Environmental management - Environmental performance evaluation - Guidelines (ISO 14031:2013)

This International Standard gives guidance on the design and use of environmental performance evaluation (EPE) within an organization. It is applicable to all organizations, regardless of type, size, location and complexity. This International Standard does not establish environmental performance levels. The guidance in this International Standard can be used to support an organization’s own approach to EPE, including its commitments to compliance with legal and other requirements, the prevention of pollution, and continual improvement. NOTE This International Standard is a generic standard and does not include guidance on specific methods for valuing or weighting different kinds of impacts in different kinds of sectors, disciplines, etc. Depending on the nature of the organization’s activities, it is often necessary to refer to other sources for additional information and guidance on sector-specific topics, different subject matters, or different scientific disciplines.

Umweltmanagement - Umweltleistungsbewertung - Leitlinien (ISO 14031:2013)

Diese Internationale Norm gibt Anleitung zur Gestaltung und Durchführung der Umweltleistungsbewertung innerhalb einer Organisation. Sie kann von jeder Organisation unabhängig von deren Organisationstyp, Größe, Standort und Komplexität angewandt werden. Diese Internationale Norm legt keine Beurteilungsmaßstäbe für die Umweltleistung fest. Sie ist keine Norm zum Zweck der Zertifizierung oder Registrierung oder der Festsetzung von Anforderungskriterien für andere
Umweltmanagementsysteme. Die in diesem Dokument enthaltene Anleitung kann selektiv zur Umsetzung und Unterstützung eines eigenen
Ansatzes der Umweltleistungsbewertung einer Organisation, einschließlich ihrer Selbstverpflichtung zur Einhaltung von rechtlichen und sonstigen Voraussetzungen, der Vermeidung von Umweltbelastungen sowie einer fortwährenden Verbesserung, neben anderem, angewendet werden.

Management environnemental - Évaluation de la performance environnementale - Lignes directrices (ISO 14031:2013)

L'ISO 14031:2013 donne des lignes directrices sur la conception et l'utilisation de l'évaluation de la performance environnementale (EPE) au sein d'une organisation. Elle est applicable à toute organisation, indépendamment de sa catégorie, sa taille, sa situation géographique et sa complexité.
L'ISO 14031:2013 ne définit pas de niveaux de performance environnementale.
Les lignes directrices fournies dans l'ISO 14031:2013 peuvent être utilisées afin de mettre en ?uvre et d'appuyer l'approche spécifique d'une organisation en matière d'EPE y compris son engagement de conformité avec les exigences légales et autres exigences, de prévention de la pollution et d'amélioration continue.

Ravnanje z okoljem - Vrednotenje učinkov ravnanja z okoljem - Smernice (ISO 14031:2013)

Ta mednarodni standard podaja smernice za načrtovanje in uporabo vrednotenja učinkov ravnanja z okoljem (EPE) v organizaciji. Veljaven je za vse organizacije, ne glede na tip, velikost, lokacijo in kompleksnost. Ta mednarodni standard ne določa ravni učinkov ravnanja z okoljem. Smernice v tem mednarodnem standardu se lahko uporabi za podporo lastnemu pristopu EPE v organizaciji, vključno z zavezami glede izpolnjevanja zakonskih in drugih zahtev, preprečevanja onesnaževanja ter nenehnega izboljševanja. OPOMBA: Ta mednarodni standard je splošni standard in ne vsebuje smernic glede posebnih metod za ocenjevanje ali vrednotenje različnih vrst učinkov v različnih vrstah sektorjev, panog itd. Glede na naravo dejavnosti organizacije se je pogosto treba sklicevati na druge vire za dodatne informacije in smernice glede tem, značilnih za posamezen sektor, različnih tematik ali različnih znanstvenih disciplin.

