Railway applications - Track - Safety requirements for portable machines and trolleys for construction and maintenance

This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimise the railway specific significant hazards of portable machines and trolleys intended for work on tracks as listed in Clause 4 which can arise during the commissioning, operation and maintenance of portable machines and trolleys when used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. It does not deal with the performance of the machines, e.g. cutting, drilling, grinding. This European Standard applies to portable machines and trolleys with rail wheels or rollers designed for work whilst on the track with nominal track gauges of 1435 mm and 1668 mm and clearance gauge as defined in Annex B1) including, e.g. cutting and drilling machines. Other special vehicles used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex H. This European Standard establishes the additional requirements for electromagnetic compatibility due to e.g. electronic components as well as for hazards due to vibration.

Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Sicherheitsanforderungen an tragbare Maschinen und Rollwagen für Bau und Instandhaltung

Diese Dokument ist eine Typ C-Norm nach EN ISO 12100-1 und EN ISO 12100-2.
Die betroffenen Maschinen und die Reichweite der behandelten Gefährdungen, gefährlichen Situationen und
Ereignisse sind im Anwendungsbereich dieser Norm angegeben.
Für Maschinen, die nach den Festlegungen dieser Typ C-Norm konzipiert und gebaut worden sind, gilt: Wenn
die Festlegungen in dieser Typ C-Norm von den Festlegungen in Typ A- oder B-Normen abweichen, haben
die Festlegungen dieser Typ C-Norm Vorrang gegenüber den Festlegungen der anderen Normen.
Da die EU-Richtlinie „Maschinen“ die eisenbahnspezifischen Belange von Bau- und Instandhaltungsmaschinen
nicht berücksichtigt, sind zusätzliche Anforderungen und Prüfungen erforderlich. Sie sind
Gegenstand dieses Dokumentes, siehe 6.2. Tragbare Maschinen und Rollwagen für Bau und Instandhaltung
der Gleise, die diesen Anforderungen entsprechen, erhalten außer dem CE-Zeichen eine spezielle
Kennzeichnung nach 6.5.3.
Technische Eigenschaften, Abweichungen oder besondere nationale Bedingungen sind in besonderen
Anforderungen des Eisenbahninfrastrukturbetreibers und/oder in Verhandlungen zwischen Benutzer und
Hersteller eingebracht werden, siehe Anhang G.

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Prescriptions de sécurité pour machines portables et lorries pour la construction et la maintenance

La présente Norme européenne traite des prescriptions techniques pour minimiser les risques spécifiques au ferroviaire et significatifs des machines portables et lorries utilisés pour les travaux sur les voies ferrées comme mentionné à l’Article 4 et en Annexe A, qui peuvent se présenter lors de la mise en service, l’utilisation et l’entretien des machines portables et lorries quand ils sont utilisés comme prévu et dans les conditions fixées par le fabricant. La présente Norme européenne ne traite pas des fonctions générales des machines (par exemple sciage, perçage, meulage).
La présente Norme européenne s'applique aux machines portables et lorries dont le déplacement en voie s’effectue manuellement, et qui sont conçus pour les travaux sur les voies ferrées à écartement nominal de 1 435 mm et de 1 668 mm, avec gabarit autorisé tel que défini en Annexe B, comprenant les tronçonneuses à rail et les machines conçues spécifiquement pour le travail des traverses en bois.
La présente Norme européenne ne s’applique pas aux phénomènes dangereux additionnels pouvant apparaître à cause de :
   l’accouplement ensemble des lorries ;
   la traction ou la pousse de lorries par d’autres véhicules ;
   l’utilisation de lorries pour transporter des personnes ;
   machines ferroviaires automotrices, lorries accouplés avec d’autres véhicules de traction.
D’autres véhicules spéciaux utilisés sur les voies ferrées sont couverts par d’autres normes européennes, voir Annexe J.
Des règles spécifiques  ) de gabarit peuvent s’appliquer aux machines portables et lorries utilisés sur des lignes à gabarit autres que celui défini en Annexe B.

