Ladders - Part 1: Terms, types, functional sizes

This European Standard defines terms and specifies the general design characteristics of ladders.
It applies to portable ladders.
It does not apply to ladders designed for specific professional use such as fire brigade ladders, roof ladders and mobile ladders.
NOTE 1   For multiple hinge joint ladders EN 131-4 applies.
NOTE 2   For telescopic ladders EN 131-6 applies.
NOTE 3   For mobile ladders with platforms EN 131-7 applies.
NOTE 4   This standard does not apply to step stools for which EN 14183 applies.

Leitern - Teil 1: Benennungen, Bauarten, Funktionsmaße

Diese Europäische Norm definiert Benennungen und legt die allgemeinen Konstruktionsmerkmale von Leitern fest.
Sie gilt für tragbare Leitern.
Sie gilt nicht für Leitern für den besonderen beruflichen Gebrauch, wie Feuerwehrleitern, Dachleitern und fahrbare Leitern.
ANMERKUNG 1   Für Ein- oder Mehrgelenkleitern gilt EN 131-4.
ANMERKUNG 2   Für Teleskopleitern gilt EN 131-6.
ANMERKUNG 3   Für Mobile Podestleitern gilt EN 131-7.
ANMERKUNG 4   Diese Norm gilt nicht für Tritte, hierfür gilt EN 14183.

Échelles - Partie 1: Terminologie, types, dimensions fonctionnelles

La présente Norme européenne définit les termes et spécifie les caractéristiques générales de conception des échelles.
Elle s’applique aux échelles portables.
Elle ne s’applique pas aux échelles à usage professionnel spécifique telles que les échelles de pompiers, de couvreurs-ardoisiers et les échelles remorquables.
NOTE 1   Pour les échelles articulées à articulations simple et multiple, l’EN 131-4 s’applique.
NOTE 2   Pour les échelles télescopiques, l’EN 131-6 s’applique.
NOTE 3   Pour les échelles mobiles avec plate-forme, l’EN 131-7 s’applique.
NOTE 4   La présente norme ne s’applique pas aux escabeaux, pour lesquels l’EN 14183 s’applique.

Lestve - 1. del: Terminologija, tipi, funkcionalne velikosti

Ta evropski standard opredeljuje pogoje in določa splošne konstrukcijske značilnosti lestev.
Uporablja se za prenosne lestve.
Ne uporablja se za lestve za posebno poklicno uporabo, kot so gasilske lestve, strešne lestve in mobilne lestve.
OPOMBA 1:   Za lestve z več pregibi se uporablja standard EN 131-4.
OPOMBA 2:   Za teleskopske lestve se uporablja standard EN 131-6.
OPOMBA 3:   Za mobilne lestve s platformami se uporablja standard EN 131-7.
OPOMBA 4:   Ta standard se ne uporablja za pručke, za katere se uporablja standard EN 14183.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
22-Sep-2019
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
19-Sep-2019
Due Date
24-Nov-2019
Completion Date
23-Sep-2019

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 131-1:2016+A1:2019
01-november-2019
Lestve - 1. del: Terminologija, tipi, funkcionalne velikosti
Ladders - Part 1: Terms, types, functional sizes
Leitern - Teil 1: Benennungen, Bauarten, Funktionsmaße
Échelles - Partie 1: Terminologie, types, dimensions fonctionnelles
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 131-1:2015+A1:2019
ICS:
01.040.97 Oprema za dom in trgovino. Domestic and commercial
Razvedrilo. Šport (Slovarji) equipment. Entertainment.
Sports (Vocabularies)
97.145 Lestve Ladders
SIST EN 131-1:2016+A1:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 131-1:2016+A1:2019
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SIST EN 131-1:2016+A1:2019
EN 131-1:2015+A1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
September 2019
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 01.040.97; 97.145 Supersedes EN 131-1:2015
English Version
Ladders - Part 1: Terms, types, functional sizes

Échelles - Partie 1: Terminologie, types, dimensions Leitern - Teil 1: Benennungen, Bauarten,

fonctionnelles Funktionsmaße

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 11 September 2015 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 31 July