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
08-Oct-2013
Withdrawal Date
29-Aug-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
28-Apr-2021
Due Date
21-May-2021
Completion Date
30-Aug-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
01-november-2013
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2002
5DYQDQMH]RNROMHP9UHGQRWHQMHXþLQNRYUDYQDQMD]RNROMHP6PHUQLFH ,62


Environmental management - Environmental performance evaluation - Guidelines (ISO

14031:2013)
Umweltmanagement - Umweltleistungsbewertung - Leitlinien (ISO 14031:2013)
Management environnemental - Évaluation de la performance environnementale -
Lignes directrices (ISO 14031:2013)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 14031:2013
ICS:
13.020.10 Ravnanje z okoljem Environmental management
SIST EN ISO 14031:2013 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 14031
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
August 2013
ICS 13.020.10 Supersedes EN ISO 14031:1999
English Version
Environmental management - Environmental performance
evaluation - Guidelines (ISO 14031:2013)

Management environnemental - Évaluation de la Umweltmanagement - Umweltleistungsbewertung -

performance environnementale - Lignes directrices (ISO Leitlinien (ISO 14031:2013)

14031:2013)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 19 July 2013.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2013 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 14031:2013: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
EN ISO 14031:2013 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this International Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 765/2008/EC and 339/93/EEC .........................................................................4

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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
EN ISO 14031:2013 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN ISO 14031:2013) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 207 "Environmental

management".

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2014, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn

at the latest by February 2014.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 14031:1999.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 14031:2013 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 14031:2013 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
EN ISO 14031:2013 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this International Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 765/2008/EC and 339/93/EEC

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association to provide one means of conforming to Essential Requirements of the New Approach

Directive 765/2008/EC and 339/93/EEC.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Union under that Directive and has been implemented

as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the normative clauses of this standard confers,

within the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity with the relevant Essential Requirements of that

Directive and associated EFTA regulations.

WARNING: Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the products falling within the scope of this

standard.
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 14031
Second edition
2013-08-01
Environmental management —
Environmental performance
evaluation — Guidelines
Management environnemental — Évaluation de la performance
environnementale — Lignes directrices
Reference number
ISO 14031:2013(E)
ISO 2013
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
ISO 14031:2013(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2013

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
ISO 14031:2013(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Environmental performance evaluation ..................................................................................................................................... 3

4.1 General overview .................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

4.2 Planning EPE (Plan)............................................................................................................................................................................ 8

4.3 Using data and information (Do) .........................................................................................................................................15

4.4 Reviewing and improving EPE (Act) .................................................................................................................................20

Annex A (informative) Supplemental guidance on EPE .................................................................................................................22

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................37

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
ISO 14031:2013(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. www.iso.org/directives

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of any

patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or on

the ISO list of patent declarations received. www.iso.org/patents

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 207, Environmental management, Subcommittee

SC4, Environmental performance evaluation.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (ISO 14031:1999), which has been

technically revised.
iv © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
ISO 14031:2013(E)
Introduction

Many organizations seek ways to understand, demonstrate and improve their environmental

performance. This can be achieved by effectively managing those elements of their activities, products

and services that can significantly impact the environment.

This International Standard sets out a process called environmental performance evaluation (EPE)

(see 3.10) which enables organizations to measure, evaluate and communicate their environmental

performance using key performance indicators (KPIs), based on reliable and verifiable information.

EPE is equally applicable to small and large enterprises and can be used to support an environmental

management system (EMS) (see 3.7), or used independently. An organization with an EMS in place can

assess its environmental performance against its environmental policy, objectives, targets and other

environmental performance objectives.

Data and information generated by EPE can be used by an organization to implement other environmental

management tools and techniques in a coherent, transparent and cost effective way, e.g. other standards

developed by ISO/TC 207 such as those relating to environmental management systems (ISO 14001,

ISO 14004, ISO 14005, ISO 14006), to environmental declarations (ISO 14025), to environmental labelling

(ISO 14024) and to life cycle assessment (ISO 14040, ISO 14044). A full list is given in the Bibliography.

This International Standard can also be used independently.

