Rigid cellular plastics — Thermal insulation products for buildings — Specifications

ISO 4898:2004 specifies requirements and methods of testing for three categories of rigid cellular plastics thermal-insulation products for buildings. It covers rigid cellular plastics in the form of flat or profiled boards, with or without natural skins. They may also be faced or laminated with foil, plastic or metal films or sheets, mineral coatings, paper, cardboard or other materials. This International Standard is not applicable to materials used for the thermal insulation of pipes and vessels, for impact sound absorption or for acoustical insulation. This International Standard covers the following cellular materials used in the thermal insulation of buildings: RC/PS based on polystyrene; RC/PUR based on polyurethanes made with isocyanates; RC/PF based on phenolic polymer.

Plastiques alvéolaires rigides — Produits d'isolation thermique pour bâtiments — Spécifications

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
24-Aug-2004
Withdrawal Date
24-Aug-2004
Current Stage
9599 - Withdrawal of International Standard
Start Date
19-Apr-2006
Completion Date
19-Apr-2006
Ref Project

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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 4898
Second edition
2004-08-15
Rigid cellular plastics — Thermal
insulation products for buildings —
Specifications
Plastiques alvéolaires rigides — Produits d'isolation thermique pour
bâtiments — Spécifications
Reference number
ISO 4898:2004(E)
ISO 2004
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 4898:2004(E)
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© ISO 2004

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ii © ISO 2004 – All rights reserved
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ISO 4898:2004(E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................ iv

1 Scope...................................................................................................................................................... 1

2 Normative references........................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 2

4 Sizes and dimensional-tolerance requirements ................................................................................ 3

5 Physical-property requirements.......................................................................................................... 4

5.1 Categories.............................................................................................................................................. 4

5.2 Subcategories....................................................................................................................................... 4

5.3 Limiting quality values ......................................................................................................................... 4

5.4 Burning characteristics........................................................................................................................ 4

6 Sampling................................................................................................................................................ 4

7 Ageing and conditioning...................................................................................................................... 5

7.1 Ageing.................................................................................................................................................... 5

7.2 Conditioning.......................................................................................................................................... 5

8 Test methods......................................................................................................................................... 5

8.1 Linear dimensions................................................................................................................................ 5

8.2 Density................................................................................................................................................... 5

8.3 Compressive strength.......................................................................................................................... 5

8.4 Thermal conductivity............................................................................................................................ 6

8.5 Dimensional stability/compressive creep properties at elevated temperature.............................. 6

8.6 Water vapour permeability................................................................................................................... 6

8.7 Water absorption................................................................................................................................... 6

8.8 Bending load at break........................................................................................................................... 7

9 Conformity control................................................................................................................................ 7

10 Labelling and marking of products ..................................................................................................... 7

11 Reporting requirements....................................................................................................................... 7

Annex A (normative) Amendments to ISO 12576-1....................................................................................... 11

© ISO 2004 – All rights reserved iii
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ISO 4898:2004(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies

(ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through ISO

technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been

established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations, governmental and

non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates closely with the

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Standards. Draft International Standards

adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Publication as an

International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

ISO 4898 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 61, Plastics, Subcommittee SC 10, Cellular plastics.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 4898:1984), which has been technically revised.

iv © ISO 2004 – All rights reserved
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INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 4898:2004(E)
Rigid cellular plastics — Thermal insulation products for
buildings — Specifications
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies requirements and methods of testing for three categories of rigid cellular

plastics thermal-insulation products for buildings. It covers rigid cellular plastics in the form of flat or profiled

boards, with or without natural skins. They may also be faced or laminated with foil, plastic or metal films or

sheets, mineral coatings, paper, cardboard or other materials.

This International Standard is not applicable to materials used for the thermal insulation of pipes and vessels,

for impact sound absorption or for acoustical insulation.

This International Standard covers the following cellular materials used in the thermal insulation of buildings:

RC/PS based on polystyrene;

RC/PUR based on polyurethanes made with isocyanates (concerning isocyanurates, see 3.3);

RC/PF based on phenolic polymer.

The limiting quality values in this International Standard are for use only in the specification of materials

between purchaser and supplier, and are not intended to be used for design purposes.

Additional requirements for special applications may be added to those specified in this International Standard

by agreement between purchaser and supplier.
2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated

references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced

document (including any amendments) applies.
ISO 291, Plastics — Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing
ISO 472, Plastics — Vocabulary
ISO 844, Rigid cellular plastics — Determination of compression properties

ISO 845, Cellular plastics and rubbers — Determination of apparent (bulk) density

ISO 1040, Building construction — Modular coordination — Multimodules for horizontal coordinating

dimensions
ISO 1209-1, Cellular plastics, rigid — Flexural tests — Part 1: Bending test

ISO 1663, Rigid cellular plastics — Determination of water vapour transmission properties

ISO 1923, Cellular plastics and rubbers — Determination of linear dimensions
© ISO 2004 – All rights reserved 1
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ISO 4898:2004(E)
ISO 2796, Cellular plastics, rigid — Test for dimensional stability
ISO 2896, Rigid cellular plastics — Determination of water absorption

