Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for the design and construction of paper making and finishing machines - Part 1: Common requirements

1.1   This standard applies to paper making and paper finishing machines. It contains definitions and requirements which apply to all paper making and paper finishing machines listed in annex A and shall be used in connection with the specific part applicable for the respective machine listed in annex A. Specific parts can contain additional requirements or deviations from EN 1034-1 in which case the specific stipulations take precedence over the specification made in EN 1034-1. The standard deals with the hazards listed in 4.
1.2   This standard does not apply to machines used in paper converting. See EN 1010-1 to EN 1010-5.
1.3   This standard applies to machines produced after............. (date of CEN approval).

Sicherheit von Maschinen - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen an Konstruktion und Bau von Maschinen der Papierherstellung und Ausrüstung - Teil 1: Gemeinsame Anforderungen

Dieses Dokument legt die Sicherheitsanforderungen fest.
Dieses Dokument ist anzuwenden für Maschinen der Papierherstellung und Ausrüstung. Es enthält Definitionen und Anforderungen, die für alle im Anhang A genannten Maschinen anwendbar sind, und ist zur Verwendung in Verbindung mit dem für die spezielle Maschine zutreffenden Teil dieser Norm bestimmt, die in Anhang A aufgeführt sind. Die Spezialteile können weitere oder von EN 1034-1 abweichende Spezifikationen enthalten. In diesem Fall haben die spezifischen Anforderungen Vorrang vor den Spezifikationen der EN 1034-1. Dieses Dokument behandelt die im Anhang B aufgelisteten Gefährdungen.
Dieses Dokument behandelt alle signifikanten Gefährdungen, Gefährdungssituationen und Gefährdungsereignisse, die für Maschinen der Papierherstellung und Ausrüstung relevant sind, wenn sie bestimmungsgemäß und unter Bedingungen des Missbrauchs eingesetzt werden, die für den Hersteller vernünftigerweise vorhersehbar sind.
Dieses Dokument ist nicht für Papierverarbeitungsmaschinen anzuwenden. Siehe EN 1010-1 bis EN 1010-5.
Dieses Dokument gilt nicht für Maschinen der Papierherstellung und Ausrüstung, die vor dessen Veröffentlichung hergestellt werden.

Sécurité des machines - Prescriptions de sécurité pour la conception et la construction de machines de fabrication et de finition du papier - Partie 1: Prescriptions communes

Le présent document spécifie des exigences de sécurité.
Il est applicable aux machines de fabrication et de finition du papier. Il comprend des définitions et des
exigences qui s’appliquent à toutes les machines de fabrication et de finition du papier mentionnées à
l’Annexe A. Il est destiné à être utilisé conjointement avec la partie spécifique relative à la machine
concernée énumérée à l’Annexe A. Les parties spécifiques peuvent contenir des exigences
supplémentaires ou des dérogations à l’EN 1034-1, auquel cas les stipulations spécifiques prévalent sur
les spécifications de l’EN 1034-1. Cette norme traite des phénomènes dangereux énumérés dans
l’Annexe B.
Le présent document traite de tous les phénomènes dangereux, situations dangereuses ou événements
dangereux significatifs ayant trait aux machines de fabrication et de finition du papier, lorsqu’elles sont
utilisées comme prévu et dans des conditions de mauvais usage raisonnablement prévisible par le
fabricant.
Le présent document ne s’applique pas aux machines de transformation du papier. Voir les normes
EN 1010-1 à EN 1010-5.
Le présent document s’applique aux machines produites après la date de publication de la présente
norme.

Varnost strojev - Varnostne zahteve za načrtovanje in izdelavo strojev in naprav za izdelavo in dodelavo papirja - 1. del: Splošne zahteve

General Information

Status
Published
Public Enquiry End Date
29-Sep-2019
Publication Date
09-Jun-2021
Technical Committee
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
27-May-2021
Due Date
01-Aug-2021
Completion Date
10-Jun-2021

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 1034-1:2021
01-julij-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 1034-1:2000+A1:2010

Varnost strojev - Varnostne zahteve za načrtovanje in izdelavo strojev in naprav za

izdelavo in dodelavo papirja - 1. del: Splošne zahteve

Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for the design and construction of paper

making and finishing machines - Part 1: Common requirements

Sicherheit von Maschinen - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen an Konstruktion und

Bau von Maschinen der Papierherstellung und Ausrüstung - Teil 1: Gemeinsame
Anforderungen

Sécurité des machines - Prescriptions de sécurité pour la conception et la construction

de machines de fabrication et de finition du papier - Partie 1: Prescriptions communes

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 1034-1:2021
ICS:
13.110 Varnost strojev Safety of machinery
21.020 Značilnosti in načrtovanje Characteristics and design of
strojev, aparatov, opreme machines, apparatus,
equipment
85.100 Oprema za papirno industrijo Equipment for the paper
industry
SIST EN 1034-1:2021 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST EN 1034-1:2021
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST EN 1034-1:2021
EN 1034-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
May 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 85.100; C Supersedes EN 1034-1:2000+A1:2010
English Version
Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for the design
and construction of paper making and finishing machines -
Part 1: Common requirements

