Maintenance for lifts and escalators - Rules for maintenance instructions

This European Standard specifies the elements necessary for the preparation of the instructions for the maintenance operations, as in 3.1, which are provided for new installed passenger lifts, goods passenger lifts, accessible goods only lifts, service lifts, escalators and passenger conveyors.
This European Standard does not cover:
a) instructions for the installation and the dismantling;
b) any legal examinations and tests based on national regulations.
Existing installations are not covered by this Standard, but it can be taken as a reference.

Instandhaltung von Aufzügen und Fahrtreppen - Regeln für Instandhaltungsanweisungen

Diese Norm legt alle Elemente für die Erstellung der Instandhaltungsanweisungen nach 3.1 fest, welche für neuinstallierte Personenaufzüge, Lastenaufzüge, betretbare Güteraufzüge, Kleingüteraufzüge, Fahrtreppen und Fahrsteige notwendig sind.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für:
a) Anweisungen für den Einbau und die Demontage;
b) gesetzliche Prüfungen und Untersuchungen auf Grund nationaler Bestimmungen.
Bestehende Anlagen werden von dieser Norm nicht abgedeckt; hierfür kann jedoch sachdienlich von dieser Norm ausgegangen werden.

Maintenance pour les ascenseurs et les escaliers mécaniques - Règles pour les instructions de maintenance

Domaine d'application
La présente Norme Européenne spécifie les éléments nécessaires à l'élaboration des instructions pour les opérations de maintenance, telle qu'elle est définie en 3.1, et qui sont fournies pour les ascenseurs, les ascenseurs de charge, les monte charge accessibles, les monte charge inaccessibles, les escaliers mécaniques et les trottoirs roulants nouvellement installés.
La présente Norme européenne ne couvre pas :
a) les instructions pour l'installation et le démantèlement ;
b) tous examens et essais réglementaires fondés sur des règlements nationaux.
Les installations existantes ne sont pas couvertes par la présente norme, mais celle-ci peut être prise en référence.

Vzdrževanje dvigal (liftov) in tekočih stopnic - Pravila za vzdrževalna navodila

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
25-Sep-2001
Withdrawal Date
29-Jul-2008
Current Stage
9960 - Withdrawal effective - Withdrawal
Due Date
30-Jul-2008
Completion Date
30-Jul-2008

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Maintenance for lifts and escalators - Rules for maintenance instructionsMaintenance pour les ascenseurs et les escaliers mécaniques - Regles pour les instructions de maintenanceInstandhaltung von Aufzügen und Fahrtreppen - Regeln für InstandhaltungsanweisungenTa slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 13015:2001SIST EN 13015:2002en91.140.90Lifts. EscalatorsICS:SLOVENSKI

STANDARDSIST EN 13015:200201-maj-2002

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 13015September 2001ICS 91.140.90English versionMaintenance for lifts and escalators - Rules for maintenanceinstructionsMaintenance pour les ascenseurs et les escaliersmécaniques - Règles pour les instructions de maintenanceInstandhaltung von Aufzügen und Fahrtreppen - Regeln fürInstandhaltungsanweisungenThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 21 June 2001.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2001 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 13015:2001 E

EN 13015:2001 (E)2ContentspageForeword......................................................................................................................................................................30

Introduction............................................................................................................................................................31

Scope......................................................................................................................................................................32

Normative references............................................................................................................................................33

Definitions...............................................................................................................................................................44

Elaboration of maintenance instructions............................................................................................................54.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................54.2

Elements to be taken into account for the maintenance instructions..........................................................64.3

Information to be included in the maintenance instructions.........................................................................64.3.1

General..............................................................................................................................................................64.3.2

Information to the owner of the installation..................................................................................................64.3.3

Information for the maintenance organisation.............................................................................................95

Risk assessment..................................................................................................................................................105.1 General.................................................................................................................................................................105.2 Information for the maintenance organisation................................................................................................116

Information to the owner for lift rescue operations.........................................................................................117

