Textiles - Determination of short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCP) and middle-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCP) in textile products out of different matrices by use of gas chromatography negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry (GC-NCI-MS) (ISO 22818:2021)

This document specifies a chromatographic method to determine the amount of short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs: C10-C13) and middle-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs: C14-C17) in textile articles, especially in polymer of the coated fabrics, prints made of polymer and buttons made of polymer (e.g. polyvinylchloride) by means of  solvent extraction and gas chromatography negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry (GC-NCI-MS).

Textilien - Bestimmung von SCCP und MCCP in textilen Produkten aus verschiedener Matrices mittels GC-NCI-MS (ISO 22818:2021)

Dieses Dokument legt ein chromatographisches Verfahren zur Bestimmung der Menge an kurzkettigen (SCCP: C10 C13) und mittelkettigen (MCCP: C14 C17) chlorierten Paraffinen in Textilartikeln, insbesondere in poly¬merbeschichteten Textilien, Drucken aus Polymer und Knöpfen aus Polymer (z. B. Polyvinylchlorid), mittels Lösemittelextraktion und Gaschromatographie mit massenspektrometrischer Detektion nach negativer chemischer Ionisierung (GC-NCI-MS) fest.

Textiles - Détermination de paraffines chlorées à chaîne courte (PCCC) et de paraffines chlorées à chaîne moyenne (PCCM) dans des produits textiles sur différentes matrices par chromatographie en phase gazeuse couplée à la spectrométrie de masse avec ionisation chimique négative (GC-NCI-MS) (ISO 22818:2021)

Tekstil - Določevanje kloriranih parafinov s kratkimi verigami (SCCP) in kloriranih parafinov srednje verige (MCCP) v tekstilnih izdelkih iz različnih matric z uporabo plinske kromatografije z masno spektrometrijo s kemično ionizacijo negativnih ionov (GC-NCI-MS) (ISO 22818:2021)

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
01-Jul-2020
Publication Date
28-Apr-2021
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
14-Apr-2021
Due Date
19-Jun-2021
Completion Date
29-Apr-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 22818:2021
01-junij-2021

Tekstil - Določevanje kloriranih parafinov s kratkimi verigami (SCCP) in kloriranih

parafinov srednje verige (MCCP) v tekstilnih izdelkih iz različnih matric z uporabo

plinske kromatografije z masno spektrometrijo s kemično ionizacijo negativnih
ionov (GC-NCI-MS) (ISO 22818:2021)

Textiles - Determination of short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCP) and middle-chain

chlorinated paraffins (MCCP) in textile products out of different matrices by use of gas

chromatography negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry (GC-NCI-MS) (ISO

22818:2021)
Textilien - Bestimmung von SCCP und MCCP in textilen Produkten aus verschiedener
Matrices mittels GC-NCI-MS (ISO 22818:2021)

Textiles - Détermination de paraffines chlorées à chaîne courte (PCCC) et de paraffines

chlorées à chaîne moyenne (PCCM) dans des produits textiles sur différentes matrices

par chromatographie en phase gazeuse couplée à la spectrométrie de masse avec
ionisation chimique négative (GC-NCI-MS) (ISO 22818:2021)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 22818:2021
ICS:
59.080.01 Tekstilije na splošno Textiles in general
71.040.50 Fizikalnokemijske analitske Physicochemical methods of
metode analysis
SIST EN ISO 22818:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 22818:2021
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SIST EN ISO 22818:2021
EN ISO 22818
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
March 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 59.060.01
English Version
Textiles - Determination of short-chain chlorinated
paraffins (SCCP) and middle-chain chlorinated paraffins
(MCCP) in textile products out of different matrices by use
of gas chromatography negative ion chemical ionization
mass spectrometry (GC-NCI-MS) (ISO 22818:2021)

Textiles - Détermination de paraffines chlorées à Textilien - Bestimmung von SCCP und MCCP in textilen

chaîne courte (PCCC) et de paraffines chlorées à chaîne Produkten aus verschiedener Matrices mittels GC-NCI-

moyenne (PCCM) dans des produits textiles sur MS (ISO 22818:2021)
différentes matrices par chromatographie en phase
gazeuse couplée à la spectrométrie de masse avec
ionisation chimique négative (GC-NCI-MS) (ISO
22818:2021)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 13 March 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 22818:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 22818:2021
EN ISO 22818:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 22818:2021
EN ISO 22818:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 22818:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 38 "Textiles"

in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 248 “Textiles and textile products” the secretariat of

which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2021, and conflicting national standards

shall be withdrawn at the latest by September 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,

Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of

North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the

United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 22818:2021 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 22818:2021 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 22818:2021
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SIST EN ISO 22818:2021
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 22818
First edition
2021-03
Textiles — Determination of short-
chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCP)
and middle-chain chlorinated
paraffins (MCCP) in textile products
out of different matrices by use
of gas chromatography negative
ion chemical ionization mass
spectrometry (GC-NCI-MS)
Textiles — Détermination de paraffines chlorées à chaîne courte
(PCCC) et de paraffines chlorées à chaîne moyenne (PCCM) dans des
produits textiles sur différentes matrices par chromatographie en
phase gazeuse couplée à la spectrométrie de masse avec ionisation
chimique négative (GC-NCI-MS)
Reference number
ISO 22818:2021(E)
ISO 2021
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SIST EN ISO 22818:2021
ISO 22818:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 22818:2021
ISO 22818:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 1