Sécurité des machines - Exigences de sécurité pour la Sicherheit von Maschinen - Sicherheitstechnische

conception et la construction de machines de Anforderungen an Konstruktion und Bau von

fabrication et de finition du papier - Partie 1 : Maschinen der Papierherstellung und Ausrüstung - Teil

Exigences communes 1: Gemeinsame Anforderungen
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 12 April 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 1034-1:2021 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN 1034-1:2021
EN 1034-1:2021 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................ 10

4 List of significant hazards ......................................................................................................................... 14

5 Safety requirements and/or measures ................................................................................................ 14

5.1 General requirements and requirements for safety devices ....................................................... 14

5.2 Safety devices on power transmission elements .............................................................................. 15

5.3 Crushing hazards .......................................................................................................................................... 16

5.4 Drawing-in hazards on rollers, cylinders, rolls, felts and wires or trapping hazards at

reel fronts........................................................................................................................................................ 16

5.4.1 General requirements ................................................................................................................................ 16

5.4.2 Safety measures on inrunning nips ....................................................................................................... 16

5.4.3 Safety measures on wrapping points .................................................................................................... 17

5.4.4 Safety measures at trapping points at reel fronts ............................................................................ 20

5.5 Workplaces, access stairs, walkways, passageways ........................................................................ 22

5.6 Start-up warning device............................................................................................................................. 25

5.7 Emergency stop device ............................................................................................................................... 26

5.8 Isolation and energy dissipation, prevention of unexpected start-up ..................................... 26

5.9 Equipment for make-ready and maintenance, lubrication points ............................................. 28

5.10 Equipment for cleaning and removal of broke and waste ............................................................ 29

5.11 Circular knives .............................................................................................................................................. 29

5.12 Stationary knives (severing knives, tail cutters, water-jet knives) ........................................... 29

5.13 Explosion protection ................................................................................................................................... 29

5.14 Control systems and actuators ................................................................................................................ 29

5.15 Noise ................................................................................................................................................................. 30

5.15.1 Noise reduction ............................................................................................................................................. 30

5.15.2 Noise emission measurement and declaration ................................................................................. 31

5.16 Emission of hazardous substances ........................................................................................................ 31

5.17 Hot surfaces .................................................................................................................................................... 32

5.18 Integrated lighting ....................................................................................................................................... 32

5.19 Fire..................................................................................................................................................................... 32

5.20 Radiation caused by measuring devices .............................................................................................. 32

5.21 Laser equipment ........................................................................................................................................... 32

5.22 Ergonomic principles .................................................................................................................................. 32

5.23 Electrical equipment ................................................................................................................................... 32

5.24 Hydraulic equipment .................................................................................................................................. 33

5.25 Pneumatic equipment ................................................................................................................................ 33

5.26 Pumps ............................................................................................................................................................... 33

6 Verification of compliance with safety requirements and/or measures ................................. 33

7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 35

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SIST EN 1034-1:2021
EN 1034-1:2021 (E)

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 35

7.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 35

7.3 Instruction handbook ................................................................................................................................. 35

7.4 Sales literature .............................................................................................................................................. 37

Annex A (informative) Trilingual alphabetical list of paper making and paper finishing

machines .......................................................................................................................................................... 38

Annex B (informative) List of Significant Hazards ......................................................................................... 40

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ............................................... 43

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 46

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST EN 1034-1:2021
EN 1034-1:2021 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN 1034-1:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 198 “Printing and

paper machinery - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2021, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by May 2021.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN 1034-1:2000+A1:2010.

In comparison with the previous edition, the following technical modifications have been made:

a) In Clause 3, the term “Paper converting machines” was defined;
b) In 3.4, a tolerance for crawl speed was specified;
c) In Clause 3, the term “running machine” has been deleted;
d) In 3.6.3, addition of a definition for trapping points;
e) In 5.1.2, clarification on the use of signal colours;
f) In 5.4.4, addition of safety requirements for trapping points at reel fronts;

g) In 5.5, requirements for means of access, walkways and guard-rails adapted to the revised

EN ISO 14122 (all parts), sector-specific deviations will still to be taken into account;

h) In 7.3, the requirements for the instruction handbook have been extended: all requirements

previously contained in Clause 5 in relation to the instruction handbook have been transferred to

7.3;
i) In 5.9.5, addition of requirements for crawl speed;
j) In 5.14.1, addition of requirements for positioning of control devices;
k) In 5.14.2, amendment of Table 5: Determination of approximate SIL or PL;

l) In 5.14.6, reference to EN ISO 13849-2:2012 for validation of safety functions added;

m) In 7.3, Addition of information regarding noise emission values and hearing protection equipment in

the instruction handbook;
n) In 5.23, Deletion of the notice on standards for high-voltage equipment;
o) Review of Annex ZA.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of EU Directives.

For relationship with EU Directives, see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST EN 1034-1:2021
EN 1034-1:2021 (E)

This document is part 1 of a standard for the technical safety requirements for the design and

construction of paper making and finishing machines which consists of the following parts:

— Part 1: Common requirements
— Part 2: Barking drums
— Part 3: Rereelers and winders
— Part 4: Pulpers and their loading facilities
— Part 5: Sheeters
— Part 6: Calenders
— Part 7: Chests
— Part 8: Refining plants
— Part 13: Machines for de-wiring bales and units
— Part 14: Reel splitter
— Part 16: Paper and board making machines
— Part 17: Tissue making machines
— Part 21: Coating machines
— Part 22: Wood grinders
— Part 26: Roll packaging machines
— Part 27: Roll handling systems

CEN/TC 198 intends to prepare further parts to cover the paper making and finishing machines listed in

Annex A.

