Polymer modified bituminous thick coatings for waterproofing - Definitions and requirements

This European Standard specifies the definitions and requirements of prefabricated polymer modified bituminous thick coatings used for the waterproofing of below ground structures. It applies to both one-component and two-component products. These products can be used with or without inlay.
This European Standard does not apply to products that are to be used for roof waterproofing.

Kunststoffmodifizierte Bitumendickbeschichtungen zur Bauwerksabdichtung - Begriffe und Anforderungen

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Begriffe und Anforderungen für vorgefertigte kunststoffmodifizierte Bitumendickbeschichtungen zur Abdichtung von erdberührten Bauteilen fest. Sie gilt sowohl für Einkomponenten- als auch für Zweikomponentenprodukte. Diese Produkte können mit oder ohne Einlage verwendet werden.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Produkte, die zur Dachabdichtung verwendet werden.

Revêtements bitumineux épais modifiés aux polymères pour imperméabilisation - Définitions et exigences

La présente Norme européenne donne les définitions et les exigences relatives aux revêtements bitumineux épais modifiés aux polymères utilisés pour l'imperméabilisation des structures enterrées. Elle s'applique aux produits à un composant et à deux composants. Ces produits peuvent être utilisés avec ou sans renfort.
La présente Norme européenne ne s'applique pas aux produits utilisés pour l’étanchéité des toitures.

Bitumenske debeloslojne prevleke, modificirane s polimeri - Definicije in zahteve

Ta evropski standard določa definicije in zahteve za predizdelane bitumenske debeloslojne prevleke, modificirane s polimeri, za tesnjenje. Velja tako za enokomponentne kot za dvokomponentne izdelke. Ti izdelki se lahko uporabljajo z vložkom ali brez njega. Ta evropski standard ne velja za izdelke, ki so namenjeni tesnjenju streh.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
23-Feb-2015
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
07-Jan-2015
Due Date
14-Mar-2015
Completion Date
24-Feb-2015

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Bitumenske debeloslojne prevleke, modificirane s polimeri - Definicije in zahteveKunststoffmodifizierte Bitumendickbeschichtungen zur Bauwerksabdichtung - Begriffe und AnforderungenRevêtements bitumineux épais modifiés aux polymères pour imperméabilisation - Définitions et exigencesPolymer modified bituminous thick coatings for waterproofing - Definitions and requirements91.100.50Veziva. Tesnilni materialiBinders. Sealing materialsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 15814:2011+A2:2014SIST EN 15814:2011+A2:2015en,fr,de01-marec-2015SIST EN 15814:2011+A2:2015SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 15814:2011+A1:20121DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 15814:2011+A2:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 15814:2011+A2
December 2014 ICS 91.100.50 Supersedes EN 15814:2011+A1:2012
English Version

Polymer modified bituminous thick coatings for waterproofing - Definitions and requirements

Revêtements bitumineux épais modifiés aux polymères pour imperméabilisation - Définitions et exigences

Kunststoffmodifizierte Bitumendickbeschichtungen zur Bauwerksabdichtung - Begriffe und Anforderungen This European Standard was approved by CEN on 14 July 2011 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 20 August 2012 and Amendment 2 approved by CEN on 6 October 2014.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2014 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 15814:2011+A2:2014 E SIST EN 15814:2011+A2:2015

EN 15814:2011+A2:2014 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................3 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................4 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................4 3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................5 4 Requirements .........................................................................................................................................5 4.1 #General$ ........................................................................................................................................5 4.2 Dangerous substances .........................................................................................................................7 5 Assessment and verification of the constancy of performance – AVCP .........................................8 5.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................8 5.2 Type testing ............................................................................................................................................8 5.2.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................8 5.2.2 Test reports ............................................................................................................................................9 5.3 Factory production control (FPC) ........................................................................................................9 5.3.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................9 5.3.2 Requirements .........................................................................................................................................9 5.3.3 Product specific requirements .......................................................................................................... 12 5.3.4 Initial inspection of factory and of FPC ............................................................................................ 13 5.3.5 Continuous surveillance of FPC ....................................................................................................... 13 5.3.6 Procedure for modifications .............................................................................................................. 13 6 Marking, labelling and packaging ..................................................................................................... 13 Annex A (normative)

Reaction to fire — Specifications for mounting specimens in the test rigs .......... 15 Annex ZA (informative)

