This document specifies the requirements and test methods for mechanical fittings intended to join plastic pressure piping systems including transition fittings to metal pipes for the following: —   supply of gaseous fuels (GAS); —   supply of water for human consumption (W), including raw water prior to treatment and for the supply of water for general purposes, as well as underground drainage and sewerage under pressure (P); —   supply of water for irrigation (I); —   industrial applications (IS). This document is applicable only to mechanical fittings with operating-temperature and pressure limits as indicated in the relevant systems standards. NOTE      A list of International Standards for plastic pipes for which mechanical fittings can be used can be found in Annex A. Flanges are not covered by this document. Mechanical fittings for hot and cold water systems inside buildings, as well as for district heating applications, are not covered by this document.

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This part of ISO 16486 specifies the requirements of fitness for purpose of the unplasticized polyamide (PA-U) piping system, intended to be buried and used for the supply of gaseous fuels. It also specifies the definitions of electrofusion and butt fusion joints.
This part of ISO 16486 specifies the method of preparation of test piece joints and the tests to be carried out on these joints for assessing the fitness for purpose of the system under normal and extreme conditions. It also specifies the test parameters for the test methods to which it refers.
ISO 16486 is applicable to PA-U piping systems the components of which are connected by fusion jointing and/or mechanical jointing.
In conjunction with the other parts of ISO 16486, it is applicable to PA-U fittings, their joints and to joints with components of PA-U.

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This document gives guidelines for the design, construction and operation of all onshore liquefied natural gas (LNG) installations for the liquefaction, storage, vaporization, transfer and handling of LNG and natural gas (NG).
This document is applicable for plants with an LNG storage capacity above 200 t.
The designated boundary limits are LNG inlet/outlet by the ship’s manifold including vapour return connection, the truck loading/unloading connection including vapour return, the rail car loading/unloading connection including vapour return and the natural gas in and outlet boundary by piping systems.
Terminals or plant types have one or more boundary limits as described in this scope (see Figure 1).
A short description of each of these installations is given in Annex G.
Feed gas for LNG liquefaction installations (plant) can be from gas field, associated gas from oil field, piped gas from transportation grid or from renewables.
Floating solutions (for example FPSO, FSRU, SRV), whether off-shore or near-shore, are not covered by this document even if some concepts, principles or recommendations could be applied. However, in case of berthed FSRU with LNG transfer across the jetty, the following recommendations apply for the jetty and topside facilities.
In case of solutions using floating storage unit (FSU) and land-based re-gasification solution, the on-shore part is covered by these standard recommendations.
Plants with a storage inventory from 5 t up to 200 t are covered by [5].

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This document provides specific requirements and guidance for the design and operation of floating LNG storage and regasification units (FSRU) described in ISO 20257-1. This document is applicable to offshore, near-shore or docked FSRUs and to both new-built and converted FSRUs. This document includes requirements to the jetty when an FSRU is moored to a jetty.

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This document specifies the requirements of fitness for purpose of unplasticized polyamide (PA-U) piping system, intended to be buried and used for the supply of gaseous fuels. It also specifies the definitions of electrofusion and butt fusion joints. This document specifies the method of preparation of test piece joints and the tests to be carried out on these joints for assessing the fitness for purpose of the system under normal and extreme conditions. It also specifies the test parameters for the test methods to which it refers. The ISOÂ 16486 series is applicable to PA-U piping systems, the components of which are connected by fusion jointing and/or mechanical jointing. In conjunction with the other parts of ISOÂ 16486, it is applicable to PA-U fittings, their joints and to joints with components of PA-U.

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This document specifies an encoding system for data of components, assembly methods and jointing operations for polyethylene (PE) piping systems for gas, water and other industrial applications. These data can be used in a traceability system and/or used to perform the fusion of components by using equipment as specified in ISO 12176‑1 and in ISO 12176‑2. This encoding system is explained in ISO/IEC 16022, ISO/IEC 18004 and ISO/IEC 24778 which refer to established code types, e.g. QR code. Data to be encoded are: fusion cycle(s), traceability of manufactured products, other manufacturer’s information that can also be given on websites such as voluntary certificates of quality and approvals. This document specifies the export of data (type, format and sequence) from a data retrieval system. Provisions of this document are applicable to polyethylene components conforming to ISO 4427‑2, ISO 4427‑3, ISO 4437‑2, ISO 4437‑3, ISO 4437‑4 and ISO 15494, and can also be applicable to any other components used in PE systems. ISO 13950 and ISO 12176‑4, which partly cover the fields of application of this document, can be used in parallel.