Requirements in this document with reference to ISO 14122-2, ISO 14122-3 and ISO 14122-4 are

applicable in conjunction with ISO 14122-1.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia,

Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland,

Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of North

Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United

Kingdom.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST EN 1034-1:2021
EN 1034-1:2021 (E)
Introduction
This document is a type-C standard as stated in EN ISO 12100.

This document is of relevance, in particular, for the following stakeholder groups representing the market

players with regard to machinery safety:
— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— health and safety bodies (regulators, accident prevention organizations, market surveillance etc.).

Others can be affected by the level of machinery safety achieved with the means of the document by the

above-mentioned stakeholder groups:
— machine users/employers (small, medium and large enterprises);

— machine users/employees (e.g. trade unions, organizations for people with special needs);

— service providers, e.g. for maintenance (small, medium and large enterprises);
— consumers (in case of machinery intended for use by consumers).

The above-mentioned stakeholder groups have been given the possibility to participate at the drafting

process of this document.

The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events are

covered are indicated in the scope of this document.

When requirements of this type-C standard are different from those which are stated in type-A or type-B

standards, the requirements of this type-C standard take precedence over the requirements of the other

standards for machines that have been designed and built according to the requirements of this type-C

standard.
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
SIST EN 1034-1:2021
EN 1034-1:2021 (E)
1 Scope
This document specifies safety requirements.

This document is applicable to paper making and paper finishing machines. It contains definitions and

requirements that apply to all paper making and paper finishing machines listed in Annex A and is

intended to be used in connection with the specific part applicable for the respective machine listed in

Annex A. Specific parts can contain additional requirements or deviations from EN 1034-1 in which case

the specific stipulations take precedence over the specification made in EN 1034-1. This document deals

with the hazards listed in Annex B.

This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events relevant to

paper making and paper finishing machines, when they are used as intended and under conditions of

misuse that are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.

This document does not apply to machines used in paper converting. See EN 1010-1 to EN 1010-5.

This document is not applicable to paper making and paper finishing machines manufactured before the

date of its publication.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitute requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN ISO 4413:2010, Hydraulic fluid power - General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4413:2010)

EN ISO 4414:2010, Pneumatic fluid power - General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4414:2010)

EN ISO 7731:2008, Ergonomics - Danger signals for public and work areas - Auditory danger signals (ISO

7731:2003)

EN ISO 11688-1:2009, Acoustics - Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and

equipment - Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery - General principles for design - Risk assessment and risk reduction

(ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13732-1:2008, Ergonomics of the thermal environment - Methods for the assessment of human

responses to contact with surfaces - Part 1: Hot surfaces (ISO 13732-1:2006)

EN ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 1: General

principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2015)

EN ISO 13849-2:2012, Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 2: Validation (ISO

13849-2:2012)

EN ISO 13850:2015, Safety of machinery - Emergency stop function - Principles for design (ISO 13850:2015)

EN ISO 13854:2019, Safety of machinery - Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body (ISO

13854:2017)
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
SIST EN 1034-1:2021
EN 1034-1:2021 (E)

EN ISO 13856-1:2013, Safety of machinery - Pressure-sensitive protective devices - Part 1: General

principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive mats and pressure-sensitive floors (ISO 13856-1:2013)

EN ISO 13856-2:2013, Safety of machinery - Pressure-sensitive protective devices - Part 2: General

principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive edges and pressure-sensitive bars (ISO 13856-2:2013)

EN ISO 13856-3:2013, Safety of machinery - Pressure-sensitive protective devices - Part 3: General

principles for design and testing of pressure-sensitive bumpers, plates, wires and similar devices (ISO 13856-

3:2013)

EN ISO 13857:2019, Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper

and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2019)

EN ISO 14118:2018, Safety of machinery - Prevention of unexpected start-up (ISO 14118:2017)

EN ISO 14119:2013, Safety of machinery - Interlocking devices associated with guards - Principles for

design and selection (ISO 14119:2013)

EN ISO 14120:2015, Safety of machinery - Guards - General requirements for the design and construction

of fixed and movable guards (ISO 14120:2015)

EN ISO 14122-1:2016, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 1: Choice of

fixed means and general requirements of access (ISO 14122-1:2016)

EN ISO 14122-2:2016, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 2: Working

platforms and walkways (ISO 14122-2:2016)

EN ISO 14122-3:2016, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 3: Stairs,

stepladders and guard-rails (ISO 14122-3:2016)

EN ISO 14122-4:2016, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 4: Fixed

ladders (ISO 14122-4:2016)

EN ISO 14123-1:2015, Safety of machinery - Reduction of risks to health resulting from hazardous

substances emitted by machinery - Part 1: Principles and specifications for machinery manufacturers (ISO

14123-1:2015)

EN ISO 14123-2:2015, Safety of machinery - Reduction of risks to health resulting from hazardous

substances emitted by machinery - Part 2: Methodology leading to verification procedures (ISO 14123-

