Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Existing lifts - Part 80: Rules for the improvement of safety of existing passenger and goods passenger lifts

1.1   This European Standard gives rules for improving existing lifts with the aim of reaching today's state of the art of general safety.
NOTE   Due to situations such as the building design etc. it may not be possible in all cases to reach today's state of the art.
1.2   This standard has taken into consideration safety requirements of the directives listed in the Bibliography and of EN 81 series of the safety standards for lifts.
NOTE   The EN 81-series of standards for particular applications can be used as a basis for improving safety of existing lifts, providing they have been officially accepted. However, not all clauses may apply or be "reasonably practicable" (see note to 1.3).
1.3   It is the responsibility of each national authority to apply this standard and to determine its own programme of implementation in a step by step process (see Annex A (normative)) in a reasonable and practicable way based on :
¾ the level of risk (e.g. extreme, high, medium, low) ;
¾ social and economic considerations.
NOTE   "Reasonably practicable" is defined as follows : "In deciding what is reasonably practicable the seriousness of risk to injury should be weighted against the difficulty and cost of removing or reducing that risk. In considering the cost no allowance should be made for the size, nature or profitability of the business concerned. Where the difficulty and costs are high, and a careful assessment of the risk shows it to be comparatively unimportant, action may not need to be taken. On the other hand where the risk is high, action should be taken at whatever cost".
1.4   This standard includes the improvement of safety for :
a) users of passenger and goods passenger lifts ;
b) lift maintenance and inspection personnel ;
c) persons outside the well, machine room and the pulley room (if any) ;
d) any authorised persons.
1.5   Excluded from this standard are the following :
a) rack and pinions lifts, screw and chain lifts etc. ;
b) lifting appliances

Sicherheitsregeln für die Konstruktion und den Einbau von Aufzügen - Bestehende Aufzüge - Teil 80: Regeln für die Erhöhung der Sicherheit bestehender Personen- und Lastenaufzüge

Diese Europäische Norm gibt ein Verfahren zur Verbesserung der Sicherheit bestehender Aufzüge an mit dem Ziel, durch die Anwendung des heutigen Stands der Sicherheitstechnik eine im Vergleich zu neu errichteten Aufzügen gleichwertige Sicherheit zu erreichen.
ANMERKUNG Aufgrund besonderer Situationen, wie z. B. Gebäudeausführung usw. kann es möglich sein, dass nicht immer der heutige Stand der Sicherheitstechnik erreicht wird.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt für dauerhaft installierte Personen- oder Lastenaufzüge mit Seilzug-, Ketten- oder Hydraulikantrieb, die festgelegte Ebenen bedienen und einen Fahrkorb besitzen, der für den Transport von Personen oder Personen und Lasten bestimmt ist und der sich zwischen Führungen, die nicht mehr als 15° gegen die Senkrechte geneigt sind, bewegt.
Dieses Dokument beinhaltet die Verbesserung der Sicherheit von bestehenden Aufzügen für:
a) Benutzer;
b) Instandhaltungs- und Überwachungspersonal;
c) Personen außerhalb des Schachts, Maschinen- und Rollenraums (aber in deren unmittelbarer Umgebung);
d) befugte Personen.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für:
e) Aufzüge mit anderen Antriebssystemen als die oben genannten;
f) Hebeeinrichtungen wie Umlaufaufzüge, Schachtförderanlagen, Hebeeinrichtungen für szenische Darstellungen in Theatern, Einrichtungen mit selbsttätiger Beladung, Kübelaufzüge, Bauaufzüge, Schiffsaufzüge, Bohrplattformen auf See, Bau- und Instandhaltungseinrichtungen;
g) Einrichtungen, bei denen die Führung mehr als 15° zur Senkrechten geneigt ist;
h) Hebeeinrichtungen mit einer Geschwindigkeit kleiner oder gleich 0,15 m/s;
i) Sicherheit bei Transport, Einbau, Reparatur und Rückbau von Aufzügen.
Hierfür kann jedoch sachdienlich von diesem Dokument ausgegangen werden.

