Plastics - Acquisition and presentation of comparable multipoint data - Part 3: Environmental influences on properties (ISO 11403-3:2021)

This document specifies test procedures for the acquisition and presentation of multipoint data which
demonstrate the behaviour of plastics under the following environments:
— prolonged exposure to heat;
— liquid chemicals;
— environmental stress cracking under a constant tensile stress;
— artificial weathering.
The tests are listed in order of increasing severity of the environment. By testing under the least severe
environments first, it is possible to make informed judgements regarding whether tests under more
severe conditions are worthwhile.

Kunststoffe - Ermittlung und Darstellung von vergleichbaren Vielpunkt-Kennwerten - Teil 3: Umgebungseinflüsse auf Eigenschaften (ISO 11403-3:2021)

Dieses Dokument legt Prüfverfahren für die Ermittlung und Darstellung von Vielpunkt Kennwerten fest, die das Verhalten von Kunststoffen gegenüber den folgenden Umgebungseinflüssen darstellen:
- langanhaltende Wärmeeinwirkung;
- flüssige Chemikalien;
- umgebungsbedingte Spannungsrissbildung unter konstanter Zugspannung;
- künstliche Bewitterung.
Die Prüfungen sind in der Reihenfolge zunehmender Schärfe der Umgebungseinflüsse aufgeführt. Durch anfängliche Prüfung bei den am wenigsten scharfen Umgebungseinflüssen ist es möglich, fundierte Entscheidungen zu treffen, ob Prüfungen unter schärferen Bedingungen sinnvoll sind.

Plastiques - Acquisition et présentation de données multiples comparables - Partie 3: Effets induits par l'environnement sur les propriétés (ISO 11403-3:2021)

Polimerni materiali - Pridobitev in predstavitev primerljivih podatkov, dobljenih pri različnih pogojih - 3. del: Vplivi okolja na lastnosti (ISO 11403-3:2021)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
21-Oct-2020
Publication Date
21-Jul-2021
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
21-Jul-2021
Due Date
25-Sep-2021
Completion Date
22-Jul-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
01-september-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2014

Polimerni materiali - Pridobitev in predstavitev primerljivih podatkov, dobljenih pri

različnih pogojih - 3. del: Vplivi okolja na lastnosti (ISO 11403-3:2021)
Plastics - Acquisition and presentation of comparable multipoint data - Part 3:
Environmental influences on properties (ISO 11403-3:2021)

Kunststoffe - Ermittlung und Darstellung von vergleichbaren Vielpunkt-Kennwerten - Teil

3: Umgebungseinflüsse auf Eigenschaften (ISO 11403-3:2021)

Plastiques - Acquisition et présentation de données multiples comparables - Partie 3:

Effets induits par l'environnement sur les propriétés (ISO 11403-3:2021)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 11403-3:2021
ICS:
83.080.01 Polimerni materiali na Plastics in general
splošno
SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
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SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
EN ISO 11403-3
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
June 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 83.080.01 Supersedes EN ISO 11403-3:2014
English Version
Plastics - Acquisition and presentation of comparable
multipoint data - Part 3: Environmental influences on
properties (ISO 11403-3:2021)

Plastiques - Acquisition et présentation de données Kunststoffe - Ermittlung und Darstellung von

multiples comparables - Partie 3: Effets induits par vergleichbaren Vielpunkt-Kennwerten - Teil 3:

l'environnement sur les propriétés (ISO 11403- Umgebungseinflüsse auf Eigenschaften (ISO 11403-

3:2021) 3:2021)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 6 June 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 11403-3:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
EN ISO 11403-3:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
EN ISO 11403-3:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 11403-3:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 61 "Plastics"

in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 249 “Plastics” the secretariat of which is held by

NBN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2021, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 11403-3:2014.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 11403-3:2021 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 11403-3:2021 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
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SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 11403-3
Third edition
2021-06
Plastics — Acquisition and
presentation of comparable
multipoint data —
Part 3:
Environmental influences on
properties
Plastiques — Acquisition et présentation de données multiples
comparables —
Partie 3: Effets induits par l'environnement sur les propriétés
Reference number
ISO 11403-3:2021(E)
ISO 2021
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SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
ISO 11403-3:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
ISO 11403-3:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Specimen preparation .................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Conditioning .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

6 Test requirements ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.2 Indicative properties and indicative data ........................................................................................................................ 4

6.3 Test specimens ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.4 Test speed .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.5 Prolonged exposure to heat: ISO 2578 ............................................................................................................................... 4