2:2015)

EN ISO 19353:2019, Safety of machinery - Fire prevention and fire protection (ISO 19353:2019)

EN 614-1:2006+A1:2009, Safety of machinery - Ergonomic design principles - Part 1: Terminology and

general principles

EN 614-2:2000+A1:2008, Safety of machinery - Ergonomic design principles - Part 2: Interactions between

the design of machinery and work tasks

EN 809:1998+A1:2009, Pumps and pump units for liquids - Common safety requirements

EN 1127-1:2019, Explosive atmospheres - Explosion prevention and protection - Part 1: Basic concepts and

methodology
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN 1034-1:2021
EN 1034-1:2021 (E)
EN 1837:1999+A1:2009, Safety of machinery - Integral lighting of machines

EN 12198-1:2000+A1:2008, Safety of machinery - Assessment and reduction of risks arising from radiation

emitted by machinery - Part 1: General principles

EN 13023:2003+A1:2010, Noise measurement methods for printing, paper converting, paper making

machines and auxiliary equipment - Accuracy grades 2 and 3

EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code) (IEC 60529:1989)

EN 60204-1:2018, Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 1: General requirements

(IEC 60204-1:2016)

EN 60825-1:2014, Safety of laser products - Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements

(IEC 60825:2014)

EN 61496-1:2013, Safety of machinery - Electro-sensitive protective equipment - Part 1: General

requirements and tests (IEC 61496-1:2012)

EN 61496-2:2013, Safety of machinery - Electro-sensitive protective equipment - Part 2: Particular

requirements for equipment using active opto-electronic protective devices (AOPDs) (IEC 61496-2:2013)

EN 61511-1:2017, Functional safety — Safety instrumented systems for the process industry sector —

Part 1: Framework, definitions, system, hardware and application programming (IEC 61511-1:2016)

EN 62061:2005, Safety of machinery — Functional safety of safety-related electrical, electronic and

programmable electronic control systems (IEC 62061:2005)

EN IEC 61496-3:2019, Safety of machinery - Electro-sensitive protective equipment - Part 3: Particular

requirements for active opto-electronic protective devices responsive to diffuse Reflection (AOPDDR)

(IEC 61496-3:2018)

EN IEC 62046:2018, Safety of machinery - Application of protective equipment to detect the presence of

persons (IEC 62046:2018)

IEC/TR 61496-4:2007, Safety of machinery. — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 4: Particular

requirements for equipment using vision based protective devices (VBPD)

IEC/TS 61496-4-2:2014, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 4-2:

Particular requirements for equipment using vision based protective devices (VBPD) — Additional

requirements when using reference pattern techniques (VBPDPP)

IEC/TS 61496-4-3:2015, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 4-3:

Particular requirements for equipment using vision based protective devices (VBPD) — Additional

requirements when using stereo vision techniques (VBPDST)

1 This document is impacted by the amendments EN 60529:1991/A1:2000, EN 60529:1991/A2:2013 and the corrigenda

EN 60529:1991/AC:2016-12 and EN 60529:1991/A2:2013/AC:2019-02.
2 This document is impacted by the amendment EN 61511-1:2017/A1:2017.

3 This document is impacted by the amendments EN 62061:2005/A1:2013, EN 62061:2005/A2:2015 and the

corrigendum EN 62061:2005/Cor.:2010.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
SIST EN 1034-1:2021
EN 1034-1:2021 (E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO online browsing platform: available at https://iso.org./obp
3.1
paper making and finishing machine

machine with which pulp or paper fibres are obtained, processed, joined together to form and also to

finish paper, board, tissue and fibreboard
3.2
paper converting machine
machine which are downstream of paper making and finishing machines

EXAMPLE cutting machines (guillotine cutters), corrugated board making and processing machines

Note 1 to entry: Safety requirements for paper converting machines are dealt with in the EN 1010 series

(EN ISO 12643 series).
3.3
machine section
functional unit of a paper making machine

EXAMPLE wire section, press section, dryer section, smoothing unit, coater, winding unit

3.4
crawl speed
speed as low as possible, but a set value of not more than 0,25 m/s (15 m/min)

Note 1 to entry: For drives of machine groups (multi-motor drive/ sectional drives) applies: Variations caused

by the process can lead to increases of up to 5 m/min for a maximum of 10 s (dynamic tolerance). Diameter changes

- e.g. from roll grinding - may require monitoring tolerances of up to 10 % or 1,5 m/min (static tolerance). These

tolerances apply to the motor speed being monitored for safety purposes.