Markings, signs, pictograms and written warnings.........................................................................................118

Format of the maintenance instruction handbook...........................................................................................12Annex A (informative)

Typical examples of checks to be taken into account in maintenance instructions...13Annex B (informative)

Examples of elements to be taken into account in risk assessment for maintenanceoperations..................................................................................................................................................................17Annex ZA

(informative)

Relationship of this document with EC directives.......................................................19Bibliography..............................................................................................................................................................20

EN 13015:2001 (E)3ForewordThis European Standard has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 10, "Passenger, goods and servicelifts", the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR.This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text orby endorsement, at the latest by March 2002, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest byMarch 2002.This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the EuropeanFree Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EC Directive(s).For relationship with EC Directive(s), see informative annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the followingcountries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland,France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden,Switzerland and the United Kingdom.0

IntroductionThis European Standard is a type C standard as stated in EN 1070.Only correct and preventative maintenance performed by a competent maintenance person in conformity with themaintenance instructions can ensure the safe and intended functioning of an installation.In this Standard it is assumed that the installation to be maintained has been legally placed on the market.1

ScopeThis European Standard specifies the elements necessary for the preparation of the instructions for themaintenance operations, as in 3.1, which are provided for new installed passenger lifts, goods passenger lifts,accessible goods only lifts, service lifts, escalators and passenger conveyors.This European Standard does not cover:a) instructions for the installation and the dismantling;b) any legal examinations and tests based on national regulations.Existing installations are not covered by this Standard, but it can be taken as a reference.2

Normative referencesThis European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference provisions from other publications. Thesenormative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text, and the publications are listed hereafter. Fordated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this EuropeanStandard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references, the latest edition of thepublication referred to applies (including amendments).EN 81-1, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Part 1: Electric liftsEN 81-2, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Part 2: Hydraulic liftsEN 81-3, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Part 3: Electric and hydraulic service liftsprEN 81-5, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Part 5: Screw lifts

EN 13015:2001 (E)4prEN 81-6, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Part 6: Guided chain liftsprEN 81-7, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Part 7: Rack and pinion liftsprEN 81-28, Safety rules for the construction and installation of lifts - Part 28: Remote alarms on passenger andgoods passenger liftsEN 115, Safety rules for the construction and installation of escalators and passenger conveyorsEN 1050:1996, Safety of machinery - Principles for risk assessmentISO 3864:1984, Safety colours and safety signs3

DefinitionsFor the purposes of this Eurpean Standard, the definitions in EN 81-1, EN 81-2, EN 81-3, prEN 81-5, prEN 81-6,prEN 81-7, prEN 81-28, EN 115, EN 1050 and the following apply:3.1maintenanceall the necessary operations to ensure the safe and intended functioning of the installation and its components afterthe completion of the installation and throughout its life cycle.Maintenance includes:a)lubrication, cleaning, etc.;However, the following cleaning operations can be not considered as maintenance :1) cleaning of the external parts of the well;2) cleaning of the external parts of the escalator or passenger conveyor;3) cleaning of the inside of the car.b)checks;c)passenger rescue operations;d)the operations of setting and adjustment;e)repair or changing of components which may occur due to wear or tear and do not affect the characteristics ofthe installation.The following are not considered as maintenance operations:a)changing of a major component such as the machine, the car, the control panel, etc., or safety componentsuch as safety gear, etc., even if the characteristics of the new component are the same as the original;b)replacement of the installation;c) modernisation of the installation, including the changing of any characteristic of the installation (such as speed,load, etc.);d) rescue operations carried out by Fire Brigades3.2maintenance organisationcompany or part of company where competent maintenance person(s) carry out maintenance operations on behalfof the owner of the installation