6.6 Liquid chemicals .................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

[10]

6.7 Environmental stress cracking under constant tensile stress: ISO 22088 ................................ 6

6.8 Artificial weathering: ISO 4892-2 .......................................................................................................................................... 8

6.9 Set of exposure conditions 1: Open air .............................................................................................................................. 8

6.10 Set of exposure conditions 2: Behind glass, low temperature ....................................................................... 8

6.11 Set of exposure conditions 3: Behind glass, high temperature ..................................................................... 9

7 Presentation of data .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

8 Precision ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

Annex A (informative) Information relating to certain test requirements ...............................................................12

Annex B (normative) Chemicals for chemical resistance and environmental stress cracking

resistance tests ....................................................................................................................................................................................................14

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
ISO 11403-3:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 61, Plastics, Subcommittee SC 2,

Mechanical behaviour, in collaboration with the European Committee for Standardization (CEN)

Technical Committee CEN/TC 249, Plastics, in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation

between ISO and CEN (Vienna Agreement).

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 11403-3:2014), of which it constitutes a

minor revision.
The changes compared to the previous edition are as follows:
— unified the indication methods of the unit;
— unified the quotation of the specimen shape in ISO 20753;
— performed the editorial corrections.
A list of all parts in the ISO 11403 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
ISO 11403-3:2021(E)
Introduction

This document has been prepared because users of plastics find sometimes that available data cannot

be used readily to compare the properties of similar materials, especially when the data have been

supplied by different sources. Even when the same standard tests have been used, they often allow

the adoption of a wide range of alternative test conditions, and the data obtained are not necessarily

comparable. The purpose of this document is to identify specific methods and conditions of test to be

used for the acquisition and presentation of data in order that valid comparisons between materials

can be made. These data are not necessarily suitable for design.
[7][8]

The ISO 10350 series is concerned with single-point data. Such data represent the most basic

method for characterizing materials and are useful for the initial stages of material selection. This

document identifies test conditions and procedures for the measurement and presentation of a more

substantial quantity of data. Each property here is characterized by multipoint data which demonstrate

how that property depends upon important variables such as time, temperature and environmental

effects. Additional properties are also considered in this document. These data therefore enable more

discriminating decisions to be made regarding the material's suitability for a particular application.

Some data are also considered adequate for undertaking predictions of performance in service and

of optimum processing conditions for moulding a component, although it should be recognized that,

for purposes of design, additional data are often needed. One reason for this is that some properties

are strongly dependent upon the physical structure of the material. The test procedures referred to in

this document employ standard test specimens, and the polymer structure in these specimens may be

significantly different from that in specific regions of a moulded component. Under these circumstances,

therefore, the data are not suitable for accurate design calculations for product performance. The

material supplier should be consulted for specific information on the applicability of data.

The ISO 10350 series together with the ISO 11403 series define the means for acquiring and presenting

a core set of comparable data for use in material selection. Use of these International Standards should

result in a rationalization of effort and a reduction of cost associated with provision of these data.

Furthermore, reference to these International Standards simplify the development of data models for

the computerized storage and exchange of data concerning material properties.

Where appropriate, values for test variables have been specified by this document. For some tests

however, owing to the wide range of conditions over which different plastics perform, the standard

gives guidance in the selection of certain test conditions so that they cover the operating range for that

polymer. Because, in general, the properties and performance specifications for different polymers

differ widely, there is no obligation to generate data under all the test conditions specified in this

document.

Data on a wide range of properties are needed to enable plastics to be selected and used in the large

variety of applications to which they are suited. ISO standards describe experimental procedures

which are suitable for the acquisition of relevant information on many of these properties. For other

properties, however, ISO standards either do not exist or exhibit shortcomings that complicate their use

at present for the generation of comparable data (see Annex A). The ISO 11403 series has therefore been

divided into parts so that each part can be developed independently. In this way, additional properties

can be included as new or revised standards become available.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
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SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 11403-3:2021(E)
Plastics — Acquisition and presentation of comparable
multipoint data —
Part 3:
Environmental influences on properties
1 Scope

This document specifies test procedures for the acquisition and presentation of multipoint data which

demonstrate the behaviour of plastics under the following environments:
— prolonged exposure to heat;
— liquid chemicals;
— environmental stress cracking under a constant tensile stress;
— artificial weathering.

