Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in portable applications - Part 2: Lithium systems

This part of IEC 62133 specifies requirements and tests for the safe operation of portable
sealed secondary lithium cells and batteries containing non-acid electrolyte, under intended
use and reasonably foreseeable misuse.

Sekundärzellen und -batterien mit alkalischen oder anderen nichtsäurehaltigen Elektrolyten - Sicherheitsanforderungen für tragbare gasdichte Sekundärzellen und daraus hergestellte Batterien für die Verwendung in tragbaren Geräten - Teil 2: Lithium-Systeme

Accumulateurs alcalins et autres accumulateurs à électrolyte non acide - Exigences de sécurité pour les accumulateurs portables étanches, et pour les batteries qui en sont constituées, destinés à l'utilisation dans des applications portables - Partie 2: Systèmes au lithium

L'IEC 62133-2:2017 spécifie les exigences et les essais pour le fonctionnement en toute sécurité des accumulateurs portables étanches au lithium contenant un électrolyte non acide dans des conditions d’utilisations prévues et dans des conditions d’utilisations abusives raisonnablement prévisibles. Cette première édition annule et remplace l'IEC 62133 parue en 2012. Cette édition constitue une révision technique. Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'IEC 62133:2012: - séparation des systèmes au nickel dans une Partie 1 séparée; - intégration des exigences en matière d’éléments boutons; - mise à jour de l'assemblage des éléments dans les batteries (5.6); - essais mécaniques [vibration, choc] (7.3.8.1, 7.3.8.2); - insertion de l’IEC TR 62914 dans la Bibliographie. Mots clé: lithium, li-ion

Sekundarni členi in baterije z alkalnimi ali drugimi nekislinskimi elektroliti - Varnostne zahteve za prenosne zatesnjene sekundarne člene in za baterije, narejene iz njih, za uporabo v prenosnih napravah - 2. del: Litijevi sistemi

Ta del standarda IEC 62133 določa zahteve in preskuse za varno delovanje prenosnih zatesnjenih sekundarnih litijevih členov in baterij z nekislinskimi elektroliti, pri predvideni uporabi in razumno predvideni nepravilni uporabi.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
16-Aug-2017
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
23-May-2017
Due Date
28-Jul-2017
Completion Date
17-Aug-2017

RELATIONS

Buy Standard

Standard
SIST EN 62133-2:2017 - BARVE, natisnjeno za čitalnic (ČB)
English language
50 pages
sale 10% off
Preview
sale 10% off
Preview

e-Library read for
1 day

Standards Content (sample)

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.DWHULMHAccumulateurs alcalins et autres accumulateurs à électrolyte non acide - Exigences de sécurité pour les accumulateurs portables étanches, et pour les batteries qui en sont constituées, destinés à l'utilisation dans des applications portables - Partie 2: Systèmes au lithiumSecondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in portable applications - Part 2: Lithium systems29.220.30EDWHULMHAlkaline secondary cells and batteriesICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 62133-2:2017SIST EN 62133-2:2017en01-september-2017SIST EN 62133-2:2017SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 62133:20131DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 62133-2:2017
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 62133-2
May 2017 ICS 29.220.30
Supersedes
EN 62133:2013 (partially)
English Version

Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in portable applications - Part 2: Lithium systems (IEC 62133-2:2017)

Accumulateurs alcalins et autres accumulateurs à électrolyte non acide - Exigences de sécurité pour les accumulateurs portables étanches, et pour les batteries qui en sont constituées, destinés à l'utilisation dans des applications portables - Partie 2: Systèmes au lithium (IEC 62133-2:2017)

Sekundärzellen und -batterien mit alkalischen oder anderen nichtsäurehaltigen Elektrolyten - Sicherheitsanforderungen für tragbare gasdichte Akkumulatoren und daraus hergestellte Batterien für die Verwendung in tragbaren Geräten - Teil 2: Lithiumsysteme (IEC 62133-2:2017) This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2017-03-14. CENELEC members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions. CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization

Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2017 CENELEC All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC Members.