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This document provides requirements for the operation (“user manual”) of vehicles using CNG (fossil and renewable) as fuel, giving recommendations of good, safe and environmental friendly practices for users, including transit through specific areas (tunnels, ferries, etc.), refuelling, parking, and workshops, and also giving instructions in case of accident. This document also provides requirements concerning competence, knowledge and ability of workshops' operatives as well as any other matter concerned with safety.

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2021-01-15 - JE- TC - Corrects the wording related to Formula (6) in 5.5.1.2.1.4, 5.5.1.2.2.3, 5.5.1.3.3, 5.5.1.4.3, 5.12.2.1.3, 5.12.2.2.3 and 5.19.20.4.3 + Consolidated text not in XML, as mother standard EN 12514:2020 was not prepared in XML

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This document establishes the general principles for the evaluation and minimization of the effects of stray current corrosion on external surfaces of buried or immersed pipeline systems caused by AC and DC electrical interference. Other stray current effects such as overheating, and interference with welding operations are not covered in this document. A brief description of AC effects, general principles and some guidelines, are provided. NOTE 1 See ISO 18086 for the effects of alternating current on buried or immersed pipelines. Systems that can also be affected by stray currents include buried or immersed metal structures such as the following: a) pipeline systems; b) metal sheathed cables; c) tanks and vessels; d) earthing systems; e) steel reinforcement in concrete; f) sheet steel piling. This document gives guidelines for — the design of cathodic protection systems that might produce stray currents, — the design of pipeline systems, or elements of pipeline systems, which are buried or immersed, and which can be subject to stray current corrosion, and — the selection of appropriate protection or mitigation measures. Internal corrosion risks from stray currents are not dealt with in detail in this document but principles and measures described here can be applicable for minimizing the interference effects. NOTE 2 The impact of electromagnetic interference on above-ground appurtenances of pipeline systems is covered in EN 50443, IEC 61140, IEC 60364-4-41, IEC 60479-1, IEC 60364-5-52, IEC/TS 61201 and IEC/TR 60479-5. This document can also be used for pipeline systems outside of the petrochemical and natural gas industries and other buried or immersed structures. NOTE 3 EN 50162 provides guidance for railway related structures.

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This document specifies requirements for rubber hoses and rubber hose assemblies used for the transfer of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in the liquid or gaseous phase and natural gas and designed for use at working pressures ranging from vacuum to a maximum of 2,5 MPa (25 bar) within the temperature range −30 °C to +70 °C or, for low-temperature hoses (designated -LT), within the temperature range −50 °C to +70 °C.

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This part of ISO 16486 specifies the physical and mechanical properties of pipes made from unplasticized polyamide (PA-U) in accordance with ISO 16486-1, intended to be buried and used for the supply of gaseous fuels. It also specifies the test parameters for the test methods to which it refers.
ISO 16486 is applicable to PA-U piping systems the components of which are connected by fusion jointing and/or mechanical jointing.
In addition, it lays down dimensional characteristics and requirements for the marking of pipes.
Pipes conforming to this part of ISO 16486 are jointed typically by using mechanical, electrofusion or butt fusion (see Annex A) techniques, but not by solvent cement jointing.

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This European Standard gives general guidelines for the design, material selection, qualification, certification, and testing details for Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) transfer hoses for offshore transfer or on coastal weather-exposed facilities for aerial, floating and submerged configurations or a combination of these. Whilst this European Standard is applicable to all LNG hoses, it is acknowledged that there may be further specific requirements for floating and submerged hoses.
The transfer hoses will be designed to be part of transfer systems (it means that they will be fitted with ERS, QCDC, handling systems, hydraulic and electric components etc.) To avoid unnecessary repetition, cross-references to EN 1474-1 and EN 1474-3, are made for all compatible items, and for references, definitions and abbreviations. Where additional references, definitions and abbreviations are required specifically for LNG hoses, they are listed in this European Standard.
Transfer hoses need to be durable when operating in the marine environment and to be flexible with a minimum bending radius compatible with handling and the operating requirements of the transfer system.