Železniške naprave - Zgornji ustroj - Varnostne zahteve za prenosne stroje in lahko tirno mehanizacijo, ki se uporabljajo pri gradnji in vzdrževanju

Ta evropski standard obravnava tehnične zahteve za zmanjševanje velikih nevarnosti, značilnih za železnice, pri prenosnih strojih in lahki tirni mehanizaciji, ki se uporablja na zgornjem ustroju, kot je navedeno v točki 4, do katerih lahko pride med zagonom, obratovanjem in vzdrževanjem prenosnih strojev in lahke tirne mehanizacije, kadar se uporabljajo v skladu z namembnostjo in pod pogoji, kot jih je predvidel proizvajalec. Ne obravnava delovanja strojev, npr. rezanja, vrtanja, brušenja. Ta evropski standard velja za prenosne stroje in lahko tirno mehanizacijo z železniškimi kolesi ali valji, ki delujejo, medtem ko so na tirih z nazivnimi tirnimi širinami 1435 mm in 1668 mm ter obtirnim profilom, kot je opredeljen v dodatku B1, vključno s stroji za npr. rezanje in vrtanje. Druga posebna vozila, ki se uporabljajo na železniških tirnicah, obravnavajo drugi evropski standardi, glej dodatek H. Ta evropski standard vzpostavlja dodatne zahteve za elektromagnetno združljivost zaradi npr. elektronskih komponent in nevarnosti zaradi vibracij.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
04-Aug-2011
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
05-Aug-2011
Due Date
10-Oct-2011
Completion Date
05-Aug-2011

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Železniške naprave - Zgornji ustroj - Varnostne zahteve za prenosne stroje in lahko tirno mehanizacijo, ki se uporabljajo pri gradnji in vzdrževanjuBahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Sicherheitsanforderungen an tragbare Maschinen und Rollwagen für Bau und InstandhaltungApplications ferroviaires - Voie - Prescriptions de sécurité pour machines portables et lorries pour la construction et la maintenanceRailway applications - Track - Safety requirements for portable machines and trolleys for construction and maintenance45.120åLþQLFEquipment for railway/cableway construction and maintenanceICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13977:2011SIST EN 13977:2011en,fr,de01-september-2011SIST EN 13977:2011SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 13977:2005+A1:20071DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 13977:2011
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13977
February 2011 ICS 45.120; 93.100 Supersedes EN 13977:2005+A1:2007English Version

Railway applications - Track - Safety requirements for portable machines and trolleys for construction and maintenance

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Prescriptions de sécurité pour machines portables et lorries pour la construction et la maintenance

Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Sicherheitsanforderungen an tragbare Maschinen und Rollwagen für Bau und Instandhaltung This European Standard was approved by CEN on 24 December 2010.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2011 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 13977:2011: ESIST EN 13977:2011

EN 13977:2011 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................4Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................51Scope ......................................................................................................................................................61.1General ....................................................................................................................................................61.2Validity of this document ......................................................................................................................72Normative references ............................................................................................................................73Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................84List of significant hazard ......................................................................................................................95Safety requirements and/or safety measures .....................................................................................95.1General ....................................................................................................................................................95.2Handling devices ...................................................................................................................................95.2.1Handles used for handling and/or control ..........................................................................................95.2.2Lifting points and securing points .................................................................................................... 105.3Wheels and rollers .............................................................................................................................. 105.4Brake and immobilisation system ..................................................................................................... 105.5Clamping and/or supporting devices ............................................................................................... 115.6Power generation and transmission equipment ............................................................................. 115.6.1Electrical equipment ........................................................................................................................... 115.6.2Hydraulic, pneumatic and mechanical power transmission .......................................................... 115.7Electromagnetic compatibility ........................................................................................................... 115.7.1Emissions from portable machines and trolleys ............................................................................. 115.7.2Immunity of portable machines and trolleys from railway environment ...................................... 115.8Tools .................................................................................................................................................... 125.9Interlocking device ............................................................................................................................. 125.10Location of control devices ............................................................................................................... 125.11Warning devices ................................................................................................................................. 125.12Isolation from external electrical voltages ....................................................................................... 125.12.1Operating track circuits ..................................................................................................................... 125.12.2Catenaries ............................................................................................................................................ 125.13Lighting ................................................................................................................................................ 125.14Prevention of emission of pollutants................................................................................................ 125.15Painting ................................................................................................................................................ 135.16Stability ................................................................................................................................................ 135.17Conformance to gauge ....................................................................................................................... 135.18Time for off-tracking on tracks open to traffic ................................................................................. 145.19Noise reduction ................................................................................................................................... 145.20Vibration .............................................................................................................................................. 145.20.1Whole body vibration (WBV) ............................................................................................................. 145.20.2Hand arm vibration (HAV) .................................................................................................................. 155.21Environmental conditions .................................................................................................................. 166Verification of the safety requirements and/or measures .............................................................. 166.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 166.2Type verification ................................................................................................................................. 166.3Conformity to type .............................................................................................................................. 166.4Verification methods .......................................................................................................................... 166.4.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 166.4.2Visual check ........................................................................................................................................ 166.4.3Measurement ....................................................................................................................................... 166.4.4Test(s) .................................................................................................................................................. 166.5Conformity evaluation procedures ................................................................................................... 17SIST EN 13977:2011