Ref. No. EN 62133-2:2017 E SIST EN 62133-2:2017

EN 62133-2:2017 2 European foreword The text of document 21A/620/FDIS, future edition 1 of IEC 62133-2, prepared by SC 21A "Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes", of IEC/TC 21 "Secondary cells and batteries" was submitted to the IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN 62133-2:2017. The following dates are fixed: • latest date by which the document has to be implemented at national level by publication of an identical national standard or by endorsement (dop) 2017-12-14 • latest date by which the national standards conflicting with the document have to be withdrawn (dow) 2020-03-14

This document supersedes EN 62133:2013 (partially). Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Endorsement notice The text of the International Standard IEC 62133-2:2017 was approved by CENELEC as a European Standard without any modification. In the official version, for Bibliography, the following notes have to be added for the standards indicated: IEC 60051 NOTE Harmonized in EN 60051 series. IEC 60664 NOTE Harmonized in EN 60664 series. IEC 61434 NOTE Harmonized as EN 61434. IEC 62281 NOTE Harmonized as EN 62281. SIST EN 62133-2:2017

EN 62133-2:2017 3 Annex ZA (normative)

Normative references to international publications with their corresponding European publications The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. NOTE 1 When an International Publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD applies. NOTE 2 Up-to-date information on the latest versions of the European Standards listed in this annex is available here: www.cenelec.eu.

Publication Year Title EN/HD Year IEC 60050-482 2004

International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 482: Primary and secondary cells and batteries - -

IEC 61960 -

Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications EN 61960 -

ISO/IEC Guide 51 -
Safety aspects - Guidelines for their inclusion in standards - -
SIST EN 62133-2:2017
SIST EN 62133-2:2017

IEC 62133-2 Edition 1.0 2017-02 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD NORME INTERNATIONALE Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes – Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in portable applications –

Part 2: Lithium systems

Accumulateurs alcalins et autres accumulateurs à électrolyte non acide – Exigences de sécurité pour les accumulateurs portables étanches, et pour les batteries qui en sont constituées, destinés à l’utilisation dans des applications portables –

Partie 2: Systèmes au lithium

INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION COMMISSION ELECTROTECHNIQUE INTERNATIONALE

ICS 29.220.30
ISBN 978-2-8322-3910-0
® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale ®

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé. SIST EN 62133-2:2017 colourinside

– 2 – IEC 62133-2:2017 © IEC 2017 CONTENTS FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 5 1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 7 2 Normative references ...................................................................................................... 7 3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................... 7 4 Parameter measurement tolerances .............................................................................. 10 5 General safety considerations ....................................................................................... 10 5.1 General ................................................................................................................. 10 5.2 Insulation and wiring ............................................................................................. 11 5.3 Venting ................................................................................................................. 11 5.4 Temperature, voltage and current management .................................................... 11 5.5 Terminal contacts ................................................................................................. 11 5.6 Assembly of cells into batteries ............................................................................. 12 5.6.1 General ......................................................................................................... 12 5.6.2 Design recommendation ................................................................................ 12 5.6.3 Mechanical protection for cells and components of batteries .......................... 13 5.7 Quality plan .......................................................................................................... 13 5.8 Battery safety components .................................................................................... 13 6 Type test and sample size ............................................................................................. 13 7 Specific requirements and tests ..................................................................................... 14 7.1 Charging procedures for test purposes ................................................................. 14 7.1.1 First procedure .............................................................................................. 14 7.1.2 Second procedure ......................................................................................... 14 7.2 Intended use ......................................................................................................... 15 7.2.1 Continuous charging at constant voltage (cells) ............................................. 15 7.2.2 Case stress at high ambient temperature (battery) ......................................... 15 7.3 Reasonably foreseeable misuse ............................................................................ 15 7.3.1 External short-circuit (cell) ............................................................................. 15 7.3.2 External short-circuit (battery)........................................................................ 16 7.3.3 Free fall ......................................................................................................... 16 7.3.4 Thermal abuse (cells) .................................................................................... 16 7.3.5 Crush (cells) .................................................................................................. 17 7.3.6 Over-charging of battery ................................................................................ 17 7.3.7 Forced discharge (cells) ................................................................................ 17 7.3.8 Mechanical tests (batteries) ........................................................................... 18 7.3.9 Design evaluation – Forced internal short-circuit (cells) ................................. 19 8 Information for safety ..................................................................................................... 21 8.1 General ................................................................................................................. 21 8.2 Small cell and battery safety information ............................................................... 22 9 Marking ......................................................................................................................... 22 9.1 Cell marking .......................................................................................................... 22 9.2 Battery marking..................................................................................................... 23 9.3 Caution for ingestion of small cells and batteries .................................................. 23 9.4 Other information .................................................................................................. 23 10 Packaging and transport ................................................................................................ 23 Annex A (normative)

Charging and discharging range of secondary lithium ion cells for safe use ................................................................................................................................ 24 SIST EN 62133-2:2017

