Primary batteries - Part 1: General

This part of IEC 60086 is intended to standardize primary batteries with respect to dimensions,
nomenclature, terminal configurations, markings, test methods, typical performance, safety
and environmental aspects.
As a primary battery classification tool, electrochemical systems are also standardized with
respect to system letter, electrodes, electrolyte, nominal and maximum open circuit voltage.
NOTE The requirements justifying the inclusion or the ongoing retention of batteries in the IEC 60086 series are
given in Annex A.
The object of this part of IEC 60086 is to benefit primary battery users, device designers and
battery manufacturers by ensuring that batteries from different manufacturers are
interchangeable according to standard form, fit and function. Furthermore, to ensure
compliance with the above, this part specifies standard test methods for testing primary cells
and batteries.

Primärbatterien - Teil 1: Allgemeines

Piles électriques - Partie 1: Généralités

L'IEC 60086-1:2015 est disponible sous la référence IEC 60086-1:2015 RLV qui contient la Norme internationale et sa version "Redline", et qui montre toutes les modifications du contenu technique par rapport à l'édition précédente. L'IEC 60086-1:2015 est destinée à normaliser les piles électriques en ce qui concerne les points suivants: dimensions, nomenclature, configurations des bornes, marquages, méthodes d’essai, caractéristiques types de fonctionnement, sécurité et aspects environnementaux. En tant qu'outil de classification des piles électriques, les systèmes électrochimiques sont aussi normalisés en ce qui concerne leurs lettres de système, les électrodes, les électrolytes, les tensions en circuit ouvert nominales et maximales. L’objet de la présente partie de l'IEC 60086-1 est d’assurer aux utilisateurs de piles, aux concepteurs d’appareils et aux fabricants que les piles de fabricants différents sont interchangeables de par leur forme, leur montage et leur fonction qui sont normalisés. De plus, pour assurer la conformité avec ce qui précède, la présente partie spécifie des méthodes d’essai normalisées pour les piles électriques. Cette douzième édition annule et remplace la onzième édition parue en 2011. Elle constitue une révision technique. Les modifications techniques majeures par rapport à l’édition précédente, sont les suivantes: - l'ordre des Annexes a été modifié pour respecter l'ordre dans lequel elles apparaissent dans le document et une légende a été ajoutée pour indiquer où une Annexe donnée est citée pour la première fois dans le document; - les conditions d'humidité pour les piles qui ne sont pas du système P ont été modifiées dans le Tableau 3; - la tension de décharge normalisée pour les systèmes électrochimiques Y et W a été déterminée comme étant de 3,5 V et 2,8 V respectivement; - les indications détaillées concernant la mesure de la capacité ont été déplacées de l'Annexe E en 5.1. - la définition de la pile / de l'élément bouton a été clarifiée afin de mieux mieux traiter les aspects liés à l'ingestion des éléments ou piles boutons. Mots clés: exigences et informations fondamentales concernant les piles électriques.

Primarne baterije - 1. del: Splošno

Namen tega dela standarda IEC 60086 je standardizirati dimenzije, nomenklaturo, konfiguracije priključkov, oznake, preskusne metode, običajno učinkovitost delovanja, varnost in okoljevarstvene vidike primarnih baterij.
Elektrokemični sistemi, ki se uporabljajo kot orodje za klasifikacijo primarnih baterij, so standardizirani tudi na podlagi črke sistema, elektrod, elektrolitov ter nazivne in največje napetosti odprtega tokokroga.
OPOMBA: zahteve, ki utemeljujejo vključitev ali ohranitev baterij v skupini standardov IEC 60086, so podane v dodatku A.
Ta del standarda IEC 60086 zagotavlja, da so baterije različnih proizvajalcev medsebojno zamenljive glede na standardno obliko, skladnost z napravami in delovanje, kar koristi uporabnikom primarnih baterij, načrtovalcem naprav in proizvajalcem baterij. Poleg tega ta del opredeljuje standardne preskusne metode za primarne celice
in baterije za zagotavljanje skladnosti z zgoraj navedenimi zahtevami.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
09-Nov-2015
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
14-Oct-2015
Due Date
19-Dec-2015
Completion Date
10-Nov-2015

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 60086-1:2015
01-december-2015
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 60086-1:2011
Primarne baterije - 1. del: Splošno
Primary batteries - Part 1: General
Primärbatterien - Teil 1: Allgemeines
Piles électriques - Partie 1: Généralités
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 60086-1:2015
ICS:
29.220.10 3ULPDUQLþOHQLLQEDWHULMH Primary cells and batteries
SIST EN 60086-1:2015 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 60086-1:2015
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SIST EN 60086-1:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 60086-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
October 2015
ICS 29.220.10 Supersedes EN 60086-1:2011
English Version
Primary batteries - Part 1: General
(IEC 60086-1:2015)

