Test methods for determining the contribution to the fire resistance of structural members - Part 6: Applied protection to concrete filled hollow steel columns

This specifies the test methods for determining the contribution to the fire resistance of structural members for applied protection to concrete filled hollow steel columns.

Prüfverfahren zur Bestimmung des Beitrages zum Feuerwiderstand von tragenden Bauteilen - Teil 6: Brandschutzmaßnahmen für betonverfüllte Stahlverbund-Hohlstützen

Dieser Teil dieser Europäischen Norm legt ein Prüfverfahren zur Bestimmung des Beitrags der Brandschutzsysteme
zur Feuerwiderstandsfähigkeit von tragenden betonverfüllten Stahlverbund-Hohlstützen fest. Der
Beton kann Leichtbeton, Normalbeton oder Schwerbeton der Festigkeitsklassen 20/25 (LC/C/HC) bis 50/60
(LC/C/HC) sein.
Das Prüfverfahren gilt für alle Brandschutzsysteme, die für den Schutz derartiger tragender Stützen
verwendet werden, und beinhaltet aufgesprühte Brandschutzmaterialien, Bekleidungen, Beschichtungsschutzsysteme
und Mehrschicht- oder Verbundsysteme.
Das Prüfverfahren und dessen Beurteilungsverfahren sind so ausgelegt, dass eine direkte Anwendung der
Ergebnisse möglich ist, um einen Bereich von Dicken des aufgebrachten Brandschutzmaterials abzudecken.
Das Prüfverfahren gilt nur für Brandschutzsysteme, die direkt auf der tragenden Stütze befestigt sind. Brandschutzsysteme,
bei denen das Brandschutzmaterial nicht direkt auf der Verbundstütze befestigt ist, wodurch
ein durchgehender Hohlraum zwischen Stütze und Brandschutzmaterial von mehr als 5 mm entsteht, werden
in prEN 13381-2 behandelt.
Diese Europäische Norm beinhaltet die Brandprüfung, die die anzuwendenden Verfahren festlegt, um die
Fähigkeit des Brandschutzsystems zu bestimmen, mit der Verbundstütze fest verbunden zu bleiben, und um
Daten über die Temperaturen der äußeren Stahloberfläche der Verbundstütze zu liefern, wenn diese der
Einheits-Temperaturzeitkurve nach den hier definierten Verfahren ausgesetzt wird.
Unter besonderen Umständen, die in nationalen Regelungen festgelegt sind, kann es erforderlich sein, das
reaktive Brandschutzmaterial einer Schwelbrandkurve zu unterziehen. Die diesbezügliche Prüfung und die
besonderen Umstände für deren Anwendung sind in Anhang A angegeben.

Méthodes d'essai pour déterminer la contribution à la résistance au feu des éléments de construction - Partie 6: Protection appliquée aux poteaux métalliques creux remplis de béton

Cette partie de l'EN 13381 spécifie une méthode d'essai permettant de déterminer la contribution apportée par les systèmes de protection contre le feu à la résistance au feu des poteaux métalliques creux remplis de béton. Le béton peut être de type léger, normal ou compact et appartenir aux classes de résistance aux contraintes 20/25 (LC/C/HC) à 50/60 (LC/C/HC).
La méthode d'essai est applicable à tous les systèmes de protection contre le feu utilisés pour protéger ce type de poteau et englobe les matériaux de protection contre le feu appliqués par pulvérisation, les revêtements, les systèmes de protection en plaque et les matériaux de protection contre le feu multicouches ou composites.
La méthode d'essai et sa procédure d'évaluation sont conçues pour permettre l'application directe des résultats à une gamme d'épaisseurs du matériau de protection contre le feu.
La méthode d'essai est seulement applicable aux systèmes de protection contre le feu qui sont fixés directement sur le poteau. Les systèmes dans lesquels le matériau de protection contre le feu n'est pas fixé directement sur le poteau mixte, entraînant la présence d'une cavité continue, mesurant plus de 5 mm, entre le poteau et le système de protection contre le feu constituent l'objet du prEN 13381-2.
La présente Norme européenne contient l'essai au feu, qui spécifie les essais qui doivent être effectués pour déterminer l'aptitude du système de protection contre le feu à rester cohérent et fixé sur le poteau mixte, et pour obtenir des données concernant les températures de la surface extérieure en acier du poteau mixte, lorsque ce poteau est exposé au feu suivant la courbe de température/temps normalisée, conformément aux procédures définies dans le présent document.