The tests are listed in order of increasing severity of the environment. By testing under the least severe

environments first, it is possible to make informed judgements regarding whether tests under more

severe conditions are worthwhile.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 175, Plastics — Methods of test for the determination of the effects of immersion in liquid chemicals

ISO 293, Plastics — Compression moulding of test specimens of thermoplastic materials

ISO 294-1, Plastics — Injection moulding of test specimens of thermoplastic materials — Part 1: General

principles, and moulding of multipurpose and bar test specimens

ISO 294-2, Plastics — Injection moulding of test specimens of thermoplastic materials — Part 2: Small

tensile bars

ISO 295, Plastics — Compression moulding of test specimens of thermosetting materials

ISO 1268 (all parts), Fibre-reinforced plastics — Methods of producing test plates

ISO 1817, Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic — Determination of the effect of liquids

ISO 2578, Plastics — Determination of time-temperature limits after prolonged exposure to heat

ISO 4892-2:2013, Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources — Part 2: Xenon-arc lamps

ISO 10724-1, Plastics — Injection moulding of test specimens of thermosetting powder moulding compounds

(PMCs) — Part 1: General principles and moulding of multipurpose test specimens

ISO 10724-2, Plastics — Injection moulding of test specimens of thermosetting powder moulding compounds

(PMCs) — Part 2: Small plates
ISO 20753, Plastics — Test specimens
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
ISO 11403-3:2021(E)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
multipoint data

data characterizing the behaviour of a plastics material by means of a number of test results for a

property measured over a range of test conditions
3.2
indicative property

property that has been selected to reveal the influence of an environment on a material through a

comparison of measurements of the property before and after exposure
3.3
indicative data
ratios of mean values of indicative properties after and before exposure

Note 1 to entry: They give a measure of the severity of the influence of an environment on a material for specific

exposure conditions (see A.2).
3.4
tensile work to break

area under a plot of the applied stress against the grip displacement in a tensile test, the applied stress

being determined from the ratio of the tensile force to the minimum initial cross-sectional area of the

specimen
Note 1 to entry: It is expressed in kilojoules per square metre (kJ/m ).
4 Specimen preparation

In the preparation of specimens by injection or compression moulding, the procedures described in

ISO 293, ISO 294-1, ISO 294-2, ISO 295, ISO 10724-1, ISO 10724-2 or ISO 1268 (all parts) shall be used.

The method of moulding and the conditions depend on the material being moulded. If these conditions

are specified in the International Standard appropriate to the material, then they shall be adopted,

where possible, for the preparation of every specimen on which data are obtained using this document.

For those plastics for which moulding conditions have not yet been standardized, the conditions

employed shall be within the range recommended by the polymer manufacturer and shall, for each of

the processing methods, be the same for every specimen. Where moulding conditions are not stipulated

in any International Standard, the values used for the parameters in Table 1 shall be recorded with the

data for that material.
2 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
ISO 11403-3:2021(E)
Table 1 — Moulding parameters
Type of moulding ma- Moulding method and Moulding parameters
terial standard (where applicable)
Thermoplastic Injection, ISO 294-1 and Melt temperature
ISO 294-2
Mould temperature
Injection velocity
Thermoplastic Compression, ISO 293 Moulding temperature
Moulding time
Cooling rate
Demoulding temperature
Thermosetting Injection, ISO 10724-1 and Injection temperature
ISO 10724-2
Mould temperature
Injection velocity
Cure time
Thermosetting Compression, ISO 295 Mould temperature
Moulding pressure
Cure time
Plastics composites Test plate production, Fibre content
ISO 1268 (all parts)
Mould temperature
Moulding pressure
Cure time
5 Conditioning

For materials having properties that are significantly dependent upon the concentration of absorbed

water, specimens shall be in equilibrium with an atmosphere of (50 ± 5) % RH at (23 ± 2) °C before

exposure to the environment, and for indicative property measurements prior to exposure (see

the note) with the exception of tests for prolonged exposure to heat (see 6.5). For these materials,

consult the relevant material standard for procedures for conditioning specimens. For materials with

properties that are not significantly sensitive to absorbed water, specimens shall be conditioned in

accordance with the International Standard appropriate to the material. If no materials standard is

available, condition test specimens at (23 ± 2) °C and (50 ± 10) % RH for a minimum length of time of

88 h (see ISO 291). Reference to the use of any special conditioning shall be recorded with the data in

the tables in Clause 7.

NOTE The water content can change during exposure to an environment, either through exposure to an

elevated temperature or, in the case of exposure to a chemical, through exchange of water with the chemical.