IEC 62133-2:2017 © IEC 2017 – 3 –

A.1 General ................................................................................................................. 24 A.2 Safety of lithium ion secondary battery .................................................................. 24 A.3 Consideration on charging voltage ........................................................................ 24 A.3.1 General ......................................................................................................... 24 A.3.2 Upper limit charging voltage .......................................................................... 24 A.4 Consideration of temperature and charging current ............................................... 26 A.4.1 General ......................................................................................................... 26 A.4.2 Recommended temperature range ................................................................. 26 A.4.3 High temperature range ................................................................................. 27 A.4.4 Low temperature range .................................................................................. 28 A.4.5 Scope of the application of charging current .................................................. 29 A.4.6 Consideration of discharge ............................................................................ 29 A.5 Sample preparation ............................................................................................... 30 A.5.1 General ......................................................................................................... 30 A.5.2 Insertion procedure for nickel particle to generate internal short .................... 30 A.5.3 Disassembly of charged cell .......................................................................... 31 A.5.4 Shape of nickel particle ................................................................................. 31 A.5.5 Insertion of nickel particle in cylindrical cell ................................................... 31 A.5.6 Insertion of nickel particle in prismatic cell ..................................................... 34 A.6 Experimental procedure of the forced internal short-circuit test ............................. 36 A.6.1 Material and tools for preparation of nickel particle ........................................ 36 A.6.2 Example of a nickel particle preparation procedure ........................................ 37 A.6.3 Positioning (or placement) of a nickel particle ................................................ 37 A.6.4 Damaged separator precaution ...................................................................... 38 A.6.5 Caution for rewinding separator and electrode ............................................... 38 A.6.6 Insulation film for preventing short-circuit ...................................................... 39 A.6.7 Caution when disassembling a cell ................................................................ 39 A.6.8 Protective equipment for safety ..................................................................... 39 A.6.9 Caution in the case of fire during disassembling ............................................ 39 A.6.10 Caution for the disassembling process and pressing the electrode core ......... 39 A.6.11 Recommended specifications for the pressing device .................................... 39 Annex B (informative)

Recommendations to equipment manufacturers

and battery assemblers ........................................................................................................................... 42 Annex C (informative)

Recommendations to the end-users .................................................. 43 Annex D (normative)

Measurement of the internal AC

resistance for coin cells ................... 44 D.1 General ................................................................................................................. 44 D.2 Method ................................................................................................................. 44 Annex E (informative)

Packaging and transport .................................................................... 45 Annex F (informative)

Component standards references ...................................................... 46 Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 47

Figure 1 – Forced discharge time chart ................................................................................. 18 Figure 2 – Jig for pressing .................................................................................................... 21 Figure 3 – Ingestion gauge ................................................................................................... 22 Figure A.1 – Representation of lithium ion cells

operating region for charging ...................... 25 Figure A.2 – Representation of lithium ion cell operating region for discharging .................... 30 Figure A.3 – Shape of nickel particle ..................................................................................... 31 SIST EN 62133-2:2017

– 4 – IEC 62133-2:2017 © IEC 2017 Figure A.4 – Nickel particle insertion position between positive and negative

active material coated area of cylindrical cell .................................................................................. 31 Figure A.5 – Nickel particle insertion position between positive

aluminium foil and negative active material coated area of cylindrical cell .......................................................... 32 Figure A.6 – Disassembly of cylindrical cell .......................................................................... 33 Figure A.7 – Nickel particle insertion position between positive and negative

(active material) coated area of prismatic cell ................................................................................... 34 Figure A.8 – Nickel particle insertion position between positive aluminium

foil and negative (active material) coated area of prismatic cell ......................................................... 35 Figure A.9 – Disassembly of prismatic cells .......................................................................... 36 Figure A.10 – Dimensions of a completed nickel particle ....................................................... 37 Figure A.11 – Positioning of the nickel particle when it cannot be placed in the specified area ....................................................................................................................... 38 Figure A.12 – Cylindrical cell ................................................................................................ 38 Figure A.13 – Distance / time ratio of several types of pressing devices ............................... 41

Table 1 – Sample size for type tests ..................................................................................... 14 Table 2 – Condition of charging procedure ............................................................................ 15 Table 3 – Conditions for vibration test ................................................................................... 19 Table 4 – Shock parameters ................................................................................................. 19 Table 5 – Ambient temperature for cell test ........................................................................... 20 Table A.1 – Examples of operating region charging parameters ............................................ 25 Table A.2 – Recommended specifications of a pressing device ............................................. 40 Table F.1 – Component standard references ........................................................................ 46

SIST EN 62133-2:2017
IEC 62133-2:2017 © IEC 2017 – 5 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION ____________
SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING
ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES –
SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE SEALED
SECONDARY CELLS, AND FOR BATTERIES MADE
FROM THEM, FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLICATIONS –
Part 2: Lithium systems

FOREWORD 1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications, Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by agreement between the two organizations. 2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any misinterpretation by any end user. 4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in the latter. 5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any services carried out by independent certification bodies. 6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication. 7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is indispensable for the correct application of this publication. 9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. International Standard IEC 62133-2 has been prepared by subcommittee 21A: Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes, of IEC technical committee 21: Secondary cells and batteries.