Règles de sécurité pour la construction et l’installation des élévateurs - Ascenseurs existants - Partie 80 : Règles pour l’amélioration de la sécurité des ascenseurs et des ascenseurs de charge existants

Le présent document définit une méthodologie pour l’amélioration de la sécurité des ascenseurs existants, dans le but d’atteindre un niveau de sécurité équivalant à celui d’un ascenseur nouvellement installé, par application de l’actuel état de l’art en matière de sécurité.
NOTE En raison de conditions telles que la conception du bâtiment, etc., il peut ne pas être possible d’atteindre, dans tous les cas, l’actuel état de l’art en matière de sécurité.
Le présent document s’applique aux installations permanentes d’ascenseurs et d’ascenseurs de charge, à entraînement par adhérence, treuil attelé ou hydraulique, desservant des niveaux définis, ayant une cabine conçue pour le transport de personnes ou de personnes et d’objets, et se déplaçant le long de guides dont l’inclinaison par rapport à la verticale n’est pas supérieure à 15°.
Le présent document couvre les améliorations de la sécurité des ascenseurs existants pour :
a) les passagers ;
b) le personnel de maintenance et d’inspection ;
c) les personnes se trouvant à l’extérieur de la gaine d’ascenseur, du ou des emplacements de machinerie et du ou des locaux de poulies (mais dans leur environnement immédiat) ;
d) toute autre personne autorisée.
Le présent document n’est pas applicable :
e) aux ascenseurs fonctionnant avec des systèmes d’entraînement autres que ceux mentionnés ci-dessus ;
f) aux appareils de levage, tels que pater noster, ascenseurs de mines, élévateurs de machinerie théâtrale, appareils à engagement automatique, skips, ascenseurs et monte-matériaux des chantiers du bâtiment et des travaux publics, appareils élévateurs destinés à l’équipement des navires, plates-formes de recherche ou de forage en mer, appareils de construction et d’entretien ;
g) aux installations sur lesquelles l’inclinaison des guides par rapport à la verticale est supérieure à 15° ;
h) aux appareils de levage dont la vitesse nominale est inférieure ou égale à 0,15 m/s ;
i) à la sécurité durant le transport, l’installation, la réparation ou le démontage des ascenseurs.
Cependant, ce document peut être utilement employé comme référence.

Varnostna pravila za konstruiranje in vgradnjo dvigal (liftov) - Obstoječa dvigala - 80. del: Pravila za izboljšanje varnosti obstoječih osebnih in osebno-tovornih dvigal

1.1 Ta evropski standard določa pravila za izboljšanje obstoječih dvigal z namenom izpolnjevanja najnovejših zahtev splošne varnosti.
OPOMBA: Zaradi različnih dejavnikov, kot je zasnova stavbe itd., morda v vseh primerih ne bo mogoče zadostiti vsem novostim.
1.2 Ta standard upošteva varnostne zahteve direktiv, naštetih v bibliografiji, in serijo varnostnih standardov za dvigala EN 81.
OPOMBA: Standarde EN 81 za posamezne vrste uporabe, če so uradno sprejeti, je mogoče uporabiti kot osnovo za izboljšanje varnosti obstoječih dvigal. Vendar morda ni mogoče uporabiti vseh točk oziroma te niso »smiselno izvedljive« (glej opombo k točki 1.3).
1.3 Vsak nacionalni organ je odgovoren za uporabo tega standarda in določitev lastnega programa izvajanja po korakih (glej dodatek A (normativni)) na smiseln in izvedljiv način, ki temelji na:
¾ stopnja tveganja (npr. ekstremno, visoko, srednje, nizko);
¾ socialni in ekonomski vidiki.
OPOMBA: Izraz »smiselno izvedljivo« pomeni: »Pri odločanju, kaj je smiselno izvedljivo, naj bi resnost tveganja za poškodbe pretehtali glede na težave in stroške odstranjevanja ali zmanjšanja tega tveganja. Pri upoštevanju stroškov naj ne bi smela biti pomembna velikost, narava ali donosnost zadevnega podjetja. Kadar so zahtevnost in stroški veliki in je tveganje ocenjeno kot sorazmerno nepomembno, morda ni treba ukrepati. Po drugi strani pa naj bi, kadar je tveganje veliko, ukrepali za vsako ceno«.
1.4 Ta standard vključuje izboljšanje varnosti za:
a) uporabnike osebnih in osebno-tovornih dvigal;
b) osebje za vzdrževanje in pregled dvigal;
c) osebe zunaj jaška, strojnice in krmilne sobe (če obstajajo);
d) morebitne pooblaščene osebe.
1.5 Iz tega standarda so izključeni:
a) tračna in zobata dvigala, vijačna in verižna dvigala itd.;
b) dvižne naprave.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
31-Jan-2017
Publication Date
06-Oct-2019
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
30-Aug-2019
Due Date
04-Nov-2019
Completion Date
07-Oct-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 81-80:2019
01-november-2019
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 81-80:2004