Preskusne metode za ugotavljanje prispevka k požarni odpornosti konstrukcijskih elementov - 6. del: Zaščita votlih jeklenih stebrov s polnilom iz betona

General Information

Status
Not Published
Current Stage
4098 - Decision to abandon - Enquiry
Due Date
13-Apr-2010
Completion Date
13-Apr-2010

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
oSIST prEN 13381-6:2008
01-december-2008
3UHVNXVQHPHWRGH]DXJRWDYOMDQMHSULVSHYNDNSRåDUQLRGSRUQRVWLNRQVWUXNFLMVNLK
HOHPHQWRYGHO=DãþLWDYRWOLKMHNOHQLKVWHEURYVSROQLORPL]EHWRQD

Test methods for determining the contribution to the fire resistance of structural members

- Part 6: Applied protection to concrete filled hollow steel columns
Prüfverfahren zur Bestimmung des Beitrages zum Feuerwiderstand von tragenden

Bauteilen - Teil 6: Brandschutzmaßnahmen für betonverfüllte Stahlverbund-Hohlstützen

Méthodes d'essai pour déterminer la contribution à la résistance au feu des éléments de

construction - Partie 6: Protection appliquée aux poteaux métalliques creux remplis de

béton
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: prEN 13381-6
ICS:
13.220.50 Požarna odpornost Fire-resistance of building
gradbenih materialov in materials and elements
elementov
oSIST prEN 13381-6:2008 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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oSIST prEN 13381-6:2008
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oSIST prEN 13381-6:2008
EUROPEAN STANDARD
DRAFT
prEN 13381-6
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
October 2008
ICS Will supersede ENV 13381-6:2002
English Version
Test methods for determining the contribution to the fire
resistance of structural members - Part 6: Applied protection to
concrete filled hollow steel columns

Méthodes d'essai pour déterminer la contribution à la Prüfverfahren zur Bestimmung des Beitrages zum

résistance au feu des éléments de construction - Partie 6: Feuerwiderstand von tragenden Bauteilen - Teil 6:

Protection appliquée aux poteaux métalliques creux remplis Brandschutzmaßnahmen für betonverfüllte Stahlverbund-

de béton Hohlstützen

This draft European Standard is submitted to CEN members for enquiry. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 127.

If this draft becomes a European Standard, CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which

stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration.

This draft European Standard was established by CEN in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language

made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the

same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are aware and to

provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a European Standard. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without notice and

shall not be referred to as a European Standard.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2008 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. prEN 13381-6:2008: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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oSIST prEN 13381-6:2008
prEN 13381-6:2008 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword............................................................................................................................................................. 4

1 Scope...................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Normative references........................................................................................................................... 5

3 Terms and definitions, symbols and units......................................................................................... 6

3.1 Terms and definitions........................................................................................................................... 6

3.2 Symbols and units ................................................................................................................................ 7

4 Test equipment...................................................................................................................................... 7

4.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.2 Furnace.................................................................................................................................................. 7

4.3 Loading equipment............................................................................................................................... 8

5 Test conditions...................................................................................................................................... 8

5.1 General................................................................................................................................................... 8

5.2 Support and restraint conditions for columns .................................................................................. 8

5.3 Loading conditions............................................................................................................................... 8

6 Test specimens..................................................................................................................................... 9

6.1 Number of test specimens ................................................................................................................... 9

6.2 Size of test specimens.......................................................................................................................... 9

6.3 Construction of test specimens .......................................................................................................... 9

6.3.1 Construction of concrete filled hollow steel test columns............................................................... 9

6.3.2 Application of the fire protection system to the composite test column...................................... 10

6.4 Composition of components of test specimen................................................................................ 10

6.4.1 Hollow steel column ........................................................................................................................... 10

6.4.2 Concrete............................................................................................................................................... 10

6.4.3 Fire protection system........................................................................................................................ 10

6.5 Properties of test materials................................................................................................................ 11

6.5.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 11

6.5.2 Concrete............................................................................................................................................... 11

6.5.3 Steel...................................................................................................................................................... 11

6.5.4 Fire protection material ...................................................................................................................... 11

6.6 Verification of the test specimen....................................................................................................... 12

7 Installation of the test construction.................................................................................................. 12

7.1 Loaded test column ............................................................................................................................ 12

7.2 Unloaded specimen............................................................................................................................ 12

8 Conditioning of the test construction............................................................................................... 12

9 Application of instrumentation.......................................................................................................... 13

9.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 13

9.2 Instrumentation for the measurement of furnace temperature...................................................... 13

9.3 Instrumentation for measurement of test specimen temperature ................................................. 13

9.3.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 13

9.3.2 Mandatory thermocouples................................................................................................................. 13

