Road vehicles -- Comparison tables of regulations on photometric requirements of light signalling devices

Establishes a comparison of regulations on the requirements for devices to be installed into road vehicles and their trailers. May be applied in the lack of detailed specifications.

Véhicules routiers -- Tables des réglementations sur les caractéristiques photométriques des dispositifs de signalisation lumineuse

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Status
Published
Publication Date
16-Oct-1991
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Completion Date
17-Oct-1991
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ISO/TR 9819:1991 - Road vehicles -- Comparison tables of regulations on photometric requirements of light signalling devices
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IS0
TECHNICAL
REPORT
TR 9819
First edition
1991-10-15
Road vehicles
- Comparison tables of
regulations on photometric requirements of light
signalling devices
VGhicules routiers
- Tables des r6glementations SW les caract&istiques
photomktriques des dispositifs de signalisafion lumineuse
Reference nurnber
ISOfT-R 9819:1991(E)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISOITR 9819:1991 (E)
Foreword
IS0 (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide
federation of national standards bodies (IS0 member bodies). The work
of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through IS0
technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for
which a technical committee has been established has the right to be
represented on that committee. International organizations, govern-
mental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the
work. IS0 collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical
Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization.
The main task of technical committees is to prepare International Stan-
dards, but in exceptional circumstances a technical committee may
propose the publication of a Technical Report of one of the following
types:
- type I, when the required support cannot be obtained for the publi-
cation of an International Standard, despite repeated efforts;
- type 2, when the subject is still under technical development or
where for any other reason there is the future but not immediate
possibility of an agreement on an International Standard;
- type 3, when a technical committee has collected data of a different
kind from that which is normally published as an International Stan-
dard (“state of the art”, for example).
Technical Reports of types 1 and 2 are subject to review within three
years of publication, to decide whether they can be transformed into
International Standards. Technical Reports of type 3 do not necessarily
have to be reviewed until the data they provide are considered to be no
longer valid or useful.
ISO/TR 9819, which is a Technical Report of type 3, was prepared by
Technical Committee ISO/TC 22, Road vehicles, Sub-Committee SC 8,
Lighting and signalling.
0 IS0 1991

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without

permission in writing from the publisher.
International Organization for Standardization
Case Postale 56 l Cl-i-1211 Genkve 20 l Switzerland
Printed in Switzerland
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/TR 9819:1991 (E)
Introduction
0.1 Rationale

This Technical Report intends world-wide harmonization within the Member Bodies of ISO/TC 22 and

others using IS0 303. The following points are considered:

a) The compilation of photometric requirements of light signalling devices consists only of devices

specified in IS0 303 regarding location and colour. (Nos. 18 and 19 are new and incorporation

into IS0 303 is pending.)

b) Light signalling devices listed in the tables of the photometric values are either fully harmonized

with other national or international requirements or nearest to harmonization (e.g. see sheets 6

and 7).

c) The latest or current test documents are listed. Test documents are only mentioned without the

latest document index or date of issue. Thus the Technical Report will not be outdated by a change

of a test document resulting in a new index, etc.

d) As generally various approved light sources, filament lamps (bulbs) are possible for one light

signalling device, the filament lamp documents from NA, EU and the IEC are listed in clause 2.

Thus a change of those documents does not outdate the data sheets of this Technical Report.

e) The colour chosen is either the colour defined in the test document or in IS0 303 and which is

harmonized or compatible as far as possible.

f) The tables of the photometric values are those used for the standard light signalling devices.

Devices with more than one compartment or a special location, e.g., front direction indicator lamp,

are considered in clause 3. Thus exemptions of IS0 303 as well as the appropriate test documents

are taken into account.

g) The tables of luminous intensities are for the design of light signalling devices as well as testing.

For production sample(s), see note 1.

h) Canada has announced that they are in the process of harmonizing with Europe and the USA;

therefore the data sheets are already updated.

i) USA, FMVSS 108 and Canada CMVSS 108 have no specific requirements for “optional devices”:

the appropriate SAE Standard has therefore also been listed when the device is optional.