Varnostna pravila za konstruiranje in vgradnjo dvigal (liftov) - Obstoječa dvigala -

80. del: Pravila za izboljšanje varnosti obstoječih osebnih in osebno-tovornih
dvigal

Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Existing lifts - Part 80: Rules for

the improvement of safety of existing passenger and goods passenger lifts
Sicherheitsregeln für die Konstruktion und den Einbau von Aufzügen - Bestehende

Aufzüge - Teil 80: Regeln für die Erhöhung der Sicherheit bestehender Personen- und

Lastenaufzüge

Règles de sécurité pour la construction et l’installation des élévateurs - Ascenseurs

existants - Partie 80 : Règles pour l’amélioration de la sécurité des ascenseurs et des

ascenseurs de charge existants
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 81-80:2019
ICS:
91.140.90 Dvigala. Tekoče stopnice Lifts. Escalators
SIST EN 81-80:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 81-80:2019
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SIST EN 81-80:2019
EN 81-80
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
August 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 91.140.90 Supersedes EN 81-80:2003
English Version
Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts -
Existing lifts - Part 80: Rules for the improvement of safety
of existing passenger and goods passenger lifts

Règles de sécurité pour la construction et l'installation Sicherheitsregeln für die Konstruktion und den Einbau

des élévateurs - Ascenseurs existants - Partie 80 : von Aufzügen - Bestehende Aufzüge - Teil 80: Regeln

Règles pour l'amélioration de la sécurité des für die Erhöhung der Sicherheit bestehender

ascenseurs et des ascenseurs de charge existants Personen- und Lastenaufzüge
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 1 March 2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 81-80:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 81-80:2019
EN 81-80:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7

4 List of significant hazards ............................................................................................................................ 7

4.1 Significant hazards dealt with by this document ................................................................................. 7

4.2 Significant hazards not dealt with by this document ...................................................................... 12

5 Methodology for improving the safety of existing lifts ................................................................... 12

5.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12

5.2 Identification of hazardous situations ................................................................................................. 13

5.3 Evaluation of hazardous situations ....................................................................................................... 13

5.4 Classification of priority levels ................................................................................................................ 15

6 Verification of safety measures and/or protective devices .......................................................... 17

7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 17

Annex A (normative) Safety checklist for existing lifts ............................................................................... 18

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 40

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SIST EN 81-80:2019
EN 81-80:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 81-80:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 10 “Lifts, escalators

and moving walks”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by February 2020, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by August 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 81-80:2003.

EN 81-80:2019 is a full revision of the standard which reflects developments since the publication of

EN 81-80:2003 and experience gained from its application. The main changes can be identified as:

— eleven new hazards have been added which are now covered in EN 81-20 or which have been

identified by risk assessment;

— due to these new hazards the numbering has been changed in order to keep a logical order of hazards

following the sequence in EN 81-20:—; however for tracking purposes the hazard numbers of

EN 81-80:2003 are listed in a separate column;

— the methodology for the identification of hazards, the evaluation of the hazardous situations and the

risk levels as well as the classification of priority levels including the filtering process have been

moved to Clause 5;

— all technical requirements for protective measures have been incorporated in the checklist in the

normative Annex A which combines now the previous chapter 5 and the previous checklist in

Annex A; this combination prevents duplication of technical requirements in the standard and allows

simplification of its use;

— the checklist also contains a column in which the risk levels and subsequent priority levels for items

in compliance with EN 81-1:1998 and EN 81-2:1998 or items upgraded according to EN 81-80:2003

are listed in relation to today’s state-of-the-art according to EN 81-20:—.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
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SIST EN 81-80:2019
EN 81-80:2019 (E)
Introduction

This document was developed to establish a methodology to specify at national level procedures for

improving the safety of existing lifts. A word of explanation:
a) Background of this document:

More than 6 million lifts are in use today (2019) in Europe and approximately 50 % were installed more

than 20 years ago.