EN 13977:2011 (E) 3 6.5.1Type verification .................................................................................................................................. 176.5.2Conformity to type ............................................................................................................................... 176.5.3Marking of conformity ......................................................................................................................... 177Information for use .............................................................................................................................. 177.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 177.2Instruction handbook .......................................................................................................................... 177.3Instructions for assembly ................................................................................................................... 187.4Instructions for use ............................................................................................................................. 187.4.1Additional instructions ....................................................................................................................... 187.4.2Restriction of use ................................................................................................................................ 197.4.3Use in the vicinity of conductor rails ................................................................................................ 197.4.4Personal protective equipment .......................................................................................................... 197.4.5Engine exhaust emission ................................................................................................................... 197.4.6Fuel tank ............................................................................................................................................... 197.4.7Weight ................................................................................................................................................... 197.4.8Stability ................................................................................................................................................. 207.4.9Remaining within gauge ..................................................................................................................... 207.4.10Off-tracking .......................................................................................................................................... 207.4.11Interlocking devices ............................................................................................................................ 207.4.12Instructions for maintenance ............................................................................................................. 207.4.13Instructions for training ...................................................................................................................... 217.5Marking  General .............................................................................................................................. 217.6Symbols and warnings ....................................................................................................................... 21Annex A (normative)

List of significant hazards ........................................................................................... 22Annex B (normative)

Clearance gauge for portable machines and trolleys ............................................... 24Annex C (normative)

Type verification ........................................................................................................... 27C.1Identification ........................................................................................................................................ 27C.2Technical documents .......................................................................................................................... 27C.3Conformance check to EN 13977:2011 ............................................................................................. 27Annex D (normative)

Portable machine and trolley marking ....................................................................... 30Annex E (normative)

Conformity to type verification ................................................................................... 31E.1Identification ........................................................................................................................................ 31E.2Conformance check to EN 13977:2011 ............................................................................................. 31E.3Declaration of conformity to type ...................................................................................................... 33Annex F (informative)

Special conditions ...................................................................................................... 34Annex G (normative)

Noise test code for portable machines and trolleys for construction and maintenance – Grade of accuracy 2 and 3 ........................................................................................ 35G.1Scope .................................................................................................................................................... 35G.2Terms and definitions ......................................................................................................................... 35G.3Determination of the emission sound pressure level at the workstation or other specified positions ............................................................................................................................................... 35G.4Sound power level determination ...................................................................................................... 35G.5Installation and mounting conditions ............................................................................................... 35G.6Operating conditions .......................................................................................................................... 36G.7Measurement uncertainties ................................................................................................................ 37G.8Recordings ........................................................................................................................................... 37G.9Information to be reported.................................................................................................................. 37G.10Declaration and verification of noise emission values ................................................................... 38Annex H (informative)

Structure of European Standards for track construction and maintenance machines .............................................................................................................................................. 40Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC ........................................................................................ 42Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 43 SIST EN 13977:2011

EN 13977:2011 (E) 4 Foreword This document (EN 13977:2011) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by August 2011, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by August 2011. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 13977:2005+A1:2007. The main changes compared to the previous version are:  change of scope;  change of definition;  addition of 5.20, Vibration;  addition of 5.21, Environmental conditions;  editorial modification of Annex ZA. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

SIST EN 13977:2011

EN 13977:2011 (E) 5 Introduction This document is a type C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100-1:2003 and EN ISO 12100-2:2003. The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events are covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

When the provisions of this type C standard are different from those which are stated in type A or B standards, the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of the other standards, for machines that have been designed and built according to the provisions of this type C standard.