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This part of ISO 16486 specifies the physical and mechanical properties of fittings made from unplasticized polyamide (PA-U) in accordance with ISO 16486-1, intended to be buried and used for the supply of gaseous fuels.
It also specifies the test parameters for the test methods to which it refers.
ISO 16486 is applicable to PA-U piping systems the components of which are connected by fusion jointing and/or mechanical jointing.
In addition, it lays down dimensional characteristics and requirements for the marking of fittings.
In conjunction with the other parts of ISO 16486, it is applicable to PA-U fittings, their joints, to joints with components of PA-U and to joints with mechanical fittings of other materials, and to the following fitting types:
    — fusion fittings — electrofusion fittings and butt fusion fittings;
    — transition fittings.

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This part of ISO 16486 specifies the general properties of unplasticized polyamide (PA-U) compounds for the manufacture of pipes, fittings and valves made from these compounds, intended to be buried and used for the supply of gaseous fuels. It also specifies the test parameters for the test methods to which it refers.
ISO 16486 is applicable to PA-U piping systems the components of which are connected by fusion jointing and/or mechanical jointing

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This document specifies the physical and mechanical properties of pipes made from unplasticized polyamide (PA-U) in accordance with ISO 16486-1, intended to be buried and used for the supply of gaseous fuels. It also specifies the test parameters for the test methods to which it refers. The ISO 16486 series of standards is applicable to PA-U piping systems, the components of which are connected by fusion jointing and/or mechanical jointing. In addition, this document lays down dimensional characteristics and requirements for the marking of pipes. Pipes conforming to this document are jointed typically by using mechanical, electrofusion or butt fusion techniques.

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This document specifies the physical and mechanical properties of fittings made from unplasticized polyamide (PA-U) in accordance with ISO 16486‑1, intended to be buried and used for the supply of gaseous fuels. It also specifies the test parameters for the test methods to which it refers. The ISO 16486 series is applicable to PA-U piping systems, the components of which are connected by fusion jointing and/or mechanical jointing. In addition, it lays down dimensional characteristics and requirements for the marking of fittings. In conjunction with the other parts of the ISO 16486 series, this document is applicable to PA-U fittings, their joints, joints with components of PA-U and joints with mechanical fittings of other materials, and to the following fitting types: — fusion fittings (electrofusion fittings and butt fusion fittings), and — transition fittings.

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This European Standard specifies the safety and performance requirements and tests methods for the components for supply systems. Their intended use is the supply with liquid fuel for one or more consuming units from one or more tanks.
This European Standard applies to pressurised, negative pressurised, unpressurised, underground, above ground, inside and/or outside systems to supply liquid fuels.
The components for supply systems covered by this standard are piping kits/systems and their components.
Not covered by this standard are items belonging to the consuming unit (e. g.: heating/cooling appliances in buildings) and items used for the mounting and support of components.
Not covered by this standard are items with the intended use of gas for building heating/cooling systems and any items of heating networks.
Not covered are items used for drainage (including highways) and disposal of other liquids and gaseous waste, supply of gases, pressure and vacuum systems, communications, sanitary and cleaning fixtures and storage fixtures.

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This document specifies the general properties of unplasticized polyamide (PA-U) compounds for the manufacture of pipes, fittings and valves made from these compounds, intended to be buried and used for the supply of gaseous fuels. It also specifies the test parameters for the test methods to which it refers. The ISO 16486 series is applicable to PA-U piping systems, the components of which are connected by fusion jointing and/or mechanical jointing. This document establishes a calculation and design scheme on which to base the maximum operating pressure (MOP) of a PA-U piping system.

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The objective of ISO 20257-1 is to provide functional guidelines and recommend practices for the design of floating liquefied natural gas (LNG) installations in order to have a safe and environmentally acceptable design and operation of floating LNG installations.
ISO 20257 gives functional guidelines for the design and operation of all floating LNG installations including those for the liquefaction, storage, vaporisation, transfer and handling of LNG.

