IEC TS 62607-7-2:2023 specifies the efficiency testing of photovoltaic cells (excluding multi-junction cells) under indoor light. Although it is primarily intended for nano-enabled photovoltaic cells (organic thin-film, dye-sensitized solar cells (DSC), and Perovskite solar cells), it can also be applied to other types of photovoltaic cells, such as Si, CIGS, GaAs cells, and so on.

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ISO 80004-1:2023 This document defines core terms in the field of nanotechnology. This document is intended to facilitate communication between organizations and individuals in industry and those who interact with them.

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IEC TS 62607-6-8:2023 establishes a method to determine the key control characteristic sheet resistance RS [measured in ohm per square (Ω/sq)], by the in-line four-point probe method, 4PP.
The sheet resistance RS is derived by measurements of four-terminal electrical resistance performed on four electrodes placed on the surface of the planar sample.
The measurement range for RS of the graphene samples with the method described in this document goes from 10−2 Ω/sq to 104 Ω/sq.
The method is applicable for CVD graphene provided it is transferred to quartz substrates or other insulating materials (quartz, SiO2 on Si, as well as graphene grown from silicon carbide.
The method is complementary to the van der Pauw method (IEC 62607-6-7) for what concerns the measurement of the sheet resistance and can be useful when it is not possible to reliably place contacts on the sample boundary.

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IEC TS 62565-5-1:2023, which is a Technical Specification, establishes a blank detail specification (BDS) for nanoporous activated carbon used for electrochemical capacitors.
Numeric values for the key control characteristics are left blank as they will be specified between customer and supplier in the detail specification (DS). In the DS key control characteristics can be added or removed if agreed between customer and supplier.

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IEC TS 62607-6-7:2023 establishes a method to determine the key control characteristics sheet resistance RS [measured in ohm per square (Ω/sq)], by the van der Pauw method, vdP.
The sheet resistance RS is derived by measurements of four-terminal electrical resistance performed on four electrical contacts placed on the boundary of the planar sample and calculated with a mathematical expression involving the two resistance measurements.
The measurement range for RS of the graphene samples with the method described in this document goes from 10−2 Ω/sq to 104 Ω/sq.
The method is applicable for CVD graphene provided it is transferred to quartz substrates or other insulating materials (quartz, SiO2 on Si), as well as graphene grown from silicon carbide.
The method is complementary to the in-line four-point-probe method (4PP, IEC 62607-6-8) for what concerns the measurement of the sheet resistance and can be applied when it is possible to reliably place contacts on the sample boundary, avoiding the sample being scratched by the 4PP.
The outcome of the van der Pauw method is independent of the contact position provided the sample is uniform, which is typically not true for graphene at this stage. This document considers the case of samples with non-strictly uniform conductivity distribution and suggests a way to consider the sample inhomogeneity as a component of the uncertainty on RS.

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IEC TS 62565-1:2023 which is a Technical Specification, defines the system of blank detail specifications for nanomaterials and nano-assemblies as well as final nano-enabled products addressed in the nanomanufacturing value chain.
It defines the concepts of blank detail specification (BDS), detail specification (DS) and key control characteristic (KCC). Furthermore, it provides guidelines how to develop and use product specifications, particularly the IEC 62565 series, in the field of nanotechnology.
This document also provides guidelines regarding the certification and reliability aspects for products specified by a DS and associated KCCs.
NOTE 1 The IEC 62565 series uses an open generic structure that can be flexibly adapted to technical developments. The double indexing of the individual parts allows grouping into technology areas without restriction due to an overly strict hierarchical structure.
NOTE 2 Key elements of the IEC 62565 series are a consensus-based set of key control characteristics (KCCs) with clear definitions and standardized measurement procedures to measure them.

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IEC TS 62607-6-17:2023 establishes a standardized method to determine the key control characteristic order parameter for graphene-based material and layered carbon material by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy.
The order parameter is analysed from two perspectives: z-axis and x-y-axis. In the z-axis the order parameter is derived from the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of peak (002) in the XRD spectrum. In the x-y-axis, it is derived from the FWHM of peak (100) corresponding to diffraction patterns obtained by SAED (selected area electron diffraction) technique, which is routinely performed on most transmission electron microscopes in the world.
The method is applicable for graphene-based material and layered carbon material including graphite, expanded graphite, amorphous carbon, vitreous carbon or glassy carbon, the structures of which are clarified by other characterization techniques.
The method is applicable for differentiating few-layer graphene or reduced graphene oxide from layered carbon material.
Typical application area is quality control in manufacturing to ensure batch-to-batch reproducibility.
NOTE Graphene oxide, one type of graphene-based material, is not within the scope of this document.

