IEC 60076-22-2:2019 applies to radiators mounted on liquid immersed power transformers according to IEC 60076-1 and reactors according to IEC 60076-6 with and without conservator for indoor or outdoor installation. It outlines the service conditions and the mechanical and electrical requirements that are common to this equipment. It also outlines the operation requirements specific to this equipment as well as the preferred dimensions relevant for interchangeability and the type and routine tests to be performed. Keywords: radiators mounted on liquid immersed power transformers

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This part of IEC 60076 applies to liquid to water heat exchangers, using forced water and forced liquid circuits, used on liquid immersed power transformers according to IEC 60076-1 and reactors according to IEC 60076-6 with and without conservator for indoor or outdoor installation. It outlines the service conditions and the mechanical and electrical requirements that are common to this equipment. It also outlines the operation requirements specific to this equipment as well as the preferred dimensions relevant for interchangeability and the type and routine tests to be performed.

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This part of IEC 60076 applies to liquid to air heat exchangers, using forced air and forced liquid circuits, used on liquid immersed power transformers according to IEC 60076-1 and reactors according to IEC 60076-6 with and without conservator for indoor or outdoor installation. It outlines the service conditions and the mechanical and electrical requirements that are common to this equipment. It also outlines the operation requirements specific to this equipment as well as the preferred dimensions relevant for interchangeability and the type and routine tests to be performed.

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IEC 60076-22-1:2019 applies to protective devices mounted on liquid-immersed power transformers in accordance with IEC 60076-1 and reactors in accordance with IEC 60076-6 with or without conservator for indoor or outdoor installation. It outlines the service conditions and the mechanical and electrical requirements that are common to all the devices, which are relevant for the safety of the machine having a function of signalization of abnormal operating conditions. It also outlines the operation requirements specific to each device as well as, in some cases, the preferred dimensions relevant for interchangeability and the type and routine test to be performed. Keywords: protective devices mounted on liquid-immersed power transformers

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NEW!IEC 60076-11:2018 is available as IEC 60076-11:2018 RLV which contains the International Standard and its Redline version, showing all changes of the technical content compared to the previous edition.IEC 60076-11:2018 applies to dry-type power transformers (including auto-transformers) having values of highest voltage for equipment up to and including 72,5 kV and at least one winding operating at greater than 1,1 kV. This document does not apply to: - gas-filled dry-type transformers where the gas is not air; - single-phase transformers rated at less than 5 kVA; - polyphase transformers rated at less than 15 kVA; - instrument transformers; - starting transformers; - testing transformers; - traction transformers mounted on rolling stock; - flameproof and mining transformers; - welding transformers; - voltage regulating transformers; - small power transformers in which safety is a special consideration. Where IEC standards do not exist for the transformers mentioned above or for other special transformers, this document may be applicable as a whole or in parts. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2004 and constitutes a technical revision. The main changes with regard to the previous edition are as follows: - Extension of the scope up to 72,5kV - Enclosure management in regards of the performance - Management of the dielectric and thermal features with altitude - New climatic classes for a better adaptation of customers’ need - Establishment of the relation between location and environmental classes - For fire behaviour classes, limitation at 1000kVA and process of test more robust - Introduction of Seismic class - Recommendations for amorphous transformers Keywords: dry-type transformers

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IEC 60076-10:2016 defines sound pressure and sound intensity measurement methods from which sound power levels of transformers, reactors and their associated cooling devices are determined. The methods are applicable to transformers, reactors and their cooling devices - either fitted to or separate from the transformer - as covered by the IEC 60076 and IEC 61378 series. This standard is primarily intended to apply to measurements made at the factory. Conditions on-site can be very different because of the proximity of objects, including other transformers. Nevertheless, this standard is applied to the extent possible for on site measurements. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - additional useful definitions introduced; - definition of distribution type transformers introduced for the purpose this standard; - new clause for sound level measurement specification introduced; - requirement for 1/3 octave band measurements introduced for transformers other than distribution type transformers; - standard measurement distance changed from 0,3 m to 1 m for transformers other than distribution type transformers; - height of measurement surface is now clearly defined to count from the reflecting plane; - measurement surface formula unified; - correction criteria for intensity method introduced; - rules for sound measurements on dry-type reactors introduced; - figures revised; - new informative test report templates introduced (Annex B); - IEC 60076-10-1 (application guide) revised in parallel providing worthwhile information for the use of this standard.