2019.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 131-1:2015+A1:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 131-1:2016+A1:2019
EN 131-1:2015+A1:2019 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 4

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 4

4 Functional sizes ............................................................................................................................................ 15

4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15

4.2 Leaning rung ladders .................................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15

4.2.2 One-piece leaning rung ladders .............................................................................................................. 16

4.2.3 Sectional ladders .......................................................................................................................................... 17

4.2.4 Extending ladders ........................................................................................................................................ 17

4.3 Standing rung ladders ................................................................................................................................ 19

4.4 Combination ladders ................................................................................................................................... 20

4.4.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 20

4.4.2 Two-piece combination ladder ............................................................................................................... 20

4.4.3 Three-piece combination ladder ............................................................................................................ 23

4.5 Leaning step ladders ................................................................................................................................... 24

4.6 Standing step ladders ................................................................................................................................. 25

4.7 Standing rung and step ladder ................................................................................................................ 27

Annex A (informative) A-deviations ................................................................................................................... 28

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 29

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SIST EN 131-1:2016+A1:2019
EN 131-1:2015+A1:2019 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 131-1:2015+A1:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 93

“Ladders”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by March 2020, and conflicting national standards shall

be withdrawn at the latest by March 2020.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 2019-03-29.
This document supersedes !EN 131-1:2015"

The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !".

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association.
!deleted text"
EN 131, Ladders, is one of a series about ladders:
— Part 1: Terms, types, functional sizes [the present document];
— Part 2: Requirements, testing, marking;
— Part 3: !Marking and" user Instructions;
— Part 4: Single or multiple hinge-joint ladders;
— Part 6: Telescopic ladders;
— Part 7: Mobile ladders with platform.
The standards of this series are listed in Clause 2 and in the Bibliography.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

!Republic of North Macedonia", Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
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SIST EN 131-1:2016+A1:2019
EN 131-1:2015+A1:2019 (E)
1 Scope

This European Standard defines terms and specifies the general design characteristics of ladders.

! It applies to portable ladders designed for general professional and non-professional use.

This standard does not apply to portable ladders which by their design and instructions are intended

and limited only for a specific professional use and as a result are not for general professional or non-

professional use."
NOTE 1 For multiple hinge joint ladders EN 131–4 applies.
NOTE 2 For telescopic ladders EN 131–6 applies.
NOTE 3 For mobile ladders with platforms EN 131–7 applies.
NOTE 4 This standard does not apply to step stools for which EN 14183 applies.

! NOTE 5 For ladders to work near high voltage installations, EN 61478 applies and for working near low

voltage electric installations, EN 50528 applies."
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN 131-2, Ladders — Part 2: Requirements, testing, marking
EN 131-3, Ladders — Part 3: User Instructions
EN 131-4:2007, Ladders — Part 4: Single or multiple hinge-joint ladders
3 Terms and definitions

For the purpose of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 131–4:2007 for single or