9.3.3 Optional thermocouples..................................................................................................................... 13

9.4 Instrumentation for measurement of pressure................................................................................ 13

9.5 Instrumentation for measurement of deformation .......................................................................... 14

9.6 Instrumentation for measurement of applied load .......................................................................... 14

10 Test procedure.................................................................................................................................... 14

10.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 14

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oSIST prEN 13381-6:2008
prEN 13381-6:2008 (E)

10.2 Furnace temperature and pressure................................................................................................... 14

10.3 Application and control of load ......................................................................................................... 14

10.4 Temperature of test specimen........................................................................................................... 14

10.5 Deformation......................................................................................................................................... 14

10.6 Observations....................................................................................................................................... 14

10.7 Termination of test.............................................................................................................................. 15

11 Test results.......................................................................................................................................... 15

11.1 Acceptability of test results ............................................................................................................... 15

11.2 Presentation of test results................................................................................................................ 15

12 Test report........................................................................................................................................... 16

13 Assessment......................................................................................................................................... 16

13.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 16

13.2 Steel surface temperature.................................................................................................................. 17

13.3 Graphical presentation of data .......................................................................................................... 17

14 Report of the assessment .................................................................................................................. 17

15 Limits of applicability of the results of the assessment................................................................. 18

Annex A (normative) Test method to the smouldering fire or slow heating curve ................................... 22

A.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 22

A.2 Test Conditions................................................................................................................................... 22

A.3 Termination of the test ....................................................................................................................... 22

A.3.1 Test results.......................................................................................................................................... 22

A.4 Evaluation of the results .................................................................................................................... 23

Annex B (normative) Measurement of properties of fire protection materials .......................................... 25

B.1 General................................................................................................................................................. 25

B.2 Thickness of fire protection materials.............................................................................................. 25

B.3 Density of applied fire protection materials..................................................................................... 26

B.4 Moisture content of applied fire protection materials..................................................................... 26

Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................................... 28

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oSIST prEN 13381-6:2008
prEN 13381-6:2008 (E)
Foreword

This document (prEN 13381-6:2008) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 127 “Fire

safety in buildings”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.
This document is currently submitted to the CEN Enquiry.
This document will supersede ENV 13381-6:2002.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and

the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of 89/106/EEC.

This European Standard is one of a series of standards for evaluating the contribution to the fire

resistance of structural members by applied fire protection materials. Other parts of the standard are:

Part 1: Horizontal protective membranes.
Part 2: Vertical protective membranes.
Part 3: Applied protection to concrete members.
Part 4: Applied protection to steel members.
Part 5: Applied protection to concrete / profiled sheet steel composite members.
Part 7: Applied protection to timber members.
Annexes A and B are normative.
Caution

The attention of all persons concerned with managing and carrying out this fire resistance test, is

drawn to fact that fire testing may be hazardous and that there is a possibility that toxic and/or harmful

smoke and gases can be evolved during the test. Mechanical and operational hazards can also arise

during the construction of test elements or structures, their testing and the disposal of test residues.

An assessment of all potential hazards and risks to health shall be made and safety precautions shall

be identified and provided. Written safety instructions shall be issued. Appropriate training shall be

given to relevant personnel. Laboratory personnel shall ensure that they follow written safety

instructions at all times.

The specific health and safety instructions contained within this test shall be followed.

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oSIST prEN 13381-6:2008
prEN 13381-6:2008 (E)
1 Scope

This part of this European Standard specifies a test method for determining the contribution of fire

protection systems to the fire resistance of structural concrete filled hollow steel columns. The

concrete can be lightweight, normal-weight or heavy-weight concrete and of strength classes 20/25

(LC/C/HC) to 50/60 (LC/C/HC).

The method is applicable to all fire protection systems used for the protection of such structural

columns and includes sprayed fire protection, coatings, cladding protection systems and multi-layer or

composite fire protection materials.

The test method and its assessment procedure is designed to permit direct application of the results

to cover a range of thicknesses of the applied fire protection material.

The test method is only applicable to fire protection systems which are fixed directly to the structural

column. Fire protection systems where the fire protection material is not attached directly to the

composite column, leading to a continuous cavity between the column and the fire protection material

of size greater than 5 mm are the subject of prEN 13381-2.

This European Standard contains the fire test which specifies the tests which shall be carried out to

determine the ability of the fire protection system to remain coherent and fixed to the composite

column and to provide data on the temperatures of the outer steel surface of the composite column,

when exposed to the standard time/temperature curve according to the procedures defined herein.