5 Reagents ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 1

6 Apparatus ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

7 Preparation of test specimens ................................................................................................................................................................ 3

8 Procedure..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

8.1 Extraction of test specimen .......................................................................................................................................................... 3

8.2 Sulfuric acid clean-up ........................................................................................................................................................................ 3

8.3 Preparation of the calibration solutions ........................................................................................................................... 3

8.3.1 Preparation of SCCPs calibration solution (5 µg/ml) with 59 % Cl ..................................... 3

8.3.2 Preparation of SCCPs calibration solution (50 µg/ml) with 59 % Cl .................................. 3

8.3.3 Preparation of SCCPs calibration solution (75 µg/ml) with 59 % Cl .................................. 3

8.3.4 Preparation of MCCPs calibration solution (5 µg/ml) with 55 % Cl ................................... 3

8.3.5 Preparation of MCCPs calibration solution (50 µg/ml) with 55 % Cl ................................ 4

8.3.6 Preparation of MCCPs calibration solution (75 µg/ml) with 55 % Cl ................................ 4

8.3.7 Daily calibration ............................................................................................................................................................... 4

8.4 GC-MS determination ........................................................................................................................................................................ 4

9 Expression of results ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

9.1 Evaluation .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

9.2 Determination of the recovery rate of the IS ................................................................................................................. 5

9.3 Interferences ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

9.3.1 Interferences of MCCPs masses .......................................................................................................................... 5

9.3.2 Interferences of SCCPs masses ............................................................................................................................ 6

10 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

Annex A (normative) Integration with peak shape evaluation (PSE) ................................................................................ 7

Annex B (informative) Chromatographic parameters.....................................................................................................................12

Annex C (informative) Reliability of method ............................................................................................................................................14

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................15

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 22818:2021
ISO 22818:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 38, Textiles, in collaboration with the

European Committee for Standardization (CEN) Technical Committee CEN/TC 248, Textiles and textile

products, in accordance with the Agreement on technical cooperation between ISO and CEN (Vienna

Agreement).

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 22818:2021
ISO 22818:2021(E)
Introduction

Short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) (C -C ; chlorine content > 48 %) are listed by the Stockholm

10 13
Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants.
[1]

In Europe, according to REGULATION (EU) 2019/1021 of the European Parliament and of the Council

of 20 June 2019 on persistent organic pollutants alkanes C -C , chloro [short-chain chlorinated

10 13

paraffins (SCCPs)] (CAS no. 85535-84-8) as constituents of articles are prohibited. Articles containing

SCCPs in concentrations lower than 0,15 % by weight are allowed.

Furthermore, it became industrial practice to restrict alkanes C -C , known as medium-chain

14 17
chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs) as well.

SCCPs and MCCPs are used as flame retardants in textiles, as plasticizers in polymers and as finishing

agents in leather. SCCPs and MCCPs are an issue for textile manufacturers and retailers due to their use

within fabrics, coated fabrics, plastisol prints, buttons, leather patches, etc.

The analysis of chlorinated paraffins is a great challenge. The technical compounds are always

complex mixtures of substances with different chain lengths and different chlorination degrees. Gas

chromatography (GC) separation of these mixtures show an overlapping part of chain length (between

short and middle chained) and of chlorination degrees, too. The responses of the different chlorination

degrees vary in a big range. This document describes a procedure to get comparable results for SCCPs

and MCCPs with a defined calibration standard of the most typical used mixtures (59 % chlorination

degree for SCCPs and 55 % chlorination degree for MCCPs) and using four ion traces for SCCPs and four

ion traces for MCCPs with gas chromatography negative ion chemical ionization mass spectrometry

(GC-NCI-MS).
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 22818:2021
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SIST EN ISO 22818:2021
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 22818:2021(E)
Textiles — Determination of short-chain chlorinated
paraffins (SCCP) and middle-chain chlorinated paraffins
(MCCP) in textile products out of different matrices by use
of gas chromatography negative ion chemical ionization
mass spectrometry (GC-NCI-MS)

WARNING — This document calls for the use of substances/procedures that may be injurious to

the health/environment if appropriate conditions are not observed. It refers only to technical

suitability and does not absolve the user from legal obligations relating to health and safety/

environment at any stage.
1 Scope

This document specifies a chromatographic method to determine the amount of short-chain chlorinated

paraffins (SCCPs: C -C ) and middle-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs: C -C ) in textile articles,

10 13 14 17

especially in polymer of the coated fabrics, prints made of polymer and buttons made of polymer (e.g.

polyvinylchloride) by means of solvent extraction and gas chromatography negative ion chemical

ionization mass spectrometry (GC-NCI-MS).
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 4787, Laboratory glassware — Volumetric instruments — Methods for testing of capacity and for use

3 Terms and definitions
No terms and definitions are listed in this document.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electropedia .org/
4 Principle
The test specimens are extracted with tol
...

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