Luminaires - Part 2-22: Particular requirements - Luminaires for emergency lighting

IEC 60598-2-22:2014 specifies requirements for emergency luminaires for use with electrical lamps on emergency power supplies not exceeding 1 000 V. This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 1997, AMD1:2002 and AMD2:2008. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
a) Clause 22.3, addition of definitions for PELF and Self-contained portable emergency luminaire;
b) Clause 22.5, updated with the introduction of requirements for non-replaceable lamp and batteries;
c) Clause 22.6, improved requirements to confirm that the charge indication is correctly connected to the circuit together with other clarifications regarding the controlgear and the remote box with its connecting cabe to the emergency luminaire;
d) Clause 22.12, improved requirements to ensure that the luminaire shall not become unsafe;
e) Clause 22.16, full revision of the photometric testing to align with ISO and CIE;
f) Clause 22.17, now only references the requirements which are now covered in IEC 61347 2-7;
g) Clause 22.19, now only references the requirements which are now covered in IEC 61347 2-7;
h) Annex A, now includes nickel metal hydride batteries and reference to cell types in IEC 61951-1;
i) Annex B, minor changes to the classifications;
j) Annex C, Figure C.1 deleted in favour of a revised text;
k) Annex E, the additional requirements covering self-contained portable emergency luminaires.
This publication is to be read in conjunction with IEC 60598-1:2014. The contents of the corrigenda of March 2015 and April 2016 have been included in this copy.

Luminaires - Partie 2-22: Règles particulières - Luminaires pour éclairage de secours

L'IEC 60598-2-22:2014 spécifie les exigences applicables aux luminaires d'éclairage de secours à utiliser avec des lampes électriques sur des tensions d'alimentation de secours ne dépassant pas 1 000 V. Cette quatrième édition annule et remplace la troisième édition parue en 1997, AMD1:2002 et AMD2:2008. Cette édition constitue une révision technique. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente:
a) Article 22.3, ajout des définitions pour PELF et bloc autonome d'éclairage de secours;
b) Article 22.5, mise à jour avec présentation des exigences relatives aux lampes et batteries non remplaçables;
c) Article 22.6, exigences améliorées pour confirmer que le voyant de charge est correctement raccordé au circuit avec d'autres clarifications concernant l'appareillage d'alimentation et la boîte de commande à distance avec son câble de raccordement au bloc d'éclairage de secours;
d) Article 22.12, exigences améliorées pour garantir que le luminaire ne doit pas devenir dangereux;
e) Article 22.16, révision complète des essais photométriques pour un alignement entre ISO et CIE;
f) Article 22.17, fait maintenant uniquement référence aux exigences qui sont maintenant couvertes dans l'IEC 61347-2-7;
g) Article 22.19, fait maintenant uniquement référence aux exigences qui sont maintenant couvertes dans l'IEC 61347-2-7;
h) Annexe A, inclut maintenant les batteries à l'hydrure métallique de nickel et fait référence types d'éléments dans l'IEC 61951-1;
i) Annexe B, modifications mineures apportées aux classifications;
j) Annexe C, Figure C.1 supprimée en faveur d'un texte révisé;
k) Annexe E, exigences supplémentaires couvrant les blocs autonomes d'éclairage de secours portatif.
Cette publication doit être lue conjointement avec l'IEC 60598-1:2014. Le contenu des corrigenda de mars 2015 et avril 2016 a été pris en considération dans cet exemplaire.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
18-Jun-2014
Technical Committee
Current Stage
DELPUB - Deleted Publication
Completion Date
06-Dec-2021
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IEC 60598-2-22
Edition 4.0 2014-06
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Luminaires –
Part 2-22: Particular requirements – Luminaires for emergency lighting
Luminaires –
Partie 2-22: Règles particulières – Luminaires pour éclairage de secours
IEC 60598-2-22:2014-06(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 60598-2-22
Edition 4.0 2014-06
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Luminaires –
Part 2-22: Particular requirements – Luminaires for emergency lighting
Luminaires –
Partie 2-22: Règles particulières – Luminaires pour éclairage de secours
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
PRICE CODE
INTERNATIONALE
CODE PRIX V
ICS 29.140.40 ISBN 978-2-8322-1659-0

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 60598-2-22:2014 © IEC 2014
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 3

22.1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 5

22.2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 5

22.3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 6

22.4 General test requirements ............................................................................................... 9

22.5 Classification of luminaires .............................................................................................. 9

22.6 Marking ........................................................................................................................... 9

22.7 Construction .................................................................................................................. 11