In special circumstances, where specified in national building regulations, there can be a need to

subject reactive protection material to a smouldering curve. The test for this and the special

circumstances for its use are detailed in annex A.

This exposure, applicable to reactive fire protection materials, is used only in special circumstances,

where specified in the national building regulations of a member state of the European Union, and is

not intended to be mandatory for all fire protection materials applied to concrete filled hollow steel

columns.

The fire test methodology makes provision for the collection and presentation of data which can be

used as direct input to the calculation of fire resistance of concrete/steel composite members in

accordance with the procedures given in EN 1994-1-2.

This European Standard also contains the assessment which prescribes how the analysis of the test

data shall be made and gives guidance to the procedures by which interpolation shall be undertaken.

The limits of applicability of the results of the assessment arising from the fire test are defined

together with permitted direct application of the results to different steel/concrete composite columns,

steel types and thicknesses, concrete densities, strengths, thicknesses and production techniques

over the range of thicknesses of the applied fire protection system tested.
2 Normative references

This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publica-

tions. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text, and the publications

are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these

publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision.

For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to applies (including

amendments).
EN 1363-1, Fire resistance tests – Part 1: General requirements
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oSIST prEN 13381-6:2008
prEN 13381-6:2008 (E)
EN 1363-2, Fire resistance tests – Part 2: Alternative and additional procedures

EN 206- 1, Concrete – Part 1: Specification, performance, production and conformity

EN 1365-4, Fire resistance tests for loadbearing elements – Part 4: Columns

EN 1992-1-1, Eurocode 2: Design of concrete structures – Part 1-1: General rules and rules for

buildings
EN 1994-1-1, Eurocode 4: Design of composite steel and concrete structures –
Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings

EN 10210-1, Hot finished structural hollow sections of non-alloy and fine grain structural steels –

Part 1: Technical delivery requirements
ISO 8421-2, Fire protection – Vocabulary – Part 2: Structural fire protection
EN ISO 13943, Fire safety – Vocabulary (ISO 13943:1999)
3 Terms and definitions, symbols and units
3.1 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms and definitions given in EN 1363-1,

EN ISO 13943, ISO 8421-2 and EN 206-1, together with the following, apply.
3.1.1
concrete filled hollow steel column

element of building construction which is loadbearing and is fabricated from an outer hollow steel

column which has been filled with concrete and may or may not contain steel reinforcement within the

concrete
3.1.2
fire protection material

material or combination of materials applied to the outer surface of a concrete filled hollow steel

composite column or the purpose of increasing its fire resistance
3.1.3
passive fire protection materials

materials which do not change their physical form upon heating, providing fire protection by virtue of

their physical or thermal properties. They may include materials containing water which, on heating,

evaporates to produce cooling effects
3.1.4
reactive fire protection materials

materials which are specifically formulated to provide a chemical reaction upon heating such that their

physical form changes and in so doing provide fire protection by thermal insulative and cooling effects

3.1.5
fire protection system

fire protection material together with a prescribed method of attachment to the concrete filled hollow

steel composite column
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oSIST prEN 13381-6:2008
prEN 13381-6:2008 (E)
3.1.6
fire protection

protection afforded to the concrete filled hollow steel composite column by the fire protection system

such that the temperature throughout the depth of the column and upon any steel reinforcing bars

within it is limited throughout the period of exposure to fire
3.1.7
test specimen

concrete filled hollow steel test column plus the fire protection system under test

3.1.8
fire protection thickness

thickness of a single layer fire protection system or the combined thickness of all layers of a multilayer

fire protection system
3.1.9
stickability

ability of a fire protection material to remain sufficiently coherent and in position for a well defined

range of deformations, and furnace and test specimen surface temperatures, such that its ability to

provide fire protection is not significantly impaired
3.1.10
characteristic temperature

surface temperature of the steel outer surface of the concrete filled hollow column which is used for

assessment purposes
3.2 Symbols and units
Symbol Unit Designation.
h mm Height of the column exposed to heating according to EN 1365-4.
exp
h mm Centre to centre distance between the test column supports
sup
(according to EN 1365-4).
h mm Height of the test column excluding plates and hinges.
spec
P kN Load applied to the concrete filled hollow steel test column.
θ °C Critical temperature (as specified in EN 1994-1-2).
crit
4 Test equipment
4.1 General
The furnace and test equipment shall conform to that specified in EN 1363-1.
4.2 Furnace

