Marine technology — Product water quality of seawater reverse osmosis (RO) desalination — Guidelines for municipal water supply

This document provides guidelines for product water quality of seawater reverse osmosis (RO) desalination that is used for municipal water supply. It specifies water quality parameters and ranges, monitoring frequency and test methods to ensure the compatibility of the product water with the pipelines.

Technologie maritime — Qualité de l'eau produite par le dessalement de l'eau de mer par osmose inverse (OI) — Lignes directrices pour les réseaux municipaux d'eau potable

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Status
Published
Publication Date
28-Sep-2021
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
29-Sep-2021
Completion Date
29-Sep-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 23446
First edition
2021-09
Marine technology — Product water
quality of seawater reverse osmosis
(RO) desalination — Guidelines for
municipal water supply
Technologie maritime — Qualité de l'eau produite par le dessalement
de l'eau de mer par osmose inverse (OI) — Lignes directrices pour les
réseaux municipaux d'eau potable
Reference number
ISO 23446:2021(E)
© ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 23446:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on

the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below

or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 23446:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Desalted water quality .................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

5 Product water quality .................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

6 Monitoring frequency .....................................................................................................................................................................................2

7 Test methods ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

Annex A (informative) Calculation method of calcium hardness ......................................................................................... 3

Annex B (informative) Calculation method of the Langelier saturation index (LSI) .......................................4

Annex C (informative) Information of product water quality of seawater RO desalination

in specific cases .....................................................................................................................................................................................................5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

iii
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 23446:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. www.iso.org/directives

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received. www.iso.org/patents

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to

the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see

www.iso.org/iso/foreword.html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 8, Ships and marine technology,

Subcommittee SC 13, Marine technology.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www.iso.org/members.html.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 23446:2021(E)
Introduction

With population growth, urbanization, climate change impacts and increases in household and

industrial uses, fresh water scarcity will definitely affect the sustainable development of society.

Seawater desalination is an effective way to meet the water needs. In some regions, it is almost the

primary source of municipal water supply.

Because of technology and cost advantages, the reverse osmosis (RO) process has been used

increasingly for seawater desalination. However, desalted water of seawater RO desalination is low

in minerals and poorly buffered. It is usually aggressive to metallic materials used in equipment and

distribution pipelines. To solve this problem, the post-treatment of desalted water, such as the addition

of minerals and/or blending of waters, is necessary to achieve a balanced mineral content. Therefore, it

is necessary to monitor product water quality after post-treatment to confirm the safety for municipal

water supply.

Consequently, standardization of the product water quality is important and useful for the protection

of corrosive pipelines and related equipment. The key parameters are monitored to meet the related

limits and range. The product water will be compatible with municipal pipelines and related equipment.

These guidelines provide key parameters to manage the product water quality of seawater RO

desalination for municipal water supply. They are intended to assist water engineers, authorities,

decision makers and stakeholders in evaluating the compatibility of product water with pipelines and

devices.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 23446:2021(E)
Marine technology — Product water quality of seawater
reverse osmosis (RO) desalination — Guidelines for
municipal water supply
1 Scope

This document provides guidelines for product water quality of seawater reverse osmosis (RO)

desalination that i
...

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 23446
First edition
Marine technology — Product water
quality of seawater reverse osmosis
(RO) desalination — Guidelines for
municipal water supply
PROOF/ÉPREUVE
Reference number
ISO 23446:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 23446:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 23446:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Desalted water quality ................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

5 Product water quality...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

6 Monitoring frequency...................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

7 Test methods ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

Annex A (informative) Calculation method of calcium hardness ........................................................................................... 3

Annex B (informative) Calculation method of the Langelier saturation index (LSI) ..........................................4

Annex C (informative) Information of product water quality of seawater RO desalination

in specific cases ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 23446:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. www .iso .org/ directives

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received. www .iso .org/ patents

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 8, Ships and marine technology,

Subcommittee SC 13, Marine technology.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 23446:2021(E)
Introduction

With population growth, urbanization, climate change impacts and increases in household and

industrial uses, fresh water scarcity will definitely affect the sustainable development of society.

Seawater desalination is an effective way to meet the water needs. In some regions, it is almost the

primary source of municipal water supply.

Because of technology and cost advantages, the reverse osmosis (RO) process has been used

increasingly for seawater desalination. However, desalted water of seawater RO desalination is low

in minerals and poorly buffered. It is usually aggressive to metallic materials used in equipment and

distribution pipelines. To solve this problem, the post-treatment of desalted water, such as the addition

of minerals and/or blending of waters, is necessary to achieve a balanced mineral content. Therefore, it

is necessary to monitor product water quality after post-treatment to confirm the safety for municipal

water supply.

Consequently, standardization of the product water quality is important and useful for the protection

of corrosive pipelines and related equipment. The key parameters are monitored to meet the related

limits and range. The product water will be compatible with municipal pipelines and related equipment.

These guidelines provide key parameters to manage the product water quality of seawater RO

desalination for municipal water supply. They are intended to assist water engineers, authorities,

decision makers and stakeholders in evaluating the compatibility of product water with pipelines and

devices.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 23446:2021(E)
Marine technology — Product water quality of seawater
reverse osmosis (RO) desalination — Guidelines for
municipal water supply
1 Scope

This document provides guidelines for product water quality of seawater reverse osmosis (RO)

desalination that is used for municipal water supply.
It specifies water quality parameters and ranges, monitoring
...

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