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IEC TS 62607-6-2:2023 establishes a standardized method to determine the key control characteristic
- number of layers
for graphene flakes by a combination of
- atomic force microscopy,
- optical transmission, and
- Raman spectroscopy

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IEC TS 62607-6-5:2022(E) establishes a standardized method to determine the key control characteristics
contact resistance, and
sheet resistance  for graphene-based materials and other two-dimensional materials by a
transmission line measurement.  The method uses test structures applied to the 2D material by photolithographic methods consisting of several metal electrodes with increasing spacing between the electrodes. By a measurement of the voltage drop between different pairs of electrodes, sheet resistance and contact resistance can be calculated.
The method can be applied to any other two-dimensional materials which are subject to electrical metal contact on top of the materials.
The method provides accurate and reproducible results, if the electrical contact formed between the two-dimensional material and the metal electrodes provides ohmic contact property.

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IEC TS 62607-6-18:2022(E) establishes a standardized method to determine the chemical key control characteristic
functional groups  for functionalized graphene-based material and graphene oxide by
thermogravimetry analysis (TGA) coupled with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), referred to as TGA-FTIR.  The content of functional groups is derived by changes in mass of the sample as a function of temperature using TGA. Materials evolved during these mass changes are then analysed using coupled FTIR to identify functional groups.
The functional groups determined according to this document will be listed as a key control characteristic in the blank detail specification for graphene IEC 62565-3-1 for graphene powder.
The method is applicable for functionalized graphene powder and graphene oxide that can be pyrolysed and gasified with elevated temperature during TGA.
Typical application areas are quality control for graphene manufacturers, and product selection for downstream users.

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IEC TS 62607-5-4:2022 specifies the measuring method of the band gap energy of a nanomaterial using electron energy loss data of transmission electron microscope.
The method specified in this document is applicable to semiconducting and insulating nanomaterials to estimate the band gap.
The measurement to get reliable data is performed under the consistent conditions of TEM observation and specimen thickness. The applicable measurement range of band gap energy is more than 2 eV.

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IEC TS 62607:2022 establishes a standardized method to determine the key control characteristic
carrier concentration  for semiconducting two-dimensional materials by the
field effect transistor (FET) method.  For semiconducting two-dimensional materials, the carrier concentration is evaluated using a field effect transistor (FET) test by a measurement of the voltage shift obtained from transfer curve upon doping process. The FET test structure consists of three terminals of source, drain, and gate where voltage is applied to induce the transistor action. Transfer curves are obtained by measuring drain current while applying varied gate voltage and constant drain voltage with respect to the source which is grounded.

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IEC TS 62607-2-5:2022 specifies the protocols for determining the mass density of vertically-aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs) by X-ray absorption method. This document outlines experimental procedures, data formats, and some case studies. These protocols are applicable to VACNT films with thickness larger than several tens of micrometres. There are no limitations in materials for substrate.

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IEC TS 62607-6-22:2022 establishes a standardized method to determine the key control characteristic
ash content  of powder and dispersion of graphene-based material by
incineration.  The ash content is derived by residue obtained after incineration under the operating conditions specified in this document, being divided by the mass of the dried test portion.
The method is applicable for graphene, graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide in forms of both dry powder and dispersion. This document can be used as reference for graphite oxide and other modified graphene.
Typical application areas of this method are research, manufacturer and downstream user to guide material processing and quality control.

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IEC TS 62607-6-20:2022 (EN) IEC TS 62607 establishes a standardized method to determine the chemical key control characteristic
- metallic impurity content
for powders of graphene-based materials by
- inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS).
The metallic impurity content is derived by the signal intensity of measured elements through MS spectrum of ICP-MS.
- The method is applicable for powder of graphene and related materials, including bilayer graphene (2LG), trilayer graphene (3LG), few-layer graphene (FLG), reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and graphene oxide (GO).
– The typical application area is in the microelectronics industry, e.g. conductive pastes, displays, etc., for manufacturers to guide material design, and for downstream users to select suitable products.