The photometric test procedure, the test grid with the left (L) and right (R) test points and the

laboratory accuracy guideline are explained in the SAE Standards.

k) This document is not an exhaustive catalogue of all national and international regulations, but is

based on common data.
. . .
III
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
. ISOITR 9819:1991 (E)
0.2 Sources

ThisTechnical Report is a compilation of specifications of North America (NA), Europe (EU) and

Japan, for use when light signalling devices as specified in IS0 303 are designed, tested or assessed.

It gives the differences between the listed requirements and may be used for further harmonization.

NOTE 1 Photometric characteristics of lights are not within the mandate of ISO. Instead, photometric charac-

teristics are being considered by a Working Group which was appointed jointly by the International Organization

for Standardization (Technical Committee ISO/TC 22, Road vehicles), the International Commission on

Illumination (Committee CIE TC 4-10, Automobile lighting systems) and the International Electrotechnical

Commission (Technical Committee I EC/TC 34, Lamps and related equipment).

This Working Group met for the first time in Brussels in 1952, and has been named “Groupe de Travail

Bruxelles 1952 (G.T.B.)“. G.T.B. drafted all the ECE Regulations and EEC-Directives dealing with lighting

devices which are cited in the “data sheets”.

In the USA and Canada, the SAE developed the relevant SAE Standards which were eventually totally or

partially integrated into both MVSS 108.

In Japan the JIS D 5500 was similarly developed by the Japanese Standards Association.

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
TECHNICAL REPORT ISOlTR 9819:1991 (E)
Road vehicles - Comparison tables of regulations on
photometric requirements of light signalling devices
1 Scope

This Technical Report establishes a comparison of regulations on the requirements for light signalling

devices to be installed into road vehicles and their trailers. It may be applied in the lack of detailed

specifications to choose the photometric requirements or standard for the appropriate lamps regarding

their design data and design test values. Sample(s) of light signalling devices taken from production or

stock, etc. are to be tested in compliance with the appropriate test documents under “performance

requirements” in NA and “conformity of production” in EU.
2 References
- Installation of lighting and light signalling devices for motor vehicles and
IS0 303, Road vehicles
their trailers.
- Lighting and light signalling devices - Vocabulary.
IS0 7227, Road vehicles

IEC 809, Lamp for road vehicles. Dimensional electrical and luminous requirements.

IEC 810, Lamp for road vehicles. Performance requirements.
ECE/R37 Filament lamps for use in approved lamp units.
SAE J 573, Lamp bulbs and sealed beam headlamp units
SAE J 575, Tests for motor vehicle lighting devices. “Photometry test”.
SAE J 1330, Photometry labora tory accuracy guidelines.
3 Tables of photometric requirements of light signalling devices with one
compartment

Specifications for light signalling devices with one compartment are given in the following individual

sheets.

For light signalling devices with more than one compartment, see IS0 303, appropriate clauses and

the appropriate test document(s). For different values needed for special location, as for the front

direction indicator lamp, see also the appropriate test document(s).
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
ISO/TR 9819:1991 (E)
Each data sheet consists of

- a table with an angular grid of the photometric test points and the photometric test zone(s), and the

effective test angles;‘)

- a table of the design luminous intensities which are required in NA (USA and Canada), EU (ECE

and EEC) and Japan (JIS);l)t*)