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IEC 60214-1:2014 applies to on-load tap-changers of both resistor and reactor types, de-energized tap-changers, and their motor-drive mechanisms. It applies mainly to tap-changers immersed in mineral insulating oil according to IEC 60296 but may also be used for tap-changers with air or gas insulation or immersed in other insulating liquids insofar as conditions are applicable. It applies mainly to tap-changers with arcing contacts but may also be used for arcing-free on-load tap-changers (such as electronic switching) insofar as conditions are applicable. This part of IEC 60214 applies to power and distribution transformers of all types and also to reactors. It does not apply to transformers and reactors mounted on railway rolling stock. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2003. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: a) incorporation of requirements on vacuum type on-load tap-changers, b) incorporation of requirements on gas insulated tap-changers, c) changes in the type tests to fit with the service conditions, d) reference to the newest edition of IEC 60076-3:2013.

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IEC 60076-3:2013 specifies the insulation requirements and the corresponding insulation tests with reference to specific windings and their terminals. This International Standard applies to power transformers as defined by IEC 60076-1. It also recommends external clearances in air. It gives details of the applicable dielectric tests and minimum dielectric test levels. Recommended minimum external clearances in air between live parts and between live parts and earth are given for use when these clearances are not specified by the purchaser. For categories of power transformers and reactors which have their own IEC standards, this standard is applicable only to the extent in which it is specifically called up by cross reference in the other standards. This third edition of IEC 60076-3 cancels and replaces the second edition published in 2000, and constitutes a technical revision. The main changes from the previous edition are as follows: - Three categories of transformer are clearly identified together with the relevant test requirements, these are summarised in Table 1. - Switching impulse levels are defined for values of Um > 72,5 kV. - The procedure for Induced voltage tests with PD has been revised to ensure adequate phase to phase test voltages. - The AC withstand test has been redefined (LTAC instead of ACSD). - Induced voltage tests are now based on Ur rather than Um. - New requirements for impulse waveshape (k factor) have been introduced. - Tables of test levels have been merged and aligned with IEC 60071-1:2010. - Additional test levels have been introduced for Um > 800 kV. - A new Annex E has been introduced, which sets out the principles used in assigning the tests, test levels and clearances in air.

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IEC 60076-14:2013 applies to liquid-immersed power transformers employing either high-temperature insulation or combinations of high-temperature and conventional insulation, operating at temperatures above conventional limits. It is applicable to: - power transformers in accordance with IEC 60076-1; - convertor transformers according to IEC 61378 series; - transformers for wind turbine applications in accordance with IEC 60076-16; - arc furnace transformers; - reactors in accordance with IEC 60076-6. This part of IEC 60076 may be applicable as a reference for the use of high-temperature insulation materials in other types of transformers and reactors. This first edition of IEC 60076-14 cancels and replaces the second edition of the Technical Specification IEC/TS 60076-14 published in 2009. It constitutes a technical revision.

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IEC 60076-18:2012 covers the measurement technique and measuring equipment to be used when a frequency response measurement is required either on-site or in the factory either when the test object is new or at a later stage. This standard is applicable to power transformers, reactors, phase shifting transformers and similar equipment.

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IEC 61378-1:2011(E) deals with the specification, design and testing of power transformers and reactors which are intended for integration within semiconductor converter plants. The scope of this International Standard is limited to application of power converters of any power rating. Typical applications are: thyristor rectifiers for electrolysis; diode rectifiers for electrolysis; thyristor rectifiers for large drives; thyristor rectifiers for scrap melting furnaces, and diode rectifiers feeding inverters for variable speed drives. The standard also covers the regulating unit utilized in such application as step down regulating transformers or autotransformers. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - addition of winding connections with phase displacement (30°); - addition of transformers with more than one active part in the same tank; - change of reference power definition; - addition of regulating transformer feeding converter transformer; - addition of considerations about current sharing and hot spot temperature in high current windings for various winding arrangements; - addition of transductors used for d.c. voltage regulation together with diode rectifiers. The contents of the corrigendum of January 2012 have been included in this copy.