Note 2 to entry: The crawl speed may differ depending on the type of machine. Machine-specific deviations from

the defined values are described in the subsequent parts of this standard.
3.5
hold-to-run control

operation of the machine by means of a hold-to-run control device as defined in EN ISO 12100:2010,

3.28.3
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
SIST EN 1034-1:2021
EN 1034-1:2021 (E)
3.6
inrunning nips, wrapping and trapping points
3.6.1
inrunning nip

danger point caused by rotating roll, cylinder or roller nips where persons, parts of the body or clothing

can be drawn in
Note 1 to entry: Such nips arise between:
— counter-rotating part (see Figure 1a and 1c);
— a rotating part and an adjacent fixed part (see Figure 1b and 1d);

— parts rotating in the same direction, but with different peripheral speeds and/or surface properties, if

adequate safety distances are not maintained (see Figure 1e).
Examples of inrunning nips are illustrated in Figure 1.
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN 1034-1:2021
EN 1034-1:2021 (E)

1a) inrunning nip created by counter-rotating 1b) inrunning nip created by a rotating part and

parts an adjacent fixed part

1c) inrunning nip created by counter-rotating 1d) inrunning nip created by a rotating part and

parts adjacent fixed parts (machine frame, floor)
1e) inrunning nip created by parts rotating in the
same direction, but with different peripheral
speeds and/or surface properties
Key
v circumferential d minimum distance s distance, 0 < s < d
speed

NOTE Prevention of drawing-in hazard during whole-body access if d ≥ 500 mm or during arm access if d ≥

120 mm (see 5.4.2).
Figure 1 — Examples of inrunning nips
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
SIST EN 1034-1:2021
EN 1034-1:2021 (E)
3.6.2
wrapping point

danger point where moving materials, such as felts or screens and wires, aprons or ropes or strong board

webs, are fed onto moving parts, such as rolls, cylinders or discs, which can draw in persons, parts of the

body or clothing
Note 1 to entry: Examples of wrapping points are given in Figure 2.
Key
A wrapping point
E inrunning nip
1 roll, cylinder
2 rope
3 felt, screen
Figure 2 — Examples of wrapping points
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN 1034-1:2021
EN 1034-1:2021 (E)
3.6.3
trapping point

danger point where the body or parts of the body, hair or clothing can get entangled

Note 1 to entry: Hazards due to trapping points may occur in
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 1034-1:2019
01-september-2019
Varnost strojev - Varnostne zahteve za načrtovanje in konstrukcijo strojev in
opreme za izdelavo papirja - 1. del: Splošne zahteve

Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for the design and construction of paper

making and finishing machines - Part 1: Common requirements

Sicherheit von Maschinen - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen an Konstruktion und

Bau von Maschinen der Papierherstellung und Ausrüstung - Teil 1: Gemeinsame
Anforderungen

Sécurité des machines - Prescriptions de sécurité pour la conception et la construction

de machines de fabrication et de finition du papier - Partie 1: Prescriptions communes

Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 1034-1
ICS:
13.110 Varnost strojev Safety of machinery
21.020 Značilnosti in načrtovanje Characteristics and design of
strojev, aparatov, opreme machines, apparatus,
equipment
85.100 Oprema za papirno industrijo Equipment for the paper
industry
oSIST prEN 1034-1:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 1034-1:2019
DRAFT
EUROPEAN STANDARD
prEN 1034-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
August 2019
ICS 85.100 Will supersede EN 1034-1:2000+A1:2010
English Version
Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for the design
and construction of paper making and finishing machines -
Part 1: Common requirements

Sécurité des machines - Prescriptions de sécurité pour Sicherheit von Maschinen - Sicherheitstechnische

la conception et la construction de machines de Anforderungen an Konstruktion und Bau von

fabrication et de finition du papier - Partie 1: Maschinen der Papierherstellung und AusrÃ1/4stung -

Prescriptions communes Teil 1: Gemeinsame Anforderungen

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee

CEN/TC 198.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations

which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC

Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2019 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 1034-1:2019 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 7

2 Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 7

3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 9

4 List of significant hazards ......................................................................................................................... 13

5 Safety requirements and/or measures ................................................................................................ 13

5.1 General requirements and requirements for safety devices ....................................................... 13

5.2 Safety devices on power transmission elements .............................................................................. 14

5.3 Crushing hazards .......................................................................................................................................... 14

5.4 Drawing-in hazards on rollers, cylinders, rolls, felts and wires or trapping hazards at

reel fronts........................................................................................................................................................ 15

5.5 Workplaces, access stairs, walkways, passageways ........................................................................ 20

5.6 Start-up warning device............................................................................................................................. 23

5.7 Emergency stop device ............................................................................................................................... 24

5.8 Isolation and energy dissipation, prevention of unexpected start-up ..................................... 24

5.9 Equipment for make-ready and maintenance, lubrication points ............................................. 26

5.10 Equipment for cleaning and removal of broke and waste ............................................................ 27

5.11 Circular knives .............................................................................................................................................. 27

5.12 Stationary knives (severing knives, tail cutters, water-jet knives) ........................................... 27

5.13 Explosion protection ................................................................................................................................... 27

5.14 Control systems and actuators ................................................................................................................ 27

5.15 Noise ................................................................................................................................................................. 28

5.16 Emission of hazardous substances ........................................................................................................ 29

5.17 Hot surfaces .................................................................................................................................................... 29

5.18 Integrated lighting ....................................................................................................................................... 29

5.19 Fire..................................................................................................................................................................... 29

5.20 Radiation ......................................................................................................................................................... 30

5.21 Laser equipment ........................................................................................................................................... 30

5.22 Ergonomic principles .................................................................................................................................. 30

5.23 Electrical equipment ................................................................................................................................... 30

5.24 Hydraulic equipment .................................................................................................................................. 30

5.25 Pneumatic equipment ................................................................................................................................ 30

5.26 Pumps ............................................................................................................................................................... 30

6 Verification of compliance with safety requirements and/or measures ................................. 31

7 Information for use ..................................................................................................................................... 32

7.1 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 32

7.2 Marking ............................................................................................................................................................ 32

7.3 Instruction handbook ................................................................................................................................. 32

Annex A (informative) Trilingual alphabetical list of paper making and paper finishing

machines ......................................................................................................................................................... 34

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Annex B (informative) List of Significant Hazards ........................................................................................... 36

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the essential

requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC aimed to be covered ............................................... 39

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 41

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European foreword

This document (prEN 1034-1:2019) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 198 “Printing

and paper machinery - Safety”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede EN 1034-1:2000+A1:2010.