Piles électriques - Partie 1: Généralités Primärbatterien - Teil 1: Allgemeines

(IEC 60086-1:2015) (IEC 60086-1:2015)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2015-09-01. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC

Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic,

Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2015 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 60086-1:2015 E
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SIST EN 60086-1:2015
EN 60086-1:2015
European foreword

The text of document 35/1346/FDIS, future edition 12 of IEC 60086-1, prepared by IEC/TC 35

"Primary cells and batteries" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by

CENELEC as EN 60086-1:2015.
The following dates are fixed:
(dop) 2016-06-01
• latest date by which the document has to be implemented at
national level by publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
(dow) 2018-09-01
• latest date by which the national standards conflicting with
the document have to be withdrawn
This document supersedes EN 60086-1:2011.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such

patent rights.
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 60086-1:2015 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following note has to be added for the standard indicated :

IEC 62281 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62281.
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SIST EN 60086-1:2015
EN 60086-1:2015
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE 1 When an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod),

the relevant EN/HD applies.

NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is

available here: www.cenelec.eu.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
1) 1)
IEC 60086-2 Primary batteries - FprEN 60086-2 2015
Part 2: Physical and electrical
specifications
IEC 60086-3 2011 Primary batteries - EN 60086-3 2011
Part 3: Watch batteries
IEC 60086-4 2014 Primary batteries - EN 60086-4 2015
Part 4: Safety of lithium batteries
IEC 60086-5 2011 Primary batteries - EN 60086-5 2011
Part 5: Safety of batteries with aqueous
electrolyte
1) At draft stage.
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SIST EN 60086-1:2015
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SIST EN 60086-1:2015
IEC 60086-1
Edition 12.0 2015-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
Primary batteries –
Part 1: General
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
ICS 29.220.10 ISBN 978-2-8322-2813-5

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
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SIST EN 60086-1:2015
– 2 – IEC 60086-1:2015 © IEC 2015
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 7

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 8

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 8

3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 8

4 Requirements ................................................................................................................ 11

4.1 General ................................................................................................................. 11

4.1.1 Design ........................................................................................................... 11

4.1.2 Battery dimensions ........................................................................................ 11

4.1.3 Terminals ...................................................................................................... 11

4.1.4 Classification (electrochemical system) ......................................................... 13

4.1.5 Designation ................................................................................................... 14

4.1.6 Marking ......................................................................................................... 14

4.1.7 Interchangeability: battery voltage ................................................................. 15

4.2 Performance ......................................................................................................... 16

4.2.1 Discharge performance .................................................................................. 16

4.2.2 Dimensional stability ...................................................................................... 16

4.2.3 Leakage ........................................................................................................ 16

4.2.4 Open-circuit voltage limits ............................................................................. 16

4.2.5 Service output ............................................................................................... 16

4.2.6 Safety ............................................................................................................ 16

5 Performance – Testing .................................................................................................. 17

5.1 General ................................................................................................................. 17

5.2 Discharge testing .................................................................................................. 17

5.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 17

5.2.2 Application tests ............................................................................................ 17

5.2.3 Service output tests ....................................................................................... 18

5.3 Conformance check to a specified minimum average duration .............................. 18

5.4 Calculation method of the specified value of a minimum average duration ............ 19

5.5 OCV testing .......................................................................................................... 19

5.6 Battery dimensions ............................................................................................... 19

5.7 Leakage and deformation ...................................................................................... 19

6 Performance – Test conditions ...................................................................................... 19

6.1 Storage and discharge conditions ......................................................................... 19

6.2 Commencement of discharge tests after storage ................................................... 20

6.3 Discharge test conditions ...................................................................................... 20

6.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 20

6.3.2 Compliance ................................................................................................... 20

6.4 Load resistance .................................................................................................... 20

6.5 Time periods ......................................................................................................... 20

6.6 Test condition tolerances ...................................................................................... 21

6.7 Activation of ‘P’-system batteries .......................................................................... 21

6.8 Measuring equipment ............................................................................................ 21

6.8.1 Voltage measurement .................................................................................... 21

6.8.2 Mechanical measurement .............................................................................. 21

7 Sampling and quality assurance .................................................................................... 21

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SIST EN 60086-1:2015
IEC 60086-1:2015 © IEC 2015 – 3 –

