Electric toys - Safety

IEC 62115:2017 specifies safety requirements for electric toys that have at least one function dependant on electricity, electric toys being any product designed or intended, whether or not exclusively, for use in play by children under 14 years of age.
Examples of electric toys also within the scope of this standard are:
- constructional sets;
- experimental sets;
- functional electric toys (an electric toy that performs and is used in the same way as a product, appliance or installation intended for use by adults, and which may be a scale model of such product, appliance or installation);
- electric toy computers as well as a doll's house having an interior lamp.
If the packaging is intended to have play value then it is considered to be part of the electric toy.
This International Standard only covers the safety aspects of electric toys that relate to an electrical function.
This standard covers the safety of electric toys taking power from any source, such as batteries, transformers, solar cells and inductive connections.
This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2003, Amendment 1 (2004) and Amendment 2 (2010). This edition constitutes a technical revision.
This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
- the general conditions for tests has been rewritten and modified (Clause 5);
- the criteria for reduced testing has been modified (Clause 6);
- warnings for toys using button batteries or coin batteries have been added (7.3.3.2, 7.3.3.3);
- warnings on ride-on toys have been added (7.5);
- the requirements concerning accessibility of batteries have been updated (13.4.1 and 13.4.2);
- added requirements to cover toys placed above a child (13.4.4);
- added requirements to cover toys connected to other equipment (13.9);
- modified the requirements for safety of toys incorporating optical radiation sources (Annex E), to include requirements for using the technical LED data sheet for checking compliance with the specified accessible emission limits (AEL);
- updated the details for measurements of the optical radiation from the toy (Annex E);
- introduced an informative Annex I concerning measurement methods for toys with an integrated field source generating EMF;
- included a normative Annex J concerning safety of remote-controls for electric ride-on toys.
The attention of National Committees is drawn to the fact that equipment manufacturers and testing organizations may need a transitional period following publication of a new, amended or revised IEC publication in which to make products in accordance with the new requirements and to equip themselves for conducting new or revised tests.
It is the recommendation of the committee that the content of this publication be adopted for implementation nationally not earlier than 12 months or later than 36 months from the date of its publication.
Key words: Safety, Electric Toys
The contents of the corrigendum of August 2019 apply to the French text only.

Jouets électriques - Sécurité

IEC 62115:2017 définit les exigences de sécurité applicables aux jouets électriques qui ont au moins une fonction dépendant de l'électricité, un jouet électrique désignant tout produit conçu ou destiné, exclusivement ou non, à être utilisé à des fins de jeu par des enfants de moins de 14 ans.
Exemples de jouets électriques également compris dans le domaine d'application de la présente norme:
- les coffrets de construction,
- les coffrets d'expériences,
- les jouets électriques fonctionnels (un jouet électrique qui a une fonction et une utilisation similaires à un produit, un appareil ou une installation destiné à être utilisé par les adultes, et qui peut être un modèle réduit d'un tel produit, appareil ou installation),
- les ordinateurs jouets électriques et
- une maison de poupée ayant une lampe à l'intérieur.
Si l'emballage est destiné à être utilisé comme jouet électrique, il est alors considéré comme faisant partie du jouet électrique.
La présente Norme internationale traite uniquement des aspects de la sécurité des jouets électriques qui ont une fonction dépendant de l’électricité.
La présente norme traite des aspects de la sécurité des jouets électriques alimentés par n'importe quelle source, telle que des piles ou accumulateurs, des transformateurs, des piles photovoltaïques et des connexions inductives.
Cette deuxième édition annule et remplace la première édition parue en 2003, l'Amendement 1 (2004) et l'Amendement 2 (2010). Cette édition constitue une révision technique.
Cette édition inclut les modifications techniques majeures suivantes par rapport à l'édition précédente:
- les conditions générales pour les essais ont été reformulées et modifiées (Article 5);
- les critères visant à limiter le nombre d'essais ont été modifiés (Article 6);
- des mises en garde concernant les jouets utilisant des piles boutons ou des accumulateurs boutons ont été ajoutées (7.3.3.2, 7.3.3.3);
- des mises en garde concernant les jouets porteurs ont été ajoutées (7.5);
- les exigences concernant l'accessibilité des piles ou accumulateurs ont été mises à jour (13.4.1 et 13.4.2);
- exigences ajoutées pour tenir compte des jouets placés au-dessus d'un enfant (13.4.4);
- exigences ajoutées pour tenir compte des jouets raccordés à un autre équipement (13.9);
- modification des exigences relatives à la sécurité des jouets comportant des sources de rayonnement optique (Annexe E) pour inclure des exigences relatives à l'utilisation des fiches techniques des LED en vue de vérifier la conformité aux limites d'émission accessible (LEA) spécifiées;
- mise à jour des informations concernant les mesurages du rayonnement optique émis par le jouet (Annexe E);
- introduction d'une Annexe I informative concernant les méthodes de mesure applicables aux jouets avec une source de champ intégrée générant des champs électromagnétiques;
- insertion d'une Annexe J normative concernant la sécurité des télécommandes pour les jouets porteurs électriques.
L’attention des Comités Nationaux est attirée sur le fait que les fabricants d’appareils et les organismes d’essai peuvent avoir besoin d’une période transitoire après la publication d’une nouvelle publication IEC, ou d’une publication amendée ou révisée, pour fabriquer des produits conformes aux nouvelles exigences et pour adapter leurs équipements aux nouveaux essais ou aux essais révisés.
Le comité recommande que le contenu de cette publication soit entériné au niveau national au plus tôt 12 mois et au plus tard 36 mois après la date de publication.
Mots clés: sécurité, jouet électrique
Le contenu du corrigendum d'août 2019 a été pris en considération dans cet exemplaire.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
10-Apr-2017
Current Stage
PPUB - Publication issued
Start Date
11-Apr-2017
Completion Date
11-Apr-2017
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IEC 62115
Edition 2.0 2017-04
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Electric toys – Safety
Jouets électriques – Sécurité
IEC 62115:2017-04(en-fr)
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 62115
Edition 2.0 2017-04
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Electric toys – Safety
Jouets électriques – Sécurité
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
INTERNATIONALE
ICS 13.120; 97.200.50 ISBN 978-2-8322-4088-5