6 Test requirements
6.1 General

In acquiring data for the properties included in this document, the exposure procedures described in

the corresponding ISO test standard for each property shall be followed.

Where tests are carried out at temperatures other than 23 °C, temperature values shall be chosen from

the series of integral multiples of 10 °C.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
ISO 11403-3:2021(E)
6.2 Indicative properties and indicative data
See A.2.

For each of the test requirements in 6.5 to 6.8, data shall be recorded as ratios of certain indicative

property values obtained at 23 °C before and after specified conditions of exposure. The tensile strength

and the tensile work to break are indicative properties that are common to each of the environmental

exposure tests. The tensile strength is either the yield stress σ or, for brittle materials, the stress

at break σ (see ISO 527-1) and is determined by dividing the value for the force at yield or break by

the minimum initial cross-sectional area of the specimen in the waisted region. The tensile work to

break W is determined from a conventional tensile test used to obtain the tensile strength and is

normalized with respect to the minimum initial cross-sectional area of the specimen. In this document,

all indicative data are recorded as a ratio of a measurement after exposure to a measurement prior

to exposure. It is therefore not necessary to specify units for indicative property measurements but

clearly these shall be consistent throughout a series of measurements of each property.

6.3 Test specimens
See A.2 and A.3.

For the determination of indicative properties, either the ISO 20753/A11 multipurpose test specimen or

the ISO 20753/CW13 (or CW23) small tensile specimen (see Figure 1) may be used. The small specimen

shall have a thickness of 3 mm ± 0,1 mm and is recommended for materials that exhibit ductile failure

prior to exposure (see A.2). The small specimen may be prepared by injection moulding (see ISO 294-2

for thermoplastics), or by machining the shape from sheet or compression moulded plates having a

thickness of 3 mm ± 0,1 mm (see ISO 2818). Where appropriate, the moulding conditions specified in

the relevant material standard shall be used. For the determination of environmental stress cracking

resistance (see 6.7), the multipurpose test specimen shall be used, machined where necessary as shown

in Figure 2 (see also A.5).
6.4 Test speed

For polymers that, prior to exposure, show no yielding and have a strain at break ε less than or equal

to 10 % when tested at a speed of 50 mm/min (see ISO 527-1), a test speed of 5 mm/min ± 1 mm/min

shall be used with the multipurpose test specimen and 1 mm/min ± 0,2 mm/min with the small tensile

specimen. For materials that yield, or where ε > 10 % before exposure, these speeds shall be 50 mm/

min ± 10 mm/min and 10 mm/min ± 2 mm/min respectively for the two specimen types.

The test speeds for indicative property measurements after exposure to the environment shall be the

same as those adopted for tests prior to exposure and shall be recorded with the data in Clause 7.

6.5 Prolonged exposure to heat: ISO 2578

For materials that absorb moisture, specimens shall be as moulded and contained so as to avoid changes

in water content prior to all thermal exposures and reference tests.
The indicative properties are:
— 1: the tensile strength σ or σ (see 6.2);
Y B
— 2: the tensile work to break W (see 6.2).

Determine the reference values of each indicative property at (23 ± 2) °C, using a minimum of five

specimens (see also 6.4).

Expose specimens to elevated temperatures selected to enable thermal endurance profiles to be

determined.

After exposure, specimens shall be stored at (23 ± 2) °C for between 16 h and 96 h before the

measurement of indicative properties. For materials that absorb moisture, the specimens shall be

4 © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 11403-3:2021
ISO 11403-3:2021(E)

sealed during this time interval in order to prevent any change in the moisture content. Determine the

thermal endurance graphs corresponding to a threshold value of 50 % of each indicative property. A

minimum of five specimens shall be used at each exposure time, a minimum of five exposure times for

each indicative property at each temperature and a minimum of four temperatures for determining the

profile for each property.

NOTE Some of the exposure times can yield results that can be used for the determination of both of the

property profiles.

