Road vehicles -- Comparison of statutory photometric requirements in various countries for lighting devices

Véhicules routiers -- Comparaison des exigences photométriques réglementaires des dispositifs d'éclairage dans les différents pays

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Status
Published
Publication Date
07-May-1997
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Completion Date
08-May-1997
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ISO/TR 11842:1997 - Road vehicles -- Comparison of statutory photometric requirements in various countries for lighting devices
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TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 11842
First edition
1997-05-01
Road vehicles - Comparison of statutory
photometric requirements in various
countries for lighting devices
Whicules routiers - Comparaison des exigences photom6triques
kgiementaires des dispositifs d’kclairage dans /es diffkrents pays
Reference number
ISO/TR 11842: 1997(E)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISOmR 11842: 1997(E)
Foreword

IS0 (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (IS0 member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through

IS0 technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has

International organizations,
been established has the right to be represented on that committee.

governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. IS0 collaborates closely

with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.

The main task of IS0 technical committees is to prepare International Standards. In exceptional

circumstances a technical committee or subcommittee may propose the publication of a Technical Report of

one of the following types:

- type 1, when the required support cannot be obtained for the publication of an International Standard,

despite repeated efforts;

- type 2, when the subject is still under technical development or where for any other reason there is the

future but not immediate possibility of an agreement on an International Standard;

- type 3, when a technical committee or subcommittee has collected data of a different kind from that

which is normally published as an International Standard (“state of the art”, for example).

Technical Reports of types 1 and 2 are subject to review within three years of publication, to decide whether

they can be transformed into International Standards. Technical Reports of type 3 do not necessarily have to

be reviewed until the data they provide are considered to be no longer valid.

ISO/TR 11842, which is a Technical Report of type 3, was prepared by lSO/TC 22, Road vehicles,

Subcommittee SC 8, Lighting and signaling.
0 IS0 1997

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced

or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and

microfilm, without permission in writing from the publisher.
International Organization for Standardization
Case postale 56 l CH-1211 Geneve 20 l Switzerland
Internet central @ iso.ch
x.400 c=ch; a=400net; p=iso; o=isocs; s=central
Printed in Switzerland
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
TECHNICAL REPORT @ IS0 ISWI-R 11842:1997(E)
Road vehicles - Comparison of statutory photometric
requirements in various countries for lighting devices
1 Scope

This Technical Report compiles photometric requirements for headlamps [main beam (upper beam) and

dipped beam (low beam)] and fog lamps from existing provisions for lighting devices, established by national

or international legislations in various countries.
2 References
SAE J579 DEC84, SEALED BEAM HEADLAMP UNITS FOR MOTOR VEHICLES.
SAE J583 MAY81, FRONT FOG LAMPS.
U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY, STANDARD 108.

ECE Rl.01, CORRIGENDUM 1, 18MR86, UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING TYPE APPROVAL OF MOTOR

VEHICLE HEADLAMPS EMITTING AN ASYMMETRICAL PASSING BEAM AND/OR A DRIVING BEAM AND

EQUIPPED WITH FILAMENT LAMPS OF CATEGORY R2.

ECE R&02 AS AMENDED BY R8.04, UNIFORM PROVlSlONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF MOTOR VEHICLE

HEADLAMPS EMITING AN ASYMMETRICAL PASSING BEAM OR A DRIVING BEAM OR BOTH AND EQUIPPED

WITH HALOGEN LAMPS (HI, H2, OR H3 LAMPS).

ECE R19.02 08MY88, UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF MOTOR VEHICLE FRONT FOG

LAMPS.

ECE R20.01 AS AMENDED BY R20.02, 03JL86, UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF

MOTOR VEHICLE HEADLAMPS EMITTING AN ASYMMETRICAL PASSING BEAM OR A DRIVING BEAM OR BOTH

AND EQUIPPED WITH HALOGEN FILAMENT LAMPS (H4 LAMPS).

JAPAN, MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT, CHIGI NO. 246 AND CHISIN NO. 1353, 13 DECEMBER 1988.

