Postal services - Interface and data transfer format for capturing postal automation events IDT-PAE

An IDT-PAE interface enables interoperability among several systems and processes by providing specifications to the following requirements:
a)   Data Collection and Transfer:  Specification of data transported from the devices to higher level systems.  There may be more than one permissible protocol referring to different OSI layers. The standard will define where the communication requires polling and where asynchronous messages are used.
   The basis is messages triggered by events.
b)   Data Storage and Format:  Specification how data is formatted and structured. This concerns the choice between XML, CSV, EDI, JSON and other formats including possible binary representations.
c)   Data Model:  Specification of the semantics (meanings) behind the data. This is the most important part and the one of the most important objectives for the specification. This means that conceptual data model and its mapping to the Data Format will be developed. Major focus on specifications level of detail will be placed in order to provide a document that will provide detailed specification information without being too general or too specific.

Schnittstelle und Datentransfer für die Erfassung von postalischen Automatisierungsereignissen

Eine IDT-PAE-Schnittstelle ermöglicht die Interoperabilität zwischen mehreren Systemen und Prozessen, durch die Bereitstellung von Spezifikationen zu den folgenden Anforderungen:
a)   Datenerfassung und -übertragung: Spezifikation von Daten, die von Geräten an übergeordnete Systeme übertragen werden. Mehr als ein zulässiges Protokoll darf sich auf verschiedene OSI-Schichten beziehen. Der Standard wird festlegen, wo die Kommunikation einen Sendeabruf erfordert und wann asynchrone Nachrichten verwendet werden.
Die Grundlage sind Meldungen, die durch Ereignisse ausgelöst werden.
b)   Datenspeicherung und -format: Spezifikation zur Art des Datenformats und der Struktur. Das betrifft die Auswahl zwischen XML, CSV, EDI, JSON und anderen Formaten, einschließlich möglicher binärer Darstellungen.
c)   Datenmodell: Spezifikation der Semantik (Bedeutungen) der Daten. Das ist der wichtigste Teil und eines der wichtigsten Ziele für die Spezifikation. Das bedeutet, dass ein konzeptionelles Datenmodell und seine Zuordnung zu dem Datenformat entwickelt werden wird. Das Hauptaugenmerk wird auf den Detaillierungsgrad der Spezifikation gelegt, um ein Dokument bereitzustellen, dass detaillierte Spezi¬fikationsinformationen zur Verfügung stellt, ohne zu allgemein oder zu spezifisch zu sein.

Services postaux - Format d’interface et de transfert des données relatives à la capture des évènements sur des équipements postaux automatisés

Poštne storitve - Vmesnik in oblika prenosa podatkov za zajem avtomatiziranih poštnih dogodkov

Vmesnik IDT-PAE omogoča interoperabilnost med več sistemi in procesi, tako da zagotavlja specifikacije za naslednje zahteve:
a)   Zbiranje in prenos podatkov:  specifikacija podatkov, ki se prenašajo iz naprav v sisteme na višji ravneh.  Na različne sloje OSI se lahko sklicuje več dovoljenih protokolov. Standard opredeljuje, kdaj zahteva komunikacija pozivanje in kdaj so uporabljena asinhrona sporočila.
Osnova so sporočila, ki jih sprožijo dogodki.
b) Shranjevanje in oblika zapisa podatkov:  specifikacije oblikovanja in strukturiranja podatkov. To zajema izbiro med oblikami zapisov XML, CSV, EDI, JSON in drugimi oblikami zapisov, vključno z možnimi binarnimi oblikami.
c) Podatkovni model:  specifikacija semantike (pomena) za podatki. To je najpomembnejši del in eden najpomembnejših ciljev specifikacije. To pomeni, da bosta razvita konceptualni podatkovni model in njegova preslikava v obliko zapisa podatkov. Največ pozornosti se bo posvetilo ravni podrobnosti specifikacij, da se bo zagotovil dokument, ki bo podajal podrobne informacije o specifikaciji, ne da bi bil preveč splošen ali preveč natančen.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Dec-2015
Publication Date
12-May-2016
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
22-Apr-2016
Due Date
27-Jun-2016
Completion Date
13-May-2016

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16919:2016
01-junij-2016
Poštne storitve - Vmesnik in oblika prenosa podatkov za zajem avtomatiziranih
poštnih dogodkov

Postal services - Interface and data transfer format for capturing postal automation

events IDT-PAE
Schnittstelle und Datentransfer für die Erfassung von postalischen
Automatisierungsereignissen

Services postaux - Format d’interface et de transfert des données relatives à la capture

des évènements sur des équipements postaux automatisés
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TS 16919:2016
ICS:
03.240 Poštne storitve Postal services
35.240.69 Uporabniške rešitve IT pri IT applications in postal
poštnih storitvah services
SIST-TS CEN/TS 16919:2016 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST-TS CEN/TS 16919:2016
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SIST-TS CEN/TS 16919:2016
CEN/TS 16919
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
SPÉCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
April 2016
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION
ICS 35.240.99; 03.240
English Version
Postal services - Interface and data transfer format for
capturing postal automation events IDT-PAE
Services postaux - Format d'interface et de transfert
des données relatives à la capture des évènements sur
des équipements postaux automatisés

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 11 February 2016 for provisional application.