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IEC TS 62607-6-21:2022 establishes a standardized method to determine the chemical key control characteristics
- elemental composition, and
- C/O ratio
for powders of graphene-based materials by
- X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS).
The elemental composition (species and relative abundance) is derived by the elemental binding energy and integral peak area at corresponding portion of XPS spectrum.
- The elemental composition refers to main elements in graphene powders, typically including carbon (C), oxygen (O), nitrogen (N), sulfur (S) , chloride (Cl) and silicon (Si).
- This document is applicable to graphene powders consisting of graphene, bilayer graphene (2LG), trilayer graphene (3LG), few-layer graphene (FLG), graphene nanoplate (GNP), reduced graphene oxide (rGO), graphene oxide (GO), and functionalized graphene powders.
- Typical application areas are the microelectronics and thermal management industries, e.g. batteries, integrated circuits, high-frequency electronics. This document can be used by manufacturers in research and development and by downstream users for product selection.

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IEC 62565-5-2:2022(E) which is a Technical Specification, establishes a blank detail specification that lists the relevant key control characteristics (KCC) including chemical, physical, structural, and electrochemical characteristics of nano-enabled electrode for electrochemical capacitors. Electrodes of both electric double layer capacitors and pseudo capacitors with nano/ nanostructured materials such as nanoporous activated carbon, graphene, carbon nanotube, carbon black, carbon aerogel, carbon nanomaterial coating collector, etc., are included. For other electrodes, this document can be used for reference.
In addition, this document enables the customer to specify requirements in a standardized manner and to verify through standardized methods that the nano-enabled electrode of the electrochemical capacitors meets the required properties.

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IEC TS 62876-3-1:2022(E) establishes a standardized method to determine the
• stability
of films of graphene-based material by a
• temperature and humidity test.
It establishes a general methodology for reliability stress screening (RSS) to qualify the use of graphene-based material in its subsequent product value stage. The intention is to prepare test samples undergoing the same or similar failure mechanisms as the graphene-based material in the final product.

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IEC 62607-6-9:2022(EN) establishes a standardized method to determine the key control characteristic
• sheet resistance
for films of graphene-based materials by
• eddy current method.

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IEC TS 62607-6-11:2022(EN) establishes a standardized method to determine the key control characteristic
• defect density nD
of graphene films grown by chemical vapour deposition as well as exfoliated graphene flakes by
• Raman spectroscopy

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ISO TS 23302:2021 This document specifies requirements and recommendations for the identification of measurands to characterize nano-objects and their agglomerates and aggregates, and to assess specific properties relevant to the performance of materials that contain them. It provides recommendations for relevant measurement.

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IEC TS 62607-6-6:2021(E) establishes a standardized method to determine the structural key control characteristic
• strain uniformity
for single-layer graphene by
• Raman spectroscopy.
The width of the 2D-peak in the Raman spectrum is analysed to calculate the strain uniformity parameter which is a figure of merit to quantify the influence of nano-scale strain variations on the electronic properties of the layer. The classification will help manufacturers to classify their material quality to provide an upper limit of the electronic performance of the characterized graphene, to decide whether or not the graphene material quality is potentially suitable for various applications.

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IEC TS 62607-9-1:2021(E) establishes a standardized method to characterize spatially varying magnetic fields with a spatial resolution down to 10 nm for flat magnetic specimens by magnetic force microscopy (MFM). MFM primarily detects the stray field component perpendicular to the sample surface. The resolution is achieved by the calibration of the MFM tip using magnetically nanostructured reference materials.

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IEC TS 62607-6-19:2021(E) establishes a standardized method to determine the chemical key control characteristic
• elemental composition
for powder consisting of graphene-based material by
• CS analyser and ONH analyser.
The method as described in this document determines the content of carbon (C), sulfur (S), oxygen (O), nitrogen (N) and hydrogen (H).
The carbon (C) and sulfur (S) content in graphene powder is derived by the content of converted CO, CO2 and SO2, which is determined by infrared gas detector (IGD) using a non-dispersive infrared adsorption method in CS analyser.
The content of oxygen (O), nitrogen (N) and hydrogen (H) in graphene powder is derived by ONH analyser using pyrolysis method. The O content is obtained according to the content of converted CO and CO2, which is determined by IGD using a non-dispersive infrared adsorption method. The N content is obtained according to the content of converted N2, which is determined by a thermal conductivity detector (TCD) method. The H content is obtained by measuring converted H2 or H2O, corresponding to TCD or IGD method.
• The method is applicable for graphene, graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) in powder form.