EN 13015:2001 (E)53.3competent maintenance persondesignated person, suitably trained (see EN ISO 9000 series), qualified by knowledge and practical experience,provided with necessary instructions and supported within their maintenance organisation to enable the requiredmaintenance operations to be safely carried out3.4manufacturernatural or legal person who takes responsibility for the design, manufacture and placing on the market either ofsafety components for lifts or of machinery (escalator, passenger conveyor, service lift and accessible goods onlylift)3.5installernatural or legal person who takes responsibility for the design, manufacture, installation and placing on the marketof lifts3.6installationcompletely installed passenger lift or good passenger lift or accessible goods only lift or service lift or escalator orpassenger conveyor3.7owner of the installationnatural or legal person who has the power of disposal of the installation and takes the responsibility for its operationand use3.8rescue operationoperation starting after receiving notification of a person(s) trapped in a lift and finishing by releasing the trappedperson(s)4

Elaboration of maintenance instructions4.1 GeneralThe installations covered by this European Standard shall be maintained in good working order in accordance withthe installer's instructions. To this effect, regular maintenance of the installation shall be carried out, to ensure, inparticular, the safety of the installation. The safety of an installation shall take into account the ability to bemaintained without causing injury or damage to health.Regular maintenance of the installation shall be carried out to ensure the reliability of the installation.The access and the associated environment shall be maintained in good working order in accordance with theinstaller instructions.The instructions for maintenance of an installation according to the Lifts Directive shall be provided by the installer,as defined in 3.5, after completion of the installation, as a result of a risk assessment.The instructions for maintenance of the safety components of lifts shall be provided by the manufacturer to theinstaller as respectively defined in 3.4 and 3.5.The instructions for maintenance of an installation according to the Machinery Directive shall be provided by themanufacturer, as defined in 3.4, when placed on the market, and be the result of a risk assessment.In order that the aim of the maintenance instructions can be achieved, they shall be formulated so that they can beclearly and easily understood by competent maintenance persons.The competence of the maintenance person within the maintenance organisation shall be continuously updated.NOTE

The owner of the installation should be informed that the qualification of the maintenance organisation is in conformitywith the regulations applicable in the country in which the installation operates ; if no regulations exist, the qualification can be

EN 13015:2001 (E)6ensured by a certified quality system in accordance with EN ISO 9001 supplemented if necessary to take into account thespecific features of the installation.The installer/manufacturer shall provide maintenance instructions intended for the owner of the installation (see4.3.2) including information intended for the maintenance organisation (see 4.3.3).4.2

Elements to be taken into account for the maintenance instructionsWhen preparing the content of the maintenance instructions (see 4.3, clauses 5 and 6) the following elements shallbe taken into account:a)the specifications and the intended use of the installation (type of installation, performance, type of goods to betransported, type of users, etc.);b)the environment in which the installation and its components are installed (weather conditions, vandalism,etc.);c)any restriction of use;d)the result of the risk assessment (see clause 5) for every working area and for every task to be undertaken;e)the specific maintenance instructions provided by the manufacturer of safety components;f)in case of components other than safety components, where maintenance is necessary, the maintenanceinstructions provided by the manufacturer of these components.4.3 Information to be included in the maintenance instructions4.3.1GeneralThe maintenance instructions shall contain information relating to the tasks of the owner and respectively themaintenance organisation.4.3.2

Information to the owner of the installationThe information relating to the tasks of the owner of the installation shall include the following:4.3.2.1 The need for the owner to keep the installation in a safe operating condition. To fulfil this the owner shalluse a maintenance organisation complying with the requirements of the Standard.NOTE

It is recommended to inform the owner of the installation about the need to use a maintenance organisation withadequate and proper insurance cover provided by an insurance company.4.3.2.2 The need for the owner to take care of any National regulations and other requirements, where relevant,and their implications on maintenance.4.3.2.3 The need for planned maintenance to be carried out by a maintenance organisation, at the latest when theinstallation is put into service or if the installation is to remain unused for a long period of time before first being putinto service.4.3.2.4 The importance for the owner of the installation

to have the same maintenance organisation in the case ofseveral installations having common well/spaces and/or machine room.4.3.2.5 The need for the owner of a passenger-/goods passenger lift to keep, as described in prEN 81-28, the two-way means of communication efficient and linked to a 24 h rescue service for the whole of the time that theinstallation can be used.4.3.2.6 The need for the owner to remove the passenger-/goods passenger lift from service when the two-waymeans of communication is out of order.4.3.2.7 The need for the owner to put the installation out of service in case of dangerous situations.4.3.2.8 The need for the owner of the installation to inform the maintenance organisation:

EN 13015:2001 (E)7a)immediately about any perceived abnormal operation of the installation or abnormal change in its directenvironment;b)immediately after putting the installation out of service in the case of a dangerous situation;c)after any rescue intervention by their authorised and instructed person(s) (see clause 6);d)before any modification related to the installation and/or its environment or use;NOTE

The owner of the installation should obtain from the company carrying out the relevant modification the maintenanceinstructions for the maintenance organisation.e)before any authorised third party inspection or works other than maintenance works are carried out on theinstallation;f)before taking the installation out of service for a prolonged period of time;g)before putting the installation back into service after a prolonged period of non operating time.4.3.2.9 The need for the owner of the installation to take into consideration the consequences of the riskassessment carried out by the maintenance organisation (see 4.3.3.4 and 5.1).4.3.2.10 The need for the owner of the installation to make sure that the risk assessment for maintenance is carriedout:a)if the maintenance organisation is replaced;b)if the use of the building and/or the installation changes;c)after a major modification of the installation or of the building;d)if it is the case, after an accident involving the installation.4.3.2.11 The need for the building owner to ensure, through a risk assessment, that :a)their premises are safe and free from risk to health as far as is practicable. This includes access to thepremises and installation equipment, and articles or substances used according to the regulation for the Use ofWork Equipment at the Workplace;b)the persons using the premises are informed about any remaining risks;c)any action to be done as a consequence of his risk assessment is carried out.Regarding the access ways to areas reserved to maintenance persons, the need for the owner of the installation toinform the maintenance organisation, in particular about:1) the access ways to be used and fire evacuating procedures from the building;2) the place where the keys of the reserved areas can be found;3) if necessary, the persons who shall accompany the maintenance persons to the installation;4) if necessary, personal protective equipment to be used in the access ways, and, possibly, where thisequipment can be found.The information shall be made available also on site to the maintenance organisation.4.3.2.12 The need for the owner of the installation to ensure that the name and the telephone number of themaintenance organisation are always available to the user of the installation, permanently affixed and clearlyvisible.4.3.2.13 The need for the owner of the installation to ensure that the keys of machine and pulley room doors (trapdoors) and of inspection and emergency doors (trap doors) are permanently available in the building and are usedonly by persons authorised to gain access.

EN 13015:2001 (E)84.3.2.14 The need for the owner of the installation to provide, in all circumstances, safe access to the building andto the installation for the maintenance organisation involved in the rescue of persons.4.3.2.15 The need for the owner of the installation to keep the access to working areas and working rooms safeand free for the maintenance persons and to inform the maintenance organisation about any hazard or change inthe workplace and/or the access ways (lighting, obstructions, ground conditions, etc.).4.3.2.16 In addition to those examinations and tests which the owner of the installation entrusts to the maintenanceorganisation, the need for the owner to carry out periodically, in their own interests, the following:a)for lifts:A full ascent and descent to assess any changes in the quality of the ride or damage to the equipment.Typical items to be checked to ensure that they are in place, undamaged and functioning correctly are:-landing doors and bottom door tracks;-stopping accuracy;-indicators that are not located in a reserved area;-landing push controls;-car push controls;-door open controls;-two-way means of communication in the car which provides permanent contact with a rescue service;-normal car lighting;-door reversal device;-safety signs/pictograms.For goods only and service lifts the checks to be carried out are the same, when relevant.b)for escalators/passenger conveyors:A full travel in both directions, when they exist, to assess any changes in the quality of the ride or damage tothe equipment.Typical items to be checked to ensure that they are in place, undamaged and functioning correctly are:-all lighting and indicators;-emergency stopping

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