Lifts were installed to the safety level appropriate at time of installation. This level is often lower than

today’s state-of-the-art for safety.

New technologies, experiences and social expectations have led to today's state-of-the-art for safety. This

has led to the situation today with different levels of safety, causing accidents. However, users and

authorized persons expect a common minimum level of safety wherever they go.

In addition, there is a growing trend for people to live longer and for disabled people to expect access and

design for all. Therefore it is especially important to provide a safe means of vertical transport for elderly

and disabled persons.

Lift attendants and in many cases building caretakers are not so common anymore, so it is important that

relevant safety features for the rescue of trapped persons should be provided.

Furthermore the life cycle of a lift is longer than most other transportation systems and building

equipment, which therefore means that lift design, performance and safety can fall behind modern

technologies. If existing lifts are upgraded to today's state-of-the-art for safety, the number of injuries is

very likely to decrease (especially in buildings which can be accessed by the general public).

b) The approach behind the creation of this document:
This document:

1) categorizes various hazards and hazardous situations, each of which has been analysed by a risk

assessment;

2) is intended to provide corrective actions to progressively and selectively improve, step by step,

the safety of all existing passenger and goods passenger lifts towards today’s state-of-the-art for

safety;

3) enables each lift to be audited and safety measures to be identified and implemented in a step by

step and selective fashion according to the frequency and severity of any single risk;

4) lists the high, medium and low risks and corrective actions which can be applied in separate

steps in order to mitigate the risks.

Other designs to previous national regulations or standards, providing they have an equivalent safety

level, may be acceptable.
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SIST EN 81-80:2019
EN 81-80:2019 (E)
c) Use of this document:
This document can be used as a guideline for:

1) national authorities to determine their own programme of implementation in a step by step

process via a filtering process (see Clause 5) in a reasonable and practicable way based on the

level of risk (e.g. high, medium, low) and social and economic considerations;
2) owners to follow their responsibilities according to existing regulations;

3) maintenance companies and/or inspection bodies to inform the owners on the safety level of

their installations and to propose risk reduction measures;

4) owners to upgrade their existing lifts on a voluntary basis in accordance with 3) if no regulations

exist.

NOTE 1 Owner of the installation: natural or legal person who has the power of disposal of the installation and

takes the responsibility for its operation and use.

In making an audit of an existing lift installation Annex A can be used to identify the hazards and

corrective actions in this document. However, where a hazardous situation is identified which is not

covered in this document a separate risk assessment should be made. This risk assessment should be

based on EN ISO 14798.

NOTE 2 The risk profile according to EN ISO 14798 has been slightly modified in order to define different

priorities for the upgrading of items on existing lifts depending on the risk levels of the existing means (see 5.3 and

5.4). The probability level D is covering a large range of probabilities between level C and level E. Due to this reason

the largest number of risks in existing lifts would fall into level D. Therefore level D has been split into 3 smaller

sub-levels C-D, D and D-E. Higher probalilities C-D which may lead to a high number of incidents are close to C and

therefore are considered with high priority for severities 1 and 2 and with medium priority for severity 3. Lower

probabilities D-E where only very few incidents may be expected being close to E are considered with medium

priority for severity 1 in between high for 1 D and low for 1 E and with low priority for severity 2 as for 2 E.

1) "Reasonable and practicable” is defined as follows: “In deciding what is reasonable and practicable the

seriousness of a risk to injury should be weighed against the difficulty and cost of removing or reducing that risk.

Where the difficulty and cost are high, and a careful assessment shows that the risk is rather low, short or medium

term action may not need to be taken. On the other hand where the risk is high, action should be taken at whatever

cost.”
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SIST EN 81-80:2019
EN 81-80:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This document gives a methodology for improving the safety of existing lifts with the aim of reaching an

equivalent level of safety to that of a newly installed lift by the application of today’s state-of-the-art for

safety.