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – IEC 62115:2017 © IEC 2017
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 4

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 6

1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 8

2 Normative references .................................................................................................... 10

3 Terms and definitions .................................................................................................... 12

4 General requirement ...................................................................................................... 16

5 General conditions for tests ........................................................................................... 16

6 Criteria for reduced testing ............................................................................................ 19

7 Marking and instructions ................................................................................................ 20

8 Power input ................................................................................................................... 27

9 Heating and abnormal operation .................................................................................... 28

10 Electric strength ............................................................................................................ 33

11 Electric toys used in water, electric toys used with liquid and electric toys cleaned

with liquid ...................................................................................................................... 34

12 Mechanical strength ...................................................................................................... 35

13 Construction .................................................................................................................. 36

14 Protection of cords and wires......................................................................................... 42

15 Components .................................................................................................................. 42

16 Screws and connections ................................................................................................ 44

17 Clearances and creepage distances .............................................................................. 45

18 Resistance to heat and fire ............................................................................................ 46

19 Radiation and similar hazards ........................................................................................ 47

Annex A (normative) Experimental sets ............................................................................... 48

Annex B (normative) Needle-flame test ................................................................................ 50

Annex C (normative) Automatic controls and switches ......................................................... 51

Annex D (normative) Electric toys with protective electronic circuits ..................................... 53

Annex E (normative) Safety of electric toys incorporating optical radiation sources .............. 55

Annex F (informative) Flowcharts showing the assessment of optical radiation safety

of LEDs in electric toys ......................................................................................................... 70

Annex G (informative) Examples of calculations on LEDs .................................................... 73

Annex H (informative) Explanation of the principles used for the requirements of

Annex E ................................................................................................................................ 78

Annex I (informative) Electric toys generating electromagnetic fields (EMF) ......................... 86

Annex J (normative) Safety of remote controls for electric ride-on toys ................................ 87

Annex K (informative) Flow charts showing the application of Clause 9 ................................ 92

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 95

Index of defined terms and definitions ................................................................................... 96

Figure 1 – Examples of battery compartment markings ......................................................... 21

Figure 2 – Example of an electronic circuit with low-power points ......................................... 31

Figure F.1 – Flow chart addressing UVB and UVC emissions ................................................ 70

Figure F.2 – Flow chart addressing UVA emissions............................................................... 70

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
IEC 62115:2017 © IEC 2017 – 3 –

Figure F.3 – Flow chart addressing visible emissions ............................................................ 71

Figure F.4 – Flow chart addressing IR emissions < 1 000 nm ................................................ 71

Figure F.5 – Flow chart addressing IR emissions ≥ 1 000 nm ................................................ 72

Figure G.1 – Visible light AEL in cd ....................................................................................... 77

Figure H.1 – Blue light AEL in cd .......................................................................................... 82

Figure H.2 – Blue light AEL in Wsr ..................................................................................... 82

Figure H.3 – Visible light AEL in cd ....................................................................................... 83

Figure H.4 – Visible light AEL in Wsr ................................................................................. 84

Table 1 – Temperature rise limits for accessible parts ........................................................... 33

Table 2 – Quantity of water per battery ................................................................................. 39

Table 3 – Torque for testing screws and nuts ........................................................................ 44

Table E.1 – Relaxation factor A for UVA AEL ........................................................................ 62

Table E.2 – AEL of visible light in candela ............................................................................ 63

Table E.3 – AEL of visible light in Wsr ............................................................................... 65

Table H.1 – ICNIRP ELVs ..................................................................................................... 84

---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – IEC 62115:2017 © IEC 2017
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
ELECTRIC TOYS – SAFETY
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 62115 has been prepared by subcommittee IEC technical
committee 61: Safety of household and similar electrical appliances.