Record the temperature index TI corresponding to a time limit of 20 000 h and the halving interval HIC

for each indicative property as sho
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN ISO 11403-3:2020
01-oktober-2020

Polimerni materiali - Pridobitev in predstavitev primerljivih podatkov, dobljenih pri

različnih pogojih - 3. del: Vplivi okolja na lastnosti (ISO/DIS 11403-3:2020)
Plastics - Acquisition and presentation of comparable multipoint data - Part 3:
Environmental influences on properties (ISO/DIS 11403-3:2020)

Kunststoffe - Ermittlung und Darstellung von vergleichbaren Vielpunkt-Kennwerten - Teil

3: Umgebungseinflüsse auf Eigenschaften (ISO/DIS 11403-3:2020)

Plastiques - Acquisition et présentation de données multiples comparables - Partie 3:

Effets induits par l'environnement sur les propriétés (ISO/DIS 11403-3:2020)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN ISO 11403-3
ICS:
83.080.01 Polimerni materiali na Plastics in general
splošno
oSIST prEN ISO 11403-3:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 11403-3:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST prEN ISO 11403-3:2020
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD
ISO/DIS 11403-3
ISO/TC 61/SC 2 Secretariat: KATS
Voting begins on: Voting terminates on:
2020-07-06 2020-09-28
Plastics — Acquisition and presentation of comparable
multipoint data —
Part 3:
Environmental influences on properties
Plastiques — Acquisition et présentation de données multiples comparables —
Partie 3: Effets induits par l'environnement sur les propriétés
ICS: 83.080.01
THIS DOCUMENT IS A DRAFT CIRCULATED
This document is circulated as received from the committee secretariat.
FOR COMMENT AND APPROVAL. IT IS
THEREFORE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AND MAY
NOT BE REFERRED TO AS AN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD UNTIL PUBLISHED AS SUCH.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
ISO/CEN PARALLEL PROCESSING
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL,
TECHNOLOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND
USER PURPOSES, DRAFT INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDS MAY ON OCCASION HAVE TO
BE CONSIDERED IN THE LIGHT OF THEIR
POTENTIAL TO BECOME STANDARDS TO
WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
Reference number
NATIONAL REGULATIONS.
ISO/DIS 11403-3:2020(E)
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED
TO SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS,
NOTIFICATION OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT
RIGHTS OF WHICH THEY ARE AWARE AND TO
PROVIDE SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION. ISO 2020
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oSIST prEN ISO 11403-3:2020
ISO/DIS 11403-3:2020(E)
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© ISO 2020

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oSIST prEN ISO 11403-3:2020
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Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Specimen preparation .................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Conditioning .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

6 Test requirements ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

6.2 Indicative properties and indicative data (see Clause A.1) .............................................................................. 4

6.3 Test specimens (see Clauses A.1 and A.2) ....................................................................................................................... 4

6.4 Test speed .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6.5 Prolonged exposure to heat: ISO 2578 ............................................................................................................................... 4

6.6 Liquid chemicals: ISO 175 ............................................................................................................................................................. 5

6.7 Environmental stress cracking under constant tensile stress: ISO 22088 (see

Clauses A.4 and A.5) ........................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.8 Artificial weathering: ISO 4892-2 (see Clause A.3) ................................................................................................. 8

6.9 Set of exposure conditions 1: Open air .............................................................................................................................. 8

6.10 Set of exposure conditions 2: Behind glass, low temperature ....................................................................... 8

6.11 Set of exposure conditions 3: Behind glass, high temperature ..................................................................... 8

7 Presentation of data .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

8 Precision ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................10

Annex A (informative) Information relating to certain test requirements ...............................................................11

Annex B (informative) Chemicals for chemical resistance and environmental stress

cracking resistance tests ...........................................................................................................................................................................13

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................14

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oSIST prEN ISO 11403-3:2020
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Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 61, Plastics, Subcommittee SC 2,

Mechanical behaviour.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO 11403-3:2014), of which it constitutes a

minor revision.
A list of all parts in the ISO 11403 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
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Introduction

This International Standard has been prepared because users of plastics find sometimes that available

data cannot be used readily to compare the properties of similar materials, especially when the data

have been supplied by different sources. Even when the same standard tests have been used, they

often allow the adoption of a wide range of alternative test conditions, and the data obtained are not

necessarily comparable. The purpose of this International Standard is to identify specific methods and

conditions of test to be used for the acquisition and presentation of data in order that valid comparisons

between materials can be made. These data are not necessarily suitable for design.

[4][5]

ISO 10350 is concerned with single-point data. Such data represent the most basic method

for characterizing materials and are useful for the initial stages of material selection. The present

International Standard identifies test conditions and procedures for the measurement and presentation

of a more substantial quantity of data. Each property here is characterized by multipoint data which

demonstrate how that property depends upon important variables such as time, temperature and

environmental effects. Additional properties are also considered in this standard. These data therefore

enable more discriminating decisions to be made regarding the material's suitability for a particular

application. Some data are also considered adequate for undertaking predictions of performance

in service and of optimum processing conditions for moulding a component, although it should be

recognized that, for purposes of design, additional data will often be needed. One reason for this is

that some properties are strongly dependent upon the physical structure of the material. The test

procedures referred to in this standard employ standard test specimens, and the polymer structure in

these specimens may be significantly different from that in specific regions of a moulded component.

