Patient handling equipment used in road ambulances - Part 1: General stretcher systems and patient handling equipment

This European Standard defines minimum requirements for the design and performance of stretchers and other patient handling equipment used in road ambulances for the handling and carrying of patients. It aims to ensure patient safety and minimize the physical effort required by staff operating the equipment.

Krankentransportmittel im Krankenkraftwagen - Teil 1: Allgemeine Krankentragesysteme und Krankentransportmittel

Diese Europäische Norm legt die Mindestanforderungen an die Ausführung und Gebrauchstauglichkeit von Krankentragen und andere Krankentransportmittel fest, die in Krankenkraftwagen für die Behandlung und den Transport von Patienten verwendet werden. Es ist das Ziel, für die Sicherheit des Patienten zu sorgen und die körperliche Anstrengung des Personals, welches dieses Transportmittel bedient, möglichst gering zu halten.

Spécifications d'équipements pour le transport de patient dans les ambulances routières - Partie 1: Systèmes généraux de brancards et équipement pour le transport de patients

La présente norme européenne définit les exigences minimales requises en matière de conception et de
performances des brancards et autres équipements utilisés dans les ambulances pour le transport des
patients afin de réduire les efforts physiques des personnels utilisant ces équipements et d’assurer la sécurité
du patient.

Oprema za ravnanje s pacienti v reševalnih vozilih - 1. del: Splošni sistemi nosil in oprema za ravnanje s pacienti

Ta evropski standard določa minimalne zahteve za konstruiranje in zmogljivost nosil ter opreme za ravnanje s pacienti v reševalnih vozilih za ravnanje s pacienti in njihov prevoz. Njegov namen je zagotoviti varnost pacienta in čim bolj zmanjšati fizični napor osebja pri ravnanju s to opremo.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
26-May-2015
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
27-May-2015
Completion Date
27-May-2015

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Oprema za ravnanje s pacienti v reševalnih vozilih - 1. del: Splošni sistemi nosil in oprema za ravnanje s pacientiKrankentransportmittel im Krankenkraftwagen - Teil 1: Allgemeine Krankentragesysteme und KrankentransportmittelSpécifications d'équipements pour le transport de patient dans les ambulances routières - Partie 1: Systèmes généraux de brancards et équipement pour le transport de patientsPatient handling equipment used in road ambulances - Part 1: General stretcher systems and patient handling equipment43.160Vozila za posebne nameneSpecial purpose vehicles11.160First aidICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015SIST EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015en,fr,de01-september-2015SIST EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 1865-1:20101DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM
EN 1865-1:2010+A1
May 2015 ICS 11.160 Supersedes EN 1865-1:2010English Version

Patient handling equipment used in road ambulances - Part 1: General stretcher systems and patient handling equipment

Spécifications d'équipements pour le transport de patient dans les ambulances routières - Partie 1: Systèmes généraux de brancards et équipement pour le transport de patients

Krankentransportmittel im Krankenkraftwagen - Teil 1: Allgemeine Krankentragesysteme und Krankentransportmittel This European Standard was approved by CEN on 2 July 2010 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 26 March 2015.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre:
Avenue Marnix 17,

B-1000 Brussels © 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members. Ref. No. EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015 ESIST EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015

EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015 (E) 2 Contents Page Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................6 Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................7 1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................8 2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................8 3 Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................8 4 Requirements .........................................................................................................................................9 4.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................9 4.2 Main stretcher ........................................................................................................................................9 4.2.1 General ....................................................................................................................................................9 4.2.2 Dimensions .............................................................................................................................................9 4.2.3 Mass ..................................................................................................................................................... 10 4.2.4 Loading capacity................................................................................................................................. 10 4.2.5 Frame ................................................................................................................................................... 10 4.2.6 Lying part of the stretcher ................................................................................................................. 11 4.2.7 Restraint system ................................................................................................................................. 12 4.2.8 Flammability − Toxicity burning gases ............................................................................................ 12 4.2.9 Deformation of the frame ................................................................................................................... 12 4.2.10 Fixation ................................................................................................................................................ 12 4.2.11 Deformation of the lying area ............................................................................................................ 12 4.2.12 Resistance to torsion ......................................................................................................................... 12 4.2.13 Splaying of the wheels ....................................................................................................................... 12 4.3 Chair stretcher