#Clauses of this European Standard addressing provisions of the EU Construction Products Regulation (CPR) .................................................................................. 16 ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics .................................................................................................. 16 ZA.2 Procedures for AVCP of the PMBC ................................................................................................... 17 ZA.2.1 Systems of AVCP ................................................................................................................................ 17 ZA.2.2 Declaration of performance (DoP) .................................................................................................... 19 ZA.2.2.1 General ......................................................................................................................................... 19 ZA.2.2.2 Content ......................................................................................................................................... 20 ZA.2.2.3 Example of DoP ........................................................................................................................... 21 ZA.3 CE marking and labelling$ ............................................................................................................. 24 #Bibliography$ .......................................................................................................................................... 26

SIST EN 15814:2011+A2:2015

EN 15814:2011+A2:2014 (E) 3 Foreword This document (EN 15814:2011+A2:2014) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 361 “Project Committee - Thick synthetic modified bitumous coating masses - Definitions and requirements/Test methods”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2015, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by September 2016. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2012-08-20 and Amendment 2, approved by CEN on 2014-10-06. This document supersedes #EN 15814:2011+A1:2012$. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags ! " and #$. !This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document." According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom. SIST EN 15814:2011+A2:2015

EN 15814:2011+A2:2014 (E) 4 1 Scope This European Standard specifies the definitions and requirements of prefabricated polymer modified bituminous thick coatings used for the waterproofing of below ground structures. It applies to both one-component and two-component products. These products can be used with or without inlay. This European Standard does not apply to products that are to be used for roof waterproofing. 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 459-2:2010, Building lime - Part 2: Test methods EN 1931, Flexible sheets for waterproofing - Bitumen, plastic and rubber sheets for roof waterproofing - Determination of water vapour transmission properties EN 13238, Reaction to fire tests for building products - Conditioning procedures and general rules for selection of substrates EN 13501-1, Fire classification of construction products and building elements — Part 1: Classification using data from reaction to fire tests EN 13823, Reaction to fire tests for building products - Building products excluding floorings exposed to the thermal attack by a single burning item EN 15812, Polymer modified bituminous thick coatings for waterproofing - Determination of crack bridging ability EN 15813, Polymer modified bituminous thick coatings for waterproofing - Determination of flexibility at low temperatures EN 15815, Polymer modified bituminous thick coatings for waterproofing - Resistance to compression EN 15816, Polymer-modified bituminous thick coatings for waterproofing - Resistance to rain EN 15817, Polymer modified bituminous thick coatings for waterproofing - Water resistance EN 15818, Polymer modified bituminous thick coatings for waterproofing - Determination of dimensional stability at high temperature EN 15819, Polymer modified bituminous thick coatings for waterproofing - Reduction of the thickness of the layer when fully dried EN 15820, Polymer modified bituminous thick coatings for waterproofing - Determination of watertightness #EN ISO 1183-1, Plastics - Methods for determining the density of non-cellular plastics - Part 1: Immersion method, liquid pyknometer method and titration method (ISO 1183-1)$ EN ISO 2811-1:2011, Paints and varnishes — Determination of density — Part 1: Pyknometer method (ISO 2811-1:1997) SIST EN 15814:2011+A2:2015

EN 15814:2011+A2:2014 (E) 5 #deleted text$ EN ISO 3251, Paints, varnishes and plastics - Determination of non-volatile-matter content (ISO 3251:2008) EN ISO 3451-1, Plastics - Determination of ash - Part 1: General methods (ISO 3451-1:2008) EN ISO 3923-1, Metallic powders - Determination of apparent density - Part 1: Funnel method (ISO 3923-1:2008) EN ISO 11925-2, Reaction to fire tests — Ignitability of products subjected to direct impingement of flame — Part 2: Single-flame source test (ISO/FDIS 11925-2:2010) 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply. 3.1 crack bridging ability ability of a product to bridge a crack that originates below ground under specified conditions and without damage 3.2 free film cured polymer modified bituminous coating emulsion based, which is tested without being applied to a substrate 3.3 inlay industrially produced material, which is incorporated as an intermediate layer when applying the coating 3.4 PMBC !Polymer Modified Bituminous thick Coating emulsion based, with or without admixtures, such as additives and mineral aggregates, comprising of one or two components" 3.5 pressure water water in ground with hydrostatic pressure 4 Requirements # 4.1 General$ All PMBC according to this European Standard have to fulfil the general requirements of Table 1. SIST EN 15814:2011+A2:2015

EN 15814:2011+A2:2014 (E) 6 Table 1 — #Essential characteristics and requirements$ Column 1 2 3 Line #Essential characteristic$ Requirement Test method 1 Crack bridging ability Class CB 0 No requirement Class CB 1 No damage

Crack width ≥ 1 mm dry layer thickness
≥ 3 mm (MLV) Class CB 2 No damage
Crack width ≥ 2 mm dry layer thickness

≥ 3 mm (MLV) EN 15812 Method A or B NOTE The test method has to be declared with the classification.

