Helmets for equestrian activities

This European Standard specifies requirement for protective helmets that may or may not have a peak, for people involved in equestrian activities.
It gives safety requirements that include methods of test and levels of performance for shock absorption, for resistance to penetration and for the strength and effectiveness of the retention system and the deflection of a peak if fitted.

Schutzhelme für reiterliche Aktivitäten

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen an Helme, die einen Schirm haben können, für Personen bei reiterlichen Aktivitäten fest.
Sie gibt Sicherheitsanforderungen, die Prüfverfahren und Stufen einschließen. Anforderungen und die entsprechenden Prüfverfahren sind angegeben für Folgendes:
- Konstruktion einschließlich Sichtfeld;
- stoßdämpfende Eigenschaften;
- Durchdringungsfestigkeit;
- seitliche Verformung;
- Eigenschaften des Haltesystems;
- Durchbiegung des Schirmes (falls vorhanden);
- Kennzeichnung und Informationen;
- Verwendung von Prüfköpfen nach EN 960:2006.

Casques de protection pour sports hippiques

La présente Norme européenne énonce les exigences relatives aux casques de protection, comportant ou non une visière, destinés aux personnes pratiquant des activités hippiques.
Elle indique des exigences de sécurité qui comprennent des méthodes d'essai et des niveaux de performance. Les exigences et les méthodes d'essai correspondantes couvrent les aspects suivants :
   construction, y compris le champ de vision ;
   propriétés d'absorption des chocs ;
   résistance à la pénétration ;
   déformation latérale ;
   propriétés du système de rétention ;
   fléchissement de la visière (si le casque en comporte une) ;
   marquage et information ;
   utilisation de fausses têtes conformément à l'EN 960:2006.

Čelade za konjeniške aktivnosti

Ta evropski standard določa zahtevo za zaščitne čelade, ki imajo lahko podaljšan sprednji del, namenjene ljudem, vključenim v konjeniške aktivnosti. Vključuje varnostne zahteve, ki zajemajo preskusne metode in ravni učinkovitosti absorpcije udarcev, odpornosti proti prediranju ter moči in učinkovitosti zadrževalnega sistema ter upogiba sprednjega dela, če je podaljšan.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Mar-2015
Publication Date
10-Aug-2017
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
02-Aug-2017
Due Date
07-Oct-2017
Completion Date
11-Aug-2017

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Schutzhelme für reiterliche AktivitätenCasques de protection pour sports hippiquesHelmets for equestrian activities97.220.40Oprema za športe na prostem in vodne športeOutdoor and water sports equipment13.340.20Varovalna oprema za glavoHead protective equipmentICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1384:2017SIST EN 1384:2017en,fr,de01-september-2017SIST EN 1384:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 1384:20121DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1384:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1384
June
t r s y ICS
s uä u v rä t r Supersedes EN
s u z vã t r s tEnglish Version
Helmets for equestrian activities Casques de protection pour sports hippiques

Schutzhelme für reiterliche Aktivitäten This European Standard was approved by CEN on

s u February
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egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Serbiaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey and United Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s y CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s u z vã t r s y ESIST EN 1384:2017

EN 1384:2017 (E) 2 Contents Page European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6 3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 7 4 Requirements ................................................................................................................................................... 8 4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 8 4.2 Materials ............................................................................................................................................................. 8 4.3 Finish and projections ................................................................................................................................... 8 4.4 Extent of protection ........................................................................................................................................ 8 4.5 Shock absorption ............................................................................................................................................. 9 4.6 Penetration ........................................................................................................................................................ 9 4.7 Mechanical strength ....................................................................................................................................... 9 4.8 Retention system ............................................................................................................................................. 9 4.8.1 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9 4.8.2 Retention system strength ........................................................................................................................... 9 4.8.3 Retention system effectiveness .................................................................................................................. 9 4.9 Peak ...................................................................................................................................................................... 9 4.9.1 Peak deflection ................................................................................................................................................. 9 4.9.2 Peak dimensions .......................................................................................................................................... 10 4.10 Field of vision ................................................................................................................................................. 11 5 Testing .............................................................................................................................................................. 12 5.1 Visual inspection .......................................................................................................................................... 12 5.1.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 12 5.1.2 Marking and information supplied ........................................................................................................ 12 5.1.3 Materials innocuousness ........................................................................................................................... 12 5.1.4 Retention system and chin strap ............................................................................................................ 13 5.1.5 Finish and projections ................................................................................................................................ 13 5.1.6 Ventilation features ..................................................................................................................................... 13 5.2 Assessment of extent of the area of protection and marking of test area ............................... 13 5.3 Headforms ...................................................................................................................................................... 14 5.4 Field of vision ................................................................................................................................................. 14 5.5 Test sequence and number of samples ................................................................................................ 14 5.6 Testing atmosphere and conditioning ................................................................................................. 15 5.6.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 15 5.6.2 High temperature conditioning .............................................................................................................. 15 5.6.3 Low temperature conditioning ............................................................................................................... 15 5.6.4 Artificial ageing and moisture conditioning ...................................................................................... 16 5.7 Shock absorption .......................................................................................................................................... 16 5.7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16 5.7.2 Headform ........................................................................................................................................................ 16 5.7.3 Impact speed .................................................................................................................................................. 16 5.7.4 Test sites .......................................................................................................................................................... 16 5.7.5 Test period ...................................................................................................................................................... 16 5.8 Resistance to penetration ......................................................................................................................... 16 SIST EN 1384:2017

