Railway applications - Track - Switches and crossings - Part 5: Switches

The scope of this European Standard is:
-   establish a working definition for switches and their constituent parts and identify the main types;
-   specify the minimum requirements for the manufacture of the switches and/or constituent parts;
-   specify codes of practice for inspection and tolerances of both full and half sets of switches and their constituent parts;
-   establish the limits and scope of supply;
-   list the methods by which switches and their parts should be identified and traced;
-   list the different and varying ways by which switches can be described using the following parameters:
-   geometry of the switches;
-   types of construction;
-   performance requirements;
-   design criteria;
-   tolerances and inspection.

Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Weichen und Kreuzungen - Teil 5: Zungenvorrichtungen

Der Anwendungsbereich für diese Europäische Norm ist:
-   Fachausdrücke für Zungenvorrichtungen und ihre einzelnen Bauteile zusammenzustellen und ihre Hauptteile zu benennen;
-   ein Minimum an informativen Anforderungen für die Fertigung der Zungenvorrichtungen und/oder einzelner Bauteile aufzuführen;
-   Ausführungsbestimmungen für die Abnahme und Grenzabweichungen sowohl für halbe als auch für ganze Zungenvorrichtungen und ihre einzelnen Bauteile zu formulieren;
-   den Lieferumfang festzustellen;
-   Verfahren aufzuführen, nach denen Zungenvorrichtungen und ihre einzelnen Bauteile identifiziert und rückverfolgt werden können;
-   die verschiedenen Möglichkeiten aufzuführen, nach denen Zungenvorrichtungen unter der Verwendung folgender Parameter beschrieben werden können:
-   Geometrie der Zungenvorrichtungen;
-   Bauarten;
-   Leistungsanforderungen;
-   Konstruktionskriterien;
-   Grenzabweichungen und Abnahme.

Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Appareils de voie - Partie 5: Aiguillages

Le domaine d’application de la présente Norme européenne est le suivant :
-   établir les définitions pour les aiguillages et leurs constituants et identifier les principaux types d’aiguillages ;
-   spécifier le minimum d’informations exigées pour la fabrication des aiguillages et de leurs constituants ;
-   spécifier les règles pour le contrôle et les tolérances des aiguillages et des demi-aiguillages ainsi que de leurs constituants ;
-   établir les limites de fourniture ;
-   lister les méthodes d’identification et de traçabilité des aiguillages et de leurs constituants ;
-   lister les différentes méthodes permettant la description des aiguillages en utilisant les paramètres suivants :
-   tracé des aiguillages ;
-   types de construction ;
-   exigences de performance ;
-   critères de conception ;
-   tolérances et contrôle.

Železniške naprave - Zgornji ustroj - Kretnice in križišča - 5. del: Kretniška menjala

Namen tega evropskega standarda je:
- vzpostaviti delovno definicijo za kretniška menjala in njihove sestavne dele ter identificirati glavne vrste;
- določiti minimalne zahteve za izdelavo kretniških menjal in/ali njihovih sestavnih delov;
- določiti kodeks ravnanja pri pregledu in odstopanja polnih in delnih setov kretniških menjal in njihovih sestavnih delov;
- vzpostaviti meje in obseg napajanja;
- našteti metode za identifikacijo in sledenje kretniških menjal in njihovih delov;
- našteti različne in spremenljive načine za opis kretniških menjal z uporabo naslednjih parametrov:
- geometrija stikal;
– vrste strukture;
- zahteve za delovanje;
- merila za projektiranje;
- odstopanja in pregled.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
22-Nov-2011
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
17-Nov-2011
Due Date
22-Jan-2012
Completion Date
23-Nov-2011

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Weichen und Kreuzungen - Teil 5: ZungenvorrichtungenApplications ferroviaires - Voie - Appareils de voie - Partie 5: AiguillagesRailway applications - Track - Switches and crossings - Part 5: Switches45.080Rails and railway componentsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2011SIST EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2012en,fr,de01-januar-2012SIST EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2012SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2012
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 13232-5:2005+A1
October 2011 ICS 93.100 Supersedes EN 13232-5:2005English Version
Railway applications - Track - Switches and crossings - Part 5: Switches
Applications ferroviaires - Voie - Appareils de voie - Partie 5: Aiguillages

