Characterization of sludges - Physical consistency - Part 1: Determination of flowability - Method by extrusion tube apparatus

This part of the European Standard specifies a method for determining the flowability, as defined in CEN/TR 15463 [1], of sludge by means of the extrusion tube apparatus.
This part of this European standard is applicable to sludge and sludge suspensions from:
 storm water handling;
 urban wastewater collecting systems;
 urban wastewater treatment plants;
 plants treating industrial wastewater similar to urban wastewater (as defined in Directive 91/271/EEC);
 water supply treatment plants.
This method is also applicable to sludge and sludge suspensions of other origins.

Charakterisierung von Schlämmen - Physikalische Beschaffenheit - Teil 1: Bestimmung des Fließverhaltens - Verfahren mit Gerät mit Extrusionsrohr

Die Bedeutung des Fließverhaltens von Schlamm wurde bereits in CEN/TR 15463 ausführlich diskutiert, da es fast die gesamten Behandlungs-, Verwendungs- und Ablagerungsabläufe bei Schlamm, beeinflusst.
Im genannten CEN/TR sind verschiedene Vorschläge für Normentwürfe für Labor- und Feldprüfungen angegeben. Um jedoch die Anwendbarkeit einer europäischen Norm auf diesem Gebiet wirksam zu verbessern, erscheint die Definition eines genormten Verfahrens notwendig. Diese Norm würde einen Vergleich von an unterschiedlichen Orten und zu unterschiedlichen Zeiten gewonnenen Ergebnissen ermöglichen.

Caractérisation des boues - Consistance physique - Partie 1: Détermination de l'aptitude à l'écoulement - Méthode utilisant un appareil à tube d'extrusion

L’importance de la fluidité des boues, qui affecte presque toutes les opérations de traitement, d'utilisation et d’élimination des boues, a été évoquée de manière exhaustive dans le rapport CEN/TR 15463.
Dans ce rapport CEN sont mentionnées différentes les propositions au sujet de projets de norme, concernant à la fois les essais de laboratoire et les essais sur site, mais pour améliorer efficacement l'applicabilité des textes normatifs européens dans ce domaine, la mise au point d'un protocole normalisé semble nécessaire, car il permettrait la comparabilité des résultats obtenus à différents endroits et différentes périodes.

Karakterizacija blata - Fizična konsistenca - 1. del: Določanje pretočnosti - Metoda brizganja s cevnimi aparati

Ta del evropskega standarda določa metodo za določanje sipkosti blata z brizganjem s cevnimi aparati, kot je opredeljeno v standardu CEN/TR 15463 [1].
Ta del tega evropskega standarda se uporablja za blato in suspenzije blata iz:
sistemov za zbiranje deževnice;
zbiralnih sistemov za komunalno odpadno vodo;
čistilnih naprav za komunalno odpadno vodo;
naprav za čiščenje industrijske odpadne vode na podoben način kot komunalne odpadne vode (kot je opredeljeno v Direktivi 91/271/EGS);
čistilnih naprav v sistemih oskrbe z vodo.
Ta metoda se uporablja tudi za blato in suspenzije blata drugega izvora.

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
14-Feb-2016
Publication Date
13-Mar-2017
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
02-Feb-2017
Due Date
09-Apr-2017
Completion Date
14-Mar-2017

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Charakterisierung von Schlämmen - Physikalische Beschaffenheit - Teil 1: Bestimmung des Fließverhaltens - Verfahren mit Gerät mit ExtrusionsrohrCaractérisation des boues - Consistance physique - Partie 1: Détermination de l'aptitude à l'écoulement - Méthode utilisant un appareil à tube d'extrusionCharacterization of sludges - Physical consistency - Part 1: Determination of flowability - Method by extrusion tube apparatus13.030.20Liquid wastes. SludgeICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 16720-1:2016SIST EN 16720-1:2017en,fr,de01-april-2017SIST EN 16720-1:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 16720-1:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 16720-1
May
t r s x ICS
s uä r u rä t r English Version
Characterization of sludges æ Physical consistency æ Part

sã Determination of flowability æ Method by extrusion tube apparatus Caractßrisation des boues æ Consistance physique æ Partie

sã Dßtermination de l 5aptitude à l 5ßcoulement æ Mßthode utilisant un appareil à tube d 5extrusion

Charakterisierung von Schlämmen æ Physikalische Beschaffenheit æ Teil

sã Bestimmung des Fließverhaltens æ Verfahren mit Gerät mit Extrusionsrohr This European Standard was approved by CEN on

s { March
t r s xä

egulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alterationä Upætoædate lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN memberä

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CENæCENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versionsä

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austriaá Belgiumá Bulgariaá Croatiaá Cyprusá Czech Republicá Denmarká Estoniaá Finlandá Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniaá Franceá Germanyá Greeceá Hungaryá Icelandá Irelandá Italyá Latviaá Lithuaniaá Luxembourgá Maltaá Netherlandsá Norwayá Polandá Portugalá Romaniaá Slovakiaá Sloveniaá Spainá Swedená Switzerlandá Turkey andUnited Kingdomä

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,
B-1000 Brussels

t r s x CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Membersä Refä Noä EN

s x y t ræ sã t r s x ESIST EN 16720-1:2017
EN 16720-1:2016 (E) 2 Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................... 4 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 5 3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................................................... 5 4 Principle .............................................................................................................................................................. 6 5 Equipment .......................................................................................................................................................... 6 6 Test sample ........................................................................................................................................................ 7 7 Procedure ........................................................................................................................................................... 7 8 Expression of the results............................................................................................................................... 7 9 Precision ............................................................................................................................................................. 8 10 Test report ......................................................................................................................................................... 8 Annex A (informative)