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This document specifies requirements for two types of thermoplastic multi-layer (non-vulcanized) transfer hoses and hose assemblies for carrying liquefied petroleum gas and liquefied natural gas. Each type is subdivided into two classes, one for onshore duties, and the other for offshore.
This document is applicable for hose sizes from 25 mm to 250 mm, working pressures from 10,5 bar to 25 bar and operating temperatures from - 196 °C to + 45 °C.
NOTE   Offshore LNG hose assemblies are also specified in EN 1474-2 [1].

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This document provides guidance to support organizations with the implementation of the European standards on CNG and LNG stations for fuelling vehicles (i.e. EN-ISO 16923:2018 and EN-ISO 16924:2018, respectively).
This document cross-references European standards to the international standards listed in EN-ISO 16923:2018 and EN-ISO 16924:2018 and links these standards to relevant European Directives, where applicable.

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This part of ISO 20088 describes a method for determining the resistance to cryogenic spray on Cryogenic Spillage Protection (CSP) systems. It is applicable where CSP systems are installed on carbon steel and will be in contact with cryogenic fluids. Liquid jet release is potentially formed at high pressure LNG handling section in LNG liquefaction unit, e.g., around 40 - 60 bar operating pressure. Due to high velocity discharge, it may cause severe condition for cryogenic protection coating by large momentum with extreme cryogenic temperature. Liquid nitrogen is used as the cryogenic medium since it has a lower boiling point than liquid natural gas or liquid oxygen and it is not flammable. Additionally, it can be safely used for experiment. Part 2 of the standard covers vapour phase exposure conditions. The test laboratory is responsible to conduct an appropriate risk assessment according to local regulation in order to consider the impact of liquid and gaseous nitrogen exposure to equipment and personnel.

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This document provides requirements and guidance for the design and operation of floating liquefied natural gas (LNG) installations, including installations for the liquefaction, storage, vaporisation, transfer and handling of LNG, in order to have a safe and environmentally acceptable design and operation of floating LNG installations. This document is applicable to: — floating LNG liquefaction installations (plant) — FLNG; — floating LNG regasification installations (plant) — FSRU; — floating storage units — FSU. This document is applicable to offshore, near-shore or docked floating LNG installations. This document includes any jetty in the scope in case of docked floating LNG installations with regards to the mooring. This document briefly describes floating LNG mooring concepts. This document is applicable to both newbuilt and converted floating LNG installations, and addresses specific requirements. This document is not applicable to: — onshore LNG storage, liquefaction and/or regasification installations/plants, except for docked FSRU and/or FLNG installations; — offshore LNG plants based on non-floating structure (such as gravity based structure [GBS] principle); and — support onshore based facilities (such as support vessels, tugs, etc.). This document is not intended for design floating power generation facilities though relevant parts of this document can be used. This document is not intended to cover LNG as fuel bunkering applications.

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This International Standard provides principles and requirements for safe handling and storage of solid biofuels pellets in commercial and industrial applications.
The standard covers the entire handling and storage process of pellets, (i) at a pellets production plant, from the outlet of the cooler unit until loaded for transportation and (ii) at a power plant from the receiving station until fed into a pulverizer or furnace.
The process of production of pellets and safety issues related to production are not covered by this standard, nor is the pulverizing or combustion process. Although unloading and loading of e.g. vessels, trains or trucks are included, the safety issues during the transport itself are not.

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CEN/TR 15367-1 provides general guidance on diesel fuel housekeeping to ensure appropriate cleanliness and to prevent onward distribution of contaminants.It does not pre-empt national or local regulations but addresses the issues of contamination by water, sediment, inorganic contaminants, or microbial growth that may occur in the supply chain during manufacture, blending, storage and transportation. It does not address contamination by other fuel products nor does it address possible contamination by water or sediment that may occur on-board vehicles. Information on vehicle factors is presented in Annex A, however.

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This document describes a method for determining the resistance of Cryogenic Spill Protection (CSP) systems to vapour generated from a cryogenic liquid release where the liquid content is practically zero. It is applicable where CSP systems are installed on carbon steel.
The test provided in this document is not applicable to high pressure cryogenic liquid releases that can be found in refrigeration circuits and in LNG streams immediately post-liquefaction.