EN 1384:2017 (E) 3 5.8.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16 5.8.2 Striker ............................................................................................................................................................... 16 5.8.3 Test block ........................................................................................................................................................ 16 5.8.4 Impact energy ................................................................................................................................................ 17 5.8.5 Test sites .......................................................................................................................................................... 17 5.9 Mechanical strength .................................................................................................................................... 17 5.9.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17 5.9.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 17 5.9.3 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................ 17 5.10 Retention system strength ........................................................................................................................ 17 5.10.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 17 5.10.2 Headforms ....................................................................................................................................................... 17 5.10.3 Drop height ..................................................................................................................................................... 18 5.11 Retention system effectiveness ............................................................................................................... 18 5.11.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 18 5.11.2 Headforms ....................................................................................................................................................... 18 5.11.3 Direction of force application .................................................................................................................. 18 5.11.4 Drop height ..................................................................................................................................................... 18 5.11.5 Report ............................................................................................................................................................... 18 5.12 Peak deflection .............................................................................................................................................. 18 5.12.1 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................... 18 5.12.2 Apparatus ........................................................................................................................................................ 18 5.12.3 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................. 18 6 Marking and labelling ................................................................................................................................. 19 6.1 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 19 6.2 Information and instruction for the user ............................................................................................. 20 Annex A (informative) Significant technical changes between this European Standard and EN 1384:2012 ................................................................................................................................................. 21 Annex ZA Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 89/686/EEC Personal Protective Equipment ..... 22 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 23

SIST EN 1384:2017

EN 1384:2017 (E) 4 European foreword This document (EN 1384:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 158 “Head protection”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2017, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2017. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document supersedes EN 1384:2012. This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. Annex A provides details of significant technical changes between this European Standard and the previous edition, EN 1384:2012. According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 1384:2017

EN 1384:2017 (E) 5 Introduction This standard specifies the requirements for protective headwear for use in equestrian activities. The 2012 version of EN 1384 has been revised based on a mandate from CEN. The intention of a helmet is to reduce the risk of injury to the skull and part of the head surrounded by the helmet. Wearers need to be made aware that the protection given by a helmet depends on the circumstances of the accident and wearing of a helmet cannot always prevent death or long term disability. A proportion of the energy of an impact is absorbed by the helmet, thereby reducing the force of the blow sustained by the head. The structure of the helmet may be damaged in absorbing this energy and any helmet that sustains a severe blow should be replaced even if damage is not apparent. Performance levels and test methods are based upon proven methods of test and technical criteria and enhanced by data from expert sources in the field of head protection. Specific issues that have been addressed to give improved protection to the user are: a) shock absorption including a higher drop height; b) field of vision; c) lateral deformation; d) materials; e) area of protection; f) additional construction requirements. SIST EN 1384:2017

EN 1384:2017 (E) 6 1 Scope This European Standard specifies requirement for protective helmets that can have a peak, for people involved in equestrian activities. It gives safety requirements that include methods of test and levels. Requirements and the corresponding methods of test are given for the following: — construction, including field of vision; — shock absorbing properties; — resistance to penetration; — lateral deformation ; — retention system properties — deflection of peak (if fitted); — marking and information; — use of headforms in accordance with EN 960:2006. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 960:2006, Headforms for use in the testing of protective helmets EN 1811, Reference test method for release of nickel from the post assemblies which are inserted into pierced parts of the human body and articles intended to come into direct and prolonged contact with the skin EN 13087-1:2000, Protective helmets - Test methods - Part 1: Conditions and conditioning EN 13087-2:2012, Protective helmets - Test methods - Part 2: Shock absorption EN 13087-3, Protective helmets - Test methods - Part 3: Resistance to penetration EN 13087-4, Protective helmets - Test methods - Part 4: Retention system effectiveness EN 13087-5, Protective helmets - Test methods - Part 5: Retention system strength EN 13087-6, Protective helmets - Test methods - Part 6: Field of vision EN ISO 7500-1, Metallic materials — Calibration and verification of static uniaxial testing machines — Part 1: Tension/compression testing machines — Calibration and verification of the force-measuring system SIST EN 1384:2017