ISO 7616, Cellular plastics, rigid — Determination of compressive creep under specified load and temperature

conditions
ISO 7850, Cellular plastics, rigid — Determination of compressive creep

ISO 8301, Thermal insulation — Determination of steady-state thermal resistance and related properties —

Heat flow meter apparatus

ISO 8302, Thermal insulation — Determination of steady-state thermal resistance and related properties —

Guarded hot plate apparatus

ISO 11561:1999, Ageing of thermal insulating materials — Determination of the long-term change in thermal

resistance of closed-cell plastics (accelerated laboratory test methods)

ISO 12576-1:2001, Thermal insulation — Insulating materials and products for buildings — Conformity control

systems — Part 1: Factory-made products
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
rigid cellular material
3.2
RC/PS

rigid cellular plastic material that has been expanded or extruded from polystyrene or its copolymers

NOTE 1 For the purposes of this International Standard, these materials are divided into two types, RC/PS-M and

RC/PS-E (see 3.2.1 and 3.2.2).

NOTE 2 RC/PS-M and RC/PS-E used for thermal-insulation purposes have a cellular structure consisting substantially

of closed cells.
3.2.1
RC/PS-M

board, expanded from expandable polystyrene beads, which is moulded to shape or cut from continuously or

discontinuously produced block
3.2.2
RC/PS-E

board produced by the continuous extrusion process, either with or without natural surface skins

3.3
RC/PUR

rigid cellular plastic material based on polyurethane or urethane/isocyanurate polymers

NOTE 1 For definitions of polyisocyanurate plastic, polyurethane and urethane plastic, see ISO 472.

NOTE 2 RC/PUR used for thermal-insulation purposes has a cellular structure consisting substantially of closed cells.

2 © ISO 2004 – All rights reserved
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ISO 4898:2004(E)
3.4
RC/PF

rigid cellular plastic material based on condensation products of a phenol and formaldehyde, such as resols

and novolacs, together with hardeners and other additives, for example surfactants, blowing agents and fillers

NOTE RC/PF used for thermal-insulation purposes has a cellular structure consisting substantially of closed cells

(subcategory A) or with a higher content of open cells (subcategory B) which affects the thermal conductivity.

4 Sizes and dimensional-tolerance requirements

4.1 Board materials shall be supplied in dimensions agreed between purchaser and supplier or in

accordance with ISO 1040. Boards shall be flat.

4.2 Dimensional tolerances for length, width and rectangularity shall conform to the requirements specified

in Table 1.
Table 1 — Tolerances for dimensions and rectangularity
Rectangularity tolerances
Tolerance on length or width based on differences in
Length or width
(see Note 1) diagonal measurements
(see Notes 2 and 3)
mm mm mm
< 1 000 ± 8 5
> 1 000 ± 10

NOTE 1 If more restrictive tolerances are required, these shall be agreed between purchaser and supplier.

NOTE 2 Tolerance categories for diagonal measurements are based on the board length (not width).

NOTE 3 Rectangularity may also be determined by equivalent methods such as the use of a rectangular pattern.

4.3 Dimensional tolerances for thickness shall conform to the requirements specified in Table 2.

Table 2 — Tolerances for thickness
Thickness Tolerance (see Note 1)
mm mm
less than 50 ± 2
50 to 75 (incl.) ± 3
> 75 to 100 (incl.) ± 3 (see Note 2)
> 100 To be agreed between purchaser and supplier

NOTE 1 If more restrictive tolerances are required, these shall be agreed between purchaser and supplier.

NOTE 2 For RC/PS-E with natural skins, the thickness tolerance for this thickness category shall be ±±±± 4 mm.

© ISO 2004 – All rights reserved 3
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ISO 4898:2004(E)
5 Physical-property requirements
5.1 Categories

Physical property requirements are organized into product categories to meet purchaser and supplier needs

over a range of end-use applications.

Category I Suitable for non-load-bearing applications such as wall and cavity insulation, vented roofs, cavity

wall insulation and similar applications.

Category II Suitable for limited load-bearing applications such as in built-up roofs, under floors and

comparable applications, where elevated temperatures may be encountered and where compressive creep

resistance is required. Products in this category may also be used for applications listed in category I.

Category III Suitable for load-bearing applications such as in parking decks, floors of cold-storage areas and

comparable applications requiring a higher level of compressive strength and compressive creep resistance.

Products in this category may also be used for applications listed in categories I and II.

5.2 Subcategories

Product property categories are further divided into subcategories (A, B, C) on the basis of thermal-

conductivity values. All thermal-conductivity specification values given for the subcategories in the tables are

maximum values.

Thermal-conductivity values given in the tables shall be used only as limiting quality values for specification of

materials between purchaser and supplier. They shall not be used for design purposes.

5.3 Limiting quality values

RC/PS materials shall conform to the limiting quality values for physical properties as specified in Table 3.

RC/PUR materials shall conform to the limiting quality values for physical properties as specified in Table 4.

RC/PF materials shall conform to the limiting quality values for physical properties specified in Table 5.

5.4 Burning characteristics
It is recognized that there is a need to consider the burning charac
...

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