NOTE Due to situations such as the building design, etc. it may not be possible in all cases to reach today’s state-

of-the-art for safety.

This document applies to permanently installed passenger or goods passenger lifts, with traction,

positive or hydraulic drive serving defined landing levels, having a car designed for the transportation of

persons or persons and goods and moving along guide rails inclined not more than 15° to the vertical.

This document includes the improvement of safety of existing lifts for:
a) passengers;
b) maintenance and inspection personnel;

c) persons outside the well, machinery space(s) and the pulley room(s) (but in their immediate

vicinity);
d) any other authorized persons.
This document is not applicable to:
e) lifts with drive systems others than those mentioned above;

f) lifting appliances such as paternosters, mine lifts, theatre lifts, appliances with automatic caging,

skips, lifts and hoists for building and public works sites, ships’ hoists, platforms for exploration or

drilling at sea, construction and maintenance appliances;

g) installations where the inclination of the guide rails to the vertical exceeds 15°;

h) lifting appliances with a rated speed lower than or equal to 0,15 m/s;
i) safety during transport, installation, repairs and dismantling of lifts.
However, this document can usefully be taken as a reference basis.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 81-20:—, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts — Lifts for the transport of persons

and goods — Part 20: Passenger and goods passenger lifts

EN 81-21:2018, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts — Lifts for the transport of persons

and goods — Part 21: New passenger and goods passenger lifts in existing building

Under preparation. Stage at time of publication: prEN 81-20:2018.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 81-80:2019
EN 81-80:2019 (E)

EN 81-28, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts — Lifts for the transport of persons and

goods — Part 28: Remote alarm on passenger and goods passenger lifts

EN 81-58, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts — Examination and tests - Part 58:

Landing doors fire resistance test

EN 81-72, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts — Particular applications for passenger

and goods passenger lifts — Part 72: Firefighters lifts

EN 81-73, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts — Particular applications for passenger

and goods passenger lifts — Part 73: Behaviour of lifts in the event of fire

EN 81-77, Safety rules for the construction and installations of lifts — Particular applications for passenger

and goods passenger lifts — Part 77: Lifts subject to seismic conditions

EN 81-82, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts — Existing lifts — Part 82: Rules for the

improvement of the accessibility of existing lifts for persons including persons with disability

CEN/TS 81-83, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts — Existing lifts — Part 83: Rules for

the improvement of the resistance against vandalism

EN ISO 13857:2008, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by

upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following term and definition apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
3.1
existing lift
lift which is in service
4 List of significant hazards
4.1 Significant hazards dealt with by this document

This clause contains all the significant hazards, hazardous situations and events, as far as they are dealt

with in this document, identified by risk assessments as significant for existing lifts and which require