22.8 Creepage distances and clearances .............................................................................. 14

22.9 Provision of earthing ...................................................................................................... 14

22.10 Terminals .............................................................................................................. 14

22.11 External and internal wiring ................................................................................... 14

22.12 Protection against electric shock ........................................................................... 14

22.13 Endurance test and thermal test............................................................................ 14

22.14 Resistance to dust and moisture ........................................................................... 16

22.15 Insulation resistance and electric strength ............................................................ 16

22.16 Resistance to heat, fire and tracking ..................................................................... 16

22.17 Photometric data ................................................................................................... 17

22.18 Changeover operation ........................................................................................... 18

22.19 High temperature operation ................................................................................... 18

22.20 Battery chargers for self-contained emergency luminaires .................................... 19

22.21 Test devices for emergency operation ................................................................... 19

Annex A (normative) Batteries for self-contained emergency luminaires .............................. 20

Annex B (normative) Luminaire classification ....................................................................... 22

Annex C (normative) Luminance measurements .................................................................. 24

Annex D (informative) Rest mode and inhibition mode facilities............................................ 25

Annex E (normative) Requirements for self-contained portable emergency luminaires ......... 26

E.1 General ................................................................................................................. 26

E.2 Scope of requirements provided in Annex E .......................................................... 26

E.3 Terms and definitions ............................................................................................ 26

E.4 General test requirements ..................................................................................... 27

E.5 Classification of luminaires ................................................................................... 27

E.6 Marking ................................................................................................................. 28

E.7 Construction ......................................................................................................... 28

E.8 Changeover operation ........................................................................................... 30

E.9 High temperature operation ................................................................................... 30

E.10 Thermal test .......................................................................................................... 30

Table 1 – Voltage limits for discharge durations up to the end of declared battery life .......... 16

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
IEC 60598-2-22:2014 © IEC 2014 – 3 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
LUMINAIRES –
Part 2-22: Particular requirements –
Luminaires for emergency lighting
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

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governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

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other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 60598-2-22 has been prepared by subcommittee 34D: Luminaires

of IEC technical committee 34: Lamp and related equipment.

This fourth edition cancels and replaces the third edition published in 1997, AMD1:2002 and

AMD2:2008. This edition constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:

a) Clause 22.3, addition of definitions for PELF and Self-contained portable emergency

luminaire;

b) Clause 22.5, updated with the introduction of requirements for non-replaceable lamp and

batteries;
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – IEC 60598-2-22:2014 © IEC 2014

c) Clause 22.6, improved requirements to confirm that the charge indication is correctly

connected to the circuit together with other clarifications regarding the controlgear and the

remote box with its connecting cabe to the emergency luminaire;

d) Clause 22.12, improved requirements to ensure that the luminaire shall not become

unsafe;

e) Clause 22.16, full revision of the photometric testing to align with ISO and CIE;

f) Clause 22.17, now only references the requirements which are now covered in
IEC 61347-2-7;
g) Clause 22.19, now only references the requirements which are now covered in
IEC 61347-2-7;

h) Annex A, now includes nickel metal hydride batteries and reference to cell types in

IEC 61951-1;
i) Annex B, minor changes to the classifications;
j) Annex C, Figure C.1 deleted in favour of a revised text;

k) Annex E, the additional requirements covering self-contained portable emergency

luminaires
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
34D/1119/FDIS 34D/1131/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

This standard is to be read in conjunction with IEC 60598-1 Luminaires – Part 1: General

requirements and tests.

A list of all parts in the IEC 60598 series, published under the general title Luminaires, can be

found on the IEC website.
In this standard, the following print types are used:
– requirements: in roman type
– test specifications: in italic type
– notes: in small roman type.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

The contents of the corrigenda of March 2015 and April 2016 have been included in this

copy.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 60598-2-22:2014 © IEC 2014 – 5 –
LUMINAIRES –
Part 2-22: Particular requirements –
Luminaires for emergency lighting
22.1 Scope

This part of IEC 60598 specifies requirements for emergency luminaires for use with electrical

lamps on emergency power supplies not exceeding 1 000 V.

This part does not cover the effects of non-emergency voltage reductions on luminaires

incorporating high pressure discharge lamps.
This part gives general requirements for emergency lighting equipment.

This part continues to use the term “lamp” which also includes “light source(s)" where

appropriate.
22.2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and

are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.