Environmental performance evaluation and environmental audits are complementary tools that can be

used to assess environmental performance and identify areas for improvement. The key aspects (and

differences) of these tools are the following:

— EPE is an ongoing process of collection and assessment of data and information to provide a current

evaluation of performance, as well as performance trends over time;

— environmental audits can be used to gather such data and information, either as part of EPE, or as part

of an environmental management system, to verify whether objectives and targets are being met;

— environmental management system audits are conducted periodically to verify conformity with

specifications and compliance with legal and other requirements (guidance on auditing an EMS is

provided in ISO 19011).
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 14031:2013(E)
Environmental management — Environmental
performance evaluation — Guidelines
1 Scope

This International Standard gives guidance on the design and use of environmental performance

evaluation (EPE) within an organization. It is applicable to all organizations, regardless of type, size,

location and complexity.
This International Standard does not establish environmental performance levels.

The guidance in this International Standard can be used to support an organization’s own approach

to EPE, including its commitments to compliance with legal and other requirements, the prevention of

pollution, and continual improvement.

NOTE This International Standard is a generic standard and does not include guidance on specific methods

for valuing or weighting different kinds of impacts in different kinds of sectors, disciplines, etc. Depending on the

nature of the organization’s activities, it is often necessary to refer to other sources for additional information and

guidance on sector-specific topics, different subject matters, or different scientific disciplines.

2 Normative references
There are no normative references.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
benchmark
reference point against which comparisons can be made
Note 1 to entry: Benchmarking is the process for making a comparison.
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 29155-1:2011, 2.1, modified]
3.2
combined indicator
indicator which includes information on more than one aspect

Note 1 to entry: A combined indicator may also be referred to as a composite indicator.

3.3
environment

surroundings in which an organization operates, including air, water, land, natural resources, flora,

fauna, humans, and their interrelation

Note 1 to entry: Surroundings in this context extend from within an organization to the global system.

[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2004, 3.5]
3.4
environmental aspect

element of an organization’s activities or products or services that can interact with the environment

Note 1 to entry: A significant environmental aspect has or can have a significant environmental impact.

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
ISO 14031:2013(E)
[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2004, 3.6]
3.5
environmental condition indicators
ECI

environmental performance indicators that provide information about the local, regional, national or

global condition of the environment

Note 1 to entry: “Regional” may refer to a state, a province, or a group of states within a country, or it may refer to a

group of countries or a continent, depending on the scale of the condition of the environment that the organization

chooses to consider.
3.6
environmental impact

any change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting from an

organization’s environmental aspects
[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2004, 3.7]
3.7
environmental management system
EMS

part of an organization’s management system used to develop and implement its environmental policy

and manage its environmental aspects
[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2004, 3.8, modified]
3.8
environmental objective

overall environmental goal, consistent with the environmental policy, that an organization sets

itself to achieve
[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2004, 3.9]
3.9
environmental performance
measurable results of an organization’s management of its environmental aspects

Note 1 to entry: In the context of environmental management systems, results can be measured against the

organization’s environmental policy, environmental objectives, environmental targets and other environmental

performance requirements.
[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2004, 3.10]
3.10
environmental performance evaluation
EPE

process to facilitate management decisions regarding an organization’s environmental performance

by selecting indicators, collecting and analysing data, assessing information about environmental

performance, reporting and communicating, and periodically reviewing and improving this process

3.11
environmental performance indicator
EPI

indicator that provides information about an organization’s environmental performance

3.12
environmental policy

overall intentions and direction of an organization related to its environmental performance as formally

expressed by top management
[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2004, 3.11, modified]
2 © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
ISO 14031:2013(E)
3.13
environmental target

detailed performance requirement, applicable to the organization or parts thereof, that arises from the

environmental objectives and that needs to be set and met in order to achieve those objectives

[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2004, 3.12]
3.14
function

combination of processes, products or services that achieve a specific, predetermined end, usually on a

repetitive basis
3.15
indicator

measurable representation of the condition or status of operations, management, or conditions