Technical characteristics, deviations or special national conditions may be the subject of special requirements of the infrastructure manager controller and/or negotiation between the user and the manufacturer, see Annex F.

SIST EN 13977:2011

EN 13977:2011 (E) 6 1 Scope 1.1 General This European Standard deals with the technical requirements to minimise the railway specific significant hazards of portable machines and trolleys intended for work on tracks as listed in Clause 4 which can arise during the commissioning, operation and maintenance of portable machines and trolleys when used as intended and under the conditions foreseen by the manufacturer. It does not deal with the performance of the machines, e.g. cutting, drilling, grinding. This European Standard applies to portable machines and trolleys with rail wheels or rollers designed for work whilst on the track with nominal track gauges of 1 435 mm and 1 668 mm and clearance gauge as defined in Annex B1) including, e.g. cutting and drilling machines. This European Standard does not apply to the additional hazards that may exist due to:  the coupling together of trolleys;  the towing or pushing of trolleys by other vehicles;  the use of trolleys for the transportation of persons;  self propelled rail wheeled machines, trolleys coupled to another towing vehicle;  hazards due to laser systems. Other special vehicles used on railway tracks are dealt with in other European Standards, see Annex H. This European Standard does not apply to the following:  requirements for quality of the work or performance of the machine;

 regulations defined by each infrastructure controller for portable machine and trolley operation which shall be the subject of negotiation between the user and the manufacturer;

 portable machines used from railway vehicles. This European Standard establishes the additional requirements for electromagnetic compatibility due to e.g. electronic components as well as for hazards due to vibration. This European Standard does not establish the additional requirements for the following:  operation in severe conditions, e.g. extreme environmental conditions such as: high temperatures, corrosive environment, tropical environment, contaminating environments, strong magnetic fields;  operation subject to special rules such as potentially explosive atmospheres;  hazards occurring during decommissioning and/or recycling;  hazards due to wind speed;  hazards due to natural causes, e.g. earthquake, lightning, flooding, etc.

1) For portable machines and trolleys used on railway lines with a different clearance gauge to that defined in Annex B, special requirements concerning the clearance gauge are permitted to be applied. SIST EN 13977:2011

EN 13977:2011 (E) 7 1.2 Validity of this document This European Standard applies to portable machines and trolleys that are ordered after the date of publication of this standard. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 614-1, Safety of machinery  Ergonomic design principles  Part 1: Terminology and general principles EN 614-2, Safety of machinery  Ergonomic design principles  Part 2: Interactions between the design of machinery and work tasks EN 982, Safety of machinery  Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components  Hydraulics EN 983, Safety of machinery  Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components  Pneumatics EN 1032, Mechanical vibration  Testing of mobile machinery in order to determine the vibration emission value EN 1837, Safety of machinery  Integral lighting of machines EN 13309, Construction machinery  Electromagnetic compatibility of machines with internal power supply EN 13674-1:2003+A1:2007, Railway applications  Track  Rail  Part 1: Vignole railway rails 46 kg/m and above EN 13715, Railway applications  Wheelsets and bogies  Wheels  Tread profile EN 15273-2, Railway applications  Gauges  Part 2: Rolling stock gauge EN 15746-1:2010, Railway applications  Track  Road-rail machines and associated equipment  Part 1: Technical requirements for running and working EN 28662-1, Hand-held portable power tools  Measurement of vibrations at the handle  Part 1: General (ISO 8662-1:1988) EN 50121-3-1:2006, Railway applications  Electromagnetic compatibility  Part 3-1: Rolling stock  Train and complete vehicle EN 50121-3-2:2006, Railway applications  Electromagnetic compatibility  Part 3-2: Rolling stock  Apparatus EN 60204-1, Safety of machinery  Electrical equipment of machines  Part 1: General requirements (IEC 60204-1:2005, modified) EN ISO 3744:2009, Acoustics  Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound pressure  Engineering method in an essentially free field over a reflecting plane (ISO 3744:1994) EN ISO 3746:2009, Acoustics  Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound pressure  Survey method using an enveloping measurement surface over a reflecting plane (ISO 3746:1995, including Cor 1:1995) SIST EN 13977:2011