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IEC 60076-1:2011 applies to three-phase and single-phase power transformers (including auto-transformers) with the exception of certain categories of small and special transformers. For those categories of power transformers and reactors which have their own IEC standards, this part is applicable only to the extent in which it is specifically called up by cross-reference in the other standard. This new edition includes the following significant technical additions with respect to the previous one: - definition of harmonic content; - subclause on transport; - functional method of specification; - connection symbols for single phase transformers; - safety and environmental requirements; - requirements for liquid preservation systems; - clause on DC currents; - vacuum, pressure and leak tests on tanks; - facilities for condition monitoring and environmental and safety considerations.

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IEC 60076-16:2011 applies to dry-type and liquid-immersed transformers for rated power 100 kVA up to 10 000 kVA for wind turbine applications having a winding with highest voltage for equipment up to and including 36 kV and at least one winding operating at a voltage greater than 1,1 kV.

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EN 50216 12 deals with fans for oil-to-air coolers used for transformers as well as fans used for blowing out radiators. Only fans operating axially are dealt with in this standard specification. This standard specification defines the dimensions and requirements for ensuring fan interchangeability and uniform fan assembly.

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IEC 60076-2:2011 applies to liquid-immersed transformers, identifies power transformers according to their cooling methods, defines temperature rise limits and gives the methods for temperature rise tests. This new edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition: - the winding hot-spot temperature rise limit was introduced among the prescriptions; - the procedures for the temperature rise test were improved in relation to the new thermal requirements; - five informative annexes were added in order to facilitate the implementation of this standard.

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Applies to the following types of reactors: shunt reactors; series reactors including current-limiting reactors, neutral-earthing reactors, power flow control reactors, motor starting reactors, arc-furnace series reactors; filter (tuning) reactors; capacitor damping reactors; capacitor discharge reactors; earthing transformers (neutral couplers); arc-suppression reactors; smoothing reactors for HVDC and industrial application.

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This Technical Report illustrates the procedures and criteria to be applied to evaluate the uncertainty affecting the measurements of no load and load losses during the routine tests on power transformers. Even if the attention is especially paid to the transformers, the document can be also used for the measurements of reactor losses, when applicable.

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This Report provides guidance for the evaluation of electromagnetic fields around power transformers. This Report applies to power transformers covered by EN 60076 series with the following characteristics: - apparent rating P: 5 kVA  P  1 000 MVA - insulating level, according to EN 60076-3: • high voltage winding: Um from 7,2 kV to 525 kV • low voltage winding: Um up to 525 kV Reactors are excluded from the present Report. Continuous conducted and radiated emissions are considered for power transformers operating under nominal working conditions of voltage and current. Fault conditions and low occurrence transient events, such as - short-circuits, - lightning and switching transients, - overloads (inrush currents, etc.), - overvoltages, - tap-changer operations, are not considered as normal working conditions. Immunity conditions are considered to ensure the power transformer operates as intended in its normal working environment. The immunity capability of the power transformer is considered for steady state and transient working conditions.

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IEC 60076-24:2020 applies to medium power transformers from 25 kVA up to 3 150 kVA with highest voltage for equipment up to 36 kV, or in low voltage (LV) networks with highest voltage for equipment of up to 1,1 kV equipped with voltage regulating devices. Voltage regulating distribution transformers are transformers equipped with components to control primary or secondary voltage for on-load voltage regulation purposes. The main objective of the installation of a VRDT is to regulate the LV network voltage level (i.e. 400 V), to avoid violation of the limits defined by relevant standards or regulations. The VRDT must operate properly as a step down and step up transformer. Transformers covered by this document comply with the relevant requirements set out in IEC 60076 (all parts) and, unless otherwise stated in this document, they also comply with European Standards EN 50160 and EN 50588-1.