3.16
interested party

individual or group concerned with or affected by the environmental performance of an organization

[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2004, 3.13]
3.17
key performance indicator
KPI

indicator of performance deemed by an organization to be significant and giving prominence and

attention to certain aspects
3.18
management performance indicator
MPI

environmental performance indicator that provides information about the management activities to

influence an organization’s environmental performance
3.19
operational performance indicator
OPI

environmental performance indicator that provides information about the environmental performance

of an organization’s operational process
3.20
organization

company, corporation, firm, enterprise, authority or institution, or part or combination thereof, whether

incorporated or not, public or private, that has its own functions and administration

Note 1 to entry: For organizations with more than one operating unit, a single operating unit may be defined as

an organization.
[SOURCE: ISO 14001:2004, 3.16]
4 Environmental performance evaluation
4.1 General overview
4.1.1 EPE process

Environmental performance evaluation (EPE) is a management process that uses key performance

indicators to compare an organization’s past and present environmental performance with its

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
ISO 14031:2013(E)

environmental objectives and targets. The information generated by EPE can help an organization to

do the following:

— identify its environmental aspects and determine which aspects it will treat as significant;

— set objectives and targets for improving environmental performance and assess performance

against these objectives and targets;
— identify opportunities for better management of its environmental aspects;
— identify trends in its environmental performance;
— review and improve efficiency and effectiveness;
— identify strategic opportunities;

— evaluate compliance or risk of non compliance with legal requirements and other requirements to

which the organization subscribes related to its environmental aspects;
— report and communicate environmental performance internally and externally.

Management commitment to EPE is essential and it should be part of the regular business functions and

activities of an organization. EPE should be appropriate to the size, location, and type of organization

and its needs and priorities.

Internally, EPE can help the organization to achieve its environmental performance objectives and

targets and also to enlist the involvement of an EMS. EPE can also be used to report and communicate

information on the organization’s environmental performance to external interested parties to

demonstrate its commitment to improvement.

EPE, as detailed in this International Standard, follows a “Plan-Do-Check-Act” (PDCA) management

model. The steps of this on-going process are as follows.
a) Plan
Preparing to implement performance evaluation:
— planning EPE;

— selecting indicators for EPE (the process of selecting indicators for objectives and targets may

include both choosing from existing indicators and developing new indicators).
b) Do
Managing data and information, which includes:

— collecting data relevant to the selected indicators (for guidance on data collection, see

ISO/TS 14033);

— analysing and converting data into information describing the organization’s environmental

performance;

— assessing information describing the organization’s environmental performance in comparison

with the organization’s environmental performance objectives;

— reporting and communicating information describing the organization’s environmental

performance.
c) Check and Act
Reviewing and improving EPE.
4 © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
ISO 14031:2013(E)
4.1.2 Indicators for EPE
4.1.2.1 General
This International Standard describes two categories of indicators for EPE.

Environmental condition indicators (ECIs) provide information about the condition of the environment

which could be impacted by the organization. This information can help an organization to better

understand the actual impact or potential impact of its environmental aspects (e.g. process emissions).

ECIs are often difficult to link directly to one organization’s operations unless they are the only source

emitting a particular pollutant. Care should be taken to account for any other sources or factors that

might have similar impacts on the environment. ECIs can be used (e.g. by regulators or other local

government agencies) to calculate condition baselines, monitor trends, establish permit limits for

pollutants, and create incentives.

Environmental performance indicators (EPIs) provide information related to the organization’s management

of its significant environmental aspects, and demonstrate the results of its environmental management

programmes. These may be KPIs that an organization chooses to use for general business purposes:

— management performance indicators (MPIs) provide information about management efforts to

influence the environmental performance of the organization’s management;

— operational performance indicators (OPIs) provide information about the environmental

performance of the organization’s operations.