multiple hinge-joint ladders and the following apply.
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SIST EN 131-1:2016+A1:2019
EN 131-1:2015+A1:2019 (E)
Table 1
Dimensions in millimetres
No Terms Definition Figure
3.1 ladder device incorporating steps
or rungs on which a person
may step to ascend or
descend
3.2 portable ladder ladder which can be
transported and set up by
hand
!3.3 (deleted row)"
3.4 rung ladder portable ladder with rungs,
which have a standing
surface from front to back
of less than 80 mm
3.5 leaning rung ladder rung ladder which does not
have its own support
3.6 one-piece leaning leaning rung ladder
rung ladder consisting of one part only
Figure 2
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SIST EN 131-1:2016+A1:2019
EN 131-1:2015+A1:2019 (E)
No Terms Definition Figure
3.7 sectional ladder leaning ladder consisting of
several sections that can be
fitted together by means of
connection devices
Note 1 to entry: The length can
only be varied by one whole
section at a time.
Figure 3
3.8 extending ladder leaning rung ladder
consisting of two or more
parts where the length can
be regulated by one rung at
a time
3.9 push-up extending extending ladder where the
ladder upper parts are extended by
hand
Figure 4
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SIST EN 131-1:2016+A1:2019
EN 131-1:2015+A1:2019 (E)
No Terms Definition Figure
3.10 rope-operated extending ladder where the
extending ladder upper parts are extended by
means of a rope or other
means such as chains,
straps or cables
Figure 5
3.11 standing rung ladder two-piece self-supporting
rung ladder, unilaterally or
bilaterally ascendable
Figure 6
3.12 combination ladder rung ladder of several parts,
that can be used as, an
extending ladder, a standing
ladder or as a standing
ladder with an extending
ladder at the top, and parts
of which may be used as
one piece leaning ladders
Figure 7
Figure 8
3.13 step ladder portable ladder with steps
horizontal during use and a
standing surface from front
to back equal to or greater
than 80 mm
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SIST EN 131-1:2016+A1:2019
EN 131-1:2015+A1:2019 (E)
No Terms Definition Figure
3.14 leaning step ladder step ladder that does not
have its own support
consisting of one or several
parts
Figure 9
3.15 standing step ladder two-legged self-supporting
step ladder, unilaterally or
bilaterally ascendable; with
or without platform; with or
without hand-/knee rail; a
platform is regarded as a
step
unilaterally ascendable step
ladder
Figure 10
bilaterally ascendable step
ladder
Figure 11
unilaterally ascendable step
ladder with platform and
hand-/knee rail
Figure 12
bilaterally ascendable step
ladder with platform and
hand-/knee rail
Figure 13
3.16 standing ladder ladder (with rungs or steps)
which has its own support
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SIST EN 131-1:2016+A1:2019
EN 131-1:2015+A1:2019 (E)
No Terms Definition Figure
3.17 standing rung and standing ladder, one section
step ladder with rungs and the other
section with steps
3.18 stile lateral part of a ladder
which supports the rungs or
steps as well as cross struts
of supporting legs
3.19 rung climbing support with a
standing surface from front
to back of less than 80 mm
and at least 20 mm
Figure 14
3.20 step climbing support with a
standing surface from front
to back equal to or greater
than 80 mm
Figure 15
3.21 platform topmost standing surface of
a standing step ladder
which is different from a
step
3.22 ascending leg leg of a ladder with
climbing supports
3.23 supporting leg leg of a ladder without
climbing supports
3.24 hand-/knee rail device for holding onto or
gaining support from at the
upper end of a standing
ladder
3.25 cross strut horizontal connection of the
stiles of the supporting leg
Figure 16
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SIST EN 131-1:2016+A1:2019
EN 131-1:2015+A1:2019 (E)
No Terms Definition Figure
3.26 bottom brace device which secures the
lower end of the stile
against buckling
3.27 opening restraint device on standing ladders
device which secures the two legs
of the ladder from sliding
apart
3.28 locking device device to keep ladder hooks
engaged on the rung or step
during use
3.29 hinge-joint device on standing ladder
which secures the two legs
of the ladder
3.30 foot device fitted permanently
to the bottom of ladders to
prevent the ladder from
slipping; or, in the case of a
wooden ladder, bottom of
the stile or a component
Figure 17
fitted to the bottom of the
stile
3.31 inner width b !useable distance
between the inner sides of
the stiles measured at the
upper edge of the shortest
rung/step/platform"
3.32 outside width b distance between the outer
side of stiles measured at
the lower end of stiles or
the outside width of the
supporting points of the
stabilizer
Figure 18
3.33 total length l !distance measured over (see Figure 19)
the bottom foot to the top of
a fully extended ladder"
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SIST EN 131-1:2016+A1:2019
EN 131-1:2015+A1:2019 (E)
No Terms Definition Figure
3.34 length of combination distance from the lower end (see Figures 31 and 33)
ladders l of the ladder to the upper
edge of the standing ladder
made with the first two
parts of the combination
ladder (without considering
the top part of a three part
combination ladder),
measured in the middle line
betw
...

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