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IEC TS 62607-6-10:2021(E) establishes a standardized method to determine the electrical key control characteristic
– sheet resistance (Rs)
for films of graphene-based materials by
– terahertz time domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS).
In this technique, a THz pulse is sent to the graphene-based material. The transmitted or reflected THz waveform is measured in the time domain and transformed to the frequency domain by the fast Fourier transform (FFT). Finally, the spectrum is fitted to the Drude model (or another comparable model) to obtain the sheet resistance.
• This non-contact inspection method is non-destructive, fast and robust for the mapping of large areas of graphene films, with no upper sample size limit.
• The method is applicable for statistical process control, comparison of graphene films produced by different vendors, or to obtain information about imperfections on the microscale such as grain boundaries and defects, etc.
• The method is applicable for graphene grown by chemical vapour deposition (CVD) or other methods on or transferred to dielectric substrates, including but not limited to quartz, silica (SiO2), silicon (Si), sapphire, silicon carbide (SiC) and polymers.
• The minimum spatial resolution is in the order of 300 µm (at 1 THz) given by the diffraction limited spot size of the THz pulse.

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ISO TS 22292:2021 This document provides guidance for sample preparation, data acquisition by transmission electron microscopy, data processing, and three-dimensional image reconstruction to measure size and shape parameters of nano-objects on rod-shaped supports. The method is applicable to samples dispersed on or within an electron-transparent rod-shaped support.

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This document defines terms related to the characterization of nano-objects in the field of nanotechnologies.
It is intended to facilitate communication between organizations and individuals in research, industry and other interested parties and those who interact with them.

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IEC TR 63258:2021 is a Technical Report focused on the practical protocol of ellipsometry to evaluate the thickness of nanoscale films. This document does not include any specification of the ellipsometers, but suggests how to minimize the data variation to improve data reproducibility.

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This document specifies the sequence of methods for characterizing the structural properties of graphene, bilayer graphene and graphene nanoplatelets from powders and liquid dispersions using a range of measurement techniques typically after the isolation of individual flakes on a substrate. The properties covered are the number of layers/thickness, the lateral flake size, the level of disorder, layer alignment and the specific surface area. Suggested measurement protocols, sample preparation routines and data analysis for the characterization of graphene from powders and dispersions are given.

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IEC TS 62607-8-2:2021 There are two types of thermally stimulated current (TSC) measurement methods, classified by the origin of the current. One is generated by the detrapping of charges. The other one is generated by depolarization. The latter is frequently called thermally stimulated depolarization current (TSDC). This part of IEC 62607 focuses on the latter method, and specifies the measurement procedures to be developed for determining polarization properties of metal-oxide interfacial devices.
IEC TS 62607-8-2:2021 includes:
- outlines of the experimental procedures used to measure TSDC,
- methods of interpretation of results and discussion of data analysis, and
- case studies.

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This document defines terms related to carbon nano-objects in the field of nanotechnologies.
It is intended to facilitate communication between organizations' and individuals' research, industry and other interested parties and those who interact with them. Additional terms and definitions for graphene and two-dimensional materials (2D) materials are provided in ISO/TS 80004-13.
Related carbon nanoscale materials are given in Annex A.

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This document defines terms related to nanomanufacturing processes in the field of nanotechnologies.
All the process terms in this document are relevant to nanomanufacturing, however, many of the listed processes are not exclusively relevant to the nanoscale. Terms that are not exclusive are noted within the definitions. Depending on controllable conditions, such processes can result in material features at the nanoscale or, alternatively, at larger scales.
There are many other terms that name tools, components, materials, systems control methods or metrology methods associated with nanomanufacturing that are beyond the scope of this document.
Terms and definitions from other parts of the ISO/TS 80004 series are reproduced in Clause 3 for context and better understanding.

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IEC TS 62607:2020 establishes a standardized method to determine the structural key control characteristic
– domain size
for films consisting of graphene grown by chemical vapour deposition (CVD) on copper by
– substrate oxidation.
It provides a fast, facile and reliable method to evaluate graphene domains formed on copper foil or copper film for understanding the effect of the graphene domain size on properties of graphene and enhancing the performance of high speed, flexible, and transparent devices using CVD graphene.
– The domain size determined in accordance with this document will be listed as a key control characteristic in the blank detail specification for graphene IEC 62565-3-1. Domain density is an equivalent measure.
– The domain size as derived by this method is defined as the mean value of size of the domains in the observed area specified by supplier in terms of cm2 or µm2.
– The method is applicable for graphene grown on copper by CVD. The characterization is done on the copper foil before transfer to the final substrate.
– As the method is destructive, the samples cannot be re-launched into the fabrication process.