- a table of the appropriate test document(s) and colour(s): only the latest test document(s) should

be consulted.
4 Data sheets of photometric requirements
The following data sheets are given in this Technical Report:
Light signalling device
Sheet No. IS0 303, page No.
Front position lamp
1 16
Parking lamp 2 18
Front direction indicator lamp 3 20
Side direction indicator lamp for PV 4 22
Side direction indicator lamp for CV 5 22
Rear direction indicator lamp3) 6 24
Stop lamps 7 26
Rear position lamp 8 28
Rear fog lamp 9 30
Reversing lamp 10 32
Rear registration plate lamp and plate area 11 34
Rear, front and side reflex reflector 12 36, 38,42, 52
Side marker lamp (front/intermediate)3) 13
40, 44
Side marker lamp (rear)s 14 40
End outline marker lamp (front) 15 46
End outline marker lamp (rear) 16 46
Identification lamp (front/rear) 17
Daytime running lamp (rear)s 18
Centre high-mounted stop lamp (for PV)S
1) Except rear registration plate lamp, sheet 11.
2) Except rear, front and side reflex reflectors, sheet 12.

3) These data sheets are still to be finalized regarding harmonization. No final decisions have yet been taken,

except on the colour of the side marker lamp (rear) - see sheet 14.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/TR 9819:1991 (E)
FRONT POSITION LAMP
Sheet No. 1
I I
Test qrid:
-- -
INBOARD
OU780ARD -
Test points: EEC/ECE and USA JIS
with a luminous intensity of at least 0,05 cd.
Test zone:
PHOTOMETRIC TEST VALUES (cd)
NA EU JAPAN
Min/Max
Test Points Min/Max Min/Max
10 L
I 098
5 L 098 098 -
10 U/D 0 L - u:125* -
+)60 0.8 u: 1x*
s v 098 0,8 -
10 R
0.8
20 L 094
094 0.4
10 L 098 098
098
194
5 U/D 0 V 298
u: 125* 298 +)60 298 u: 1x*
5 R 1.4
10 R
098 098 0.8
20 R 0,4
. 0.4 094
20 L
094
10 L 194 194
1.4
SL 396 3.6
396
ov 4 125 4 +)60 4 125
5R 396 396
3,6
10 R
194 194 ') 1.4
20 R
094
k below HI
I 250
,I 250
1) All test points. +): 100 cd
when lamp is
incorporated
into headlamp.
US FMVSS 108
EC 761758 31s 0 5500
Test documents CAN CMVSS 108 ECE R7
White or Se-
White or Yeflow I lective Yellow
Coiour White
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
ISO/TR 9819:1991 (E)
Sheet No. 2 l PARKING LAMP
For sidemounted parking lamps oniy the outboard test grid shall be considered.
Test qrid:
1NE3OARD
V- OUTBOARD --
Test points:- EU

Test zone: --+w = Test zone with a luminous intensity of at least 0.05 cd., a max. of

60 cd toward the front and a max. of 30 cd toward the rear.
PHOTOMETRIC TEST VALUES (cd)
NA EU JAPAN
Min/Max Min/Max Min/Max
Test Points
10 L - Front
SL 094 60
10 U/D ov - -
5R Rear '
094
10 R 30
20 L 0.2
10 L 094 Front
SL 60
5 U/D OV 1,4 -
Rear
'10 R 0.4 30
20 R 092
1 I
20 L
10 L 097 Front
5L 198 60
H ov 2,0 -
5R 198 Rear
10 R 0.7 30
20 R
EEC 771540
Test documents ECE R 77
White to the
Color front, Red to
the rear
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
lSO/TR 9819:1991 (E)
Sheet No. 3 FRONT DIRECTION INDICATOR LAMP
I I
Test qrid:
r4-
INBOARD
OUTE30ARD
Test points: EEC/ECE and USA JIS
Test zone: - d+EU = with a luminous intensity of at least 0.3 cd.