EN 13977:2011 (E) 8 EN ISO 4871:2009, Acoustics  Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and equipment (ISO 4871:1996) EN ISO 7731, Ergonomics  Danger signals for public and work areas – Auditory danger signals

(ISO 7731:2003) EN ISO 9614-2:1996, Acoustics  Determination of sound power levels of noise sources using sound intensity  Part 2: Measurement by scanning (ISO 9614-2:1996) EN ISO 11202:2010, Acoustics  Noise emitted by machinery and equipment  Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying approximate environmental corrections (ISO 11202:2010) EN ISO 11204:2010, Acoustics  Noise emitted by machinery and equipment  Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying accurate environmental corrections (ISO 11204:2010) EN ISO 11688-1:2009, Acoustics  Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and equipment  Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995) EN ISO 12001:2009, Acoustics  Noise emitted by machinery and equipment  Rules for the drafting and presentation of a noise test code (ISO 12001:1996) EN ISO 12100-1:2003, Safety of machinery  Basic concepts, general principles for design  Part 1: Basic terminology, methodology (ISO 12100-1:2003) EN ISO 12100-2:2003, Safety of machinery  Basic concepts, general principles for design  Part 2: Technical principles (ISO 12100-2:2003) EN ISO 14121-1:2007, Safety of machinery  Risk assessment  Part 1: Principles (ISO 14121-1:2007) EN ISO 15744:2008, Hand-held non-electric power tools  Noise measurement code  Engineering method (grade 2) (ISO 15744:2002) ISO 3864-1, Graphical symbols  Safety colours and safety signs  Part 1: Design principles for safety signs in workplaces and public areas ISO 3864-2, Graphical symbols  Safety colours and safety signs  Part 2: Design principles for product safety labels ISO 6405-1, Earth-moving machinery  Symbols for operator controls and other displays  Part 1: Common symbols ISO 6405-2, Earth-moving machinery  Symbols for operator controls and other displays  Part 2: Specific symbols for machines, equipment and accessories 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100-1:2003 and the following apply. 3.1 portable machine machine designed or adapted to be manually propelled along the track with wheels or rollers which is not designed to operate track signalling systems SIST EN 13977:2011

EN 13977:2011 (E) 9 3.2 trolley equipment for transport along the track of materials, tools and/or various equipment moving on wheels or runners and operated by human force only. It is designed so that it can be manually placed on or off the track 3.3 type verification procedure for verification of the conformity of the type of portable machine or trolley to the requirements of this standard 3.4 declaration of type verification document issued after tests, which certifies suitability of the technical design for the operation of a portable machine or trolley 3.5 conformity to type procedure for verification of the conformity of the individual portable machine or trolley to the machine or trolley which underwent type verification 3.6 stability coefficient ratio of restoring moment to overturning moment 4 List of significant hazard The risks referred to in this document are listed in Annex A. 5 Safety requirements and/or safety measures 5.1 General In addition to the other requirements of this standard, portable machines and trolleys shall be designed according to the principles of series EN ISO 12100 for hazards relevant but not significant which are not dealt with by this document, e.g. sharp edges.

For the application of type B standards EN 60204-1, EN 982, EN 983 and EN ISO 7731, the manufacturer shall carry out a risk assessment where choice is necessary. This specific risk assessment is part of the general risk assessment relating to the hazards not covered by the present document.

5.2 Handling devices 5.2.1 Handles used for handling and/or control Portable machines and trolleys shall be ergonomically designed according to the requirements of EN 614-1 and EN 614-2 so that they are able to be lifted. Where practicable this shall be by manual handling. Where fitted handles used for handling and/or control shall be sufficient for the weight of the portable machine or trolley and allow removal of the portable machine or trolley from the track. Handles for lifting ar

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