2 Resistance to rain Class R0 No require-ment
Class R1 ≤ 24 h
wet layer thickness ≥ 3 mm (MLV) Class R2 ≤ 8 h
wet layer thickness ≥ 3 mm (MLV) Class R3 ≤ 4 h
wet layer

thickness ≥ 3 mm (MLV) EN 15816 3 Water resistance 1.No colouration of the water 2.No debonding from inlay, if used dry layer ≥ 4 mm #3. No changes to the material$ EN 15817 4 Flexibility at low temperature !deleted text" No cracks EN 15813 5 Dimensional stability at high temperature !deleted text" No sliding or draining down EN 15818 6 Reduction of layer thickness when fully dried ≤ 50 % (MLV) EN 15819 7 Reaction to fire Class to be declared according to EN 13501-1

Testing in accordance with the specifications in the classification standard EN 13501-1and Annex A.

SIST EN 15814:2011+A2:2015

EN 15814:2011+A2:2014 (E) 7 Column 1 2 3 Line #Essential characteristic$ Requirement Test method 8 Watertightness a Class W1 ≥ 24 h at 0,0075 N/mm2 dry layer

thickness without inlay ≥ 3 mm (MLV) Class W2A ≥ 72 h at 0,075 N/mm2 dry layer thickness with inlay ≥ 4 mm with inlay (MLV) Class W2B ≥ 72 h at

0,075 N/mm2 dry layer thickness without inlay ≥ 4 mm without inlay (MLV) EN 15820 9 Resistance to compression a Class C0 No requirement Class C1 Stabilization at ≤ 50 % (change maximum 3 % within 3 subse-quent days) 0,06 MN/m2 dry layer thickness ≥ 3 mm (MLV) Class C2A Stabilization at ≤ 50 % (change maximum 3 % within 3 subse-quent days) 0,30 MN/m2 dry layer thickness ≥ 4 mm with inlay (MLV) Class C2B Stabilization at ≤ 50 % (change maximum 3 % within 3 subse-quent days) 0,30 MN/m2 dry layer thickness ≥ 4 mm without inlay (MLV) EN 15815 !a The testing procedure of characteristics are also related to durability aspects." manufacturer's limiting value (MLV) value stated by the manufacturer to be met during testing. The manufacturer's limiting value can be a minimum or a maximum value according to statements made under product characteristics of this document When required, the water vapour diffusion resistance shall be tested in accordance with EN 1931. # 4.2 Dangerous substances National regulations on dangerous substances may require verification and declaration on release, and sometimes content, when construction products covered by this standard are placed on those markets. In the absence of European harmonised test methods, verification and declaration on release/content should be done taking into account national provisions in the place of use. NOTE An informative database covering European and national provisions on dangerous substances is available at the Construction web site on EUROPA accessed through: http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/construction/cpd-ds/.$ SIST EN 15814:2011+A2:2015

EN 15814:2011+A2:2014 (E) 8 # 5 Assessment and verification of the constancy of performance – AVCP 5.1 General The compliance of PMBC with the requirements of this standard and with the performances declared by the manufacturer in the DoP shall be demonstrated by: — determination of the product type; — factory production control by the manufacturer, including product assessment. The manufacturer shall always retain the overall control and shall have the necessary means to take responsibility for the conformity of the product with its declared performance(s). NOTE The assignment of tasks to the notified bodies and the manufacturer is shown in Table ZA.3.1 to Table ZA.3.3. 5.2 Type testing 5.2.1 General All performances related to characteristics included in this standard shall be determined when the manufacturer intends to declare the respective performances unless the standard gives provisions for declaring them without performing tests (e.g. use of previously existing data, CWFT and conventionally accepted performance). Assessment previously performed in accordance with the provisions of this standard, may be taken into account provided that they were made to the same or a more rigorous test method, under the same AVCP system on the same product or products of similar design, construction and functionality, such that the results are applicable to the product in question. NOTE 1 Same AVCP system means testing by an independent third party [only for products covered by system 1+, 1 and 3], under the responsibility of a notified product certification body. For the purposes of assessment, the manufacturer's products may be grouped into families, where it is considered that the results for one or more characteristics from any one product within the family are representative for those same characteristics for all products within that same family. NOTE 2 Products may be grouped in different families for different characteristics. NOTE 3 It is advised to make reference to the assessment method standards to allow the selection of a suitable representative sample. In addition, the determination of the product type shall be performed for all characteristics included in the standard for which the manufacturer declares the performance: — at the beginning of the production of a new or modified PMBC (unless a member of the same product range), or — at the beginning of a new or modified method of production (where this may affect the stated properties); or SIST EN 15814:2011+A2:2015