The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to

submit their comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.

CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS

available promptly at national level in an appropriate form. It is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in

parallel to the CEN/TS) until the final decision about the possible conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2016 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TS 16919:2016 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction..................................................................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Terms and definitions.................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Symbols and abbreviations....................................................................................................................... 17

4 Generic Postal Process ............................................................................................................................... 19

4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 19

4.2 Postal operations .......................................................................................................................................... 21

4.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 21

4.2.2 Collection ......................................................................................................................................................... 21

4.2.3 Sorting centre- for further transportation (Outward sorting) .................................................... 21

4.2.4 Transport ........................................................................................................................................................ 22

4.2.5 Sorting centre-distribution (Inward sorting) .................................................................................... 22

4.2.6 Distribution (Delivery office / in office activities) ........................................................................... 22

4.3 Postal activities in postal operations .................................................................................................... 23

4.4 Postal events .................................................................................................................................................. 25

4.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 25

4.4.2 Handover Events ........................................................................................................................................... 27

4.4.3 Processing Events ......................................................................................................................................... 29

4.4.4 Storage Events ............................................................................................................................................... 35

4.4.5 Transport Events .......................................................................................................................................... 36

4.4.6 Delivery Events ............................................................................................................................................. 36

4.4.7 Delivery ............................................................................................................................................................ 37

4.5 Business Steps ............................................................................................................................................... 38

5 MIS Interface .................................................................................................................................................. 40

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 40

5.2 Information about processes which move Items .............................................................................. 40

5.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 40

5.2.2 Item.................................................................................................................................................................... 40

5.2.3 Object / Product ............................................................................................................................................ 41

5.2.4 Location ........................................................................................................................................................... 42

5.3 Classification of Postal Business Events in EPCIS data model ...................................................... 42

5.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 42

5.3.2 Business steps in EPCIS .............................................................................................................................. 46

5.4 The impact of events on MIS ..................................................................................................................... 48

6 Data Collection and Transfer ................................................................................................................... 48

6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 48

6.2 Process Integration and Service Oriented Architecture ................................................................ 49

6.3 Process Integrations Platform ................................................................................................................. 49

6.3.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 49

6.3.2 Common components of integration platform .................................................................................. 50

6.4 Message based process integration platform .................................................................................... 51

7 Data Storage and Format ........................................................................................................................... 53

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7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 53

7.2 Data storage in a Repository .................................................................................................................... 53

7.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 53

7.2.2 EPCIS Repository .......................................................................................................................................... 54

7.3 Data formats ................................................................................................................................................... 56

7.3.1 Data levels ....................................................................................................................................................... 56

7.3.2 Identification.................................................................................................................................................. 56

7.3.3 Capture ............................................................................................................................................................. 57

Annex A (informative) Typical Postal Industry MIS interfaces................................................................. 59

Annex B (normative) EPCIS standard summary reference ........................................................................ 61

B.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................................... 61

B.2 EPCIS Event and Master Data example ................................................................................................. 63

B.3 EPCIS Data Exchange Components ......................................................................................................... 63

B.4 Services Approach ........................................................................................................................................ 63

B.5 Relationship to the EPC global Architecture Framework .............................................................. 64

B.6 Elements of the EPCglobal Architecture Framework ...................................................................... 65

B.7 EPCIS Specification Principles ................................................................................................................. 66

B.8 EPCIS Specification Framework .............................................................................................................. 66

B.9 Layers ............................................................................................................................................................... 66

B.10 Extensibility.................................................................................................................................................... 69

B.11 Modularity ...................................................................................................................................................... 69

Annex C (normative) EPCIS Data Model assessment with respect to a standardised MIS

interface ........................................................................................................................................................... 70

C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 70

C.2 Vocabularies ................................................................................................................................................... 70

C.3 Locations ......................................................................................................................................................... 70

C.4 Extension points ........................................................................................................................................... 71

C.5 Prospective assertions ............................................................................................................................... 71

C.6 Event Types .................................................................................................................................................... 71

C.7 Capture application ..................................................................................................................................... 71

Annex D (informative) Object Data Model definition in the postal process (Items and

Aggregations) ................................................................................................................................................. 73

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 83

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European foreword

This document (CEN/TS 16919:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 331 “Postal

services”, the secretariat of which is held by NEN.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to announce this Technical Specification: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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Introduction

This Technical Specification will be in the series of the Open Standard Interfaces defining manufacturer

independent interface definitions where needed. All Sorting equipment of the different manufacturers

in a sorting centre produce data which are relevant for service planning, machine and staff planning,

optimization of machine utilization and other sorting centre management relevant data. On the other

hand the major suppliers for postal IT systems have developed MIS systems for these or other purposes.