Bahnanwendungen - Oberbau - Weichen und Kreuzungen -Teil 5: Zungenvorrichtungen This European Standard was approved by CEN on 8 August 2005 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 13 September 2011.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2011 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2011: ESIST EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2012

EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2011 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................51Scope ......................................................................................................................................................62Normative references ............................................................................................................................63Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................73.1Parts of switches ...................................................................................................................................73.2Types of switches ............................................................................................................................... 103.2.1Geometry ............................................................................................................................................. 103.2.2Construction ........................................................................................................................................ 113.2.3Rail profiles ......................................................................................................................................... 113.3Joints ................................................................................................................................................... 114Performance requirements ................................................................................................................ 114.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 114.2Materials .............................................................................................................................................. 124.3Inclination of the running table ......................................................................................................... 125Design requirements .......................................................................................................................... 125.1Geometry and construction ............................................................................................................... 125.2Rolling stock data ............................................................................................................................... 135.2.1Axle loading and spacing .................................................................................................................. 135.2.2Speed and cant deficiency ................................................................................................................. 135.3Supports and fastenings .................................................................................................................... 135.4Interface between switch and operating systems ........................................................................... 135.5Other requirements............................................................................................................................. 135.6Drawings .............................................................................................................................................. 136Tolerances and inspection ................................................................................................................ 146.1General ................................................................................................................................................. 146.2Tools and instruments ....................................................................................................................... 146.3Critical dimensions ............................................................................................................................. 146.4Certification ......................................................................................................................................... 166.5Methods of examination for structural defects ............................................................................... 176.5.1Visual ................................................................................................................................................... 176.5.2Dye penetrant and/or magnetic particle ........................................................................................... 176.5.3Ultrasound ........................................................................................................................................... 176.5.4Radiography ........................................................................................................................................ 177Limits and extent of supply ............................................................................................................... 178Identification marks ............................................................................................................................ 17Annex ZA (informative)

!Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC" .................................................................................. 28

SIST EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2012

EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2011 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2011) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 256 “Railway applications”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2012, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by April 2012. !This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN/CENELEC/ETSI by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive 2008/57/EC. For relationship with EU Directive 2008/57/EC, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document." This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2011-09-13. This document supersedes EN 13232-5:2005. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags ! ". Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This series of standards “Railway applications – Track – Switches and crossings” covers the design and quality of switches and crossings in flat bottom rails. The list of parts is as follows:  Part 1: Definitions  Part 2: Requirements for geometric design  Part 3: Requirements for wheel/rail interaction  Part 4: Actuation, locking and detection  Part 5: Switches  Part 6: Fixed common and obtuse crossings  Part 7: Crossings with moveable parts  Part 8: Expansion devices  Part 9: Layouts Part 1 contains terminology used throughout all parts of this European Standard. Parts 2 to 4 contain basic design guides and are applicable to all switch and crossing assemblies. Parts 5 to 8 deal with particular types of equipment, including their tolerances. These use parts 1 to 4 as a basis. Part 9 defines the functional and geometrical dimensions and tolerances for layout assembly. SIST EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2012

EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2011 (E) 4 The following terms are used within to define the parties involved in using the EN as the technical basis for a transaction: CUSTOMER The operator or user of the equipment, or the purchaser of the equipment on the user's behalf. SUPPLIER The body responsible for the use of the EN in response to the customer's requirements. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. SIST EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2012

EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2011 (E) 5 Introduction The requirements of switches are that they are capable of performing their intended purpose, which is to cause a vehicle to transfer from one track to the other track of a turnout, either in the facing or trailing direction. The switches are designed to withstand all external forces from rolling stock, thermal influences etc. Switches are manufactured to give safe (and acceptable) motion of the vehicle based on conditions in the specification. SIST EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2012

EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2011 (E) 6 1 Scope The scope of this European Standard is:  establish a working definition for switches and their constituent parts and identify the main types;  specify the minimum requirements for the manufacture of the switches and/or constituent parts;  specify codes of practice for inspection and tolerances of both full and half sets of switches and their constituent parts;  establish the limits and scope of supply;  list the methods by which switches and their parts should be identified and traced;  list the different and varying ways by which switches can be described using the following parameters:  geometry of the switches;  types of construction;  performance requirements;  design criteria;  tolerances and inspection. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this European Standard. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 13145, Railway applications – Track – Wood sleepers and bearers EN 13146 (all parts), Railway applications – Track – Test methods for fastening systems EN 13230 (all parts), Railway applications – Track – Concrete sleepers and bearers EN 13232-1:2003, Railway applications – Track – Switches and crossings – Part 1: Definitions EN 13232-2:2003, Railway applications – Track – Switches and crossings – Part 2: Requirements for geometric design EN 13232-3:2003, Railway applications – Track – Switches and crossings – Part 3: Requirements for wheel/rail interaction EN 13232-4:2005, Railway applications – Track – Switches and crossings – Part 4: Actuation, locking and detection EN 13481 (all parts), Railway applications – Track – Performance requirements for fastening systems EN 13674 (all parts), Railway applications – Track – Rail SIST EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2012

EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2011 (E) 7 prEN 13803-2, Railway applications – Track alignment design parameters – Track gauges 1 435 mm and wider – Part 2: Switches and crossings and comparable alignment design situations with abrupt changes of curvature 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms and definitions given in EN 13232-1:2003, 6.2 and 7.1, and the following apply. 3.1 Parts of switches 3.1.1 left hand half set of switches consists of one stock rail and its switch rail complete with small fittings NOTE It is right or left hand as seen by an observer in the centre of the track facing the switch heel from the switch toe. 3.1.2 right hand half set of switches see left hand half set of switches 3.1.3 set of switches arrangement of two half sets of switches, one right hand, the other left hand. The requirement of any other fittings other than stud/distance block (Figure 1, item 11) and block or heel blocks (Figure 1, item 9) are specified, e.g. baseplates, fishplates, drive bar, stretcher bar brackets, stretcher bars, anti creep device 3.1.4 left hand switch rail movable machined rail, often of special section, but fixed and/or joined at the heel end to a rail to provide continuity of wheel support. Details of movement are described in EN 13232-1:2003, 9.1. The two switch rails in a set of switches are the two inside rails NOTE A switch rail is described as right or left hand according to whether it is part of a right hand or left hand half-set of switches. 3.1.5 right hand switch rail see left hand switch rail 3.1.6 left hand stock rail fixed machined rail, ensuring the continuity on the main or diverging track with the switch in the open position. The machined part of the stock rail supports the switch rail in the closed positions, giving continuity of line through this switch rail. The two stock rails in a set of switches are the two outside rails NOTE A switch rail is described as right or left hand according to whether it is part of a right hand or left hand half-set of switches. 3.1.7 right hand stock rail see left hand stock rail 3.1.8 heel baseplate first baseplate at the heel end of the movable part of the switch. This baseplate with or without the aid of a heel block forms the first part of the rigid part of the switch SIST EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2012

EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2011 (E) 8 3.1.9 block see EN 13232-1:2003, 6.2.10.1 3.1.10 heel block see EN 13232-1:2003, 6.2.10.2 3.1.11 fishplate block see EN 13232-1:2003, 6.2.10.3 3.1.12 stud/distance block see EN 13232-1:2003, 6.2.10.4 3.1.13 slide baseplate see EN 13232-1:2003, 6.2.10.5 NOTE It may be inclined or vertical and suit any switch rail section. 3.1.14 stretcher bar bracket see EN 13232-1:2003, 6.2.10.7 3.1.15 stretcher bar see EN 13232-1:2003, 6.2.10.6 3.1.16 anti creep device device to stop or limit relative longitudinal movement between switch and stock rails, or between rails and bearers/ baseplates 3.1.17 switch toe/tip see EN 13232-1:2003, 6.2.7 3.1.18 switch heel see EN 13232-1:2003, 6.2.8 3.1.19 switch rail joint see EN 13232-1:2003, 6.2.4.1 3.1.20 stock rail joint see EN 13232-1:2003, 6.2.4.2 3.1.21 stock front joint see EN 13232-1:2003, 6.2.4.3 3.1.22 soleplate fabricated plate for use with switch operating device SIST EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2012

EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2011 (E) 9 3.1.23 gauge plate plate used to hold the gauge of the stock rails may or may not assist in the location of the switch operating device 3.1.24 special stop device used to hold the gauge of the stock rails in the drive areas 3.1.25 bearers load carrying supports on which the switches are mounted 3.1.26 baseplate device used to support the switch and stock rails, stop them from twisting and moving laterally and also connect the switch and stock rail to the supports in the heel end region of a set of switches 3.1.27 fishplate (joint bars) device used for bolting two pieces of rail together 3.1.28 drive rod rod connecting the switch rails to the switch drive. This may be integrated into the bearer 3.1.29 transition section part of the switch rail which has been formed to give a transition between two different rail sections (not shown) 3.1.30 switch fronts part of the stock rail in front of the switch toes 3.1.31 planing length length of the machined portion of a switch rail head at the gauge side (this may or may not be the same length as the contact length) 3.1.32 contact length length of the machined portion of the switch rail in contact with the stock rail 3.1.33 switch radius radius between the planing radius and the turnout radius (measured at the high side running edge) 3.1.34 turnout radius theoretical radius of the turnout from the heel of a switch (measured at the centre line radius unless stated otherwise) 3.1.35 movable length part of the switch which moves in front of the first fixed position on the switch rails 3.1.36 planing radius radius of the machined planing length (measured at the high side running edge) SIST EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2012

EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2011 (E) 10 3.1.37 mathematical switch toe MP (mathematical point) see EN 13232-1:2003, 7.3.3 3.1.38 origin of switch curve (not shown) see EN 13232-1:2003, 7.3.1. The origin of switch curve depends upon the type of switch geometry. See 3.2 3.1.39 entry angle see EN 13232-1:2003, 7.3.6 3.1.40 extension of the switches see EN 13232-1:2003, 7.3.4 3.1.41 relief machining of the switch see EN 13232-1:2003, 7.3.10 3.1.42 "set" of the stock rail see EN 13232-1:2003, 7.3.7 3.1.43 switch flangeway see EN 13232-1:2003, 7.4.6 3.1.44 opening at the drive position distance between the running edge of the stock rail and the contact side of the switch rail with the switch in the open position at the drive position 3.1.45 opening at switch toe same as above at the switch toe 3.1.46 switch toe undercutting offset see Figure 8, dimension B 3.2 Types of switches 3.2.1 Geometry For the design of switch panel, various basic geometrical forms are in use. Variations from these basic forms may be used. See EN 13232-1. SIST EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2012

EN 13232-5:2005+A1:2011 (E) 11 3.2.2 Construction  Flexible switches. The switch rail in the movable area of the switch is made of one profile only. This can be either standard rail profile or special profile. If a transition from special profile to standard rail profile is required this take place in the fixed part of the switch rail. In case of a weld, the weld is also located in the fixed part of the switch rail (see Figure 3);  Spring rail switches. The switch rail in the movable area of the switch is made of two different profiles. The transition and the weld between one to the other profile take place in the movable part of the switch rail. This weld is secured by fishplating (see Figure 4);  Loose heel (pivot-articulated switches). The switch rail has a pivot at the heel end. It is movable, fixed at this point (see Figure 5). Variations from these basic forms may be used 3.2.3 Rail profiles 3.2.3.1 Switch rail profiles For the switch rail profile, different sections are used:  normal rail profile;  high thick web profile;  asymmetric low profile;  symmetric low profile;  switch rail profile with inclined running table;  other special profiles. 3.2.3.2 Stock rail profiles Generally the stock rail is made of normal rail profile. In some cases special profiles may be used as stock rail. 3.3 Joints The switch can be joined to the adjacent track by:  fishplates;  fishplates for continuou

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