Nanotechnologies - Vocabulary - Part 3: Carbon nano-objects
ISO/TS 80004-3:2010 lists terms and definitions related to carbon nano-objects in the field of nanotechnologies. It is intended to facilitate communications between organizations and individuals in industry and those who interact with them.
Nanotechnologies - Vocabulaire - Partie 3: Nano-objets en carbone
Standards Content (Sample)
Nanotechnologies — Vocabulary —
Nanotechnologies — Vocabulaire —
Partie 3: Nano-objets en carbone
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2 Basic terms used in the description of carbon nano-objects .1
3 Terms describing specific types of carbon nanoparticles .3
4 Terms describing specific types of carbon nanofibres and nanoplates.3
Annex A (informative) Related carbon nanoscale materials .5
© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO/TS 80004-3 was prepared jointly by Technical Committee ISO/TC 229, Nanotechnologies, and Technical
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ISO/TS 80004 consists of the following parts, under the general title Nanotechnologies — Vocabulary:
⎯ Part 3: Carbon nano-objects
The following parts are under preparation:
⎯ Part 1: Core terms
⎯ Part 2: Nano-objects — Nanoparticle, nanofibre and nanoplate
⎯ Part 4: Nanostructured materials
⎯ Part 5: Bio/nano interface
⎯ Part 6: Nanoscale measurement and instrumentation
1) ISO/TS 27687:2008 will be revised as ISO/TS 80004-2.
iv © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
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⎯ Part 7: Medical, health and personal care applications
⎯ Part 8: Nanomanufacturing processes
© ISO 2010 – All rights reserved v
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In the last two decades, various new forms of nanoscale carbon materials, including fullerenes and carbon
nanotubes, have been discovered, synthesized and manufactured. These are promising materials for many
industrial fields associated with nanotechnologies because of their unique electronic, electromagnetic,
thermal, optical and mechanical properties.
In the context of increasing scientific knowledge and a growing number of technical terms in the field of
nanotechnologies (see Bibliography), the purpose of this part of ISO/TS 80004 is to define important terms
and concepts for carbon nano-objects in a precise and consistent manner, in order to clarify their
interrelationship, as well as their relationship to existing terms previously used for conventional carbon
This part of ISO/TS 80004 belongs to a multi-part vocabulary covering the different aspects of
nanotechnologies. Most of the definitions in this part of ISO/TS 80004 are deliberately determined so as to be
in harmony with a rational hierarchical system of terminology under development for nanotechnologies,
although in some cases the hierarchical approach needs to be compromised due to the specific usage of
vi © ISO 2010 – All rights reserved
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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS 80004-3:2010(E)
Nanotechnologies — Vocabulary —
This part of ISO/TS 80004 lists terms and definitions related to carbon nano-objects in the field of
nanotechnologies. It is intended to facilitate communications between organizations and individuals in industry
and those who interact with them.
2 Basic terms used in the description of carbon nano-objects
size range from approximately 1 nm to 100 nm
NOTE 1 Properties that are not extrapolations from a larger size will typically, but not exclusively, be exhibited in this
size range. For such properties the size limits are considered approximate.
NOTE 2 The lower limit in this definition (approximately 1 nm) is introduced to avoid single and small groups of atoms
from being designated as nano-objects or elements of nanostructures, which might be implied by the absence of a lower
[ISO/TS 27687:2008, definition 2.1]
material with one, two or three external dimensions in the nanoscale
NOTE Generic term for all discrete nanoscale objects.
[ISO/TS 27687:2008, definition 2.2]
nano-object with all three external dimensions in the nanoscale
NOTE If the lengths of the longest to the shortest axes of the nano-object differ significantly (typically by more than three
times), the terms nanofibre or nanoplate are intended to be used instead of the term nanoparticle.
[ISO/TS 27687:2008, definition 4.1]
nano-object with one external dimension in the nanoscale and the two other external dimensions significantly
NOTE 1 The smallest external dimension is the thickness of the nanoplate.
NOTE 2 The two significantly larger dimensions ar