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IEC 60076-22-7:2020 applies to a selection of accessories and fittings mounted on liquid immersed power transformers according to IEC 60076-1 and reactors according to IEC 60076­6 with or without conservator for indoor or outdoor installation. It outlines the service conditions and the mechanical requirements that are common to all the accessories and fittings. This document also outlines the operation requirements specific to each device as well as the preferred dimensions relevant for interchangeability and the type and routine test to be performed.This document covers an exhaustive selection of the accessories and fittings that are currently used on transformers or reactors.

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IEC 60076-22-5:2021 covers electric pumps used in the cooling circuits of power transformers and reactors. It applies to electric pumps mounted on liquid immersed power transformers according to IEC 60076-1 and reactors according to IEC 60076-6 with and without conservator for indoor or outdoor installation. It outlines the operation requirements for the electrical and hydraulic performance, mechanical design, routine testing and type testing. Additionally, performance and dimensions of preferred sizes of pump sets are specified in informative annexes. The pumps covered in this document are rotodynamic pumps driven by a squirrel cage induction motor that is immersed in the insulating liquid. Pump sets conforming to this document can be of in-line or end suction design.

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This part of IEC 60076-22 applies to a selection of accessories and fittings mounted on liquid immersed power transformers according to IEC 60076-1 and reactors according to IEC 60076-6 with or without conservator for indoor or outdoor installation. It outlines the operation requirements specific to each device as well as the data made available to the communication network and the type and routine test to be performed. The communication network is not part of the scope of this standard.

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IEC 60076-22-6:2021 covers the electric fans used in the cooling circuits of power transformers and reactors. It applies to electric fans mounted on liquid immersed power transformers according to IEC 60076-1 and reactors according to IEC 60076-6 with and without conservator for indoor or outdoor installation. It outlines the service conditions and the mechanical and electrical requirements that are common to all the equipment. The electric fans concerned by this document are of the axially operating type and are for use on liquid to air coolers and for blowing out radiators. This document also outlines the operation requirements specific to each equipment as well as the preferred dimensions relevant for interchangeability and uniform fan assembly and the type and routine tests to be performed.

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Supersedes EN 50216-5:2002/A1:2002
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Applies to high-voltage/low-voltage self-protected liquid-filled and naturally cooled transformers for rated power 50 kVA to 1 000 kVA for indoor or outdoor use having a primary winding (high-voltage) with highest voltage for equipment up to 24 kV; a secondary winding (low-voltage) with highest voltage for equipment of 1,1 kV.

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Identifies the requirements for power transformers to sustain without damage the effects of overcurrents originated by external short circuits. Describes the calculation procedures used to demonstrate the thermal ability of a power transformer to withstand such overcurrents and both the special test and the theoretical evaluation method used to demonstrate the ability to withstand the relevant dynamic effects.

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This standard covers the butterfly valves used on the pipelines, in which the insulating liquid of power transformers or reactors flows, in order to allow the replacement of components, without removing the whole or a large amount of the insulating liquid from the conservator and the tank. This standard defines the general overall dimensions and some functional and manufacturing characteristics to guarantee interchangeability.

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Resolution 41/2: Possible amendment to be considered * Corrigendum to EN issued October 2006
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Gives guidance and explanatory comments on the existing procedures for lightning and switching impulse testing of power transformers to supplement the requirements of EN 60076-3. Also generally applicable to the testing of reactors (see EN 60289), modifications to power transformer procedures being indicated where required. Information is given on waveshapes, test circuits including test connections, earthing practices, failure detection methods, test procedures, measuring techniques and interpretation of results.

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EN 50216-7 covers requirements for electric pumps which generate the circulation of insulating oil in transformers and reactors conforming to the EN 60076 series and their associated cooling systems. The pumps covered in this standard are rotodynamic pumps driven by a squirrel cage induction motor which is immersed in the insulating oil. Pump sets conforming to this standard may be of in-line or end suction design. This standard includes requirements for the electrical and hydraulic performance, mechanical design, routine testing and type testing. Additionally, performance and dimensions of preferred sizes of pump sets are specified (see normative annexes A and B). The insulating oils considered comply with subclause 2.5 of IEC 60296-1. If other insulating liquids are to be used, the performance and design of the pump shall be agreed between purchaser and manufacturer.

