Small craft - Electric navigation lights - Performance of LED lights (ISO 19009:2015)

This International Standard applies to requirements and testing for navigation lights with permanently
fixed light emitting diode (LED) assemblies for small craft up to 24 m length of the hull.

Kleine Wasserfahrzeuge - Elektrische Positionslaternen - Leistung von LED-Leuchten (ISO 19009:2015)

Diese Internationale Norm gilt für Anforderungen und Prüfungen für Positionslaternen mit fest eingebauter LED-Lichtquelle für kleine Wasserfahrzeuge mit einer Rumpflänge von 24 m oder weniger.

Petits navires - Feux de navigation électriques - Performance des feux à LED (ISO 19009:2015)

L'ISO 19009:2015 s'applique aux exigences et aux essais relatifs aux feux de navigation utilisant des sources lumineuses à diodes électroluminescentes (LED) et fixés à demeure sur les petits navires de longueur de coque jusqu'à 24 m.

Mala plovila - Električne navigacijske luči - Lastnosti LED-svetilk (ISO 19009:2015)

Ta mednarodni standard velja za zahteve in preskušanje navigacijskih luči s trajno nameščenimi svetlečimi diodami (LED) za majhna plovila z dolžino ladijskega trupa do 24 m.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
30-Mar-2014
Publication Date
08-Nov-2015
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
29-Oct-2015
Due Date
03-Jan-2016
Completion Date
09-Nov-2015

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Standards Content (sample)

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
01-december-2015

0DODSORYLOD(OHNWULþQHQDYLJDFLMVNHOXþL/DVWQRVWL/('VYHWLON ,62

Small craft - Electric navigation lights - Performance of LED lights (ISO 19009:2015)

Kleine Wasserfahrzeuge - Elektrische Positionslaternen - Leistung von LED-Leuchten

(ISO 19009:2015)

Petits navires - Feux de navigation électriques - Performance des feux à LED (ISO

19009:2015)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 19009:2015
ICS:
47.020.60 (OHNWULþQDRSUHPDODGLMLQ Electrical equipment of ships
NRQVWUXNFLMQDPRUMX and of marine structures
47.080 ýROQL Small craft
SIST EN ISO 19009:2015 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
EN ISO 19009
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
October 2015
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 47.080
English Version
Small craft - Electric navigation lights - Performance of
LED lights (ISO 19009:2015)

Petits navires - Feux de navigation électriques - Kleine Wasserfahrzeuge - Elektrische

Performance des feux à LED (ISO 19009:2015) Positionslaternen - Leistung von LED-Leuchten (ISO

19009:2015)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 13 June 2015.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 19009:2015 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
EN ISO 19009:2015 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2013/53/EC.......................................................................................... 4

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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
EN ISO 19009:2015 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 19009:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 188 "Small

craft".

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2016, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by April 2016.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).

For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA which is an integral part of this

document.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 19009:2015 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 19009:2015 without any modification.

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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
EN ISO 19009:2015 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 2013/53/EC

This European standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission

to provide one means of conforming to Essential Requirements of the New Approach Directive

2013/53/EC.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Communities under that Directive and

has been implemented as a national standard in at least one member state, compliance with the

normative clauses of this standard given in Table ZA.1 confers, within the limits of the scope of this

standard, a presumption of conformity with the relevant Essential Requirements of that Directive and

associated EFTA regulations.

WARNING — Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling

within the scope of this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 19009
First edition
2015-09-15
Small craft — Electric navigation lights
— Performance of LED lights
Petits navires — Feux de navigation électriques — Performance
des feux à LED
Reference number
ISO 19009:2015(E)
ISO 2015
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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
ISO 19009:2015(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2015, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
ISO 19009:2015(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................vi

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Abbreviated terms .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

5 Minimum requirements ................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5.1 Luminous intensity and range of visibility ..................................................................................................................... 2

5.2 Luminous intensity distribution .............................................................................................................................................. 2

5.2.1 Horizontal luminous intensity distribution ............................................................................................. 2

5.2.2 Vertical luminous intensity distribution ..................................................................................................... 3

5.3 Colorimetric requirements ........................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.4 Flashing light ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 3

5.5 Electrical safety ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.6 Reflectors ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.7 Power supply ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 4

5.8 General requirements ....................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.8.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.8.2 Equipment category ...................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.8.3 Vibration ................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

5.8.4 Rain and spray ................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.8.5 Solar radiation ................................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.8.6 Corrosion (salt mist) .................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.8.7 Electromagnetic compatibility............................................................................................................................. 5

5.8.8 Compass safe distance ................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.8.9 Housing temperature ................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.8.10 Mechanical shock ............................................................................................................................................................ 5

5.9 Deviations caused by service life conditions ................................................................................................................ 5

5.10 Influence of temperature ............................................................................................................................................................... 5