................................................................................................................................... 12 4.3.1 Dimensions .......................................................................................................................................... 12 4.3.2 Mass ..................................................................................................................................................... 12 4.3.3 Loading capacity................................................................................................................................. 13 4.3.4 Frame ................................................................................................................................................... 13 4.3.5 Lying-sitting part................................................................................................................................. 13 4.3.6 Restraint system ................................................................................................................................. 13 4.3.7 Flammability − Toxicity burning gases ............................................................................................ 13 4.3.8 Deformation of the frame ................................................................................................................... 13 4.3.9 Fixation ................................................................................................................................................ 13 4.3.10 Deformation of the lying-sitting area ................................................................................................ 13 4.3.11 Resistance to torsion ......................................................................................................................... 13 4.3.12 Splaying of the wheels ....................................................................................................................... 13 4.4 Transfer mattress................................................................................................................................ 13 4.4.1 Dimensions .......................................................................................................................................... 13 4.4.2 Mass ..................................................................................................................................................... 14 4.4.3 Loading capacity................................................................................................................................. 14 4.4.4 Handles ................................................................................................................................................ 14 4.4.5 Lying part ............................................................................................................................................. 14 4.4.6 Restraint system ................................................................................................................................. 14 4.4.7 Flammability − Toxicity burning gases ............................................................................................ 14 4.4.8 Deformation ......................................................................................................................................... 14 4.4.9 Fixation ................................................................................................................................................ 14 4.4.10 Deformation of the lying area ............................................................................................................ 14 4.4.11 Resistance to torsion ......................................................................................................................... 15 4.4.12 Splaying of the wheels ....................................................................................................................... 15 SIST EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015

EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015 (E) 3 4.5 Carrying sheet ..................................................................................................................................... 15 4.5.1 Dimensions .......................................................................................................................................... 15 4.5.2 Mass ...................................................................................................................................................... 15 4.5.3 Loading capacity ................................................................................................................................. 15 4.5.4 Handles ................................................................................................................................................. 15 4.5.5 Lying part ............................................................................................................................................. 15 4.5.6 Restraint system .................................................................................................................................. 15 4.5.7 Flammability − Toxicity burning gases ............................................................................................. 15 4.5.8 Deformation of the handles ................................................................................................................ 15 4.5.9 Fixation ................................................................................................................................................. 15 4.5.10 Deformation of the lying area ............................................................................................................. 16 4.5.11 Resistance to torsion .......................................................................................................................... 16 4.5.12 Splaying of the wheels ........................................................................................................................ 16 4.6 Pick up stretcher ................................................................................................................................. 16 4.6.1 Dimensions .......................................................................................................................................... 16 4.6.2 Mass ...................................................................................................................................................... 16 4.6.3 Loading capacity ................................................................................................................................. 16 4.6.4 Frame .................................................................................................................................................... 16 4.6.5 Lying part ............................................................................................................................................. 16 4.6.6 Restraint system .................................................................................................................................. 16 4.6.7 Flammability − Toxicity burning gases ............................................................................................. 17 4.6.8 Deformation of the frame .................................................................................................................... 17 4.6.9 Fixation ................................................................................................................................................. 17 4.6.10 Locking ................................................................................................................................................. 17 4.6.11 Deformation of the lying area ............................................................................................................. 17 4.6.12 Resistance to torsion .......................................................................................................................... 17 4.6.13 Splaying of the wheels ........................................................................................................................ 17 4.7 Vacuum mattress ................................................................................................................................. 17 4.7.1 Construction ........................................................................................................................................ 17 4.7.2 Dimensions .......................................................................................................................................... 17 4.7.3 Mass ...................................................................................................................................................... 18 4.7.4 Loading capacity ................................................................................................................................. 18 4.7.5 Handles ................................................................................................................................................. 18 4.7.6 Restraint system .................................................................................................................................. 18 4.7.7 Flammability − Toxicity burning gases ............................................................................................. 18 4.7.8 Deformation ......................................................................................................................................... 18 4.7.9 Fixation ................................................................................................................................................. 18 4.7.10 Shrinkage ............................................................................................................................................. 18 4.7.11 Deformation of the lying area ............................................................................................................. 18 4.8 Long spinal board ............................................................................................................................... 19 4.8.1 Dimensions .......................................................................................................................................... 19 4.8.2 Mass ...................................................................................................................................................... 19 4.8.3 Loading capacity ................................................................................................................................. 19 4.8.4 Construction ........................................................................................................................................ 19 4.8.5 Lying part ............................................................................................................................................. 19 4.8.6 Restraint system .................................................................................................................................. 19 4.8.7 Flammability − Toxicity burning gases ............................................................................................. 19 4.8.8 Deformation ......................................................................................................................................... 19 4.8.9 Fixation ................................................................................................................................................. 19 4.8.10 Deformation of the lying area ............................................................................................................. 20 4.8.11 Resistance to torsion .......................................................................................................................... 20 4.8.12 Splaying of the wheels ........................................................................................................................ 20 4.9 Foldable carrying chair ....................................................................................................................... 20 4.9.1 Dimensions .......................................................................................................................................... 20 4.9.2 Mass ...................................................................................................................................................... 20 4.9.3 Loading capacity ................................................................................................................................. 20 4.9.4 Frame .................................................................................................................................................... 20 SIST EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015

EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015 (E) 4 4.9.5 Sitting part ........................................................................................................................................... 20 4.9.6 Restraint system ................................................................................................................................. 20 4.9.7 Flammability − Toxicity burning gases ............................................................................................ 21 4.9.8 Deformation of the frame ................................................................................................................... 21 4.9.9 Fixation ................................................................................................................................................ 21 4.9.10 Locking ................................................................................................................................................ 21 4.9.11 Deformation of the backrest lying-sitting area ................................................................................ 21 4.9.12 Resistance to torsion ......................................................................................................................... 21 4.9.13 Splaying of the wheels ....................................................................................................................... 21 4.10 Non-foldable carrying chair (sedan chair) ....................................................................................... 21 4.10.1 Dimensions .......................................................................................................................................... 21 4.10.2 Mass ..................................................................................................................................................... 21 4.10.3 Loading capacity................................................................................................................................. 21 4.10.4 Frame ................................................................................................................................................... 22 4.10.5 Sitting part ........................................................................................................................................... 22 4.10.6 Restraint system ................................................................................................................................. 22 4.10.7 Flammability − Toxicity burning gases ............................................................................................ 22 4.10.8 Deformation of the frame ................................................................................................................... 22 4.10.9 Fixation ................................................................................................................................................ 22 4.10.10 Deformation of the sitting area .......................................................................................................... 22 4.10.11 Resistance to torsion ......................................................................................................................... 22 4.10.12 Splaying of the wheels ....................................................................................................................... 22 5 Test methods ....................................................................................................................................... 23 5.1 Main stretcher ..................................................................................................................................... 23 5.1.1 Permanent deformation of the frame ................................................................................................ 23 5.1.2 Fixation inside the ambulance .......................................................................................................... 23 5.1.3 Permanent deformation of the lying area ......................................................................................... 24 5.1.4 Resistance to twisting/torsion ........................................................................................................... 24 5.1.5 Splaying of the wheels ....................................................................................................................... 25 5.2 Chair stretcher .................................................................................................................................... 25 5.2.1 Permanent deformation of the frame ................................................................................................ 25 5.2.2 Permanent deformation of the lying-sitting area ............................................................................. 25 5.2.3 Resistance to twisting/torsion ........................................................................................................... 25 5.2.4 Splaying of the wheels ....................................................................................................................... 25 5.3 Transfer mattress................................................................................................................................ 25 5.3.1 Deformation ......................................................................................................................................... 25 5.3.2 Deformation of the lying area ............................................................................................................ 27 5.4 Carrying sheet ..................................................................................................................................... 28 5.4.1 Strength of the handles ...................................................................................................................... 28 5.4.2 Permanent deformation of the lying area ......................................................................................... 29 5.5 Pick up stretcher ................................................................................................................................. 29 5.5.1 Permanent deformation of the frame ................................................................................................ 29 5.5.2 Resistance to twisting/torsion ........................................................................................................... 29 5.6 Vacuum mattress and pump .............................................................................................................. 30 5.6.1 Deformation ......................................................................................................................................... 30 5.6.2 Shrinkage ............................................................................................................................................. 30 5.6.3 Deformation of the lying area ............................................................................................................ 30 5.7 Long spinal board ............................................................................................................................... 31 5.7.1 Permanent deformation of the frame and lying area ...................................................................... 31 5.7.2 Resistance to twisting/torsion ........................................................................................................... 31 5.8 Foldable carrying chair ...................................................................................................................... 31 5.8.1 Permanent deformation of the frame and backrest lying-sitting area .......................................... 31 5.9 Non-foldable carrying chair (sedan chair) ....................................................................................... 32 5.9.1 Permanent deformation of the frame and sitting area .................................................................... 32 5.9.2 Fixation inside the ambulance .......................................................................................................... 32 5.9.3 Splaying of the wheels ....................................................................................................................... 32 SIST EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015

EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015 (E) 5 6 Marking ................................................................................................................................................. 32 Annex ZA (informative)

Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential Requirements of EU Directive 93/42/EEC concerning Medical Devices ........................................ 33 Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 35

SIST EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015

EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015 (E) 6 Foreword This document (EN 1865-1:2010+A1:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 239 “Rescue systems”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by November 2015, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by November 2015. Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. This document includes Amendment 1, approved by CEN on 2015-03-26. The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags ! ". !This document supersedes EN 1865-1:2010". This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s). For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document. !This European Standard is a part of EN 1865, Patient handling equipment used in road ambulances, which consists of the following parts: — Part 1: General stretcher systems and patient handling equipment [the present document]; — Part 2: Power assisted stretcher; — Part 3: Heavy duty stretcher; — Part 4: Foldable patient transfer chair; — Part 5: Stretcher support." According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulati

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