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This document provides general guidance on diesel fuel housekeeping. It does not pre-empt national or local regulations but addresses the issues of contamination by water, sediment, inorganic contaminants, or microbial growth that may occur in the supply chain during manufacture, blending, storage and transportation. It does not address contamination by other fuel products nor does it address possible contamination by water or sediment that may occur on-board vehicles. An informative note on vehicle factors is presented in Annex A, however

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This document provides guidance to support organizations with the implementation of the European standards on CNG and LNG stations for fuelling vehicles (i.e. EN-ISO 16923:2018 and EN-ISO 16924:2018, respectively).
This document cross-references European standards to the international standards listed in EN-ISO 16923:2018 and EN-ISO 16924:2018 and links these standards to relevant European Directives, where applicable.

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This document describes a method for determining the resistance of Cryogenic Spill Protection (CSP) systems to vapour generated from a cryogenic liquid release where the liquid content is practically zero. It is applicable where CSP systems are installed on carbon steel. The test provided in this document is not applicable to high pressure cryogenic liquid releases that can be found in refrigeration circuits and in LNG streams immediately post-liquefaction.

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This document specifies requirements for the manufacture of two product specification levels (PSL 1 and PSL 2) of seamless and welded steel pipes for use in pipeline transportation systems in the petroleum and natural gas industries. This document supplements API Spec 5L, 46th edition (2018), the requirements of which are applicable with the exceptions specified in this document.

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This document specifies the requirements for the design, construction, testing, commissioning, operation and maintenance of LPG pipework in both the liquid phase and at full vapour pressure.
This document is applicable to LPG pipework having a maximum allowable pressure of less than or equal to 25 bar.
This document is applicable to new LPG pipework as well as to replacements of, or extensions to, existing LPG pipework.
This document is not applicable to:
-   pipelines and their accessories;
-   pipework for the propulsion systems of road vehicles or boats; and
-   pipework on ships.

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This document specifies requirements for the manufacture of two product specification levels (PSL 1 and PSL 2) of seamless and welded steel pipes for use in pipeline transportation systems in the petroleum and natural gas industries.
This document supplements API Spec 5L, 46th edition (2018), the requirements of which are applicable with the exceptions specified in this document.
This document is not applicable to cast pipe.

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This document specifies the tasks, contents and basic methods of the geological hazard identification, evaluation and control of oil and gas pipelines. It is proposed to apply in geological hazard management of land-based long-distance transportation of crude oil, refined oil, natural gas, coal bed methane and coal gas pipelines. The “pipelines” referred in this document include pipelines and subsidiary facilities of pipes and the “geological hazards” include geotechnical hazards, water hazards and geological constructive hazards.
Furthermore, geotechnical hazards merely contain landslides, collapse, debris flow, ground subsidence (including only gob collapse and karst collapse), special types of soil (including only loess collapse, swelling of swelling soil, the frost heaving and thaw settlement of frozen soil and the salt heaving collapsibility and wind erosion and sand burying of salty soil); hydraulic hazards consist of slope damage, river ditch damage and farmland damage due to rainfall. Geological constructive hazards only contain faulting and earthquake.
This document is not applicable to process pipelines in oil or gas stations, urban gas pipelines, pipelines for oil refining or petrochemical factory and any other enterprises related.
This document can be used as a reference in the risk assessment of oil and gas gathering and transportation pipelines.

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This part of ISO 20088 describes a method for determining the resistance to cryogenic spray on Cryogenic Spillage Protection (CSP) systems. It is applicable where CSP systems are installed on carbon steel and will be in contact with cryogenic fluids. Liquid jet release is potentially formed at high pressure LNG handling section in LNG liquefaction unit, e.g., around 40 - 60 bar operating pressure. Due to high velocity discharge, it may cause severe condition for cryogenic protection coating by large momentum with extreme cryogenic temperature. Liquid nitrogen is used as the cryogenic medium since it has a lower boiling point than liquid natural gas or liquid oxygen and it is not flammable. Additionally, it can be safely used for experiment.

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This document specifies requirements for the manufacture of two product specification levels (PSL 1 and PSL 2) of seamless and welded steel pipes for use in pipeline transportation systems in the petroleum and natural gas industries. This document supplements API Spec 5L, 46th edition (2018), the requirements of which are applicable with the exceptions specified in this document. This document is not applicable to cast pipe.