EN 15814:2011+A2:2014 (E) 9 — they shall be repeated for the appropriate characteristic(s), whenever a change occurs in the PMBC design, in the raw material or in the supplier of the components, or in the method of production (subject to the definition of a family), which would affect significantly one or more of the characteristics. Where components are used whose characteristics have already been determined, by the component manufacturer, on the basis of assessment methods of other product standards, these characteristics need not be re-assessed. The specifications of these components shall be documented. Products bearing regulatory marking in accordance with appropriate harmonized European specifications may be presumed to have the performances declared in the DoP, although this does not replace the responsibility on the PMBC manufacturer to ensure that the PMBC as a whole is correctly manufactured and its component products have the declared performance values. 5.2.2 Test reports The results of the determination of the product type shall be documented in test reports. All test reports shall be retained by the manufacturer for at least 10 years after the last date of production of the PMBC to which they relate. 5.3 Factory production control (FPC) 5.3.1 General The manufacturer shall establish, document and maintain an FPC system to ensure that the products placed on the market comply with the declared performance of the characteristics. The FPC system shall consist of procedures, regular inspections and tests and/or assessments and the use of the results to control raw and other incoming materials or components, equipment, the production process and the product. All the elements, requirements and provisions adopted by the manufacturer shall be documented in a systematic manner in the form of written policies and procedures. This factory production control system documentation shall ensure a common understanding of the evaluation of the constancy of performance and enable the achievement of the required product performances and the effective operation of the production control system to be checked. Factory production control therefore brings together operational techniques and all measures allowing maintenance and control of the compliance of the product with the declared performances of the essential characteristics. 5.3.2 Requirements 5.3.2.1 General The manufacturer is responsible for organizing the effective implementation of the FPC system. Tasks and responsibilities in the production control organization shall be documented and this documentation shall be kept up-to-date. The responsibility, authority and the relationship between personnel that manages, performs or verifies work affecting product constancy, shall be defined. This applies in particular to personnel that need to initiate actions preventing product non-constancies from occurring, actions in case of non-constancies and to identify and register product constancy problems. Personnel performing work affecting the constancy of performance of the product shall be competent on the basis of appropriate education, training, skills and experience for which records shall be maintained. In each factory the manufacturer may delegate the action to a person having the necessary authority to: — identify procedures to demonstrate conformity of the product at appropriate stages; SIST EN 15814:2011+A2:2015

EN 15814:2011+A2:2014 (E) 10 — identify and record any instance of non-conformity; — identify procedures to correct instances of non-conformity. The manufacturer shall draw up and keep up-to-date documents defining the factory production control. The manufacturer's documentation and procedures should be appropriate to the product and manufacturing process. The FPC system should achieve an appropriate level of confidence in the conformity of the product. This involves: a) the preparation of documented procedures and instructions relating to factory production control operations, in accordance with the requirements of the technical specification to which reference is made; b) the effective implementation of these procedures and instructions; c) the recording of these operations and their results; d) the use of these results to correct any deviations, repair the effects of such deviations, treat any resulting instances of non-conformity and, if necessary, revise the FPC to rectify the cause of non-conformity. Where subcontracting takes place, the manufacturer shall retain the overall control of the product and ensure that he receives all the information that is necessary to fulfill his responsibilities according to this European Standard. If the manufacturer has part of the product designed, manufactured, assembled, packed, processed and/or labelled by subcontracting, the FPC of the subcontractor may be taken into account, where appropriate for the product in question. The manufacturer who subcontracts all of his activities may in no circumstances pass these responsibilities on to a subcontractor. NOTE Manufacturers having an FPC system, which complies with EN ISO 9001 standard and which addresses the provisions of the present European standard are considered as satisfying the FPC requirements of the Regulation (EU) No 305/2011. 5.3.2.2 Equipment 5.3.2.2.1 Testing All weighing, measuring and testing equipment shall be calibrated and regularly inspected according to documented procedures, frequencies and criteria. 5.3.2.2.2 Manufacturing All equipment used in the manufacturing process shall be regularly inspected and maintained to ensure use, wear or failure does not cause inconsistency in the manufacturing process. Inspections and maintenance shall be carried out and recorded in accordance with the manufacturer’s written procedures and the records retained for the period defined in the manufacturer's FPC procedures. 5.3.2.3 Raw materials and components The specifications of all incoming raw materials and components shall be documented, as shall the inspection scheme for ensuring their compliance. In case supplied kit components are used, the attestation of conformity level of the component shall be that given in the appropriate harmonised technical specification for that component. SIST EN 15814:2011+A2:2015

