Fire blankets

This document specifies requirements for fire blankets which are not re-usable and that are intended for use by one person.
It specifies requirements for fire blankets usable to control small fires. It also limits the risk of electric shock in case of unintentional use on live electrical equipment.
Fire blankets that are large enough are considered suitable to be used for smothering persons whose clothes are on fire.

Loeschdecken

Dieses Dokument legt Anforderungen an Löschdecken fest, die nicht wiederverwendbar sind und die zur Benutzung durch eine einzelne Person bestimmt sind.
Es legt Anforderungen an Löschdecken fest, die zur Bekämpfung kleiner Brände eingesetzt werden. Außerdem begrenzt es das Risiko eines elektrischen Schlags bei unbeabsichtigtem Einsatz in Verbindung mit spannungsführender elektrischer Ausrüstung.
Löschdecken von ausreichender Größe gelten als geeignet, um damit die brennende Kleidung an Personen zu löschen.

Couvertures anti-feu

This document specifies requirements for fire blankets which are not re-usable and that are intended for use by one person.
It specifies requirements for fire blankets usable to control small fires. It also limits the risk of electric shock in case of unintentional use on live electrical equipment.
Fire blankets that are large enough are considered suitable to be used for smothering persons whose clothes are on fire.

Požarne odeje

Ta dokument določa zahteve za požarne odeje, ki niso za večkratno uporabo in so namenjene za uporabo pri eni sami osebi.
Določa zahteve za požarne odeje, ki so uporabne za obvladovanje manjših požarov. Prav tako omejuje tveganje za električni udar v primeru nenamerne uporabe na električni opremi pod napetostjo.
Dovolj velike požarne odeje so primerne za uporabo pri gašenju oseb, katerih oblačila gorijo.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
09-Sep-2018
Publication Date
03-Sep-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
28-Aug-2019
Due Date
02-Nov-2019
Completion Date
04-Sep-2019

RELATIONS

Effective Date
01-Oct-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1869:2019
01-oktober-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 1869:1997
Požarne odeje
Fire blankets
Loeschdecken
Couvertures anti-feu
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1869:2019
ICS:
13.220.10 Gašenje požara Fire-fighting
SIST EN 1869:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 1869:2019
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SIST EN 1869:2019
EN 1869
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.220.10 Supersedes EN 1869:1997
English Version
Fire blankets
Couvertures anti-feu Löschdecken
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 26 May 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIO N
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUN G
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1869:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 1869:2019
EN 1869:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 5

4 Construction ..................................................................................................................................................... 5

5 General performance..................................................................................................................................... 6

6 Fire performance ............................................................................................................................................ 7

7 Marking .............................................................................................................................................................. 7

8 Minimum test report content for each tested fire blanket .............................................................. 8

Annex A (normative) Test conditions ..................................................................................................................... 9

Annex B (normative) Electrical resistance test................................................................................................. 10

B.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 10

B.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 10

B.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 10

Annex C (normative) Cooking oil fire performance test ................................................................................ 11

C.1 Materials and apparatus ............................................................................................................................ 11

C.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 12

Annex D (normative) Heptane fire performance test ..................................................................................... 15

D.1 Materials and apparatus ............................................................................................................................ 15

D.1.1 Fuel ..................................................................................................................................................................... 15

D.1.2 Tray .................................................................................................................................................................... 15

D.1.3 Table .................................................................................................................................................................. 15

D.2 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 16

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 18

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SIST EN 1869:2019
EN 1869:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1869:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 70 “Manual means

of firefighting equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2020, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by February 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 1869:1997.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 1869:2019
EN 1869:2019 (E)
Introduction

Fire blankets are one of the means for fighting certain type of small fires at their initial stage.

This document assesses their suitability for use and specifies requirements for their firefighting

performance, construction, marking, packaging and preservation.

Some materials used for fire blankets may be degraded or even burn on prolonged contact with flame,

but the committee consider that this should not restrict the use, for the purposes described here, of

materials which meet the performance requirements of this document.
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SIST EN 1869:2019
EN 1869:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document specifies requirements for fire blankets which are not reusable and that are intended for

use by one person.

It specifies requirements for fire blankets usable to control small fires. It also limits the risk of electric

shock in case of unintentional use on live electrical equipment.

Fire blankets that are large enough are considered suitable to be used for smothering persons whose

clothes are on fire.
2 Normative references
There are no normative references in this document.
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

• IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
• ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
fire blanket

flexible sheet of material intended to be used to extinguish small fires by smothering

3.2
type
fire blanket material combined with a given size
3.3
model
fire blanket type combined with a given container
4 Construction

4.1 All samples shall be conditioned in accordance with Annex A, A.1 and A.5 prior to testing.

4.2 The fire blanket shall be made of one or more sheets of material assembled together.

4.3 The size of each sheet shall be the same as the size of the entire blanket.
The two sides shall be similar in performance.
4.4 There shall be no seams in the fire blanket except as follows:
a) where the hand-holding devices are fixed;
b) at any edge;
c) applying layers together.
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SIST EN 1869:2019
EN 1869:2019 (E)
4.5 Hand holding devices shall:
a) not comprise loops;

b) be self-extinguishing after being subjected for 5 s to a gas flame located below at 2 cm from the

material surface. The flame generated by a pocket lighter is suitable for the purpose;

c) not become detached from the fire blanket during any of the testing specified in this document.

4.6 Fire blankets shall be rectangular or square and no edge shall be less than 1,0 m and no more

than 1,8 m.

Only fire blankets of minimum size 1,2 m × 1,8 m are considered suitable for smothering persons whose

clothes are on fire.

4.7 The total mass of any fire blanket (without its container) shall not exceed 4,5 kg.

4.8 A fire blanket shall be packed in a protective container.
NOTE Container can be flexible or rigid material.

The container shall be designed, such that it does not damage the fire blanket at any time (during

installation, inspection or use).

4.9 The container shall be fitted with a visible means of indicating whether the blanket is inside.

NOTE This requirement is fulfilled where hand holding device(s) is (are) visible outside of the container.

4.10 The edges of the fire blankets shall not fray or tear.

4.11 Protection against microorganism or insect should be taken into consideration, either through

material treatment or via suitable container design.
5 General performance

5.1 Except for 5.3, all samples shall be conditioned in accordance with Annex A, A.1, A.2 and A.5 prior

to testing.

5.2 Fire blankets shall be capable of being rolled completely around a (50 ± 2) mm diameter bar, and

along any axes parallel to adjacent sides, without permanent deformation.

5.3 For this test, 3 samples shall be in their original supply conditions and accordingly shall be

preconditioned in accordance with Annex A, A.1 and A.5 prior to testing.

The force required to remove the fire blanket from the container fitted with its indicative device shall

not exceed 80 N.

When stowed or packed in the container in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, it shall be

possible for a fire blanket to be taken from the stowed position, unfolded and held ready for use in not

more than 4 s.

5.4 When tested in accordance with Annex B, the electrical resistance of the blanket material shall be

not less than 1 MΩ at any point.

5.5 The edges of the fire blankets shall not fray or tear during any of the tests specified in Annexes A

to D.
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SIST EN 1869:2019
EN 1869:2019 (E)
6 Fire performance

6.1 All samples shall be conditioned in accordance with Annex A, A.1 to A.4 prior to testing.

6.2 Each type of fire blanket shall be capable of extinguishing the cooking oil fire and the heptane fire

as described in Annex C and Annex D.
6.3 The fire blanket shall remain whole and not ignite during the tests.
6.4 Testing for each fire blanket mater
...

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