In comparison with the previous edition, the following technical modifications have been made:

a) In Clause 3, the term "Paper converting machines" was defined;
b) In Clause 3, a tolerance for crawl speed was specified;
c) In Clause 3, the term "running machine" has been deleted;
d) In Clause 3, addition of a definition for trapping points;
e) In Clause 5.1.1, clarification on the use of signal colours;

f) In Clause 5.4.4, addition of safety requirements for trapping points at reel fronts;

g) In Clause 5.5, requirements for means of access, walkways and guard-rails adapted to the revised

EN ISO 14122 (all parts), sector-specific deviations will still to be taken into account;

h) In Clause 7.3, the requirements for the instruction handbook have been extended: all requirements

previously contained in Clause 5 in relation to the instruction handbook have been transferred to

Clause 7.3;
i) In Clause 5.9.5, explanation of the safety significance of crawl speed;

j) In Clause 5.14.6, reference to EN ISO 13849-2 for validation of safety functions added;

k) Review of Annex ZA.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association and supports essential requirements of EU Directives.

For relationship with EU Directives, see informative Annexes ZA, which is an integral part of this

document.

This document is part 1 of a standard for the technical safety requirements for the design and

construction of paper making and finishing machines which consists of the following parts:

— Part 1: Common requirements
— Part 2: Barking drums
— Part 3: Winders and slitters, plying machines
— Part 4: Pulpers and their feeding facilities
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— Part 5: Sheeters
— Part 6: Calenders
— Part 7: Chests
— Part 8: Refining plants
— Part 13: Machines for de-wiring bales and units
— Part 14: Reel splitter
— Part 16: Paper and board making machines
— Part 17: Tissue making machines
— Part 21: Coaters
— Part 22: Wood grinders
— Part 26: Roll packaging machines
— Part 27: Roll handling systems

CEN/TC 198 intends to prepare further parts to cover the paper making and finishing machines listed in

Annex A.
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Introduction

This document is a C type standard as stated in EN ISO 12100:2010. The standard consists of a number

of parts which are listed in the foreword. The extent to which hazards are covered is indicated in the

scope of this standard.
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1 Scope
This document specifies safety requirements.

This document is applicable to paper making and paper finishing machines. It contains definitions and

requirements which apply to all paper making and paper finishing machines listed in Annex A and is

intended to be used in connection with the specific part applicable for the respective machine listed in

Annex A. Specific parts can contain additional requirements or deviations from EN 1034-1 in which case

the specific stipulations take precedence over the specification made in EN 1034-1. The standard deals

with the hazards listed in Annex B.

This document deals with all significant hazards, hazardous situations or hazardous events relevant to

paper making and paper finishing machines, when they are used as intended and under conditions of

misuse which are reasonably foreseeable by the manufacturer.

This document does not apply to machines used in paper converting. See EN 1010-1 to EN 1010-5.

This document applies to machines produced after the date of publication of this standard.

2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitute requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

EN ISO 4413:2010, Hydraulic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and their

components (ISO 4413:2010)

EN ISO 4414:2010, Pneumatic fluid power — General rules and safety requirements for systems and

their components (ISO 4414:2010)

EN ISO 7731:2008, Ergonomics — Danger signals for public and work areas — Auditory danger signals

(ISO 7731:2003)

EN ISO 11688-1:2009, Acoustics — Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and

equipment — Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995)

EN ISO 12100:2010, Safety of machinery — General principles for design — Risk assessment and risk

reduction (ISO 12100:2010)

EN ISO 13732-1:2008, Ergonomics of the thermal environment — Methods for the assessment of human

responses to contact with surfaces — Part 1: Hot surfaces (ISO 13732-1:2006)

EN ISO 13849-1:2015, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 1: General

principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2015)

EN ISO 13849-2:2012, Safety of machinery — Safety-related parts of control systems — Part 2: Validation

(ISO 13849-2:2012)

EN ISO 13850:2015, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop functions — Principles for design

(ISO 13850:2015)

EN ISO 13854:2019, Safety of machinery — Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body

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EN ISO 13856-1:2013, Safety of machinery — Pressure-sensitive protective devices — Part 1: General

principles for the design and testing of pressure sensitive mats and pressure sensitive floors (ISO 13856-

1:2013)

EN ISO 14118:2018, Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start-up (ISO 14118:2017)

EN ISO 14119:2013, Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for

design and selection (ISO 14119:2013)

EN ISO 14120:2015, Safety of machinery — Guards — General requirements for the design and

construction of fixed and movable guards (ISO 14120:2015)

EN ISO 14122-2:2016, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 2:

Working platforms and walkways (ISO 14122-2:2016)

EN ISO 14122-3:2016, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 3: Stairs,

stepladders and guard-rails (ISO 14122-3:2016)

EN ISO 14122-4:2016, Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 4: Fixed

ladders (ISO 14122-4:2016)

EN ISO 14123-1:2015, Safety of machinery — Reduction of risk to health from hazardous substances

emitted by machinery — Part 1: Principles and specifications for machinery manufacturers (ISO 14123-

1:2015)

EN ISO 14123-2:2015, Safety of machinery — Reduction of risk to health from hazardous substances

emitted by machinery — Part 2: Methodology leading to verification procedures (ISO 14123-2:2015)

EN ISO 19353:2016, Safety of machinery — Fire prevention and fire protection (ISO 19353:2015)

EN 614-1:2006+A1:2009, Safety of machinery — Ergonomics design principles — Part 1: Terminology

and general principles

EN 614-2:2000+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Ergonomics design principles — Part 2: Interaction

between the design of machinery and tasks

EN 809:1998+A1:2009, Pumps and pump units for liquids — Common safety requirements

EN 1127-1:2011, Explosive atmospheres — Explosion prevention and protection — Part 1: Basic concepts

and methodology
EN 1837:1999+A1:2009, Safety of machinery — Integral lighting of machines

EN 12198-1:2000+A1:2008, Safety of machinery — Assessment and reduction of risks arising from

radiation emitted by machinery — Part 1: General Principles

EN 13023:2003+A1:2010, Noise measurement methods for printing, paper converting, paper making

machines and auxiliary equipment — Accuracy grades 2 and 3

prEN ISO 13857:2017, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by

upper and lower limbs (ISO/DIS 13857:2017)
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EN 60529:1991 , Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code) (IEC 60529:1989)

EN 60204-1:2018, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General

requirements (IEC 60204-1:2016, modified)

EN 60825-1:2014, Safety of laser products — Part 1: Equipment classification and requirements

(IEC 60825-1:2014)

EN 61496-1:2013, Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective equipment — Part 1: General

requirements and tests (IEC 61496-1:2012)

EN 61511-1:2017 , Functional safety — Safety instrumented systems for the process industry sector —

Part 1: Framework, definitions, system, hardware and application programming (IEC 61511-1:20167)

EN 62061:2005 , Safety of machinery — Functional safety of safety-related electrical, electronic and

programmable electronic control systems (IEC 62061:2005)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100:2010 and the

following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO online browsing platform: available at https://iso.org./obp
3.1
paper making and finishing machines

machines with which pulp or paper fibres are obtained, processed, joined together to form and also to

finish paper, board, tissue and fibreboard
3.2
paper converting machines

machines which are downstream of paper making and finishing machines, such as e.g. cutting machines

(guillotine cutters), corrugated board making and processing machines

Note 1 to entry: Safety requirements for paper converting machines are dealt with in the EN 1010 series

(EN ISO 12643 series).
3.3
machine section

functional unit of a paper making machine such as wire section, press section, dryer section, smoothing

unit, coater, winding unit

1) This document is impacted by the amendments EN 60529:1991/A1:2000, EN 60529:1991/A2:2013 and the

corrigenda EN 60529:1991/AC:2016-12 and EN 60529:1991/A2:2013/AC:2019-02.
2) This document is impacted by the amendment EN 61511-1:2017/A1:2017.

3) This document is impacted by the amendments EN 62061:2005/A1:2013, EN 62061:2005/A2:2015 and the

corrigendum EN 62061:2005/Cor.:2010.
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3.4
crawl speed
speed as low as possible, but a set value of not more than 0,25 m/s (15 m/min)

Note 1 to entry: Process related fluctuations may result in temporary speed increases of up to 5 m/min.

Note 2 to entry: The crawl speed may differ depending on the type of machine. Machine-specific deviations from

the defined values are described in the subsequent parts of this standard.
3.5
hold-to-run control

operation of the machine by means of a hold-to-run control device as defined in EN ISO 12100:2010,

3.28.3
3.6
inrunning nips, wrapping and trapping points
3.6.1
inrunning nip

danger point caused by rotating roll, cylinder or roller nips where persons, parts of the body or clothing

can be drawn in
Note 1 to entry Such nips arise between:
a) counter-rotating part (Figure 1);
b) a rotating part and an adjacent fixed part (see Figure 1);

c) parts rotating in the same direction, but with different peripheral speeds and/or surface properties,

if adequate safety distances are not maintained. Examples of inrunning nips are illustrated in Figure 1.

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a1) inrunning nip created by counter-rotating a2) inrunning hazard created by counter-rotating

parts parts

b1) inrunning nips created by a rotating part and b2) inrunning nip created by a rotating part and

an adjacent fixed part an adjacent fixed parts (machine frame, floor)
Key
v circumferential speed
d minimum distance

NOTE Prevention of drawing-in hazard during whole-body access if d ≥ 500 mm or during arm access if d ≥

120 mm (see 5.4.2).
Figure 1 — Examples of inrunning nips
3.6.2
wrapping point

danger point where moving materials, such as felts or screens and wires, aprons or ropes or strong

board webs, are fed onto moving parts, such as rolls, cylinders or discs, which can draw in persons,

parts of the body or clothing
Note 1 to entry: Examples of wrapping points are given in Figure 2.
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Key
A wrapping point
E inrunning nip
1 roll, cylinder
2 rope
3 felt, screen
Figure 2 — Examples of wrapping points
3.6.3
trapping point

hazard due to the situation that the body or parts of the body, hair or clothing may become entangled

Note 1 to entry: Hazards due to trapping points may occur in situations when the body and parts of the body are

entangled, but also in situations when the body does not have any chance to get free from a hazardous situation.