Effective test anqle: s+/& NA = angle from which at least 12,s cm* outer lens surface of the lamp

sha!I be visible.
PHOTOMETRIC TEST VALUES (cd)
JAPAN
NA EU
Min/Max
Test Points Min/Max Min/Max
10 L -
5L 40 35
10 U/D
ov - - 700
60 -
' 40 35
10 R
- 25
20 L
25 17,5
10 L 75
35 75
125
5 U/D ov 175 -
122,5 700 175 -
5R -
125
10 R 75 35
20 R
25 17,5
ZOL -
10 L 100
61,2 lop
5L 200 157.5
200
ov 200 -
175 700 200 -
5R 200 157.5
200
10 R 100 61,2
100
20R - -
US FMVSS 108 EEC 761759
315 0 5500
Test documents CAN CMVSS 108 ECE R6
I I I
I I
I 1 I
Coiour Yellow Yellow
Yellow
I I
I I I
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
ISO/TR 9819:1991 (E)
Sheet No.4 SIDE DIRECTION INDICATOR LAMP (FOR PV)
(for all vehicles in EU, for veh. with length < 9.1 m in USA and< 6 m in Jap.)

The table and the test point grid are applicable for lamps to be located on the left hand side of the vehicle

For the right hand side, the symmetric values are to be used.
Test orid:
lSO
10°
10°
ls"
V V
Test points: USA
Test zones: EU = with a max. luminous intensity of 200 cd.
EU = with a min. luminous intensity of 0,6 cd.
0.0.
31s = with a max. luminous intensity of 300 cd and a min. of 1.0 cd.
with a max. luminous intensity of 300 cd and a min. of 0,3 cd.
//// JIS =
PHOTOMETRIC TEST VALUES (cd)
Min*: for EU and JIS only
NA EU JAPAN
Min/Max Min*/Max* Min*/Max* test zone(s).
Test Points
Max*: for EU and 31s only
70 L 5 60
test zone(s).
+ **
300
15 u 45 L 200
I I - I - I I I I
5 60
30 L
I I I I I I I *: for min. intensity see
i -00
test zone
70 L 15 60
(not test points)
5U + 200 l * 300
30 L 15 60
**: for min. intensity see
test zones +* l +-
and /////
H / ;; : 1 ;; j ;;
/ l
/ 200 1 ** / 300
(not test points)
5 D 1 ;; ; 1 ;; / ;; j * / 200 j *+ j 300
+**
EEC 76/759 JIS 0 5500
Test documents ECE R6
Colour Yellow YeJ low
Yel low
**+
: SAE 3 914, no MVSS 108 requirements.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
ISO/TR 9819:1991 (E)
SIDE DIRECTION INDICATOR LAMP (FOR Cv)
Sheet No. 5
(For all vehicles in EU, for veh. with length >9,1 m in USA and> 6 m in Jap.)
hand

This table is applicable for lamps to be located on the left hand side of the vehicle. For the right

side, the symmetric values are to be used.
Test qrid:
9o” 10" 'bb
80* 7o" 60" SO0 4o” 30° 2o"
w INBOA
Test points: USA
-+-
EU = with a max. luminous intensity of 200 cd.
Test zones :
luminous intensity of 0.6 cd.
00 EU = with a min.
luminous intensity of 300 cd and a min. of 3.0 cd.
l 0.e 31s = with a max.
with a max. luminous intensity of 300 cd and a min. of 0,7 cd.
//// JIS =
PHOTOMETRIC TEST VALUES (cd)
JAPAN
NA EU
Min*:
for EU and JIS only
Min+/Max*
Min/Max Min*/Max*
Test Points
test zone(s). -
* **
200 300
300
Max*: for EU and JIS only
test zone(s).
* 200 ** 300
1 300
+: for min. intensity see
test zone W - 0
85 L
300
* 200 300
5 U/D
(not test points)
70 L
I I
I I
**: for min. intensity see
85 L 50
test zones -
I -a
-a _ I
and /I////
+ 200 ** 300
70 1 30 300
(not test points)
, ,
30 0 iI. 1 Impmm
~~~
***
’ EEC 76/759 31s 0 5500
Test documents ECE R6
Co iour Yellow - Yellow . . Yellow
I I I I
*+*
: SAE 3 914, no MVSS 108 requirements.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
ISO/TR 9819:1991
...

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