3 Photometric requirements

Sheets No. 1 to 14 of this Technical Report are excerpts from existing provisions established by national or

international legislations. They were the current requirements as of October 1991.

---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
0 IS0
ISO/TR 11842: 1997(E)
Sheet No. 1
Europe: (ECE RI .Ol, Corrigendum 1,18MR86)
STANDARD-EUROPEAN BEAM
The "cut-off" on
I -
the left half of Axisofroad
the screen is
horizontal and is
MEASURING SCREEN
situated 25 cm
belbu the hh line.
HEADLAMP FOR RIGHT HAND TRAFIX
The "elbow"- of the
"Cut-Off" is On
dimensionS in fnctl
h-h: hot-izontal plane) . parsing tfvough
the vv line,-
focus of headlamp
v-v: vcftial plane )
Lux measured at 25m
Point on measuring screen REQUIRED
ILLUMINATION
Headlights for right
IN LUX
hand traffic a
Point B so L
so.3
Point 75 R
Point SO R
Point 25 L 21-s
Point 25 k z1.s
Any point in Zone III (0.7
Anypoint in Zone IV
Any point in Zone I
520
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
0 IS0 ISOfTR 11842: 1997(E)
Europe: (ECE Rl.01, Corrigendum 1,18MR86)
Sheet No. 2
STANDARD EUROPEAN 8EAM
rsbo
/ I
/fcme#I
tonaa
SOR
The "cut-off" on
/ the right half of
Axis of road
the screen is
horizontal and is
situated 25 cm
below the hh line.
MEASURlNG SCREEN
The "elbow" of the
"cut-off" is on
HEADLAMP FOR LEFT ijAN0 TWW=IC
the vv line.
h-h: hocizontaI plarre)
passing thcoug h dimcflrionr ‘k mm
v-v: WdUI pho )
f0CuS of headlamp
Lux measured at 25m
REQUIRED
Point on measuring screen
ILLUMINATION
Headlights for left
IN LUX
hand traffic
so.3
Point B30R
Point 75 L
P&t 50 L -
21.5
Point 25 R
x.5
Point 25 L
50.7
Any point in Zone III
Any point in Zone IV
(20
, Any point in Zone I
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
0 IS0
lSO/TR 11842: 1997(E)
Sheet No- 3
EUROPE: (ECE R 1.01, CORRIGENDUM I, 18 MR86)
Lu-
14 12 10 6 6 4 2 V 2 10 12 14 16.
4 6 8
LEFT DEGREES RIGHT
Lux measured at 25m
DRIVINGBEAM
I I
SPECIFIED
TEST POSITION
(lux)
(degrees 1
I I
SAL to 2e6L 4
c ,
2m6L to V
t 1
*32
9 to 2m6R 16
2e6R to 5~1R 4
The illumination produced on the screen by the driving beam shall meet
the following requirements:
The point of intersection HV of the lines hh and w shall be situated
within the isolux 90% of maximum illumination. This maximum value shall
not be less than "32 lux.
Starting from point W, horizontally to the right and left, illumiantion
shall be not less than 16 lux up to a distance of 1.125 m and not less
than 4 lux up to a distance of 2.25.m. (Where the flux of the standard
filament lamp used for measurements is other than 700 lumens, the measurements
as taken-must be corrected proportionally to the ratio of the fluxes.)
The screen illumination values mentioned under (c) and (d) shall
be measured by means of a photo-electric cell, the useful area of which
shall be contained within a square of 65 mm side.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
0 IS0
ISO/TR 11842:1997(E)
Europe: (ECE R8.02 as amended by R8.04)
Sheet No. 4
, . - .
MEASURINGSCREEN
Headlight for Right-hand Traffic
- . -
STANoAR EURO&N 8.EAM
3960 3960
f 22so +. 22so *, 1
Centerline of road .
The "cut-off" on
the left half of
the screen is
horizontal and is h-h+orizonta(plane
