Smart community infrastructures — Smart transportation for compact cities

ISO 37157:2018 describes criteria to help plan or organize smart transportation for compact cities. It is intended to apply to cities facing a decline in population. Smart transportation can be applied to the issue of population loss as a means of attracting people back to the city.

Infrastructures communautaires intelligentes — Transport intelligent dans les villes compactes

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
03-Apr-2018
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
04-Apr-2018
Completion Date
04-Apr-2018
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ISO 37157:2018 - Smart community infrastructures -- Smart transportation for compact cities
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 37157
First edition
2018-04
Smart community infrastructures —
Smart transportation for compact cities
Infrastructures communautaires intelligentes — Transport intelligent
dans les villes compactes
Reference number
ISO 37157:2018(E)
ISO 2018
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ISO 37157:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

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Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37157:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Concept of smart transportation for compact cities ....................................................................................................... 1

4.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4.2 Applicable city issues ........................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5 Adoption of smart transportation for compact cities .................................................................................................... 2

5.1 Objectives..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.2 Target area .................................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

5.3 Selection of transportation modes......................................................................................................................................... 2

5.3.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.3.2 Service frequency ............................................................................................................................................................ 2

5.3.3 Station/stop interval .................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.3.4 Effective area size ............................................................................................................................................................ 2

5.3.5 Service network shape................................................................................................................................................ 3

5.3.6 Coach convenience, ride comfort and safety ........................................................................................... 3

5.3.7 Geographical applicability ....................................................................................................................................... 3

5.3.8 Running performance .................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.3.9 Exclusive tracks ................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.3.10 Promotion of environmentally friendly vehicles and life-cycle performance ............. 3

5.3.11 Improvement of land reuse .................................................................................................................................... 3

5.3.12 Energy saving .................. .................................................... ................................................................................................ 3

5.3.13 Information provision ................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.3.14 Rider fees ................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

5.4 Installation of smart transportation ..................................................................................................................................... 4

6 Maintaining the quality of smart transportation for compact cities .............................................................4

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.2 Parameters to be observed ........................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.3 Modification of smart transportation.................................................................................................................................. 4

Annex A (informative) Examples of smart transportation for the development of compact cities ....5

Annex B (informative) Trials given by Paris City in December 2016 to suppress air

pollution by inviting citizens using engine-driven vehicles to electrically operated

transportation services ................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 37157:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/ iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 268, Sustainable cities and communities,

Subcommittee SC 1, Smart community infrastructures

In the development of this document, ISO Guide 82 has been taken into account in addressing

sustainability issues.
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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ISO 37157:2018(E)
Introduction

A compact city is an urban design concept that invites people back to a small area in a city where

the population has decreased or is decreasing. Modal shifts of passengers from public to private

transportation have resulted in people moving out of the city centre into the suburbs, since private

transportation enables movement without dependent time schedules and fixed routes. The problems

associated with public transportation are mainly related to station or stop intervals, service frequency,

approaches to stations/stops and service routes and networks. Furthermore, large-scale shopping

malls and hospitals are frequently constructed outside cities. Such a situation accelerates the outflow of

residents, resulting in the de-urbanization of city centres. Downtown, the public realm and community

safety fall into decline, causing more people to move out to the suburbs. This negative spiral continues,

changing the character of a city.

One way to pre-empt the deterioration of a city centre is through the creation of a compact city. The

concept behind compact cities is that facilities for citizens, such as shopping malls, offices and hospitals,

are placed in a small target areas. These facilities are connected to one another by short-interval, high-

frequency public transportation which can be easily accessed by citizens. Additionally, this type of

transportation reconnects citizens living in the suburbs to the urban centre, with service lines laid

radially in relation to the suburbs surrounding the area. This transportation network successfully

attracts people into a target area from its periphery and retains them therein. This is a solution to

the problem of declining city centres, utilizing smart transportation to resuscitate small downtown

areas. This document describes a way to organize smart transportation to create a compact city that

regenerates a declining urban centre and rejuvenates its economic, physical and social infrastructure.

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 37157:2018(E)
Smart community infrastructures — Smart transportation
for compact cities
1 Scope

This document describes criteria to help plan or organize smart transportation for compact cities. It

is intended to apply to cities facing a decline in population. Smart transportation can be applied to the

issue of population loss as a means of attracting people back to the city.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
...

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