action to eliminate or reduce the risk.
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SIST EN 81-80:2019
EN 81-80:2019 (E)
Table 1 — List of significant hazards
No. Hazard/Hazardous situation No. in
EN 81-80:2003
1 General
1.1 No or limited accessibility for disabled persons 2
1.2 No or inadequate vandal resistance 4
1.3 Inadequate firefighters lift Not covered
1.4 No or inadequate behaviour of the lift in the event of fire 5
1.5 No or inadequate earthquake resistance Not covered
1.6 Presence of harmful materials 1
2 Well
2.1 Inadequate locking devices on access, emergency and 8
inspection doors to well and pit
2.2 No stopping of car when access, emergency and inspection 8
doors to well or pit are opened
2.3 Well enclosures with perforate walls 6
2.4 Well enclosures with perforate walls near door locks 33
2.5 Partially enclosed well with too low enclosure 7
2.6 Inadequate vertical surface below landing door sills 9
2.7 Counterweight/balancing weight without safety gear in case 10
of accessible spaces below well
2.8 No or inadequate screen of counterweight/balancing weight 11
in the pit
2.9 No or inadequate partition in the pit for lifts in a common 12
well
2.10 No or inadequate partition between moving parts of lifts in a 13
common well
2.11 Insufficient refuge spaces and clearances in headroom 14
2.12 Insufficient refuge spaces and clearances in pit 14
2.13 No or inadequate means to enter the pit 15
2.14 No or inadequate lighting of the well 17
2.15 No or inadequate stopping device in the pit 16
2.16 No alarm initiation devices in pit and on car roof 18
2.17 Excessive horizontal distance between the inner surface of 58
the well and the sill, door frame of the car or closing edge of
car sliding doors
2.18 Excessive horizontal distance between car door and landing 59
door
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SIST EN 81-80:2019
EN 81-80:2019 (E)
No. Hazard/Hazardous situation No. in
EN 81-80:2003
2.19 Too large distance between leading edges of car and landing Not covered
doors
3 Machinery spaces and pulley rooms
3.1 No or unsafe means of access to machinery spaces and pulley 19
rooms
3.2 Inadequate lighting in machinery spaces and pulley rooms 23
3.3 No or inadequate stopping device(s) in the pulley room 16
3.4 Inadequate suspension points for handling of equipment in 24
machinery spaces and top of the well
3.5 Slippery floor in machinery spaces or pulley rooms 20
3.6 Insufficient horizontal or vertical clearances in machinery 21
spaces
3.7 No or inadequate protection on different levels and recesses 22
in the machine room
3.8 No or inadequate intercom system between car and the 72
location of the emergency operation
4 Landing doors and car doors
4.1 Perforate landing doors 25
4.2 Perforate car doors 25
4.3 Inadequate strength of landing doors 26
4.4 Inadequate strength of car doors Not covered
4.5 Inadequate glass in landing doors other than vision panels 27
4.6 Inadequate glass in car doors other than vision panels 27
4.7 Inadequate glass vision panels in landing doors 27
4.8 Inadequate glass vision panels in car doors 27
4.9 No or inadequate protective device (e.g. light curtain) for re- 30
opening of power operated car and landing sliding doors
4.10 No or inadequate protective device (150 N) for re-opening of 30
power operated sliding doors
4.11 No or inadequate protective device (150 N) for re-opening of Not covered
power operated doors other than sliding doors
4.12 No or inadequate means against dragging of children hands 28
in horizontally sliding car doors or landing doors with glass
4.13 No or inadequate lighting on landings 29
4.14 No safe locking device on landing door 31
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SIST EN 81-80:2019
EN 81-80:2019 (E)
No. Hazard/Hazardous situation No. in
EN 81-80:2003
4.15 No special device (e.g. triangular key) for emergency 32
unlocking of landing door
4.16 No or inadequate self-closing and locking of the landing door 34
after opening for whatever reason when the car is outside the
unlocking zone
4.17 Inadequate link between multiple panels of landing doors 35
(missing interlink or missing locking)
4.18 Inadequate fire resistance of landing doors 36
4.19 Car door moving with open (hinged) landing door 37
4.20 Car without door(s) 40
4.21 No car door restrictor where the landing door locking device Not covered
is accessible when the car door is opened outside of the door
zone
5 Car, counterweight and balancing weight
5.1 Large car area in relation to rated load 38
5.2 No car apron or inadequate length of car apron 39
5.3 Unsafe locking of emergency trap door on the car 41
5.4 Insufficient strength of car roof and emergency trap door 42
5.5 No or inadequate protection against falling from car roof 43
5.6 Insufficient ventilation in car 44
5.7 Inadequate lighting in car 45
5.8 No or inadequate emergency lighting in car 46
5.9 No emergency lighting on the car roof Not covered
5.10 No or inadequate load control 73
5.11 No or inadequate remote alarm system 71
6 Suspension means, compensation means, precautions against free fall,
excessive overspeed, unintended car movement and creeping of the car
6.1 No or inadequate protection against injury from traction 47
sheaves, pulleys or sprockets
6.2 No or inadequate protection against rope/chains leaving the 48
sheaves, pulleys or sprockets
6.3 No or inadequate protection against the introduction of 49
objects between ropes/chains and sheaves, pulleys or
sprockets
6.4 No or inadequate protection against free fall or descent with 50
excessive speed
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6.5 No or inadequate protection means against ascending car 52
overspeed on traction drive lifts with counterweight
6.6 No or inadequate protection means against unintended car 53
movement with open doors
6.7 No or inadequate protection against creeping on hydraulic 54
lifts
6.8 No or inadequate slack rope switch for governor rope 51
6.9 No or inadequate slack rope/chain detection device 63
7 Guide rails, buffers and final limit switches
7.1 Inadequate guidance system for counterweight or balancing 55
weight
7.2 No or inadequate buffers 56
7.3 No or inadequate final limit switches 57
8 Lift machine
8.1 Inadequate machine brake (only one brake set) Not covered
8.2 No or inadequate emergency operation system 60
8.3 No or inadequate means for stopping the machine and 62
checking its stopped position
8.4 No motor run-time limiter 64
8.5 No shut-off valve (hydraulic lifts) 61
8.6 No or inadequate low cylinder pressure device on hydraulic 65
lifts
9 Electric installations and appliances
9.1 Insufficient protection against electric shock (direct contact) 66
9.2 Insufficient marking of connection terminals which remain 66
live after switching off the main switch
9.3 No or inadequate protection against overheating of lift 67
machine motor
9.4 No lockable main switch 68
9.5 No or inadequate stopping device at the machine in the Not covered
machinery space
10 Protection against electric faults, controls, priorities
10.1 No earth fault protection in circuits with electric safety Not covered
devices or in circuits controlling the brake or the down valve
10.2 No protection against phase reversal 69
10.3 Inadequate levelling and/or stopping accuracy 3
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10.4 No or inadequate inspection control station and stopping 70
device on the car roof
10.5 No or inadequate inspection control station in the pit Not covered
11 Notices, markings and operating instructions
11.1 Missing notices, markings and operating instructions 74
4.2 Significant hazards not dealt with by this document
— Fire in well, machinery spaces and pulley rooms;
— environmental conditions including e.g. flooding;
— electromagnetic compatibility;
— cutting due to sharp edges.
5 Methodology for improving the safety of existing lifts
5.1 General