8 Battery packaging .......................................................................................................... 21

Annex A (normative) Criteria for the standardization of batteries .......................................... 22

Annex B (informative) Recommendations for equipment design ........................................... 23

B.1 Technical liaison ................................................................................................... 23

B.2 Battery compartment ............................................................................................. 23

B.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 23

B.2.2 Limiting access by children ............................................................................ 24

B.3 Voltage cut-off ...................................................................................................... 24

Annex C (normative) Designation system (nomenclature) .................................................... 25

C.1 General ................................................................................................................. 25

C.2 Designation system in use up to October 1990...................................................... 25

C.2.1 General ......................................................................................................... 25

C.2.2 Cells .............................................................................................................. 25

C.2.3 Electrochemical system ................................................................................. 27

C.2.4 Batteries ........................................................................................................ 28

C.2.5 Modifiers ....................................................................................................... 28

C.2.6 Examples....................................................................................................... 28

C.3 Designation system in use since October 1990 ..................................................... 28

C.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 28

C.3.2 Round batteries ............................................................................................. 28

C.3.3 Non-round batteries ....................................................................................... 32

C.3.4 Ambiguity ...................................................................................................... 35

Annex D (informative) Standard discharge voltage U – Definition and method of

determination ........................................................................................................................ 37

D.1 Definition .............................................................................................................. 37

D.2 Determination ....................................................................................................... 37

D.2.1 General considerations: the C/R-plot .............................................................. 37

D.2.2 Determination of the standard discharge resistor R ...................................... 38

D.2.3 Determination of the standard discharge capacity C and standard

discharge time t ........................................................................................... 39

D.3 Experimental conditions to be observed and test results ....................................... 39

Annex E (informative) Preparation of standard methods of measuring performance

(SMMP) of consumer goods .................................................................................................. 41

E.1 General ................................................................................................................. 41

E.2 Performance characteristics .................................................................................. 41

E.3 Criteria for the development of test methods ......................................................... 41

Annex F (informative) Calculation method for the specified value of minimum average

duration ................................................................................................................................ 42

Annex G (normative) Code of practice for packaging, shipment, storage, use and

disposal of primary batteries ................................................................................................. 43

G.1 General ................................................................................................................. 43

G.2 Packaging ............................................................................................................. 43

G.3 Transport and handling ......................................................................................... 43

G.4 Storage and stock rotation .................................................................................... 43

G.5 Displays at sales points ........................................................................................ 44

G.6 Selection, use and disposal .................................................................................. 44

G.6.1 Purchase ....................................................................................................... 44

G.6.2 Installation ..................................................................................................... 44

G.6.3 Use ................................................................................................................ 44

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SIST EN 60086-1:2015
– 4 – IEC 60086-1:2015 © IEC 2015

G.6.4 Replacement ................................................................................................. 45

G.6.5 Disposal ........................................................................................................ 45

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 46

Figure 1 – Ingestion gauge ................................................................................................... 11

Figure C.1 – Designation system for round batteries: d < 100 mm; height h < 100 mm ...... 29

1 1

Figure C.2 – Diameter code for non-recommended diameters ............................................... 30

Figure C.3 – Height code for denoting the hundredths of a millimetre of height ..................... 31

Figure C.4 – Designation system for round batteries: d ≥ 100 mm; height h ≥ 100 mm ...... 32

1 1

Figure C.5 – Designation system for non-round batteries, dimensions < 100 mm .................. 33

Figure C.6 – Designation system for non-round batteries, dimensions ≥ 100 mm .................. 34

Figure C.7 – Height code for discrimination per tenth of a millimetre ..................................... 35

Figure D.1 – Normalized C/R-plot (schematic) ....................................................................... 38

Figure D.2 – Standard discharge voltage (schematic) ........................................................... 39

Table 1 – Standardized electrochemical systems .................................................................. 13

Table 2 – Marking requirements ............................................................................................ 15

Table 3 – Conditions for storage before and during discharge testing ................................... 19

Table 4 – Resistive loads for new tests ................................................................................. 20

Table 5 – Time periods for new tests .................................................................................... 20

Table 6 – Test condition tolerances ...................................................................................... 21

Table A.1 – Items necessary to standardize .......................................................................... 22

Table C.1 – Physical designation and dimensions of round cells and batteries ...................... 26

Table C.2 – Physical designation and nominal overall dimensions of flat cells ...................... 27

Table C.3 – Physical designation and dimensions of square cells and batteries .................... 27

Table C.4 – Diameter code for recommended diameter ......................................................... 30

Table C.5 – Physical designation and dimensions of round cells and batteries based on

Clause C.2 ............................................................................................................................ 36

Table C.6 – Physical designation and dimensions of non-round batteries based on

Clause C.2 ............................................................................................................................ 36

Table D.1 – Standard discharge voltage by system ............................................................... 40

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SIST EN 60086-1:2015
IEC 60086-1:2015 © IEC 2015 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
PRIMARY BATTERIES –
Part 1: General
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 60086-1 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 35:

Primary cells and batteries.