5.10.1 Influence of temperature on chromaticity coordinates and luminous intensity ..... 5

5.10.2 Dry heat and low temperature ............................................................................................................................. 5

5.10.3 Pulse frequency ................................................................................................................................................................. 6

6 Testing ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.1.1 Validity of IEC 60945:2002 ..................................................................................................................................... 6

6.1.2 Performance test and performance check ................................................................................................. 6

6.1.3 Order of the tests ............................................................................................................................................................. 6

6.1.4 Documentation .................................................................................................................................................................. 6

6.1.5 Light source .......................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2 Photometric and colorimetric tests ...................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.1 Test voltage ........................................................................................................................................................................... 6

6.2.2 Photometric test ............................................................................................................................................................... 7

6.2.3 Colorimetric test .............................................................................................................................................................. 9

6.2.4 Measurement of luminous intensity and chromaticity coordinates under

the influence of temperature ..............................................................................................................................10

6.2.5 Measurement of flashing lights ........................................................................................................................10

6.3 Explanations, supplements, or amendments to points in IEC 60945:2002 ....................................11

6.3.1 Corrosion (salt mist) .................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.2 Extreme power supply .............................................................................................................................................11

6.3.3 Dry heat ................................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.4 Damp heat ...........................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.5 Vibration ..............................................................................................................................................................................11

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
ISO 19009:2015(E)

6.3.6 Rain and spray ................................................................................................................................................................11

6.3.7 Solar radiation ................................................................................................................................................................12

6.3.8 EMC...........................................................................................................................................................................................12

6.4 Tests outside the scope of IEC 60945:2002 ................................................................................................................12

6.4.1 Shock .......................................................................................................................................................................................12

6.4.2 Housing temperature ................................................................................................................................................12

7 Marking .......................................................................................................................................................................................................................13

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................14

iv © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
ISO 19009:2015(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 188, Small craft.
© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
ISO 19009:2015(E)
Introduction

This document was developed to provide uniform criteria for the performance, construction, and

testing of LED navigation lights. Conflicting national standards might lead to confusion on the part of

operators and manufacturers of craft, as well as manufacturers of LED navigation lights. These conflicts

could lead to barriers to trade.

If the colour locus of navigation light is within the coordinates specified in this document, the COLREGs,

[1] [2]
CCNR and CEVNI requirements relating to colour loci are satisfied.
vi © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 19009:2015(E)
Small craft — Electric navigation lights — Performance
of LED lights
1 Scope

This International Standard applies to requirements and testing for navigation lights with permanently

fixed light emitting diode (LED) assemblies for small craft up to 24 m length of the hull.

2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 11664-1, Colorimetry — Part 1: CIE standard colorimetric observers
CIE 15, Colorimetry

CIE 69, Methods of characterizing illuminance meters and luminance meters — Performance, characteristics

and specifications
CIE 70:1987, Measurement of absolute luminous intensity distributions
IEC 60529:1989, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)

IEC 60945:2002, Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems — General

requirements — Methods of testing and required test results

IEC 60068-2-27:2008, Environmental testing — Part 2-27: Tests — Test Ea and guidance: Shock

COLREGs, International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
flashing light

light flashing at regular intervals at a frequency of 120 flashes or more per minute

3.2
navigation light

coloured source of illumination used to signal a craft’s position, heading, and status

3.3
signal light
light radiated by navigation lights
3.4
range of visibility
distance up to which the light of the navigation light can be seen
3.5
rated voltage

voltage or voltage range specified by the manufacturer for the operation of the navigation light

© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
ISO 19009:2015(E)
3.6
zero signal direction

horizontal direction of radiation of a navigation light in the centre-line plane or parallel to it

Note 1 to entry: The zero signal direction is designated in this standard as either 0° or “dead ahead”.

4 Abbreviated terms
For the purposes of this document, the following abbreviated terms apply.
CIE International Commission on Illumination
COLREG International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972
LED Light Emitting Diode
5 Minimum requirements
5.1 Luminous intensity and range of visibility

I is the photometric luminous intensity in candela (cd) that is measured in the laboratory at rated voltage.

I is the luminous intensity under operating conditions in candela (cd) which takes into account, for

example, the ageing of the light source, contamination of the optical system, and voltage drop of the

craft’s power supply system.

For the values listed in Table 1, I is assumed to be 20 % less than the photometric luminous intensity I .

B 0

The range of visibility given on the navigation light depends on the interval for I in Table 1 in which

the luminous intensity I actually measured lies. A navigation light shall not be marked with a higher or

lower figure.

Table 1 — Range of visibility, luminous intensities and range of visibility designations

Horizontal Horizontal
Nominal range of Operational minimum maximum
Minimum Maximum
the navigation luminous photometric photometric
range value range value
light intensity (I ) luminous luminous
a a
intensity (I ) intensity (I )
0 0
nm nm km nm km cd cd cd
1 1 1,85 2 3,70 0,9 1,1 5,4
2 2 3,70 5 9,26 4,3 5,4 65
3 3 5,56 5 9,26 12 15 65
5 5 9,26 7,5 13,9 52 65 257
To be measured in the laboratory.
5.2 Luminous intensity distribution
5.2.1 Horizontal luminous intensity distribution
The requirements of the COLREGs apply.