situated 25 cm
v-v I vertical plane
below the hh line.
The !elbow" of the Dimensions ifl mm
"cut-off" is on
Lux measured at 25m
the vv line.
[POINT ON MEASURING
SCREEN REQUIRED
ILLUMINATION
HEADLWPS FOR RIGHT-
IN LUX
HAND TRAFFIC I
SOL L 0.3
Point B
75 R > 12
75 L L 12
c 15
50. L I
R ; 12.
50 I
50 v > 6
L 7 2
25 R ; 2
LO.7
Any point in ione III
Any point 3.~. Zone IV
Any pbint in Zone I
t2 x E50R
ESOR IS THE ILLtJMINATION ACUALLYMEASURED.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
0 IS0
ISO/TR 11842: 1997(E)
Europe: (ECE R8.02 as amended by R8.04)
Sheet No- 5
Headlight for Left-hand Traffic
STANDARD EUROPEAN 8EAM
3960 3960 .
rs-oo
/ Zorte IU
8 R
the right half of
the screen is
horizontal and is
Centerline of road
situated 25 cm
below the hh line.
The "elbow" of the
"cut-off" is on
passing through
the vv line.
h-h : horizontal plane
focus of headlight
v-v : vertical plane
Oimensionr in mm
Lux measured at 25m
POINT ON MEASURING
REQUIRED
SCREEN
ILLUMINATION I
HEADLAMPS FOR LEFT-
IN LUX
HAND TRAFFIC
LO.3
Point B SOR
>12 I
q12 I
Cl5
50 i I
,12
25 R
11 i
1 I
4ny point in Zone III (0.7
Any point in Zone IV ;3 I
Rny point in Zone I 52 x
E50L
E5oL IS THE ILLUMINATION ACTUALLY MEASURED.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
0 IS0
lSO/TR 11842: 1997(E)
Sheet No. 6
EUROPE:(ECE R8.02 AS AMENDED BY R8.04) .
4CIr1IIrIIIrIrrIJIr]IIirri1rIIIIIIJ1IC11II1IIIIIIIrjIr_l1
11T1,1T, . .
~1I1I11iII1l1il11ill~11 ~-‘I111IIrrrIrIIII1IIIlI
16 14 10 8 6
4 2 v 2 4
LEFT DEGREES RIGHT
Lux measured at 25m
DRIVING BKAM
I I
TBST POSITION SPECIFXED
(degrees) Uux)
I I
*48
I ,
y to 2,6R
? 1
2,6R to SJR
I I I I
240
MAXIMUM
I I I
The point of intersection (HV) of the lines hh and w shall
6.3.2.1.
be situated within the isolux representing $0 percent of maximum
iliumination. This maximum value (EM) shall be not less than
"48 lux. The maximum value shall in no case exceed 240 1Ux;
in the case of a combined passing and driving headlamp
moreover,
this maximum value shall not be more than 16 times the illumination
measured for the passing beam at point 75R (or 75L).
The maximum luminous intensity (1M) of the driving beam expressed
6.3.2.1.1.
in thousands of candelas shall be calculated by means of the
formula = 0.625 EM
M) indicating this maximum intensity and
6.3.2-l-2- The reference mark (1'
above shall be obtained by
referred to in paragraph 4.4.2.6.
means of the formula
= 0.208 EM (12)
1'M= 7
This value shall be rounded to whichever is the nearest of the
30, 37.5, 40,
7.5, 10, 12.5, 17.5, 20, 25, 27.5,
following:
45, SO.
to the right and left
6.3.2.2, Starting from point HV, horizontally
the illumination shall be not less than 24 lux up to a distance
of 1,125 m and not less than 6 lux up to a distance of 2.25m.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
0 IS0
lSO!l=R 11842:1997(E)
Europe: (ECE R2C).Ol as amended by RZO.O2,03L8f$
Sheet NO, 7
Standard Euro&an Beam
Measuring Screen
Headlamp for right-hand traffic
. _
3960
3960
, ZSR
The "cut-off" on
left half of
the
the screen is
Centerline of road i
horizontal and is
situated 25 cm
below the hh line.
The "elbow" of the
"cut-off" is on
h-khwitor\ta( plane passing throu
...

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