All technical solutions for upgrading existing lifts shall be aligned as much as possible to the state-of-the-

art solutions applicable for new lifts. The requirements and/or protective measures documented in

today's state-of-the-art standards for new lifts shall not be considered as the only possible solution.

Alternatives are permitted, provided they lead to an equivalent safety level. Although immediate

upgrading of all existing lifts to the state-of-the-art would be preferable from the safety point of view, this

may not be possible in a short period of time mainly due to economic reasons.

This document does not provide legally binding requirements for measures to be carried out or for the

period of time for such measures. Such obligations for existing lifts are subject to national legislation. The

procedures described in this clause are intended to assist in setting up national regulations and/or

providing a systematic approach to the lift owners for increasing the safety of existing lifts by showing:

— how to identify hazards;
— how to evaluate the existing hazardous situations; and

— how to classify priority levels which apply to the relevant hazards and risk reduction measures.

Where the requirements of this document cannot be met and a residual risk remains, or cannot be

avoided, then appropriate measures such as signs, instructions and training shall be given.

For specific safety requirements such as accessibility (see EN 81-82), requirements against vandalism

(see CEN/TS 81-83), firefighters lifts, behaviour of lifts in the event of fire, seismic requirements and the

treatment of harmful materials, this standard does not provide detailed rules for these applications. In

these cases the conditions in the building shall be checked to see what is relevant and practical to be

applied for lifts.

Before upgrading a lift by one or several of the appropriate measures, the consequences to other parts of

the lift shall be considered. This may lead to further modifications to align the interfaces and to prevent

lowering the safety in other areas of the lift.
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After the upgrading of a lift by one or several of the appropriate measures the remaining hazardous

situations should be documented and recorded for future upgrades and general awareness to manage

any residual risks.

In a periodic scheme or whenever the use of the lift has changed, a new audit should be carried out in

order to check whether the previous assessment needs to be updated.
5.2 Identification of hazardous situations

Annex A contains a checklist which shall be used for identification of the hazardous situations relevant

for an individual lift. This list contains all hazardous situations indicated in 4.1. The hazard

...

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