Under these circumstances, therefore, the data will not be suitable for accurate design calculations

for product performance. The material supplier should be consulted for specific information on the

applicability of data.

ISO 10350 and the various parts of this International Standard together define the means for acquiring

and presenting a core set of comparable data for use in material selection. Use of these standards

should result in a rationalization of effort and a reduction of cost associated with provision of these

data. Furthermore, reference to these standards will simplify the development of data models for the

computerized storage and exchange of data concerning material properties.

Where appropriate, values for test variables have been specified by this standard. For some tests

however, owing to the wide range of conditions over which different plastics perform, the standard

gives guidance in the selection of certain test conditions so that they cover the operating range for that

polymer. Because, in general, the properties and performance specifications for different polymers

differ widely, there is no obligation to generate data under all the test conditions specified in this

standard.

Data on a wide range of properties are needed to enable plastics to be selected and used in the large

variety of applications to which they are suited. ISO standards describe experimental procedures

which are suitable for the acquisition of relevant information on many of these properties. For other

properties, however, ISO standards either do not exist or exhibit shortcomings that complicate their

use at present for the generation of comparable data (see Annex A). The standard has therefore been

divided into parts so that each part can be developed independently. In this way, additional properties

can be included as new or revised standards become available.
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oSIST prEN ISO 11403-3:2020
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/DIS 11403-3:2020(E)
Plastics — Acquisition and presentation of comparable
multipoint data —
Part 3:
Environmental influences on properties
1 Scope

This document specifies test procedures for the acquisition and presentation of multipoint data which

demonstrate the behaviour of plastics under the following environments:
— prolonged exposure to heat;
— liquid chemicals;
— environmental stress cracking under a constant tensile stress;
— artificial weathering.

The tests are listed in order of increasing severity of the environment. By testing under the least severe

environments first, it is possible to make informed judgements regarding whether tests under more

severe conditions are worthwhile.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 175, Plastics — Methods of test for the determination of the effects of immersion in liquid chemicals

ISO 291, Plastics — Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing

ISO 293, Plastics — Compression moulding of test specimens of thermoplastic materials

ISO 294-1, Plastics — Injection moulding of test specimens of thermoplastic materials — Part 1: General

principles, and moulding of multipurpose and bar test specimens

ISO 294-2, Plastics — Injection moulding of test specimens of thermoplastic materials — Part 2: Small

tensile bars

ISO 295, Plastics — Compression moulding of test specimens of thermosetting materials

ISO 527-1, Plastics — Determination of tensile properties — Part 1: General principles

ISO 1268 (all parts), Fibre-reinforced plastics — Methods of producing test plates

ISO 1817, Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic — Determination of the effect of liquids

ISO 2578, Plastics — Determination of time-temperature limits after prolonged exposure to heat

ISO 2818, Plastics — Preparation of test specimens by machining

ISO 4892-2:2013, Plastics — Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources — Part 2: Xenon-arc lamps

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ISO 10724-1, Plastics — Injection moulding of test specimens of thermosetting powder moulding compounds

(PMCs) — Part 1: General principles and moulding of multipurpose test specimens

ISO 10724-2, Plastics — Injection moulding of test specimens of thermosetting powder moulding compounds

(PMCs) — Part 2: Small plates

ISO 11403-1, Plastics — Acquisition and presentation of comparable multipoint data — Part 1: Mechanical

properties
ISO 20753, Plastics — Test specimens
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
3.1
multipoint data

data characterizing the behaviour of a plastics material by means of a number of test results for a

property measured over a range of test conditions
3.2
indicative property

property that has been selected to reveal the influence of an environment on a material through a

comparison of measurements of the property before and after exposure
3.3
indicative data
ratios of mean values of indicative properties after and before exposure

Note 1 to entry: They give a measure of the severity of the influence of an environment on a material for specific

exposure conditions (see Clause A.1).
3.4
tensile work to break

area under a plot of the applied stress against the grip displacement in a tensile test, the applied stress

being determined from the ratio of the tensile force to the minimum initial cross-sectional area of the

specimen
Note 1 to entry: It is expressed in kilojoules per square metre (kJ/m ).
4 Specimen preparation

