Road vehicles -- Communication between vehicle and external equipment for emissions-related diagnostics

ISO 15031-7:2013 gives guidelines for the protection of road vehicle modules from unauthorized intrusion through a vehicle diagnostic data link. These security measures offer vehicle manufacturers the flexibility to tailor their security to their own specific needs and do not exclude other, additional measures. ISO 15031-7:2013 applies to vehicle modules whose solid-state memory contents are able to be altered from outside the electronic module through a diagnostic data communication link. Such alteration could potentially damage a vehicle's electronics or other components, placing at risk its compliance with government legislation or the vehicle manufacturer's interests in respect of security.

Véhicules routiers -- Communications entre un véhicule et un équipement externe pour le diagnostic relatif aux émissions

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
21-Jul-2013
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
08-Jul-2013
Completion Date
22-Jul-2013
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 15031-7
Second edition
2013-07-15
Road vehicles — Communication
between vehicle and external
equipment for emissions-related
diagnostics —
Part 7:
Data link security
Véhicules routiers — Communications entre un véhicule et un
équipement externe pour le diagnostic relatif aux émissions —
Partie 7: Sécurité de la liaison de données
Reference number
ISO 15031-7:2013(E)
ISO 2013
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 15031-7:2013(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2013

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 15031-7:2013(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms, definitions, and abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................... 2

3.1 Terms and definitions ....................................................................................................................................................................... 2

3.2 Abbreviated terms ............................................................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Conventions ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5 Document overview........................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6 Technical requirements ................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2 Security characteristics ................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.3 Security implementation ................................................................................................................................................................ 5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 15031-7:2013(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. www.iso.org/directives.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of any

patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or on

the ISO list of patent declarations received. www.iso.org/patents.

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 22, Road vehicles, Subcommittee SC 3, Electrical

and electronic equipment.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 15031-7:2001) of which has been

technically revised.

ISO 15031 consists of the following parts, under the general title Road vehicles — Communication between

vehicle and external equipment for emissions-related diagnostics:
— Part 1: General information and use case definition
— Part 2: Guidance on terms, definitions, abbreviations and acronyms

— Part 3: Diagnostic connector and related electrical circuits, specification and use

— Part 4: External test equipment
— Part 5: Emissions-related diagnostic services
— Part 6: Diagnostic trouble code definitions
— Part 7: Data link security
iv © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 15031-7:2013(E)
Introduction
0.1 Overview

ISO 15031 consists of a number of parts which, taken together, provide a coherent self-consistent set of

specifications to facilitate emissions-related diagnostics. ISO 15031-1 provides an introduction to the

series of International Standards. ISO 15031-2 through ISO 15031-7 are based on Society of Automative

Engineers (SAE) recommended practices. This part of ISO 15031 is based on SAE J2186:1996, E/E Data

Link Security.

The ISO 15031 document set includes the communication between the vehicle’s On-Board Diagnostics

(OBD) systems and test equipment implemented across vehicles within the scope of the legislated

emissions-related OBD.

To achieve this, it is based on the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Basic Reference Model in accordance

with ISO/IEC 7498-1 and ISO/IEC 10731, which structures communication systems into seven layers.

When mapped on this model, the services specified by ISO 15031 are broken into the following:

— Diagnostic services (layer 7), specified in:
— ISO 15031-5 (emissions-related OBD);
— ISO 27145-3 (WWH-OBD);
— Presentation layer (layer 6), specified in:
— ISO 15031-2, SAE J1930-DA;
— ISO 15031-5, SAE J1979-DA;
— ISO 15031-6, SAE J2012-DA;
— ISO 27145-2, SAE J2012-DA;
— Session layer services (layer 5), specified in:
— ISO 14229-2 supports ISO 15765-4 DoCAN and ISO 14230-4 DoK-Line protocols;
— ISO 14229-2 is not applicable to the SAE J1850 and ISO 9141-2 protocols;
— Transport layer services (layer 4), specified in:
— DoCAN: ISO 15765-2 Transport protocol and network layer services;
— SAE J1850: ISO 15031-5 Emissions-related diagnostic services;
— ISO 9141-2: ISO 15031-5 Emissions-related diagnostic services;
— DoK-Line: ISO 14230-4, ISO 15031-5 Emissions-related diagnostic services;
— Network layer services (layer 3), specified in:
— DoCAN: ISO 15765-2 Transport protocol and network layer services;
— SAE J1850: ISO 15031-5 Emissions-related diagnostic services;
— ISO 9141-2: ISO 15031-5 Emissions-related diagnostic services;
— DoK-Line: ISO 14230-4, ISO 15031-5 Emissions-related diagnostic services;
— Data link layer (layer 2), specified in:
— DoCAN: ISO 15765-4, ISO 11898-1, ISO 11898-2;
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO 15031-7:2013(E)
— SAE J1850;
— ISO 9141-2;
— DoK-Line: ISO 14230-2;
— Physical layer (layer 1), specified in:
— DoCAN: ISO 15765-4, ISO 11898-1, ISO 11898-2;
— SAE J1850;
— ISO 9141-2;
— DoK-Line: ISO 14230-1;
in accordance with Table 1.

Table 1 — Legislated emissions-related OBD/WWH-OBD diagnostic specifications applicable to

the OSI layers
Emissions-related WWH-
Applicabil- Emissions-related OBD communication
OSI 7 layers OBD communication
ity requirements
requirements
Application (layer
ISO 15031-5 ISO 27145-3
ISO 15031-2, ISO 15031-5, ISO 15031-6 ISO 27145-2
Presentation
SAE J1930-DA / SAE J1979-DA SAE J1930-DA / SAE J1979-DA
(layer 6)
Seven layer
SAE J2012-DA SAE J2012-DA
according to
ISO/IEC Session (layer 5) Not Applicable ISO 14229-2
7498-1
Transport (layer
and
ISO ISO ISO ISO
ISO 15031-5
ISO/IEC
14230-4 15765-2 15765-2 13400-2
Network (layer 3)
10731
ISO ISO
ISO
ISO 15765-4 ISO 27145-4
Data link (layer 2)
14230-2
SAE ISO 11898-1, 11898-1, ISO
J1850 9141-2 ISO ISO 13400-3
ISO
Physical (layer 1)
11898-2 11898-2
14230-1
0.2 SAE document reference concept

ISO 15031 references several SAE documents which contain all terms, data, and diagnostic trouble code

(DTC) definitions.

See Figure 1 with the following definition of content in ISO 15031-2, ISO 15031-5, and ISO 15031-6:

— SAE J1930: this document is concerned with a procedure for naming objects and systems and

with the set of words from which names are built. It references SAE J1930-DA which contains all

standardized naming objects, terms, and abbreviations.

— SAE J1979: this document is concerned with the definition of emissions-related diagnostic services

(diagnostic test modes). It references SAE J1979-DA which contains all standardized data items like

Parameter IDs, Test IDs, Monitor IDs, and InfoType IDs.

— SAE J2012: this document is concerned with the procedure for defining emissions-related diagnostic

trouble codes. It references SAE J2012-DA which contains all standardized data items like DTCs and

failure type bytes (FTBs).
vi © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 15031-7:2013(E)
ISO 15031-2
ISO 15031-5 ISO 15031-6
Terms, de
initions,
Emissions-related Diagnostic trouble
abbreviations, and
diagnostic services code (DTC ) de
initions
acronyms
SAE J2012-DA
SAE J1930-DA SAE J1979-DA
Emissions-related
Emissions-related Emissions-relate d
diagnostic trouble
acronym de
inition data de
inition
code de
inition
SAE J1930
SAE J2012
SAE J
...

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