This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2003, Amendment 1

(2004) and Amendment 2 (2010). This edition constitutes a technical revision.

This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous

edition:
– the general conditions for tests has been rewritten and modified (Clause 5);
– the criteria for reduced testing has been modified (Clause 6);

– warnings for toys using button batteries or coin batteries have been added (7.3.3.2,

7.3.3.3);
– warnings on ride-on toys have been added (7.5);

– the requirements concerning accessibility of batteries have been updated (13.4.1 and

13.4.2);
– added requirements to cover toys placed above a child (13.4.4);
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
IEC 62115:2017 © IEC 2017 – 5 –
– added requirements to cover toys connected to other equipment (13.9);

– modified the requirements for safety of toys incorporating optical radiation sources

(Annex E), to include requirements for using the technical LED data sheet for checking

compliance with the specified accessible emission limits (AEL);

– updated the details for measurements of the optical radiation from the toy (Annex E);

– introduced an informative Annex I concerning measurement methods for toys with an

integrated field source generating EMF;

– included a normative Annex J concerning safety of remote controls for electric ride-on

toys.
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
61/5319/FDIS 61/5371/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

NOTE 1 The following print types are used:
– requirements: in roman type;
– test specifications: in italic type;
– notes: in small roman type.

Words in bold in the text are defined in Clause 3. When a definition concerns an adjective, the adjective and

associated noun are also in bold.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

NOTE 2 The attention of National Committees is drawn to the fact that equipment manufacturers and testing

organizations may need a transitional period following publication of a new, amended or revised IEC publication in

which to make products in accordance with the new requirements and to equip themselves for conducting new or

revised tests.

It is the recommendation of the committee that the content of this publication be adopted for implementation

nationally not earlier than 12 months or later than 36 months from the date of publication.

The contents of the corrigendum of August 2019 have been included in this copy.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct

understanding of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a

colour printer.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – IEC 62115:2017 © IEC 2017
INTRODUCTION

It has been assumed in the drafting of this International Standard that the execution of its

provisions is entrusted to appropriately qualified and experienced people.

As a general rule, electric toys are designed and manufactured for particular categories of

children. Their characteristics are related to the age and stage of development of the children

and their intended use presupposes certain capabilities.

Accidents are frequently due to an electric toy either being given to a child for whom it is not

intended or being used for a purpose other than for which it was designed. This standard does

not eliminate parental responsibility for the appropriate selection of electric toys. It is

assumed that when choosing an electric toy or a game, account is taken of the physical and

mental development of the child who will be playing with it.

The aim of this standard is to reduce risks when playing with electric toys, especially those

risks that are not evident to users. However, it has to be recognized that some electric toys

have risks inherent in their use that cannot be avoided. Consideration has been given to

reasonably foreseeable use, bearing in mind that children are not generally as careful as

adults.

While this standard applies to new electric toys, it nevertheless takes into account the wear

and tear of electric toys in use.

The fact that an electric toy complies with this standard does not absolve parents and other

persons in charge of a child from the responsibility of supervising the child. Supervision is

also necessary when children of various ages have access to the same electric toy.

This standard covers the whole range of electric toys from small button battery or coin battery

operated lights to large ride-on electric toys powered by rechargeable batteries. This results

in different requirements and tests according to the type of electric toy. For some electric

toys, testing can be reduced if particular criteria are met (see Clause 6).

Other safety aspects of electric toys are described in the ISO 8124 series of standards.

An electric toy that complies with the text of this standard will not necessarily be judged to

comply with the safety principles of the standard if, when examined and tested, it is found to

have other features that impair the level of safety covered by these requirements.

A electric toy employing materials or having forms of construction differing from those detailed

in the requirements of this standard may be examined and tested according to the intent of

the requirements and, if found to be substantially equivalent, may be judged to comply with

the standard.

Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) draws attention to the fact that it is claimed that

compliance with this document may involve the use of a patent.

IEC takes no position concerning the evidence, validity and scope of this patent right.

The holder of this patent right has assured the IEC that they are willing to negotiate licences

under reasonable and non-discriminatory terms and conditions with applicants throughout the

world. In this respect, the statement of the holder of this patent right is registered with IEC.