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This document specifies the technical delivery conditions for bends made by the cold bending process for bend with radii 5xOD or higher for use in pipeline transportation systems for the petroleum and natural gas industries as defined in ISO 13623. This document also specifies the requirements for the manufacture of two product specification levels (PSLs) of cold bends corresponding to product specification levels given for pipe in ISO 3183. This document is applicable to cold bends made from seamless and welded pipe of unalloyed or low-alloy steels. NOTE 1 These are typically C-Mn steels or low-alloy steels that are appropriate for the corresponding level and grade of line pipe in accordance with ISO 3183. This document is not applicable to the selection of the cold bend product specification level. It is the responsibility of the purchaser to specify the PSL, based upon the intended use and design requirements. NOTE 2 See also ISO 3183:2012, Introduction. This document is not applicable to field cold bends and pipeline bends made by other manufacturing processes.

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This document specifies tests to perform in order to determine the galling tendency, sealing performance and structural integrity of casing and tubing connections. “Casing” and “tubing” apply to the service application and not to the diameter of the pipe. This document covers the testing of connections for the most commonly encountered well conditions. Not all possible service scenarios are included. For example, the presence of a corrosive fluid, which can influence the service performance of a connection, is not considered. This document supplements API RP 5C5:2017, the requirements of which are applicable with the exceptions specified in this document.

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This document specifies tests to perform in order to determine the galling tendency, sealing performance and structural integrity of casing and tubing connections. "Casing" and "tubing" apply to the service application and not to the diameter of the pipe.
This document covers the testing of connections for the most commonly encountered well conditions. Not all possible service scenarios are included. For example, the presence of a corrosive fluid, which can influence the service performance of a connection, is not considered.
This document supplements API RP 5C5:2017, the requirements of which are applicable with the exceptions specified in this document.

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This document specifies tests to perform in order to determine the galling tendency, sealing performance and structural integrity of casing and tubing connections. "Casing" and "tubing" apply to the service application and not to the diameter of the pipe. This document covers the testing of connections for the most commonly encountered well conditions. Not all possible service scenarios are included. For example, the presence of a corrosive fluid, which can influence the service performance of a connection, is not considered. This document supplements API RP 5C5:2017, the requirements of which are applicable with the exceptions specified in this document.

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This document specifies requirements and gives recommendations on integrity management of pipeline during the design, construction, commission, operation, maintenance and abandonment. It applies to offshore pipeline for transporting petroleum and natural gas.
This document applies to rigid pipelines. It is not applicable for flexible pipelines, dynamic risers or those constructed from other materials, such as glass-reinforced plastics. An offshore pipeline system extends to
 The first valve, flange or connection above water on platform or subsea mechanical connector with dynamic riser.
 The connection point to the offshore installation (i.e. piping manifolds are not included).
 The first valve, flange, connection or isolation joint at a landfall unless otherwise specified by the onshore legislation.
The components mentioned above (valve, flange, connection, isolation joint) include also any pup pieces, i.e. the offshore pipeline system extends to the weld beyond the pup piece.
Offshore pipelines are defined as pipelines that use universally recognized offshore pipeline construction techniques.

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This document specifies requirements and gives recommendations on the management of integrity of a pipeline system throughout its life cycle, which includes design, construction, commissioning, operation, maintenance and abandonment.
This document is applicable to offshore pipelines for transporting petroleum and natural gas. It is applicable to rigid steel pipelines. It is not applicable to flexible pipelines, dynamic risers or those constructed from other materials, such as glass-reinforced plastics.
NOTE 1 An offshore pipeline system extends to:
— the first valve, flange or connection above water on platform or subsea mechanical connector with subsea structure (i.e. manifold or dynamic riser);
— the connection point to the offshore installation (i.e. piping manifolds are not included);
— the first valve, flange, connection or isolation joint at a landfall, unless otherwise specified by the onshore legislation.
NOTE 2 The components mentioned above (valve, flange, connection, isolation joint) include also any pup pieces, i.e. the offshore pipeline system extends to the weld beyond the pup piece, see Figure 1.
This document is used for integrity management, which is initiated at the design and construction stage of the pipeline. Where requirements of a design and construction standard (e.g. ISO 13623) are different, the provisions of this document will enhance the design and construction from an integrity perspective.