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This European Standard covers the general conditions concerning accessories for oil immersed and dry-type transformers and reactors. Part 1 describes in particular – general conditions of service, – electrical characteristics of contacts, – dynamic characteristics, – mechanical construction. They are used for stationary, non-weather protected locations.

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EN 50216-5 specifies the liquid level, pressure and flow indicators, pressure relief devices and dehydrating breathers for power transformer and reactor fittings. Except where otherwise specified or implied herein the above fittings shall comply with the requirements of EN 50216-1.

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This part of EN 61378 applies to oil-immersed three-phase and -single-phase convertor transformers for use in HVDC power transmission. It applies to transformers having two, three or multiple windings. This standard does not apply to convertor transformers for industrial applications (see EN 61378-1) and to convertor transformers for traction applications (see EN 60310).

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This Code of Practice gives guidance to users of fully enclosed electrical equipment which is designed to be filled with oil but which may have become contaminated with PCBs. National and Local Authority regulations (if any) take priority. This Code of Practice is applicable to fully enclosed electrical equipment which is designed to be filled with oil but which may have become contaminated with PCBs. This Code of Practice is applicable to electrical equipment which contains more than five litres of insulating and/or cooling liquid. This Code of Practice gives guidance on the precautions to avoid pollution of the environment by the correct installation, maintenance, operation, storage and transportation of oil-filled electrical equipment which may be contaminated with PCBs. This Code of Practice gives guidance on the safety precautions to be taken when handling oil which may be contaminated with PCBs, the refilling of transformers with an oil which does not contain PCBs, the disposal of waste contaminated with PCBs and on the decontamination of oil and electrical equipment. NOTE: The principles contained within this Code of Practice may be applied or if necessary adapted to suit the appropriate circumstances where equipment is filled with insulating liquids other than oil.

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This Code of Practice gives guidance to users of fully enclosed askarel-filled electrical equipment. National and Local Authority regulations (if any) take priority. This Code of Practice is applicable to fully enclosed electrical equipment which is designed to be filled with askarels: i.e. askarel-filled electrical equipment. This Code of Practice is applicable to electrical equipment which contains more than five litres of askarels. This Code of Practice gives guidance on the precautions to be observed to avoid pollution of the environment by the correct installation, maintenance, operation, storage and transportation of askarel-filled electrical equipment. This Code of Practice gives guidance on the safety precautions to be taken when handling askarels, the disposal of askarel-contaminated waste and on the retrofilling of transformers with an acceptable replacement liquid.

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This European Standard gives to the user guidance to determine the loadability of dry type distribution transformers, as defined in and covered by EN 50541-1, in the case of load current with harmonic factors exceeding the maximum values allowed.

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Publication editing allocated to svandriessche@cencenelec.eu * Will be superseded by future prEN 50588-1 (PR=24468)

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This European Standard covers dry type transformers from 100 kVA to 3 150 kVA intended for operation in three phases distribution networks, for indoor continuous service, 50 Hz, natural cooling, with two windings: − a primary (high voltage) winding with a highest voltage for equipment of 3,6 kV to 36 kV; − a secondary (low voltage) winding with a highest voltage for equipment not exceeding 1,1 kV. For outdoor application, special design or enclosure (enclosure with adapted IP and IK degrees protections) should be requested. NOTE 1 This European Standard may be applied, as a whole or in part to transformers having windings with more than one rated voltage. In this case the rated power for each coupling ratio should be specified by the purchaser. NOTE 2 For dry type transformers installed in power generating plants, additional requirements, not covered by this European Standard, and alternative requirements may be specified. NOTE 3 For dry type transformers dedicated to wind turbines applications additive requirements are specified in EN 60076-16. The object of this European Standard is to lay down requirements related to electrical characteristics, dimensions and designs of three phases distribution dry type transformers. These transformers should be in accordance with EN 60076-11 for general requirements.