Information may be obtained from:
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
IEC 62115:2017 © IEC 2017 – 7 –
Dan Gavish and/or Hanna Gavish
4, Harakafot Street,
Haifa 3474504 , Israel
+972 4 8375318
e-mail address: dan.gavish@gmail.com

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the

subject of patent rights other than those identified above. IEC shall not be held responsible for

identifying any or all such patent rights.

IEC (http://patents.iec.ch) maintains an on-line database of patents relevant to its standards.

Users are encouraged to consult the database for the most up to date information concerning

patents.
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – IEC 62115:2017 © IEC 2017
ELECTRIC TOYS – SAFETY
1 Scope

This International Standard specifies safety requirements for electric toys that have at least

one function dependant on electricity, electric toys being any product designed or intended,

whether or not exclusively, for use in play by children under 14 years of age.
NOTE 1 Examples of electric toys also within the scope of this standard are
– constructional sets;
– experimental sets;

– functional electric toys (an electric toy that performs and is used in the same way as a product,

appliance or installation intended for use by adults, and which may be a scale model of such product,

appliance or installation);
– electric toy computers;
– a doll's house having an interior lamp.
Additional requirements for experimental sets are given in Annex A.

Additional requirements for electric toys incorporating optical radiation sources are given in

Annex E.

Measurement methods for electric toys generating electromagnetic fields (EMF) are given in

Annex I.

Additional requirements for the safety of remote controls for electric ride-on toys are given

in Annex J.

If the packaging is intended to have play value then it is considered to be part of the electric

toy.

This International Standard only covers the safety aspects of electric toys that relate to an

electrical function.

NOTE 2 The ISO 8124 series of standards address other aspects of the safety of electric toys. Other horizontal

product standards may also apply to electric toys.

This standard covers the safety of electric toys taking power from any source, such as

batteries, transformers, solar cells and inductive connections.

NOTE 3 Transformers for toys (IEC 61558-2-7 for linear types or IEC 61558-2-7 and IEC 61558-2-16 for switch

mode types), battery chargers (IEC 60335-2-29) and battery chargers for use by children (IEC 60335-2-29 Annex

AA:) are not considered to be part of an electric toy even if supplied with an electric toy.

NOTE 4 This standard is not intended to assess the safety of batteries however it does address the safety of the

electric toy with the batteries inserted.
This International Standard does not apply to the following products:

– automatic playing machines, whether coin operated or not, intended for public use

(IEC 60335-2-82);
– toy vehicles equipped with combustion engines;
– toy steam engines;
– slings and catapults;
– electric decorative robots;
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
IEC 62115:2017 © IEC 2017 – 9 –
– decorative objects for festivities and celebrations;

– sports equipment, including roller skates, inline skates, and skateboards intended for

children with a body mass of more than 20 kg;

– bicycles with a maximum saddle height of more than 435 mm, measured as the vertical

distance from the ground to the top of the seat surface, with the seat in a horizontal

position and with the seat pillar set to the minimum insertion mark;

– scooters and other means of transport designed for sport or which are intended to be used

for travel on public roads or public pathways;

– electrically driven vehicles which are intended to be used for travel on public roads, public

pathways, or the pavement thereof;

– aquatic equipment intended to be used in deep water, and swimming learning devices for

children, such as swim seats and swimming aids;
– puzzles with more than 500 pieces;

– guns and pistols using compressed gas, with the exception of water guns and water

pistols, and bows for archery over 120 cm long;

– products and games using sharp-pointed missiles, such as sets of darts with metallic

points;

– functional educational products, such as electric ovens, irons or other functional products

operated at a nominal voltage exceeding 24 V which are sold exclusively for teaching

purposes under adult supervision;

– fireworks, including percussion caps which are not specifically designed for electric toys;

– products intended for use for educational purposes in schools and other pedagogical

contexts under the surveillance of an adult instructor, such as science equipment;

– electronic equipment, such as personal computers and game consoles, used to access

interactive software and their associated peripherals, unless the electronic equipment or

the associated peripherals are specifically designed for and targeted at children and have

a play value on their own, such as specially designed personal computers, key boards, joy

sticks or steering wheels;

– interactive software, intended for leisure and entertainment, such as computer games, and

their storage media, such as CDs;
– fashion accessories for children which are not for use in play;
– babies soothers;

– personal protective equipment including swimming goggles, sunglasses and other eye

protectors as well as bicycle and skateboard helmets;

– products for collectors, provided that the product or its packaging bears a visible and

legible indication that it is intended for collectors of 14 years of age and above.

EXAMPLES of this category are
• detailed and faithful scale models,
• kits for the assembly of detailed scale models,
• folk dolls and decorative dolls and other similar articles,
• historical replicas of electric toys, and
• reproductions of real firearms.
– equipment intended to be used collectively in playgrounds;
– amusement machines and personal service machines (IEC 60335-2-82);

– professional electric toys installed in public places (such as shopping centres and railway

stations);
– products containing he
...

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