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This document specifies requirements and gives recommendations on the management of integrity of a pipeline system throughout its life cycle, which includes design, construction, commissioning, operation, maintenance and abandonment. This document is applicable to offshore pipelines for transporting petroleum and natural gas. It is applicable to rigid steel pipelines. It is not applicable to flexible pipelines, dynamic risers or those constructed from other materials, such as glass-reinforced plastics. NOTE 1 An offshore pipeline system extends to: — the first valve, flange or connection above water on platform or subsea mechanical connector with subsea structure (i.e. manifold or dynamic riser); — the connection point to the offshore installation (i.e. piping manifolds are not included); — the first valve, flange, connection or isolation joint at a landfall, unless otherwise specified by the onshore legislation. NOTE 2 The components mentioned above (valve, flange, connection, isolation joint) include also any pup pieces, i.e. the offshore pipeline system extends to the weld beyond the pup piece, see Figure 1. This document is used for integrity management, which is initiated at the design and construction stage of the pipeline. Where requirements of a design and construction standard (e.g. ISO 13623) are different, the provisions of this document will enhance the design and construction from an integrity perspective.

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1.1 This document specifies requirements and gives recommendations on the management of integrity of a pipeline system throughout its life cycle which includes design, construction, commissioning, operation, maintenance and abandonment. 1.2 This document is applicable to onshore pipeline systems used in transportation in the petroleum and natural gas industries, connecting wells, production plants, process plants, refineries and storage facilities, including any section of a pipeline constructed within the boundaries of such facilities for connection purposes. The extent of pipeline systems covered by this document is illustrated in Figure 1. This document does not deal specifically with the integrity of non-pipe elements. The pipeline segment between the wellsite and the gathering station, treatment plant or process plant (between Facilities 1 and 2 in Figure 1) is included in this document, though many mandatory elements of this document are not practical due to characteristics such as diameter, operating parameters, etc. 1.3 This document applies to rigid, steel pipelines. It is not applicable for flexible pipelines or those constructed from other materials, such as glass-reinforced plastics. 1.4 This document does not cover all conditions nor engineers' competency which might be related to pipeline integrity. The user can evaluate whether additional requirements are necessary. 1.5 This document is used for integrity management, which is initiated at the design and construction stage of the pipeline. Where requirements of a design and construction standard (e.g. ISO 13623) are different, the provisions of this document will enhance the design and construction from an integrity perspective.

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This document specifies the criteria and requirements for the in-field application of coatings, coating repair and coating rehabilitation on buried pipelines. This document specifies: — coating assessment (new and existing); — removal of degraded coatings; — surface preparation; — on site or in situ application of external coatings. It is applicable to petroleum or natural gas pipelines, with or without a cathodic protection system. The pipelines could be operational during the removal, preparation and application process. This document states qualification/testing for field contractors and site applied coatings to all of the pipeline components, including bends, tees, fittings, valves and interfaces between different coatings in soil-to-air pipeline sections. Technical and performance characteristics of the repair and rehabilitation coating materials are referenced to ISO 21809-3. The coating of field joints is outside the scope of this document. Field joint coatings are dealt with in ISO 21809-3. This document excludes the application of coatings when the pipeline is immersed (submerged).

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This document describes various corrosion under insulation (CUI) environments in refineries and other related industries and environments, establishes CUI environmental categories including operating temperature ranges from ─196 °C to 450 °C. This document specifies both established and other test methods for the assessment of coatings used for prevention of CUI for each given environment. This International Standard also provides acceptance criteria for each CUI environment. For service or peak temperatures below ─100 °C an optional cryogenic test can be incorporated and for over 450 °C testing acceptance criteria can be agreed between interested parties. Additional or other test and acceptance measures are possible, but require particular agreement between the interested parties.
This document does not cover the use of sacrificial coatings such as inorganic zinc as these coatings can be consumed quickly in wet environments. Developing accelerated corrosion testing for what can be continuous wet service with sacrificial coatings is beyond the scope of this document. Further, “non-through porosity” thermal spray aluminium coatings typically greater than 250 μm dry film thickness can be tested in accordance with this document.

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