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IEC TS 62607-6-14:2020 establishes a standardized method to determine the structural key control characteristic
• defect level
for powders consisting of graphene-based material by
• Raman spectroscopy.
The defect level is derived by the intensity ratio of the D+D′ band and 2D band in Raman spectrum, ID+D′/I2D.
• The defect level determined in accordance with this document will be listed as a key control characteristic in the blank detail specification for graphene IEC 62565-3-1 for graphene powder.
• The method is applicable for graphene powder or graphene-based material, e.g. reduced graphene oxide (rGO), bilayer graphene, trilayer graphene and few-layer graphene.
• Typical application areas are quality control and classification for graphene manufacturers, and product selection for downstream users.
• The method described in this document is appropriate if the physical form of graphene is powder.

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IEC 62607:2020, a Technical Specification, provides a method for determining the fluorescence lifetime of semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) using the time correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) technique. TCSPC is suitable for testing fluorescence lifetime in the range from picoseconds to nanoseconds. This document is only applicable to liquid samples that are stable dispersions of QDs. It is not applicable to solid samples.
This document includes:
– outlines of the experimental procedures,
– data processing, and
– case study.

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IEC TS 62607-6-13:2020 establishes a standardized method to determine the chemical key control characteristic
• oxygen functional group content
on graphite oxide, graphene oxide, reduced graphene oxide and other types of functionalized graphene by
• Boehm titration method.
In this document, the measured functional groups are carboxyl groups (also in the form of their cyclic anhydrides), lactone groups, hydroxyl groups and reactive carbonyl groups. Oxygen functional groups that exhibit no reactivity such as epoxides cannot be measured
The contents of the corrigendum 1 of October 2020 have been included in this copy.

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IEC TS 62607-6-1:2020 establishes a standardized method to determine the electrical key control characteristic
– volume resistivity
for powder consisting of graphene-based material like flakes of graphene, few layer graphene and/or reduced graphene oxide after preparation of a sample in pellet form by
– four probe method
using powder resistivity measurement system.
The volume resistivity is a measure of the quality of powder-type graphene products in terms of electrical property and reflects the density-dependency shown in a pellet of powder-type graphene.
The volume conductivity can directly be derived from the volume resistivity.
Typical application areas are industries that use powder-type graphene products for graphene manufacture, potential developers, and users who produce graphene-based products. As the volume resistivity measured according to this document requires the preparation of a sample in the form of a pellet, this document describes in detail
– an apparatus to prepare consistently a test sample, the pellet,
– the preparation of the pellet starting from powder-type graphene,
– the measurement procedure to measure the volume resistivity (or volume conductivity) of the pellet, and
– the data analysis, the interpretation and reporting of the results.

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IEC TS 62607-5-3:2020 specifies sample structures for evaluating a wide range of charge carrier concentration in organic/nano materials. This specification is provided for both capacitance-voltage (C-V) measurements in metal/insulator/semiconductor stacking structures and Hall-effect measurements with the van der Pauw configuration. Criteria for choosing measurement methods of charge carrier concentration in organic semiconductor layers are also given in this document.

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IEC TS 62607-8-1:2020 There are two types of thermally stimulated current (TSC) measurement methods, classified by the origin of the current. One is generated by the detrapping of charges. The other one is generated by depolarization. IEC TS 62607-8-1:2020 focuses on the former method, and specifies the measurement method to be developed for determining defect states of nano-enabled metal-oxide interfacial devices.
IEC TS 62607-8-1:2020 includes:
– outlines of the experimental procedures used to measure TSC,
– methods of interpretation of results and discussion of data analysis, and
– case studies.

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IEC TS 62607-2-4:2020 specifies the test method for determining the resistivity and the contact resistance of an individual CNT and the dependability of the measurement.
This document includes:
– outlines of the experimental procedures used to measure resistance of carbon nanotubes,
– methods of interpretation of results and discussion of data analysis, and
– case studies.