IEC 60073, Basic and safety principles for man-machine interface, marking and identification

– Coding principles for indication devices and actuators
IEC 60155, Glow-starters for fluorescent lamps

IEC 60364-5-56, Electrical installations of buildings – Part 5: Selection and erection of

electrical equipment – Chapter 56: Safety services
IEC 60598-1, Luminaires – Part 1: General requirements and tests

IEC 60896-21, Stationary lead-acid batteries - Part 21: Valve regulated types - Methods of

test

IEC 61056-1, General purpose lead-acid batteries (valve-regulated types) - Part 1: General

requirements, functional characteristics - Methods of test

IEC 61347-2-2, Lamp controlgear - Part 2-2: Particular requirements for d.c. or a.c. supplied

electronic step-down convertors for filament lamps

IEC 61347-2-3, Lamp control gear - Part 2-3: Particular requirements for a.c. and/or d.c.

supplied electronic control gear for fluorescent lamps

IEC 61347-2-7, Lamp controlgear – Part 2-7; Particular requirements for battery supplied

electronic controlgear for emergency lighting (self-contained)

IEC 61347-2-12, Lamp controlgear - Part 2-12: Particular requirements for d.c. or a.c.

supplied electronic ballasts for discharge lamps (excluding fluorescent lamps)
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 60598-2-22:2014 © IEC 2014

IEC 61347-2-13, Lamp controlgear - Part 2-13: Particular requirements for d.c. or a.c.

supplied electronic controlgear for LED modules

IEC 61951-1, Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes.

Portable sealed rechargeable single cells – Part 1: nickel-cadmium

IEC 61951-2, Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes.

Portable sealed rechargeable single cells – Part 2: Nickel-metal hydride
IEC 62034, Automatic test systems for battery powered emergency escape lighting

ISO 3864-1:2011, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs. Part 1: Design

principles for safety signs and safety markings

ISO 3864-4:2011, Graphical symbols — Safety colours and safety signs. Part 4: Colorimetric

and photometric properties of safety sign materials
ISO 30061:2007, Emergency lighting
CIE 121 SP1, The photometry of emergency luminaires
22.3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in IEC 60598-1 as well as

the following apply:
22.3.1
emergency lighting

lighting for use when the supply to the normal lighting fails; it includes emergency escape

lighting, high-risk task-area lighting and standby lighting
22.3.2
emergency escape lighting

that part of emergency lighting that provides illumination for the safety of people leaving an

area or attempting to terminate a dangerous process before vacating an area
22.3.3
standby lighting

that part of emergency lighting that enables normal activities to continue substantially

unchanged
22.3.4
high-risk task-area lighting

part of emergency lighting provided to ensure the safety of people involved in a potentially

dangerous process or situation and to enable proper shut-down procedures for the safety of

the operator and occupants of the premises
22.3.5
maintained emergency luminaire

luminaire in which the emergency lighting lamps are energized at all times when normal or

emergency lighting is required
22.3.6
non-maintained emergency luminaire

luminaire in which the emergency lighting lamps are in operation only when the supply to the

normal lighting fails
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
IEC 60598-2-22:2014 © IEC 2014 – 7 –
22.3.7
combined emergency luminaire

luminaire containing two or more lamps, at least one of which is energized from the

emergency lighting supply and the others from the normal lighting supply

Note 1 to entry: A combined emergency luminaire is either maintained or non-maintained.

22.3.8
self-contained emergency luminaire

luminaire providing maintained or non-maintained emergency lighting in which all the

elements, such as the battery, the lamp, the control unit and the test and monitoring facilities,

where provided, are contained within the luminaire or adjacent to it (that is, within 1 m cable

length)
22.3.9
centrally supplied emergency luminaire

luminaire for maintained or non-maintained operation which is energized from a central

emergency power system that is not contained within the luminaire
22.3.10
compound self-contained emergency luminaire

self-contained luminaire providing maintained or non-maintained emergency lighting and also

providing emergency supply for operating a satellite luminaire
22.3.11
satellite emergency luminaire

luminaire for maintained or non-maintained operation which derives emergency operation

supply from an associated compound self-contained emergency luminaire
22.3.12
control unit

unit or units comprising a supply changeover system, a battery charging device and, where

appropriate, a means for testing
Note 1 to entry: This unit may also contain the lamp controlgear.
22.3.13
normal supply failure

condition in which the normal lighting can no longer provide a minimum illuminance for

emergency escape purposes and when the emergency lighting should become operative

22.3.14
emergency luminaire rated luminous flux

lumen output as claimed by the luminaire manufacturer, 60 s (0,5 s for high-risk task-area

luminaires) after failure of the normal supply, and continuously maintained to the end of rated

duration of operation
22.3.15
rated duration of emergency operation

time, as claimed by the manufacturer, that the rated emergency lumen output is provided