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EN 50216-9 deals with oil-to-water heat exchangers that means a heat exchanger for the cooling of the transformer oil using a forced oil circuit and a forced water circuit. The oil-side of the oil-to-water heat exchangers is not included in the scope of the Pressure Equipment Directive 97/23/EC according to Article 1, § 3.12. The water-side falls into Article 3, § 3 of the Pressure Equipment Directive, therefore the rating plate must not contain a CE sign according to Article 15 of the Pressure Equipment Directive. This standard establishes essential dimensions and the requirements to ensure interchangeability and adequate mounting of the oil-to-water heat exchangers. This standard applies for dimensions and requirements of oil-to-water heat exchangers. The increase of versions of oil-to-water coolers with higher ratings and constructional changes as well are considered in the revised standard.

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EN 50216-10 describes oil-to-air heat exchangers that means a heat exchanger for the cooling of the transformer oil using a forced oil circuit and a forced air circuit. The oil-to-air heat exchangers are not included in the scope of the Pressure Equipment Directive 97/23/EC according to Article 1, § 3.12. This standard establishes essential dimensions and the requirements to ensure interchangeability and adequate mounting of the oil-to-air heat exchangers. This standard applies for dimensions and requirements of oil-to-air heat exchangers. The increase of ratings and constructional changes as well are considered in the revised standard.

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EN 50216-11 covers oil temperature and winding temperature (thermal image) indicators of the interchangeable mechanical (not electronic) type with contacts for use with liquid immersed power transformers and reactors for indoor or outdoor installation. This standard defines the characteristics of the instruments in order to ensure the interchangeability achieving the same performance. Except where otherwise specified or implied herein, oil and winding temperature indicators shall comply with the requirements of EN 50216-1.

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This European Standard gives to the user guidance to determine the loadability of an oil-immersed distribution transformer, as defined in and covered by EN 50464-1, in the case of load current with harmonic factors exceeding the maximum values allowed. NOTE In general this document is also applicable to dry-type distribution transformers as defined in and covered by HD 538.

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This document covers transformers from 50 kVA to 2 500 kVA intended for operation in three-phase distribution networks, for indoor or outdoor continuous service, 50 Hz, immersed in mineral oil, natural cooling, with two windings: - a primary (high-voltage) winding with a highest voltage for equipment from 3,6 kV to 36 kV; - a secondary (low-voltage) winding with a highest voltage for equipment not exceeding 1,1 kV. NOTE 1 This document may be applied, either as a whole or in part, to transformers immersed in a synthetic insulating liquid. NOTE 2 This document may be applied, either as whole or in part, to transformers having windings with more than one rated voltage. In this case the rated power for each rated voltage shall be specified by the purchaser. The object of this document is to lay down requirements related to electrical characteristics and design of three phases distribution transformers immersed in mineral oil.

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This Part 4 of EN 50464 series is applicable to test procedures to verify the mechanical withstand capability of the corrugated tanks of completely oil filled and hermetically sealed distribution transformers. NOTE Variations of oil temperature due to variations of ambient temperature and loading, result in deformation of tank walls.

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EN 50464-2-1 covers, in conjunction with EN 50464-1, distribution transformers under iii) and iv) above, up to 36 kV (the data from 24 kV to 36 kV are under consideration). Further documents exist which may be used by agreement between purchaser and manufacturer for cable boxes and enclosures. The dimensional requirements for cable boxes and protective enclosures are not enclosed in this document.

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This European Standard specifies the requirements for cable boxes, Type 1, in which the cable cores are terminated. The cable boxes are suitable for use on transformers defined in EN 50464-2-1, "Distribution Transformers with Cable Boxes", for side mounted or cover mounted use. The cable boxes are suitable for operation indoors and outdoors under environmental conditions specified in EN 50464-1. Important design and construction requirements of the cable boxes are given.

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Cable boxes described in this European Standard correspond to cable boxes Type 2 in EN 50464-2-1 and are suitable for assembly on the cover of oil-immersed distribution transformers meeting the requirements of EN 50464-2-1. Cable boxes are air-filled, metal- or non-metal enclosed, for high- and/or low-voltage connections in the following variations: 1.1 High-voltage side a) Connection directly to bushings; b) Connection via busbar system. 1.2 Low-voltage side a) Connection directly to bushings (maximum of four connectors per bushing); b) Connection via busbar system.

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