In the preparation of specimens by injection or compression moulding, the procedures described in

ISO 293, ISO 294-1, ISO 294-2, ISO 295, ISO 10724-1, ISO 10724-2 or ISO 1268 shall be used. The method

of moulding and the conditions depend on the material being moulded. If these conditions are specified

in the International Standard appropriate to the material, then they shall be adopted, where possible, for

the preparation of every specimen on which data are obtained using this document. For those plastics

for which moulding conditions have not yet been standardized, the conditions employed shall be within

the range recommended by the polymer manufacturer and shall, for each of the processing methods,

be the same for every specimen. Where moulding conditions are not stipulated in any International

Standard, the values used for the parameters in Table 1 shall be recorded with the data for that material.

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Table 1 — Moulding parameters
Type of moulding Moulding method and Moulding parameters
material standard (where applicable)
Thermoplastic Injection, ISO 294-1 and Melt temperature
ISO 294−2
Mould temperature
Injection velocity
Thermoplastic Compression, ISO 293 Moulding temperature
Moulding time
Cooling rate
Demoulding temperature
Thermosetting Injection, ISO 10724-1 and Injection temperature
ISO 10724−2
Mould temperature
Injection velocity
Cure time
Thermosetting Compression, ISO 295 Mould temperature
Moulding pressure
Cure time
Plastics composites Test plate production, ISO 1268 Fibre content
Mould temperature
Moulding pressure
Cure time
5 Conditioning

For materials having properties that are significantly dependent upon the concentration of absorbed

water, specimens shall be in equilibrium with an atmosphere of (50 ± 5) % RH at 23 °C before exposure

to the environment, and for indicative property measurements prior to exposure (see the note) with

the exception of tests for prolonged exposure to heat (see 6.5). For these materials, consult the relevant

material standard for procedures for conditioning specimens. For materials with properties that are

not significantly sensitive to absorbed water, specimens shall be conditioned in accordance with the

International Standard appropriate to the material. If no materials standard is available, condition test

specimens at 23 °C ± 2 °C and (50 ± 10) % RH for a minimum length of time of 88 h (see ISO 291).

Reference to the use of any special conditioning shall be recorded with the data in the tables in Clause 7.

NOTE The water content may change during exposure to an environment, either through exposure to an

elevated temperature or, in the case of exposure to a chemical, through exchange of water with the chemical.

6 Test requirements
6.1 General

In acquiring data for the properties included in this document, the exposure procedures described in

the corresponding ISO test standard for each property shall be followed.

Where tests are carried out at temperatures other than 23 °C, temperature values shall be chosen from

the series of integral multiples of 10 °C.
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6.2 Indicative properties and indicative data (see Clause A.1)

For each of the test requirements in 6.5 to 6.8, data shall be recorded as ratios of certain indicative

property values obtained at 23 °C before and after specified conditions of exposure. The tensile strength

and the tensile work to break are indicative properties that are common to each of the environmental

exposure tests. The tensile strength is either the yield stress σ or, for brittle materials, the stress at

break σ (see ISO 527-1) and is determined by dividing the value for the force at yield or break by the

minimum initial cross-sectional area of the specimen in the waisted region. The tensile work to break

W (see 3.4) is determined from a conventional tensile test used to obtain the tensile strength and is

normalized with respect to the minimum initial cross-sectional area of the specimen. In this document,

all indicative data are recorded as a ratio of a measurement after exposure to a measurement prior

to exposure. It is therefore not necessary to specify units for indicative property measurements but

clearly these must be consistent throughout a series of measurements of each property.

6.3 Test specimens (see Clauses A.1 and A.2)

For the determination of indicative properties, either the ISO 20753 multipurpose test specimen

or the ISO 294-2 small tensile specimen (see Figure 1) may be used. The small specimen shall have

a thickness of 3 mm ± 0,1 mm and is recommended for materials that exhibit ductile failure prior to

exposure (see Clause A.1). The small specimen may be prepared by injection moulding (see ISO 294-2

for thermoplastics), or by machining the shape from sheet or compression moulded plates having a

thickness of 3 mm ± 0,1 mm (see ISO 2818). Where appropriate, the moulding conditions specified in

part 2 of the relevant material standard shall be used. For the determination of environmental stress

cracking resistance (6.7), the multipurpose test specimen shall be used, machined where necessary as

shown in Figure 2 (see also Clause A.5).
6.4 Test speed

For polymers that, prior to exposure, show no yielding and have a strain at break ε less than or equal

to 10 % when tested at a speed of 50 mm/min (see ISO 527-1), a test speed of 5 mm/min ± 1 mm/min

shall be used with the multipurpose test specimen and 1 mm/min ± 0,2 mm/min with the small tensile

specimen. For materials that yield, or where ε . 10 % before exposure, these speeds shall be 50 mm/

min ± 10 mm/min and 10 mm/min ± 2 mm/min respectively for the two specimen types.