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IEC TS 62607-4-8:2020 specifies a test method for the determination of water content in electrode nanomaterials for nano-enabled electrical energy storage devices, using the Karl Fischer coulometric titration method.
This document includes:
- recommendations for sample preparation,
- outlines of the experimental procedures used to measure electrode nanomaterial properties, and
- methods of interpretation of results and discussion of data analysis.
IEC TS 62607-4-8:2020 is not applicable for samples that can react with the main components of Karl Fischer reagent and produce water, or samples that can react with iodine or iodide ion.

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IEC TS 62565-4-1:2019 establishes a blank detail specification and format for listing essential optical and certain other characteristics of monodisperse luminescent nanomaterials. This document does not address mixtures or agglomerations of luminescent nanomaterials.
In addition, this document enables the customer to specify requirements in a standardized manner and to verify through standardized methods that the luminescent nanomaterial meets the required properties.
Numeric values to be specified for the properties and characteristics in this document are intentionally left blank and are determined by agreement between customer and material supplier. Properties and characteristics deemed by the customer or supplier as not relevant to a specific application are classified as “not applicable” or “not specified”.

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ISO TR 19733:2019 This document provides a matrix which links key properties of graphene and related two-dimensional (2D) materials to commercially available measurement techniques. The matrix includes measurement techniques to characterize chemical, physical, electrical, optical, thermal and mechanical properties of graphene and related 2D materials.

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IEC TS 62607-4-7:2018 provides a method for the determination of magnetic impurities in anode nanomaterials for energy storage devices using an Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP-OES), including test overview, reagents, apparatus, test procedures, test results and test report.
IEC TS 62607-4-7:2018 applies to the determination of the total content of magnetic impurities (iron, cobalt, chromium, and nickel) ≥ 0,02 mg/kg which can be attracted by magnet.

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IEC TS 62876-2-1:2018 establishes a general stability testing programme to verify the stability of the performance of nanomaterials and nano-enabled photovoltaic devices (NePV) devices. These devices are used as subassemblies for the fabrication of photovoltaic modules through a combination with other components. This testing programme defines standardized degradation conditions, methodologies and data assessment for technologies. The results of these tests define a stability under standardized degradation conditions for quantitative evaluation of the stability of a new technology. The procedures outlined in this document were designed for NePV, but can be extended to serve as a guideline for other photovoltaic technologies as well.

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IEC TS 62565-4-2:2018 specifies the essential general and optical requirements of monodisperse luminescent nanomaterials used in general lighting and display products to enable their reliable mass production and quality control during the manufacturing process. This document does not address mixtures or agglomerations of luminescent nanomaterials.
In addition, this document enables the customer to specify requirements in a standardized manner and to verify through standardized methods that the luminescent nanomaterial meets the required properties.

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IEC TS 62607-4-6:2018(E) provides a method for determination of carbon content of nano electrode materials by infrared absorption spectroscopy method. The method is applicable to carbon contents of mass fraction between 0,001 % and 100 %.
This method will enable customers to:
a) decide whether or not a nano electrode material is usable, and
b) select a nano electrode material with suitable carbon content for its application.
This document includes:
- recommendations for sample preparation,
- outlines of the experimental procedures used to measure electrode nanomaterial properties,
- methods of interpretation of results and discussion of data analysis, and
- case studies.

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ISO/TS 80004-13:2017 lists terms and definitions for graphene and related two-dimensional (2D) materials, and includes related terms naming production methods, properties and their characterization.
It is intended to facilitate communication between organizations and individuals in research, industry and other interested parties and those who interact with them.

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IEC TS 62607-4-5:2017(E) provides a standardized method for the determination of electrochemical properties of cathode nanomaterials such as lithium iron phosphate (LFP) for electrical energy storage devices. This method will enable the industry to:  
decide whether or not a cathode nanomaterial is usable, and
select a cathode nanomaterial suitable for their application.  This document includes:
recommendations for sample preparation,
outlines of the experimental procedures used to measure cathode nanomaterial properties,
methods of interpretation of results and discussion of data analysis, and
case studies.  NOTE The very purpose of this method is to arrive at a detailed characterization of the electrodes so that individual contribution of the anode and cathode for performance and degradation could be predicted. The method can be applied for characterization of the electrode working as cathode or/and as anode.

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IEC TS 62607-3-2:2017(E) specifies a method for determining the mass of a sample of QD dispersion after the removal of impurities and surfactant ligands through heating at high temperatures.

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