3.7
paper

generic term for paper, board, cardboard, tissue, essentially made of fibres of mostly vegetable origin

and formed on wires (screens) by dewatering a fibre suspension
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3.8
broke
scraps of paper, paper breaks and paper with imperfections
3.9
fixed distance guard (perimeter fence)

type of guard preventing access to a hazard zone with a minimum height of 1,4 m and a clearance

between floor and lower edge of the fence of 0,4 m maximum
Note 1 to entry: This definition does not relate to fall-off protections.
3.10
nip bar

type of guard arranged directly on the nip of a pair of rollers or some other nip

Note 1 to entry: For examples of nip bars, see Figure 3.
4 List of significant hazards

For a list of all the significant hazards as far as they are dealt with in this standard, see Annex B,

Table B.1.
5 Safety requirements and/or measures
5.1 General requirements and requirements for safety devices

5.1.1 Machinery shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective/risk reduction

measures of this clause.

In addition, the machine shall be designed according to the principles of EN ISO 12100:2010 for

relevant but not significant hazards which are not dealt with in this document.

When required, further specification will be given in the machine-specific parts as listed in Annex A of

this document.

5.1.2 Safety devices shall comply with the requirements specified in EN ISO 12100:2010, 6.3.

Guards shall be designed and selected in compliance with EN ISO 14120:2015, interlocking guards with

EN ISO 14119:2013, electro-sensitive protective devices with EN 61496-1:2013 and pressure sensitive

mats with EN ISO 13856-1:2013.

In compliance with EN ISO 14120:2015, signal colours for the guards should not be used.

Fixed guards that have to be removed periodically for maintenance (e.g. the guards on wrapping points

of rolls for changing clothing) shall be constructed in such a way that their fixing systems remain

attached to the guards or to the machinery when the guards are removed. An example is shown in

Figure 11 of EN ISO 14120:2015.

Where possible, guards should be constructed in such a way that they also protect against ejected or

falling materials and objects.

Where possible, guards should be constructed in such a way that they also protect against emissions

generated by the machinery, for example against noise.

5.1.3 Movable guards for safeguarding danger points shall be designed as interlocking guards with

guard locking or as interlocking guard without guard locking (see 3.5.2 or 3.5 of EN ISO 14120:2015).

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5.1.4 On fixed distance guards equipped with interlocking doors, it shall be possible to open the doors

from inside the enclosed area at any time so that persons locked-in can escape from the danger zone.

5.1.5 Nip bars shall be so designed and mounted that they are able to maintain their safeguarding

function even under mechanical stresses, vibration and heat. When forces of 1 000 N are applied in the

middle, the gap ‘a’ in Figure 3 shall not be wider than 8 mm.
5.2 Safety devices on power transmission elements

Danger points on power transmission elements shall be protected by fixed guards or interlocking

guards with or without guard locking. Guards shall be arranged as close to the danger point as possible

such as to prevent access from all sides. Where this is not possible, fixed distance guards shall be

arranged at a safety distance in accordance with prEN ISO 13857:2017, Table 2 and Table B.1.

Table 1 of this document shall be taken into account when selecting the proper type of guarding for

power transmission elements.
Table 1 — Type of guarding for power transmission elements
Power transmission element Type of guarding

Individual shafts, universal-joint fixed guard according to 3.2.1 of EN ISO 14120:2015

shafts, belt drives, chain drives
Line transmissions fixed distance guard according to 3.2.2 and Clause 6 of
EN ISO 14120:2015; enclosing guard
Gear drives housing; fixed guard according to 3.2.1 of
EN ISO 14120:2015
Spoke wheels fixed guard according to 3.2.1 of EN ISO 14120:2015;
fixed distance guard
Clutches housing; fixed guard according to 3.2.1 of
EN ISO 14120:2015; fixed distance guards according to
3.2.2 of EN ISO 14120:2015; interlocking guard with
guard locking
5.3 Crushing hazards

In order to avoid crushing hazards between fixed parts, moving and/or fixed machine parts, the

minimum distances specified in EN ISO 13854:2019 shall be applied. Crushing hazards can also be

avoided by limiting the forces applied at the crushing point to a non-hazardous level such that the

movement can be stopped by reactive body force.

NOTE As long as there is no relevant standard to refer to, it is taken that forces of less or equal 150 N

generally do not present a risk of injury if it is a low-impulse movement and the contact surfaces are even or

padded.
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5.4 Drawing-in hazards on rollers, cylinders, rolls, felts and wires or trapping hazards at

reel fronts
5.4.1 General requirements

Where drawing-in hazards or trapping hazards exists on inrunning nips, wrapping points or trapping

points at reel fronts, the related hazard points should preferably be safeguarded by one or a

combination of the following pr
...

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