Flow behaviour of fluids ................................................................................................. 9 Annex B (informative)

Extrusion tube apparatus ............................................................................................ 10 Annex C (informative)

Results of validation trials .......................................................................................... 12 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 16

SIST EN 16720-1:2017
EN 16720-1:2016 (E)

3 European foreword This document (EN 16720-1:2016) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 308 “Characterization and management of sludge”, the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2016 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2016. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. EN 16720, Characterization of sludges - Physical consistency consists of the following two parts: — Part 1: Determination of flowability - Method by extrusion tube apparatus

— Part 2: Determination of solidity (in preparation) According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 16720-1:2017

EN 16720-1:2016 (E) 4 Introduction The evaluation of physical consistency is recognized to be very important since it affects almost all treatment, utilization and disposal operations, such as storage, pumping, transportation, handling, land spreading, de-watering, drying, landfilling. It is also to be pointed out that in many analytical methods for sludge characterization (e.g. pH, dry matter, leachability, etc.), different procedures are required depending on whether the sample to be examined is liquid or not. No standardized procedures have previously been available for the evaluation of this sludge property. Physical consistency is a characteristic strictly linked to the rheological properties of fluids. Details on flow behaviour of fluids are available in Annex A (informative). Flowability represents the boundary area between the liquid and the paste-like physical state, i.e. the state in which a sludge is able to “flow” under the effect of gravity or pressure below a certain threshold (CEN/TR 15463). This document defines a method for determining the flowability of sludge (Flowability index, Fi) by means of an extrusion tube apparatus. SIST EN 16720-1:2017

EN 16720-1:2016 (E)

5 1 Scope This part of the European Standard specifies a method for determining the flowability, as defined in CEN/TR 15463, of sludge by means of the extrusion tube apparatus. This part of this European Standard is applicable to sludge and sludge suspensions from: — storm water handling; — urban wastewater collecting systems; — urban wastewater treatment plants; — plants treating industrial wastewater similar to urban wastewater (as defined in Directive 91/271/EEC); — water supply treatment plants. This method is also applicable to sludge and sludge suspensions of other origins. 2 Normative references The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 16323:2014, Glossary of wastewater engineering terms CEN/TR 15463:2007, Characterization of sludges - Physical consistency - Thixotropic behaviour and piling behaviour 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 16323:2014 and the following apply. 3.1 dynamic viscosity ratio of the applied shear stress to the shear rate (velocity gradient) in a rotating viscometer Note 1 to entry: Dynamic viscosity is the measure of the resistance to flow of a liquid. 3.2 flowability index Fi parameter indicating whether a sludge is in the “liquid” physical state or not, i.e. is able to flow under the effect of gravity or pressure below a certain threshold 3.3 non-Newtonian fluid fluid having a non-constant shear stress to shear rate ratio SIST EN 16720-1:2017

EN 16720-1:2016 (E) 6 3.4 shear rate measure of the spatial change in speed at which the intermediate layers move with respect to each other 3.5 shear stress force per unit area required to produce the shearing action 3.6 yield stress minimum shear stress to initiate flow 4 Principle The flowability of sludge can be evaluated through several procedures using different devices (see CEN/TR 15463). A simple way, at both the laboratory and field scale, consists of measuring the Flowability index Fi by means of an extrusion tube apparatus (cylindrical container equipped with standardized discharge pipes at its bottom, 5.1). The flowability index is related to the yield stress and is expressed in the same units (see Clause 8). Fi is determined by measuring the height of the sludge remaining in the cylinder above the discharge pipe fitted at its bottom when the flow through the pipe becomes discontinuous. The measured height value allows the corresponding value of Fi to be calculated through the simplified flow equation in straight pipes, often referred to as the Bingham model. NOTE Theoretically, the liquid physical state can be defined in the absence of yield stress. However, sludge can be considered a liquid when yield stress is below a certain level. 5 Equipment 5.1 Extrusion tube apparatus The standard extrusion tube apparatus is shown in Figure B.1. It consists of a cylindrical transparent container, 100 mm internal diameter and 350 mm deep, to which pipes (in PVC or similar material) 200 mm long and with internal diameter of 5 mm, 10 mm and 20 mm can be fitted at its bottom. The apparatus shall be provided with a scale graduated in millimetres to measure the height of the sludge remaining in the cylinder above the discharge pipes at the end of the test. To avoid additional errors, each pipe of different diameter shall have its upper side at the same height from the bottom of the vessel (see Figure B.2). The apparatus shall be vertically mounted on a stable support, free of vibrations. 5.2 Beakers/containers, pouring beakers/containers of appropriate capacity. 5.3 Thermometer, with a precision of 0,5 °C. 5.4 Sieve, mesh size maximum 2,5 mm. SIST EN 16720-1:2017

EN 16720-1:2016 (E)

7 6 Test sample Sufficient volume of the test sample to fill up the apparatus (about 3 l) is required. The presence of coarse particles or lumps of aggregate in the suspension can cause clogging phenomena. If necessary, the sample shall be sieved to exclude particles larger than 2,5 mm (see 5.4). Furthermore, test could be negatively affected by fast-settling particles, clogging phenomena and presence of air bubbles, especially in the discharge pipes. Pour carefully the sludge in the cylinder along the wall to minimize bubbles. If necessary, homogenization at adequate stirring speed in the cylinder should be guaranteed to limit settling. Pre-sieving could limit clogging, but if it appears during test appropriate de-clogging actions could be adopted. 7 Procedure 7.1 Level the apparatus to assure verticality. 7.2 Fill up the cylinder with the sample by keeping closed the end side of the pipe(s) fitted at the bottom and while avoiding the presence of air bubbles. Make the transfer in such a manner th

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