In sorting centres with mixed machinery and one or more MIS systems, data need to be converted for

integration. This Technical Specification will allow to define a common interface to avoid these multiple

conversions and by this save costs in the postal business. See Figure 1.
Figure 1 — Open Interface Illustration

As a conscious decision of the Project Team work it is assumed MIS standard will be an instance of

EPCIS standard with specific application of this Technical Specification to the Postal Process that will be

modelled in the chapters. The Technical Specification will then go through a number of significant

events of the process that an MIS interface should contain in order to guarantee the interoperability of

different proprietary MIS systems and different Postal Sorting equipment.
Focus of the development is:

— The specification will allow interfacing postal processes in order to gather information which shall

be prepared for presentation/aggregation to higher-level systems;
— The specification will not be in favour of one vendor over another;

— The specification will not be specific to a programming language, operating system or hardware;

— The specification will be specific enough, to allow any standards-compliant equipment to be

connected to standards-compliant higher level systems and get at least basic functionality without

any customization;

— The Data Model will use well-established terms, e.g. taken from the UPU data model, which are

suitable to describe postal processes accurately;
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— The Data Model will categorize the information sent and received (e.g. into status, event, control-

message) and define standards for each of these categories;

— The specification will allow for vendor-specific or equipment-specific variations. The scope of these

variations will be limited (otherwise we would not have a standard at all);

— The specification will provide for future extensions and modifications, such that future versions do

not break existing installations;

— It will have to be easy to implement an interface which is compliant with this standard;

— The specification will define how to prevent unauthorized access, preferably by referring to an

existing security standard;
— The specification will use well-established technologies for Data Transport;
— The specification will use established standard for Data Format;

— The specification needs to state minimal requirements for data volume and frequency as well as the

permissible latency which an implementation needs to comply to.
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1 Scope

An IDT-PAE interface enables interoperability among several systems and processes by providing

specifications to the following requirements:

a) Data Collection and Transfer: Specification of data transported from the devices to higher level

systems. There may be more than one permissible protocol referring to different OSI layers. The

standard will define where the communication requires polling and where asynchronous messages

are used.
The basis is messages triggered by events.

b) Data Storage and Format: Specification how data is formatted and structured. This concerns the

choice between XML, CSV, EDI, JSON and other formats including possible binary representations.

c) Data Model: Specification of the semantics (meanings) behind the data. This is the most important

part and the one of the most important objectives for the specification. This means that conceptual

data model and its mapping to the Data Format will be developed. Major focus on specifications

level of detail will be placed in order to provide a document that will provide detailed specification

information without being too general or too specific.
2 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply .
2.1
acceptance

process of examining a mail induction unit at the acceptance location, to ensure that the mail is

acceptable for postal processing and that the postal operator may take responsibility for it

2.2
acceptance location

location at which responsibility for a mail induction unit is handed over from the mail submitter to the

mail service contractor
2.3
acceptance of postal processing

completion of the process of ensuring that mail can legally be conveyed by post, fulfils postal system

requirements, regarding size, addressing, etc. and that correct postage has been paid or is chargeable

under normal contractual arrangements
2.4
activity
work performed by people, equipment, technologies or facilities
2.5
addressee
party that is the intended ultimate recipient of a postal item

1 The terms and definition in this document are defined in the UPU Standard glossary, Date of approval 26 February 2014, in

the bibliography and in this document.
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2.6
aggregate assignment (packaging)

assignment of an item or (lower-level) aggregate to a (higher-level) aggregate of mail which is to be

handled as a unit during the next processing or transportation step(s)
2.7
aggregate break-up (unpacking)

decomposition of an aggregate into its component mail items and/or lower-level aggregates

2.8
application identifier

numeric prefix to a data structure that defines the content, format and intended interpretation of the

data
2.9
attribute
named characteristic of an entity which can be expressed by a data value
2.10
bar code
symbol consisting of a series of printed bars representing values
2.11
business information system

business information systems represent a system of controls and processes which a business uses to

analyze information needed to effectively manage their business
2.12
bundle
mail unit whose physical constraint is a band or wrapper
2.13
clearance
operation of collecting postal items deposited at access points
2.14
control protocols

provides reliable, ordered, error-checked delivery of a stream of octets between programs running on

computers connected to a local area network, intranet or the public Internet
2.15
code

value, taken from a particular code list, which is used in messages to represent one of the possible data

values forth data element covered by the code list
2.16
collection

method of mail induction in which customers deposit mail in unmanned depositories (posting boxes)

which are periodically emptied by the mail service contractor or its agent
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2.17
consignment

set of one or more receptacles of a particular mail category, using a common transport on a particular

occasion, from a specific place of loading to a specific place of final destination