EN 15814:2011+A2:2014 (E) 11 5.3.2.4 Controls during manufacturing process The manufacturer shall plan and carry out production under controlled conditions. 5.3.2.5 Product testing and evaluation The manufacturer shall establish procedures to ensure that the stated values of the characteristics he declares are maintained. The characteristics, and the means of control, are given in Table 2. Table 2 — Factory Production Control Characteristic Test method Production control frequency Tolerances Flexibility at low temperature EN 15813 Weekly or per batch According to EN 15813 Dimensional stability at high temperature EN 15818 Weekly or per batch According to EN 15818 For the A-component

— Solids content EN ISO 3251 Weekly or per batch ± 4 % absolute — Ash content (only for products with ash content ≥ 5 mass %) EN ISO 3451-1, method A testing at a temperature of (475 ± 25 ) °C Weekly or per batch ± 2 % absolute For the B-component (only for two component PMBC)

— Bulk density (for powder

component) EN ISO 3923-1 or EN 459-2:2010, 6.3 Weekly or per batch ± 0,1 g/cm3 — Density (for liquid

component) EN ISO 2811-1 Weekly or per batch ± 0,1 g/cm3 For the cured PMBC — Density EN ISO 1183-1, method A Weekly or per batch ± 0,1 g/cm3 Identification for inlays:

— Type — Mass per unit area — Strength and elongation at break To be stated. Depending on the type of inlay, a suitable test has to be applied at incoming products. At incoming products ----- For the purpose of the Factory Production Control alternative tests to those given in Table 2 may be used, provided that a correlation of the results between both tests, for the product in question, is established. The use of alternative tests shall be recorded and maintained. 5.3.2.6 Non-complying products The manufacturer shall have written procedures which specify how non-complying products shall be dealt with. Any such events shall be recorded as they occur and these records shall be kept for the period defined in the manufacturer’s written procedures. Where the product fails to satisfy the acceptance criteria, the provisions for non-complying products shall apply, the necessary corrective action(s) shall immediately be taken and the products or batches not complying shall be isolated and properly identified. SIST EN 15814:2011+A2:2015

EN 15814:2011+A2:2014 (E) 12 Once the fault has been corrected, the test or verification in question shall be repeated. The results of controls and tests shall be properly recorded. The product description, date of manufacture, test method adopted, test results and acceptance criteria shall be entered in the records under the signature of the person responsible for the control/test. With regard to any control result not meeting the requirements of this European Standard, the corrective measures taken to rectify the situation (e.g. a further test carried out, modification of manufacturing process, throwing away or putting right of product) shall be indicated in the records. 5.3.2.7 Corrective action The manufacturer shall have documented procedures that instigate action to eliminate the cause of non-conformities in order to prevent recurrence. 5.3.2.8 Handling, storage and packaging The manufacturer shall have procedures providing methods of product handling and shall provide suitable storage areas preventing damage or deterioration. 5.3.3 Product specific requirements The FPC system shall address this European Standard and ensure that the products placed on the market comply with the declaration of performance. The FPC system shall include a product specific FPC, which identifies procedures to demonstrate compliance of the product at appropriate stages, i.e.: a) the controls and tests to be carried out prior to and/or during manufacture according to a frequency laid down in the FPC test plan, and/or b) the verifications and tests to be carried out on finished products according to a frequency laid down in the FPC test plan. If the manufacturer uses only finished products, the operations under b) shall lead to an equivalent level of compliance of the product as if FPC had been carried out during the production. If the manufacturer carries out parts of the production himself, the operations under b) may be reduced and partly replaced by operations under a). Generally, the more parts of the production that are carried out by the manufacturer, the more operations under b) may be replaced by operations under a). In any case the operation shall lead to an equivalent level of compliance of the product as if FPC had been carried out during the production. NOTE Depending on the specific case, it can be necessary to carry out the operations referred to under a) and b), only the operations u

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