For the purpose of this document, the COLREGs expression “almost zero” or “practical cut-off” is defined

as a value of not greater than 12,5 % of the average photometric luminous intensity . The angle between

two measurements shall not exceed 0,2°.
2 © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
ISO 19009:2015(E)

In the case of two-colour or three-colour navigation lights, the luminous intensity distribution shall

be uniform so that in the arc of visibility of 3° on each side of the zero signal direction, the maximum

permissible photometric luminous intensity of the port and starboard segments shall not be exceeded

and the minimum required photometric luminous intensity shall not be less than the required value.

The horizontal luminous intensity distribution of the navigation light shall be uniform over the entire

radiation angle so that the maximum and minimum values of the photometric luminous intensity do

not differ by more than a factor of 1,5.
5.2.2 Vertical luminous intensity distribution
The requirements of the COLREGs apply.

In addition, the maximum vertical luminous intensity shall not exceed the horizontal luminous intensity

at 0° by more than a factor of 1,5. Navigation lights with vertical luminous intensity distribution

according to COLREGs, Annex I, 10 (a) specified for engine-driven craft only shall be marked accordingly.

5.3 Colorimetric requirements
The chromaticity areas given in Table 2 apply.
Table 2 — Colour range vertices
Signal light
Coordinates of the vertices
colour
White x 0,310 0,443 0,500 0,500 0,453 0,310
y 0,283 0,382 0,382 0,440 0,440 0,348
Red x 0,690 0,710 0,680 0,660
y 0,290 0,290 0,320 0,320
Green x 0,009 0,284 0,207 0,013
y 0,720 0,520 0,397 0,494
Yellow x 0,612 0,618 0,575 0,575
y 0,382 0,382 0,425 0,406
Blue x 0,136 0,218 0,185 0,102
y 0,040 0,142 0,175 0,105
5.4 Flashing light

The ruling dimension for the range of visibility is the visually effective luminous intensity (I ). I is

EFF EFF
a measure for the conspicuity and efficiency of the flashing light emitted.

I shall attain at least the minimum horizontal photometric luminous intensity values I in Table 1.

EFF 0
© ISO 2015 – All rights reserved 3
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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
ISO 19009:2015(E)

I is calculated as follows from the maximum instantaneous luminous intensity in the observation

EFF
direction (I ) according to the Blondel-Rey equation:
MAX
Idt
MAX
I =
EFF
02, +−tt
where
I is the effective luminous intensity, in candela;
EFF
I is the instantaneous value, in candela;
MAX
0,2 is the Blondel-Rey constant for night observation, in seconds;
t , t are the integration time limits, in seconds.
1 2

If the duration of the light phenomenon less the rise time and decay time, i.e. the time in which the

instantaneous luminous intensity attains or exceeds the required minimum luminous intensity, is

greater than 0,3 s, the light may be regarded as a steady light. The effective luminous intensity shall not

then be determined.

The luminous intensity ranges of visibility and chromaticity areas in 5.1 and 5.3 apply, but without the

upper limit for the luminous intensity.
The vertical radiation shall be at least 4°.

With an inclination of the flashing light to the horizontal of up to ±2°, the luminous intensities shall still

be at least 80 % of the luminous intensity at 0°.
5.5 Electrical safety
The electrical safety shall be ensured as described in IEC 60945:2002.
5.6 Reflectors
Reflectors are permitted only in hermetically-sealed systems.
5.7 Power supply

The requirements of IEC 60945:2002 apply except for those regarding the following:

a) extreme power supply;
b) excessive conditions;
c) power supply failure.
5.8 General requirements
5.8.1 General

Unless otherwise indicated in this International Standard, the requirements of IEC 60945:2002 apply.

5.8.2 Equipment category

Navigation lights belong to the equipment category “exposed to the weather” as specified in

IEC 60945:2002.
4 © ISO 2015 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 19009:2015
ISO 19009:2015(E)
5.8.3 Vibration

The requirements of IEC 60945:2002 apply with the additional requirements described in 6.3.5.

5.8.4 Rain and spray

The requirements of IEC 60945:2002 apply with the addition that a navigation light in continuous duty

shall meet the requirements of IP66 without any change.
The test shall be as described in 6.3.6.
5.8.5 Solar radiation
The test shall be as described in 6.3.7.
5.8.6 Corrosion (salt mist)
The test shall be as described in 6.3.1.
5.8.7 Electromagnetic compatibility
The test shall be as described in IEC 60945:2002.
5.8.8 Compass safe distance
The requirements of
...

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