2.18
containerization

process or act of packaging one or more mail units into a receptacle to simplify handling and

transportation
2.19
data element

smallest logical unit of data, about a postal item, aggregate or receptacle, which might need to be

communicated between postal applications
2.20
data captured

automatically identifying objects, collecting data about them, and entering that data directly into

computer systems
2.21
data collection and transport
collection and distribution of information to virtually any device or system
2.22
data format
standard way that information is encoded for storage in a computer file
2.23
data model

used in two related senses. In first sense it is a description of the objects represented by a computer

system together with their properties and relationships; these are typically "real world" objects such as

products, suppliers, customers, and orders. In the second sense, it means a collection of concepts and

rules used in defining data models: for example the relational model uses relations and rules, while the

network model uses records, sets, and fields
2.24
data storage

technology consisting of computer components and recording media used to retain digital data

2.25
data transfer

physical transfer of data (a digital bit stream) over a point-to-point or point-to-multipoint

communication channel
2.26
delivery operators
postal enterprise which delivery the postal items on addressee of recipient
2.27
distribution

process from sorting at the distribution centre to delivery of postal items to their addressees

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2.28
data identifier (DI)

smallest logical unit of data, about a postal item, aggregate or receptacle, which might need to be

communicated between postal applications
2.29
data identifier category
grouping of related data identifiers
2.30
date

characteristic of an event which defines, to an appropriate level of accuracy, the point in time at which it

occurred or is or was forecast to occur
2.31
delivery

postal process in which a postal item leaves the responsibility of the postal operator through being

handed over to, or left for collection by, the addressee, the mailed or an authorized representative, or

deposited in a private letter-box accessible to one or other of these
2.32
delivery address

postal address specified by the mailer to which the postal operator is requested to deliver the postal

item
2.33
delivery attempt
(so far) unsuccessful attempt to deliver an item or entity
2.34
delivery failure

event corresponding to conclusion, by a postal handling organisation, that it is definitely unable to

deliver the entity concerned and (if the entity is still available to it) intends to dispose of it in

accordance with its contractual obligations
2.35
delivery completion

successful delivery of an item, including the obtaining of proof of delivery where this is required

2.36
delivery events
cover events related to the final delivery of mail
2.37
delivery point

physical location recognized by a postal operator as a valid location at which delivery of a postal item

may occur
2.38
delivery post

postal operator, or other postal handling organisation, entrusted with delivery of a postal item

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2.39
delivery routes
route followed by a delivery postman
2.40
dispatch

mail aggregate for which, under the terms of a single despatch agreement, responsibility is (to be)

handed over from one mail processing centre to another and which is accounted for as a unit between

the operators involved
2.41
despatch agreement

agreement under which mail is exchanged between mail processing centres operated by different postal

handling organizations
2.42
distribution
delivery of postal items to the home or business address of the final recipient
2.43
entity

distinct physical or logical object of interest in the context of a postal application

2.44
event; postal handling event

occurrence of a significant change in the actual or predicted values of one or more attributes of an entity

2.45
flat

letter-post item which is too large, too thick or too stiff to qualify as a small letter, but which has a size

of 229 mm by 324 mm or less; a maximum thickness of 20 mm and a maximum weight of 500 g or can

otherwise be automatically processed on the flat sorters used by the delivery post

2.46
flat sorter

sorter which is designed for and capable of processing items of size up to at least C4 (229 mm by 324

mm) with a thickness of up to at least 20 mm and weight of at least 500 g
2.47
forming

process by which individual postal items, bundles and/or postal receptacles are assembled into mail

aggregates
2.48
handover events
events associated with the transferor responsibility of mail between parties
2.49
holding start
commencement of a (temporary) suspension in the processing of an entity
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2.50
holding continuation
continuation of a (temporary) suspension in the processing of an entity
2.51
holding end
resumption of processing of an entity after a period of suspension
2.52
identifier

attribute of an entity that distinguishes that entity from any and all other entities existing, within a

specified domain, during a specified time
2.53
ID-tag

globally unique postal item identifier allocated in accordance with UPU standard S18, a machine

readable encoded representation of which is placed on the item concerned by, or on behalf of, a mail

service contractor
2.54
ID-assignment
allocation of an identifier to an entity
2.55
image controller
...

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