The furnace shall be designed to permit the dimensions of the test specimen to be exposed to heating

as specified in 5.1 and its installation to be as specified in Clause 7.
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oSIST prEN 13381-6:2008
prEN 13381-6:2008 (E)
4.3 Loading equipment

Loading equipment shall conform to that specified in EN 1363-1. The loading system shall permit

loading, of the magnitude defined in 5.3, to be applied and controlled throughout the test according to

EN 1363-1.
5 Test conditions
5.1 General

Test columns, subjected to predefined loading, are heated in a furnace in vertical orientation, under

specified temperature/time conditions.
Tests are made on loaded and unloaded columns to provide information on:

a) the temperature of the steel surface of the column behind the fire protection system;

b) the ability of the fire protection system to remain attached to the steel surface of the test column

(stickability).

It is recommended that the test be continued until the temperature of the steel surface reaches a

mean value of at least 650 °C (or until any single maximum value of 800 °C is recorded) to give the

necessary information on the stickability of the fire protection system. These temperatures may be

modified if requested by the sponsor.

If the recommended termination temperatures are not reached after 6 hours test duration, the test

shall normally be terminated.

The procedures given in EN 1363-1 and, where appropriate, EN 1363-2 shall be followed in the

performance of this test unless specific contrary instruction is given.
5.2 Support and restraint conditions for columns

The support and restraint conditions employed for the installation of test columns shall be as specified

in EN 1365-4.

Where a pin-joint condition is specified this shall be created according to EN 1365-4.

Where a fully restrained, fixed end, condition is specified this shall be created according to

EN 1365-4.
5.3 Loading conditions
Loading shall be applied to the full size test specimens.

The magnitude and distribution of the load shall produce an eccentrically and axially applied load (P)

which represents 60 % of the design load, for the column in combined compression and uniaxial

bending according to 4.8.3.13 of EN 1994-1-1. The factors, γ = 1 (for both steel and concrete), a

buckling length equal to h and those actual material properties defined in 6.5 shall be used in the

sup
calculation of the load to be applied.
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oSIST prEN 13381-6:2008
prEN 13381-6:2008 (E)
6 Test specimens
6.1 Number of test specimens

At least one loaded full size composite test column with the minimum thickness of applied fire

protection system and one unloaded small size test column with the maximum thickness shall be

tested. If the system is only available in one thickness, then the full size loaded test only shall be

carried out, at that thickness and the applicability of the result restricted.

Additional unloaded small size columns may be tested with the fire protection system applied at

intermediate thicknesses or to other sizes of cross-section (within the same cross-section shape only)

in order to provide temperature data which may be used for direct application purposes.

Two unloaded small size test columns, one with the maximum and one with the minimum thickness of

applied fire protection system is used when the test is carried out to the smouldering curve, according

to annex A (unless the material is available in one thickness only).
6.2 Size of test specimens

The size of the test columns or specimens shall be as specified in Table 1 and exemplified in

Figure 1.
Table 1 — Sizes of test specimens
small specimen large specimen
Exposed height h (mm)
≥ 5 times φ (1 000 min) ≥ 3 000
exp
Height of column h (mm) Not applicable h < (h + 600)
sup sup exp

The size of small test column shall be ≥ 5 times the equivalent diameter (φ) of its circular

cross-section or ≥ 5 times the smallest cross-sectional dimension if square or rectangular.

This additional length beyond the supports and required for installation purposes shall be

as specified in EN 1365-4 and kept as small as possible.
6.3 Construction of test specimens
6.3.1 Construction of concrete filled hollow steel test columns

The concrete filled hollow steel composite test column shall comprise a square steel hollow section of

size (150 to 160) mm × (150 to 160) mm or a circular column of (160 to 170) mm diameter. The

thickness of the steel will normally be the minimum available.

Both large and small hollow steel test columns shall contain at least two 20 mm diameter holes (one

at either end) for steam venting (see Figure 1). The hollow steel test columns shall be filled with

concrete to the composition specified in 6.4.2.

Steel plates of area greater than the cross-sectional area of the test column and its applied fire

protection system, by at least 10 mm in every direction and 20 mm approximate thickness shall be

welded to both the top and the bottom of both large and small test columns, after the column is

conditioned and before testing.
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oSIST prEN 13381-6:2008
prEN 13381-6:2008 (E)
6.3.2 Application of the fire protection system to the composite test column

The steel surface of the composite test column shall be prepared as in practice. The outer steel

surface of the composite test column shall normally be dried prior to the application of the fire

protection system.
The fire protection system shall be unifor
...

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