The test speeds for indicative property measurements after exposure to the environment shall be the

same as those adopted for tests prior to exposure and shall be recorded with the data in Clause 7.

6.5 Prolonged exposure to heat: ISO 2578

For materials that absorb moisture, specimens shall be as-moulded and contained so as to avoid changes

in water content prior to all thermal exposures and reference tests.
The indicative properties are:
— 1 the tensile strength σ or σ (see 6.2);
Y B
— 2 the tensile work to break W (see 6.2).

Determine reference values of each indicative property at 23 °C ± 2 °C, using a minimum of five

specimens (see also 6.4).

Expose specimens to elevated temperatures selected to enable thermal endurance profiles to be

determined.

After exposure, specimens shall be stored at 23 °C ± 2 °C for between 16 h and 96 h before the

measurement of indicative properties. For materials that absorb moisture, the specimens shall be

sealed during this time interval in order to prevent any change in the moisture content. Determine the

thermal endurance graphs corresponding to a threshold value of 50 % of each indicative property. A

minimum of five specimens shall be used at each exposure time, a minimum of five exposure times for

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each indicative property at each temperature and a minimum of four temperatures for determining the

profile for each property (see the note).

NOTE Some of the exposure times may yield results that can be used for the determination of both of the

property profiles.

Record the temperature index TI corresponding to a time limit of 20 000 h and the halving interval HIC

for each indicative property as shown by Table 2.
Key
Dimensions in millimetres
l Overall length 60
b Width at ends 10 ± 0,2
b Minimum width 3 ± 0,2
r Radius 15 ± 1
h Thickness 3 ± 0,2
L Initial distance between grips 25 ± 2
Figure 1 — Details of the ISO 294-2 small tensile specimen

Figure 2 — Test specimen for the measurement of environmental stress cracking resistance

under tensile stress, prepared by machining the central waist so that it is identical to that

in the small tensile specimen (see Figure 1)
6.6 Liquid chemicals: ISO 175

To aid comparability of data generated for different materials and from different sources, this document

requires that materials be exposed to the chemicals listed in Table B.1. If particular materials are not

recommended for use, or are not used, in the presence of any of these chemicals at the temperature

specified, then the letters NR (not recommended) shall be given in place of experimental data (see

Table 3).

Although not part of the comparable core data defined above, results for exposure to other chemicals

may be presented in addition. It is recommended that, for this purpose, the chemicals be chosen from

the list given in ISO 175.
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The indicative properties are:
— 1 the tensile strength σ or σ (see 6.2);
Y B
— 2 the tensile work to break W (see 6.2);

— 3 the length l of the specimen and its thickness h in the centre of the waist (see Figure 1);

— 4 the mass m of the specimen.

Measure reference values at 23 °C ± 2 °C (prior to exposure to the chemical), using a minimum of five

specimens for properties 1 and 2 (see also 6.4) and, additionally, a minimum of four different specimens

for properties 3 and 4.

Immerse specimens in the chemical for periods of 100 h and 1 000 h at the temperature specified

in Table B.1 (see the note). For exposure tests carried out at 23 °C, measure indicative properties

immediately after exposure. If the exposure has been carried out at an elevated temperature, immerse

the specimens in fresh chemical at 23 °C for 20 min ± 10 min and then immediately measure the

indicative properties.

NOTE To avoid unnecessary long-term testing, it is recommended that exploratory tests be carried out to

determine the influence of the temperature and the chemical acting alone.

Use a minimum of five specimens for each exposure time for properties 1 and 2. Of the four specimens

used to determine reference values for properties 3 and 4, use two specimens to determine properties

3 and 4 after 100 h immersion and the remaining two specimens to determine the properties after

1 000 h immersion. The specimens used to obtain properties 3 and 4 may subsequently be used to

obtain properties 1 and 2.

The presentation of results at additional temperatures is optional. In each additional test, in order

to maximize the precision of indicative data for properties 3 and 4, it is recommended that the

measurement of reference values be repeated on four new specimens which are then used

...

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