This twelfth edition cancels and replaces the eleventh edition (2011) and constitutes a

technical revision.
The major technical changes with respect to the previous edition are:

– the order of the Annexes was changed to the order in which they appear in the document

and a caption was added to indicate where the Annex information first appears in the

document;
– the humidity conditions for non P-system batteries in Table 3 was modified;

– the standard discharge voltage for the Y and W chemistries was determined to be at 3,5 V

and 2,8 V respectively;
– details on capacity measurement were moved from Annex E to Subclause 5.1.
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SIST EN 60086-1:2015
– 6 – IEC 60086-1:2015 © IEC 2015

– the coin/button cell and battery definition was clarified in order to better address issues

with the swallowing of coin cells.
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
35/1346/FDIS 35/1349/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A list of all parts in the IEC 60086 series, under the general title Primary batteries, can be

found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.
A bilingual version of this publication may be issued at a later date.
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SIST EN 60086-1:2015
IEC 60086-1:2015 © IEC 2015 – 7 –
INTRODUCTION

The technical content of this part of IEC 60086 provides fundamental requirements and

information on primary cells and batteries. All batteries within the IEC 60086 series are

considered dry cell batteries. In this sense, IEC 60086-1 is the main component of the

IEC 60086 series and forms the basis for the subsequent parts. For example, this part

includes elementary information on definitions, nomenclature, dimensions and marking. While

specific requirements are included, the content of this part tends to explain methodology (how)

and justification (why).

Over the years, this part has been changed to improve its content and remains under

continual scrutiny to ensure that the publication is kept up to date with the advances in both

battery and battery-powered device technologies.
NOTE Safety information is available in IEC 60086-4, IEC 60086-5 and IEC 62281.
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SIST EN 60086-1:2015
– 8 – IEC 60086-1:2015 © IEC 2015
PRIMARY BATTERIES –
Part 1: General
1 Scope

This part of IEC 60086 is intended to standardize primary batteries with respect to dimensions,

nomenclature, terminal configurations, markings, test methods, typical performance, safety

and environmental aspects.

As a primary battery classification tool, electrochemical systems are also standardized with

respect to system letter, electrodes, electrolyte, nominal and maximum open circuit voltage.

NOTE The requirements justifying the inclusion or the ongoing retention of batteries in the IEC 60086 series are

given in Annex A.

The object of this part of IEC 60086 is to benefit primary battery users, device designers and

battery manufacturers by ensuring that batteries from different manufacturers are

interchangeable according to standard form, fit and function. Furthermore, to ensure

compliance with the above, this part specifies standard test methods for testing primary cells

and batteries.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and

are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.

IEC 60086-2:− , Primary batteries – Part 2: Physical and electrical specifications

IEC 60086-3:2011, Primary batteries – Part 3: Watch batteries
IEC 60086-4:2014, Primary batteries – Part 4: Safety of lithium batteries

IEC 60086-5:2011, Primary batteries – Part 5: Safety of batteries with aqueous electrolyte

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
application test
simulation of the actual use of a battery in a specific application
3.2
battery

one or more cells electrically connected and fitted in a case, with terminals, markings and

protective devices etc., as necessary for use
_____________
To be published.
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SIST EN 60086-1:2015
IEC 60086-1:2015 © IEC 2015 – 9 –
[SOURCE:IEC 60050-482:2004, 482-01-04, modified definition]
3.3
button (cell or battery)
small round cell or battery where the overall height is less than the diameter

Note 1 to entry: In English, the term “button (cell or battery)” is only used for non-lithium batteries while the term

“coin (cell or battery)” is used for lithium batteries only. In languages other than English, the terms “coin” and

“button” are often used interchangeably, regardless of the electrochemical system.

3.4
cell

basic functional unit, consisting of an assembly of electrodes, electrolyte, container, terminals

and usually separators, that is a source of electric energy obtained by direct conversion of

chemical energy
[SOUR
...

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