatic method;

— EN 196-10, Methods of testing cement — Part 10: Determination of the water-soluble chromium (VI)

content of cement.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 196-3:2017
EN 196-3:2016 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard specifies the methods for determining standard consistence, setting times and

soundness of cements.

The method applies to common cements and to other cements and materials, the standards for which

call up this method. It may not apply to other cement types that have, for example, a very short initial

setting time. The method is used for assessing whether the setting time and soundness of a cement is in

conformity with its specification.

This part of EN 196 describes the reference methods and allows the use of alternative procedures and

equipment, as indicated in notes, provided that they have been calibrated against the reference

methods. In the event of a dispute, only the reference equipment and procedures are used.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 196-1, Methods of testing cement - Part 1: Determination of strength
3 Principles

Cement paste of standard consistence has a specified resistance to penetration by a standard plunger.

The water required for such a paste is determined by trial penetrations of pastes with different water

contents.

The setting time is determined by observing the penetration of a needle into cement paste of standard

consistence until it reaches a specified value.

The soundness is determined by observing the volume expansion of cement paste of standard

consistence as indicated by the relative movement of two needles.
4 Laboratory, equipment and materials
4.1 Laboratory

The laboratory in which specimens are prepared and tested shall be maintained at a temperature of

(20 ± 2) °C and a relative humidity of not less than 50 %.

The temperature and relative humidity of the air in the laboratory and the temperature of the water in

the storage containers shall be recorded at least once per day during testing.

Cement, water and apparatus used to make and test specimens shall be at a temperature of (20 ± 2) °C.

NOTE See Annex A for storage conditions to be applied when testing setting times by alternative method.

Where temperature ranges are given, the target temperature at which the controls are set shall be the

middle value of the range.
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SIST EN 196-3:2017
EN 196-3:2016 (E)
4.2 Equipment and materials

The tolerances shown in Figures 1 and 2 are important for correct operation of the equipment in the

testing procedure. When regular control measurements show that the tolerances are not met, the

equipment shall be rejected, adjusted or repaired. Records of control measurements shall be kept.

Acceptance measurements on new equipment shall cover mass, volume, and dimensions to the extent

that these are indicated in this document paying particular attention to those critical dimensions for

which tolerances are specified.

In those cases where the material of the equipment can influence the results, the material is specified

and shall be used.

The approximate dimensions shown in the figures are provided as guidance to equipment

manufacturers or operators. Dimensions which include tolerances are obligatory.
4.2.1 Balance, capable of weighing to an accuracy of ± 1 g.

4.2.2 Graduated cylinder or burette, capable of dispensing to an accuracy of ± 1 ml.

4.2.3 Mixer, conforming to EN 196-1.

NOTE A more homogeneous paste is produced at the lower limit of tolerance for the clearance between the

blade and the bowl.

4.2.4 Water, distilled or deionized water shall be used for making the specimens.

Drinking water may be used for storing and boiling specimens.
4.2.5 Timer, capable of measuring to an accuracy of ± 1 s.
4.2.6 Measuring device, capable of measuring to an accuracy of ± 0,5 mm.
5 Standard consistence test
5.1 Apparatus

Use the manual Vicat apparatus as shown in Figure 1a) and b) with the plunger shown in Figure 1c).

The plunger shall be of non-corrodible metal in the form of a right cylinder of at least 45 mm effective

length and of (10,00 ± 0,05) mm diameter. The total mass of moving parts shall be (300 ± 1) g. Their

movement shall be truly vertical and without appreciable friction, and their axis shall coincide with that

of the plunger.

The Vicat mould (see Figure 1a)) to contain the paste under test shall be of hard rubber, plastics or

brass. It shall be of cylindrical or preferably truncated conical form (40,0 ± 0,2) mm deep and shall have

an internal diameter of (75 ± 10) mm. It shall be adequately rigid and shall be provided with a base-

plate larger than the mould and at least 2,5 mm thick, constructed of impermeable material resistant to

attack by cement paste, e.g. plane glass.

Moulds of other metal may be used provided that they are of the specified depth and that their use has

been calibrated against the specified mould.

It is recommended that a laboratory uses base plates of equal thickness in order that the scale of the

Vicat apparatus has only to be adjusted once for several determinations.
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SIST EN 196-3:2017
EN 196-3:2016 (E)
5.2 Procedure
5.2.1 Mixing the cement paste

Weigh, to an accuracy of ± 1 g, by means of the balance (4.2.1), 500 g of cement and a quantity of water,

e.g. 125 g. When water is measured by volume using the graduated cylinder or burette (4.2.2) it shall be

dispensed to an accuracy of ± 1 ml. Mix each batch of paste mechanically using the mixer (4.2.3). The

timing of the various mixing stages refers to the times at which mixer power is switched on/off and

shall be maintained within ± 2 s.
With the mixer in the operating condition:

a) place the water and cement into the bowl taking care to avoid loss of water or cement; complete the

addition within 10 s;

b) immediately start the mixer at low speed while starting the timing of the mixing stages. In addition,

record the time to the nearest minute as ‘zero time’;

NOTE ‘Zero time’ is the point from which the initial (see 6.2) and final (see 6.3) setting times are calculated.

c) stop the mixer after 90 s for 30 s during which remove by means of a suitable rubber or plastics

scraper all the paste adhering to the wall and bottom part of the bowl and place it in the middle of

the bowl;

d) restart the mixer and run at low speed for a further 90 s. The total mixer running time shall be

3 min.
Any other mixing method may be used provid
...

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