Figure 1 illustrates the interrelationships among an organization’s management, operations, and the condition

of the environment, noting the type of indicator in brackets for EPE related to each of these elements.

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 5
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
ISO 14031:2013(E)
ENVIRONMENTAL CO NDITION INDICATORS
(ECIs)
ENVIRONMENTAL INTERESTED
ORGANIZATION
CONDITIONS PARTIES
MANAGEMENT PROCESSES
MPIs
OPERATIONAL PROCESSES
INPUTS OUTPUTS
INCOMING OUTGOING
OPIs
(Supply) (Delivery)
ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
EPIs include MPIs and OPIs
Key
information flows
input and output flows related to the organization’s operations
decision flows
Figure 1 — Understanding the organization and its context

4.1.2.2 Relating EPE indicators to environmental, social and economic aspects of sustainability

EPIs and ECIs can be used to demonstrate how an organization addresses the three pillars of sustainability

(social, economic and environmental) through the management of its significant environmental aspects.

MPIs can show improvements in the social dimension (e.g. indicators that show how training is being

done or will be done so as to improve certain environmental aspects) or in the economic dimension

(e.g. investments on new technologies so as to address environmental aspects and cost savings due to

improved environmental performance).

OPIs can be linked to the context of the environment (e.g. emission reductions, reduction in the use of

energy and water resources).

ECIs might not be linked directly with the organization’s processes, but in certain instances can be

linked to the success of its environmental management, which itself can reflect on all three dimensions

of sustainability, e.g.
— improved quality of water resources (environmental);

— improved quality of life - more people having access to drinking water (social);

— reduced costs for obtaining drinking water (economic).
6 © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
ISO 14031:2013(E)

The decisions and actions of an organization’s management are closely related to the performance of its

operations. Figure 2 provides an outline of EPE, with references to the numbers and titles of relevant

clauses in this International Standard. Annex A provides supplemental guidance to support EPE.

PLAN
4.1.1 a) Planning environmental performance evaluation
Selecting indicators for environmental
performance evaluation
4.1.1 b) Managing data and information
Collecting data
Data
Analysing and converting data
Information
Assessing information
Results
Reporting and communicating
CHECK AND ACT
4.1.1 c) Reviewing and improving environmental
performance evaluation

NOTE References in this figure are to subclause 4.1.1. Annex A provides supplemental guidance.

Figure 2 — Outline of EPE (following PDCA model)
4.1.3 EPE principles
EPE principles for performance information include the following:

— relevance: performance information should be relevant to the organization’s efforts to manage its

environmental aspects;

— completeness: performance information should be complete to ensure that all factors will be addressed;

— consistency and accuracy: performance information should be consistent and accurate to allow

valid comparisons of past, present and future performance;

— transparency: performance information should be clear and transparent, so that the intended users

have access and understanding of performance data to make decisions with reasonable confidence.

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 7
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SIST EN ISO 14031:2013
ISO 14031:2013(E)
4.2 Planning EPE (Plan)
4.2.1 General guidance
4.2.1.1 General

Key performance indicators are selected by organizations as a means of presenting quan titative or

qualitative data or information in a more understandable and useful form. They help to convert relevant

data into concise information about management’s efforts to influence the environmental performance

of its operations or the condition of the environment. An organization should select a sufficient number

of relevant and understandable indicators to evaluate its environmental performance and reflect the

nature and scale of the organization’s operations, as well as their environmental impacts. The choice of

indicators for EPE will determine what data should be used. To facilitate this effort, organizations can

use data already available and collected by the organization or by others.
4.2.1.2 Applying EPE to those organizations with or without an EMS

An organization with an EMS in place should evaluate its environmental performance against its

environmental policy, objectives and targets, and applicable legal and other requirements. Whether it

has an EMS or not, an organization should plan EPE in conjunction with the setting of its environmental

performance goals, so that the selected indicators for EPE will be appropriate for describing the

organization’s environmental performanc
...

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