Safety of machinery - Relationship with ISO 12100 - Part 2: How ISO 12100 relates to ISO 13849-1

ISO/TR 22100-2:2013 describes the general relationship between ISO 12100 and ISO 13849‑1 used to reduce the risk of harm. It focuses on the use of safety-related parts of control systems in relation to risk assessment and the risk reduction process.

Sécurité des machines -- Relation avec l'ISO 12100

Varnost strojev - Povezava z ISO 12100 - 2. del: Povezave med ISO 12100 in ISO 13849-1

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
29-Sep-2020
Publication Date
14-Jan-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
14-Dec-2020
Due Date
18-Feb-2021
Completion Date
15-Jan-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2021
01-februar-2021
Varnost strojev - Povezava z ISO 12100 - 2. del: Povezave med ISO 12100 in ISO
13849-1

Safety of machinery - Relationship with ISO 12100 - Part 2: How ISO 12100 relates to

ISO 13849-1
Sécurité des machines -- Relation avec l'ISO 12100
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ISO/TR 22100-2:2013
ICS:
13.110 Varnost strojev Safety of machinery
SIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2021
TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 22100-2
First edition
2013-12-15
Safety of machinery — Relationship
with ISO 12100 —
Part 2:
How ISO 12100 relates to ISO 13849-1
Sécurité des machines — Relation avec l’ISO 12100 —
Partie 2: Relation entre l’ISO 12100 et l’ISO 13849-1
Reference number
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
ISO 2013
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2021
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2013

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2021
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative reference ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 General structure of the system of machinery safety standards ........................................................................ 1

4 The risk assessment and risk reduction process ............................................................................................................... 2

5 Interrelation between ISO 12100 and ISO 13849-1......................................................................................................... 4

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2 Input information to ISO 13849-1.......................................................................................................................................... 4

5.3 Output information resulting from ISO 13849-1 ...................................................................................................... 5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2021
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information
The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 199, Safety of machinery.

ISO/TR 22100 consists of the following parts, under the general title Safety of machinery — Relationship

with ISO 12100:
— Part 2: How ISO 12100 relates to ISO 13849-1

How ISO 12100 relates to type-B and type-C standards and the implementation of ergonomics in safety

standards are to form the subjects of future parts 1 and 3.
iv © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2021
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
Introduction

The use of ISO 12100 and ISO 13849-1 has shown that readers have experienced difficulty in

understanding how these two documents work together. This document has been prepared to guide

readers in how the standards are to be used to achieve tolerable risk for a machine in general and for the

safety-related parts of the control system, in particular.
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2021
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2021
TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
Safety of machinery — Relationship with ISO 12100 —
Part 2:
How ISO 12100 relates to ISO 13849-1
1 Scope

This part of ISO/TR 22100 describes the general relationship between ISO 12100 and ISO 13849-1 used

to reduce the risk of harm. It focuses on the use of safety-related parts of control systems in relation to

risk assessment and the risk reduction process.

NOTE The explanations about the relationship to ISO 12100 given in this document are relevant for

ISO 13849-1 but could be applied in a similar manner to IEC 62061.
2 Normative reference

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk reduction

ISO 13849-1, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General principles

for design
3 General structure of the system of machinery safety standards
Standards on safety of machinery have the following structure:

— type-A standards (basic safety standards) giving basic concepts, principles for design, and general

aspects that can be applied to machinery;

— type-B standards (generic safety standards) dealing with one safety aspect or one type of safeguard

that can be used across a wide range of machinery;

— type-C standards (machine safety standards) dealing with detailed safety requirements for a

particular machine or group of machines.
As shown
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2020
01-september-2020
Varnost strojev - Povezava z ISO 12100 - 2. del: Povezave med ISO 12100 in ISO
13849-1

Safety of machinery - Relationship with ISO 12100 - Part 2: How ISO 12100 relates to

ISO 13849-1
Sécurité des machines -- Relation avec l'ISO 12100
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ISO/TR 22100-2:2013
ICS:
13.110 Varnost strojev Safety of machinery
oSIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
oSIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
oSIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2020
TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 22100-2
First edition
2013-12-15
Safety of machinery — Relationship
with ISO 12100 —
Part 2:
How ISO 12100 relates to ISO 13849-1
Sécurité des machines — Relation avec l’ISO 12100 —
Partie 2: Relation entre l’ISO 12100 et l’ISO 13849-1
Reference number
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
ISO 2013
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
oSIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2020
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2013

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
oSIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2020
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative reference ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 General structure of the system of machinery safety standards ........................................................................ 1

4 The risk assessment and risk reduction process ............................................................................................................... 2

5 Interrelation between ISO 12100 and ISO 13849-1......................................................................................................... 4

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2 Input information to ISO 13849-1.......................................................................................................................................... 4

5.3 Output information resulting from ISO 13849-1 ...................................................................................................... 5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
oSIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2020
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information
The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 199, Safety of machinery.