EN 1384:2017 (E) 7 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 shell material that provides the hard outer case of the helmet 3.2 protective padding (liner) padding material provided to absorb impact energy 3.3 comfort padding or size padding padding material provided to ensure comfortable and correct fit 3.4 cradle headband or other head fitting and those internal parts of the helmet other than the padding, which are in contact with the head 3.5 retention system complete assembly by means of which the helmet is maintained in position on the head, including any devices for adjustment of the system or to enhance the wearer's comfort 3.6 draw-lace lace used by a wearer for making adjustments to the fit of the cradle on the head 3.7 chin strap part of the retention system consisting of a strap that passes under the wearer's jaw to keep the helmet in position 3.8 chin cup cup mounted on the retention system to locate the strap on the point of the wearer's chin 3.9 helmet type category of helmets which do not differ in such essential respects as the material, construction of the helmet, retention system or protective padding Note 1 to entry Difference in sizes in itself does not constitute different helmet types. 3.10 peak extension from the basic form of the helmet above the eyes Note 1 to entry: Depending upon the construction of the helmet, such extension may be considered to be, or not to be, a peak with respect to 5.12 Peak deflection .It may be integral with, or detachable by the wearer from the helmet SIST EN 1384:2017

EN 1384:2017 (E) 8 3.11 area of protection minimum area of the headform covered by the protective padding (liner) 3.12 test area area of helmet which is subject to shock absorption and penetration tests 3.13 retention fixing point part of the helmet to which the retention system is permanently attached 4 Requirements 4.1 General Helmets for equestrian activities can be worn for short and long periods of time (for many hours) in cold and hot climates including activities that result in the user's body temperature increasing. Consequently the helmet should be designed to be comfortable, light and commensurate with the risks to which the user may be exposed in order to be effective without introducing heat stress to the wearer. The following requirements shall be visually assessed in accordance with 5.1. The helmet may be constructed either with or without a shell, and with or without means of ventilation. Vents may increase comfort but they allow for the possibility of solid objects entering through a vent and contacting the head. Within the area of protection ventilation and other apertures are permitted but these are restricted to the area above the test line. If a shell is used, then protective padding shall be securely fastened to it. If there are draw-laces / adjusting system for the wearing height, all of the requirements of this standard shall be satisfied 4.2 Materials For those parts of the helmet coming, or that may come, into contact with the skin the material used shall not be subject to any known appreciable alteration from contact with sweat or with substances likely to be used on the wearer. Materials shall not be used which are known to cause skin disorders or other adverse effects on health. The requirements shall be assessed in accordance with 5.1.3. 4.3 Finish and projections There shall be no sharp edges, roughness or projection on any parts of the helmet which are in contact, or potential contact, with the wearer, when the helmet is worn, such as is likely to cause injury to the wearer. Except for a button on the top of the helmet and a peak, any external projection shall not exceed 5 mm or shall be smoothly faired to the adjacent surface. All edges shall be smooth and rounded. There shall be no rigid projections on the inside of the helmet exceeding 2mm. After being tested the helmet shall not exhibit damage that could cause significant injury to the wearer when the helmet is worn (sharp edges, points).Test according to 5.1 4.4 Extent of protection The coverage shall extend down to and include both the area above the AA' plane and the area above the RF1R'F2 line, point R' is at the level of the reference plane (see Figure 2). SIST EN 1384:2017

EN 1384:2017 (E) 9 4.5 Shock absorption When tested in accordance with the method in 5.7, for each impact — the maximum acceleration shall not exceed 250 g at any time; — the total time during which the curve (acceleration / function of time) exceeds 150g shall not be greater than 5 ms; — the retention system shall remain fastened and the helmet shall remain on the headform. 4.6 Penetration When tested by the method described in 5.8, four impacts on the same helmet, there shall be no contact between the striker and test block. 4.7 Mechanical strength When tested in accordance with 5.9 the maximum lateral deformation of the helmet shall not exceed 30 mm, and the residual lateral deformation shall not exceed 10 mm. 4.8 Retention system 4.8.1 General The following requirements shall be visually and manually assessed in accordance with 5.1.4. A retention system shall be permanently fixed to the helmet and shall incorporate a chin strap not less than 15 mm wide. The system shall be permanently fitted with fastening and adjustment devices which may be combined. The chinstrap shall be adjustable in length. The retention system shall be freed by deliberate action only. The chin strap shall not have a chin cup. The colour of any part of the retention system shall not be green. It is recommended that the part of the device intended to be operated by the wearer to cause the device to open is coloured orange or red. NOTE