22.3.16
normal mode

state of a self-contained emergency luminaire that is ready to operate in emergency mode

while the normal supply is on

Note 1 to entry: In the case of a normal supply failure, the self-contained luminaire automatically changes over to

the emergency mode.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – IEC 60598-2-22:2014 © IEC 2014
22.3.17
emergency mode

state of a self-contained emergency luminaire that provides lighting when energized by its

internal power source, the normal supply having failed
22.3.18
rest mode

state of a self-contained emergency luminaire that has been intentionally extinguished while

the normal supply is off and that, in the event of restoration of the normal supply,

automatically reverts to normal mode
22.3.19
maximum overcharge rate
maximum continuous charge rate that may be applied to a fully charged battery
22.3.20
remote inhibiting facility

means for inhibiting remotely a luminaire associated with an emergency lighting system

22.3.21
remote inhibiting mode

state of a self-contained emergency luminaire which is inhibited from operating by a remote

device while the normal supply is on and in case of a normal supply failure the luminaire does

not change-over to emergency mode
22.3.22
internally illuminated safety sign

self-contained or centrally supplied emergency luminaire intended to provide specific safety

message obtained by a combination of colour and geometric shapes
Note 1 to entry: Details are given in ISO 3864-1 and ISO 3864-4.
22.3.23
practical emergency lamp flux
PELF

minimum luminous flux of the lamp observed during the rated duration of the emergency mode

Note 1 to entry: PELF = LDL × EBLF

where LDL is the rated lumen output of the light source and, for discharge light sources, this is taken as the initial

lighting design lumens at 100 h.
Note 2 to entry: This note applies to the French language only.
22.3.24
self-contained portable emergency luminaire

portable luminaire providing emergency lighting where all of the elements, such as the battery,

the lamp(s), the control unit, a manual switch for switching on or off one or more lamp and the

test and monitoring facilities, where provided, are contained within the luminaire which can be

detached from its base unit for use in the emergency mode
22.3.25
emergency ballast lumen factor
EBLF

ratio of the emergency luminous flux of the lamp supplied by the emergency controlgear to the

luminous flux of the same lamp operated with the appropriate reference ballast at its rated

voltage and frequency

Note 1 to entry: The emergency ballast lumen factor is the minimum of the values measured at the appropriate

time after failure of the normal supply and continuously to the end of the rated time duration.

Note 2 to entry: This note applies to the French language only.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
IEC 60598-2-22:2014 © IEC 2014 – 9 –
[SOURCE: IEC 61347-2-7, 3.13]
22.3.26
emergency luminaire mounted on lighting track system
emergency luminaire specifically designed to be used on luminaire track systems
22.3.27
emergency remote box
box complying with the same requirements as the emergency luminaire

Note 1 to entry: Its purpose is to contain any of the components e.g. battery, control gear etc. that will not be

fitted into the emergency luminaire.
22.4 General test requirements

The provisions of Section 0 of IEC 60598-1 shall apply. The tests described in each

appropriate section of IEC 60598-1 shall be carried out in the order listed in this part of

IEC 60598-2.

When testing combined emergency luminaires according to the requirements of this part, the

tests shall cover those parts of the luminaire which are involved with providing emergency

lighting taking into account the influence of all other luminaire parts and components. The

components and parts of the luminaires designed to provide only normal lighting shall be

subjected to the tests according to the requirements of the relevant part of IEC 60598-2 (for

example, if the luminaire is recessed, it shall be tested according to the requirements of the

part dealing with recessed luminaires).

If some elements of an emergency luminaire are adjacent (within 1 m cable length) to the

main part of the luminaire, all the elements of the luminaire, including the means of inter-

connection, shall satisfy the relevant requirements of this document.

The additional requirements covering self-contained portable emergency luminaires are given

in Annex E.

The photometric tests of Clause 22.17 shall be made on a separate sample luminaire.

Derating factors should be applied during emergency lighting installation scheme design

which is relevant to the application. These factors are normally defined by the relevant

application standard.
22.5 Classification of luminaires

Emergency luminaires shall be classified in accordance with the provisions of Section 2 of

IEC 60598-1 except that all emergency luminaires shall be classified as suitable for direct

mounting on normally flammable surfaces.
Emergency luminaires shall also be classified as specified in Annex B.
22.6 Marking

The provisions of Section 3 of IEC 60598-1 shall apply together with the requirements of

22.6.1 to 22.6.20 below.

22.6.1 Luminaires shall be clearly marked with the rated supply voltage or voltage range(s).

---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
– 10 – IEC 60598-2-22:2014 © IEC 2014
22.6.2 Luminaires shall be cle
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