ISO/TR 22100 consists of the following parts, under the general title Safety of machinery — Relationship

with ISO 12100:
— Part 2: How ISO 12100 relates to ISO 13849-1

How ISO 12100 relates to type-B and type-C standards and the implementation of ergonomics in safety

standards are to form the subjects of future parts 1 and 3.
iv © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
oSIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2020
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
Introduction

The use of ISO 12100 and ISO 13849-1 has shown that readers have experienced difficulty in

understanding how these two documents work together. This document has been prepared to guide

readers in how the standards are to be used to achieve tolerable risk for a machine in general and for the

safety-related parts of the control system, in particular.
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
oSIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2020
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
oSIST-TP ISO/TR 22100-2:2020
TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
Safety of machinery — Relationship with ISO 12100 —
Part 2:
How ISO 12100 relates to ISO 13849-1
1 Scope

This part of ISO/TR 22100 describes the general relationship between ISO 12100 and ISO 13849-1 used

to reduce the risk of harm. It focuses on the use of safety-related parts of control systems in relation to

risk assessment and the risk reduction process.

NOTE The explanations about the relationship to ISO 12100 given in this document are relevant for

ISO 13849-1 but could be applied in a similar manner to IEC 62061.
2 Normative reference

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk reduction

ISO 13849-1, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General principles

for design
3 General structure of the system of machinery safety standards
Standards on safety of machinery have the following structure:

— type-A standards (basic safety standards) giving basic concepts, principles for design, and general

aspects that can be applied to machinery;

— type-B standards (generic safety standards) dealing with one safety aspect or one type of safeguard

that can be used across a wide range of machinery;

— type-C standards (machine safety standards) dealing with detailed safety requirements for a

particular machine or group of machines.
As sho
...

TECHNICAL ISO/TR
REPORT 22100-2
First edition
2013-12-15
Safety of machinery — Relationship
with ISO 12100 —
Part 2:
How ISO 12100 relates to ISO 13849-1
Sécurité des machines — Relation avec l’ISO 12100 —
Partie 2: Relation entre l’ISO 12100 et l’ISO 13849-1
Reference number
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
ISO 2013
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2013

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative reference ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 General structure of the system of machinery safety standards ........................................................................ 1

4 The risk assessment and risk reduction process ............................................................................................................... 2

5 Interrelation between ISO 12100 and ISO 13849-1......................................................................................................... 4

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.2 Input information to ISO 13849-1.......................................................................................................................................... 4

5.3 Output information resulting from ISO 13849-1 ...................................................................................................... 5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information
The committee responsible for this document is ISO/TC 199, Safety of machinery.

ISO/TR 22100 consists of the following parts, under the general title Safety of machinery — Relationship

with ISO 12100:
— Part 2: How ISO 12100 relates to ISO 13849-1

How ISO 12100 relates to type-B and type-C standards and the implementation of ergonomics in safety

standards are to form the subjects of future parts 1 and 3.
iv © ISO 2013 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
Introduction

The use of ISO 12100 and ISO 13849-1 has shown that readers have experienced difficulty in

understanding how these two documents work together. This document has been prepared to guide

readers in how the standards are to be used to achieve tolerable risk for a machine in general and for the

safety-related parts of the control system, in particular.
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
TECHNICAL REPORT ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
Safety of machinery — Relationship with ISO 12100 —
Part 2:
How ISO 12100 relates to ISO 13849-1
1 Scope

This part of ISO/TR 22100 describes the general relationship between ISO 12100 and ISO 13849-1 used

to reduce the risk of harm. It focuses on the use of safety-related parts of control systems in relation to

risk assessment and the risk reduction process.

NOTE The explanations about the relationship to ISO 12100 given in this document are relevant for

ISO 13849-1 but could be applied in a similar manner to IEC 62061.
2 Normative reference

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk reduction

ISO 13849-1, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General principles

for design
3 General structure of the system of machinery safety standards
Standards on safety of machinery have the following structure:

— type-A standards (basic safety standards) giving basic concepts, principles for design, and general

aspects that can be applied to machinery;

— type-B standards (generic safety standards) dealing with one safety aspect or one type of safeguard

that can be used across a wide range of machinery;

— type-C standards (machine safety standards) dealing with detailed safety requirements for a

particular machine or group of machines.

As shown in Figure 1, ISO 12100 is the type-A standard specifying the general principles for safety of

machinery and applies to all machinery. ISO 13849-1 is a typical type-B standard addressing a particular

aspect and can be used across a wide range of machinery.
© ISO 2013 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/TR 22100-2:2013(E)
Figure 1 — General structure of the system of machinery safety standards
4 The risk assessment and ris
...

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