It is permissible for the system to include padding or other means of enhancing comfort to the wearer. 4.8.2 Retention system strength When tested in accordance with 5.10, the dynamic extension of the retention system, including slippage of the buckle, shall not exceed 35 mm and the residual extension shall not exceed 25 mm. Following the test, manual release of the unloaded buckle shall be possible. 4.8.3 Retention system effectiveness When the helmet is fitted to an appropriate size headform with the retention system adjusted, in accordance with the manufacturer's instruction and is subjected to the test described in 5.11, the helmet shall remain on the headform. Rotation of the helmet is acceptable during testing. 4.9 Peak 4.9.1 Peak deflection Where the helmet has a peak, when the peak is tested by the method described in 5.12, the deflection at the lateral mid-point (midpoint from the sides and not midpoint of the peak itself) of the front edge of the peak shall be greater than 6, 0 mm. SIST EN 1384:2017

EN 1384:2017 (E) 10 4.9.2 Peak dimensions In the case of helmets whose construction incorporates a shell fitted with protective padding, the extension is considered to be a peak if it is not made from the same material as the protective padding (that is, it is made from the same material of the shell). When compared as follows, extensions less than twice the average thickness of the helmet are not considered to be peaks, i.e. if E

¶ 2T, the extension is not considered to be a peak. E = horizontal projection of the extension, measured relative to the front of the headform at its lower front edge where it crosses the vertical longitudinal plane. T = average thickness of the helmet calculated as (T1+T2+T3)/3. T1 = test line thickness of the helmet at the left side (left side of the helmet where it crosses the vertical transverse plane of the headform). T2 = test line thickness of the helmet at the rear (rear of the helmet where it crosses the vertical longitudinal plane of the headform). T3 = test line thickness of the helmet at the right side (right side of the helmet where it crosses the vertical transverse plane of the headform). Test line thickness to be measured perpendicular to the outside surface of the helmet. SIST EN 1384:2017

EN 1384:2017 (E) 11

Key 1 AA' plane 2 reference plane 3 basic plane 4 central vertical axis Figure 1 — Peak extension measurement 4.10 Field of vision When tested in accordance with 5.4, there shall be no occultation in the field of vision bounded by angles as follows: — upwards 0° — horizontally 105° — downwards 45° SIST EN 1384:2017

EN 1384:2017 (E) 12 5 Testing 5.1 Visual inspection 5.1.1 General Helmets shall provide users with a level of comfort consistent with the level of protection required against the hazard which is present, the ambient conditions, the level of the user’s activity, and the anticipated duration of use of the helmet. Check by visual and tactile examination that helmets have no rough, sharp or hard surfaces that could irritate or injure the user. 5.1.2 Marking and information supplied An assessment of the helmet's marking and information supplied by the manufacturer shall be performed. The durability of the markings as specified in 6.1 shall be verified by inspection after rubbing the marking by hand for 15 s with a piece of cotton cloth soaked with water. The inspection shall be carried out by a person with normal vision to determine if the marking remains legible. Record if the information required in Clause 6 is present. 5.1.3 Materials innocuousness An inspection shall consist of an assessment of any safety data sheets or declarations relevant to the materials used in the helmet's construction, for the parts coming or that may come into contact with the skin. Particular attention needs to be paid to the presence of plasticisers, unreacted components, heavy metals, impurities and the chemical identity of pigments and dyes. [EN ISO 13688:2013, 4.2 Innocuousness]. All metallic materials which could come into prolonged contact with the skin (e.g. studs, fittings) shall have a release of Nickel of less than 0, 5 µg/cm3 per week when tested according to EN 1811. This testing may entail a certain amount of dismantling in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions for maintenance. If this occurs the helmet shall not be used for further testing. Examples of documents, which can be presented as evidence of chemical innocuousness, are given below: a) materials specifications; b) safety data sheets relating to the materials; c) information relating to the suitability of the materials for use with food, in medical devices, or other relevant applications; d) information relating to toxicological, allergenic, carcinogenic, toxic to reproduction or mutagenic investigations on the materials; e) information relating to eco-toxicological and other environmental investigations on the materials. Record if the r

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