This first edition cancels and replaces the second edition of IEC 62133 published in 2012. It constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to IEC 62133:2012: – separation of nickel systems into a separate Part 1; – inclusion of coin cell requirements; SIST EN 62133-2:2017

– 6 – IEC 62133-2:2017 © IEC 2017 – update of assembly of cells into batteries (5.6); – mechanical tests [vibration, shock] (7.3.8.1, 7.3.8.2); – insertion of IEC TR 62914 within the Bibliography. The text of this standard is based on the following documents: FDIS Report on voting 21A/620/FDIS 21A/628/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on voting indicated in the above table. This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2. The following different practices of a less permanent nature exist in the countries indicated below. 7.3.9: Design evaluation – Forced internal short-circuit test only applies to Korea, Japan, Switzerland and France.

A list of all parts of the IEC 62133 series, published under the general title Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes – Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in portable applications, can be found on the IEC website.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until the stability date indicated on the IEC website under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be

• reconfirmed, • withdrawn, • replaced by a revised edition, or • amended.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct understanding of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a colour printer.

SIST EN 62133-2:2017
IEC 62133-2:2017 © IEC 2017 – 7 –
SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING
ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES –
SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE SEALED
SECONDARY CELLS, AND FOR BATTERIES MADE
FROM THEM, FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLICATIONS –
Part 2: Lithium systems

1 Scope This part of IEC 62133 specifies requirements and tests for the safe operation of portable sealed secondary lithium cells and batteries containing non-acid electrolyte, under intended use and reasonably foreseeable misuse. 2 Normative references The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. IEC 60050-482:2004, International Electrotechnical Vocabulary – Part 482: Primary and secondary cells and batteries (available at http://www.electropedia.org) IEC 61960, Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes – Secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications ISO/IEC Guide 51, Safety aspects – Guidelines for their inclusion in standards

3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in IEC 60050-482, ISO/IEC Guide 51 and the following apply. 3.1

safety freedom from unacceptable risk 3.2

risk combination of the probability of occurrence of harm and the severity of that harm 3.3

harm physical injury or damage to the health of people or damage to property or to the environment 3.4

hazard potential source of harm SIST EN 62133-2:2017
– 8 – IEC 62133-2:2017 © IEC 2017 3.5

intended use use of a product, process or service in accordance with specifications, instructions and information provided by the supplier 3.6

reasonably foreseeable misuse use of a product, process or service in a way which is not intended by the supplier, but which may result from readily predictable human behaviour 3.7

secondary cell basic manufactured unit providing a source of electrical energy by direct conversion of chemical energy, that consists of electrodes, separators, electrolyte, container and terminals, and that is designed to be charged electrically 3.8

secondary battery assembly of secondary cell(s) which may include associated safety and control circuits and case, ready for use as a source of electrical energy characterized by its voltage, size, terminal arrangement, capacity and rate capability Note 1 to entry: Includes single cell batteries. 3.9

leakage unplanned, visible escape of liquid electrolyte 3.10

venting release of excessive internal pressure from a cell or battery in a manner intended by design to preclude rupture or explosion 3.11

rupture mechanical failure of a cell container or battery case induced by an internal or external cause, resulting in exposure or spillage but not ejection of materials 3.12

explosion failure that occurs when a cell container or battery case opens violently and major components are forcibly expelled 3.13

fire emission of flames from a cell or battery 3.14

portable battery battery for use in a device or appliance which is conveniently hand-carried 3.15

portable cell cell intended for assembly in a portable battery 3.16

lithium ion polymer cell cell using gel polymer electrolyte or solid polymer electrolyte, not liquid electrolyte SIST EN 62133-2:2017

IEC 62133-2:2017 © IEC 2017 – 9 –
3.17

rated capacity capacity value of a cell or battery determined under specified conditions and declared by the manufacturer Note 1 to entry: The rated capacity is the quantity of electricity C5 Ah (ampere-hours) declared by the manufacturer which a single cell can deliver when discharged at the reference test current of 0,2 It A to a specified final voltage

...

Questions, Comments and Discussion

Ask us and Technical Secretary will try to provide an answer. You can facilitate discussion about the standard in here.