Safety requirements for industrial laundry machinery - Part 1: Common requirements (ISO 10472-1:1997)

Identify all significant hazards associated with laundry machinery designed for use in industrial laundry premises, which includes hotels, hospitals, nursing homes, prisons and similar premises, as well as machines designed for use in self-service estabilshments subject to the minimum capacities stated in the separate parts of ISO 10472. Dry-cleaning presses and garment presses are also included.

Sicherheitsanforderungen für industrielle Wäschereimaschinen - Teil 1: Gemeinsame Anforderungen (ISO 10472-1:1997)

Die einzelnen Teile der ISO 10472 nennen die wesentlichen Gefährdungen im Zusammenhang mit
Wäschereimaschinen, die für die Verwendung in industriellen Wäschereien, zu denen auch Wäschereien von
Hotels, Krankenhäusern, Pflegeheimen, Gefängnissen und ähnlichen Einrichtungen zählen, konstruiert werden,
sowie Maschinen, die für den Gebrauch in Selbstbedienungs-Waschsalons konstruiert werden und das
in den einzelnen Teilen der ISO 10472 festgelegte Mindest-Fassungsvermögen haben. Pressen, die in der
Chemischreinigung und in der Bekleidungsindustrie verwendet werden, sind ebenso eingeschlossen.
Bestimmte spezialisierte Ausrüstungsmaschinen, die für fassonierte Textilien benötigt werden, sind ausgeschlossen.
Elektrische Geräte für den Hausgebrauch und ähnliche Zwecke werden von der ISO 10472 nicht abgedeckt.
Die einzelnen Teile der ISO 10472 ergänzen die grundlegenden Anforderungen von ISO/TR 12100-1 und
ISO/TR 12100-2. Sie geben dem Konstrukteur Anleitung bei der Einschätzung der mit den Gefährdungen
verbundenen Risiken (siehe EN 1050) und bei der Auswahl von Maßnahmen zur Erreichung des erforderlichen
Sicherheitsniveaus. „Verwendung der Maschinen” beinhaltet sowohl die bestimmungsgemäße Verwendung
als auch den vernünftigerweise vorhersehbaren Missbrauch.
Die einzelnen Teile der ISO 10472 geben keine spezifischen technischen Hinweise zu:
- anderen Phasen der Lebensdauer einer Maschine als der Verwendung;
- Lärm;
- Laser;
- Instandhaltung und Beseitigung von Prozessstörungen;
- Ergonomie;
- Explosionen;
- Abtrennen von Energiequellen;
- Druckbehälter;
- heiße Oberflächen, die aus Produktionsgründen zwangsläufig ungeschützt sind, siehe ISO 10472-6 (Oberplattenoberfläche
von Pressen).

Exigences de sécurité pour les machines de blanchisserie industrielle - Partie 1: Prescriptions communes (ISO 10472-1:1997)

Les parties individuelles de l'ISO 10472 identifient tous les phénomènes dangereux significatifs associés au matériel de blanchisserie conçu pour être utilisé dans les blanchisseries industrielles qui comprennent hôtels, hôpitaux, cliniques, prisons et établissements similaires, de même que les machines conçues pour être utilisées dans les établissements en self-service et dont les capacités minimales sont spécifiées dans l'ISO 10472. Les presses à vêtements et les presses pour le nettoyage à sec sont également incluses. Certaines machines de finition spécialisées utilisées pour les articles en forme sont exclues. Les appareils électrodomestiques et analogues, voir la CEI 335, ne sont pas couverts par l'ISO 10472. Les parties individuelles de l'ISO 10472 viennent en complément des exigences générales spécifiées dans l'ISO/TR 12100-1 et l'ISO/TR 12100-2. Elles aident le concepteur à évaluer le risque lié aux phénomènes dangereux existants (voir l'EN 1050) et à choisir des moyens pour atteindre le niveau de sécurité exigé. «L'utilisation du matériel» comprend à la fois une utilisation normale et les mauvais usages qu'il est raisonnable de prévoir. Les parties individuelles de l'ISO 10472 ne donnent pas d'avis technique spécifique sur: -- les phases de vie autres que celles liées à l'utilisation; -- le bruit; -- le laser; -- les opérations d'entretien et d'élimination des incidents de production; -- l'ergonomie; -- l'explosion; -- l'isolation des source 1496s d'énergie; -- les appareils sous pression; -- les surfaces chaudes nécessairement exposées pour les besoins de production, mais voir l'ISO 10472-6 (surface de la tête de presse). Les parties individuelles de l'ISO 10472 ne couvrent pas la compatibilité électromagnétique. Les phénomènes dangereux engendrés par l'utilisation du gaz dans une machine, dont la taille n'est pas incluse dans la gamme des machines décrite en 5.5.2 de la présente partie de l'ISO 1

Varnostne zahteve za industrijske stroje za nego perila - 1. del: Splošne zahteve (ISO 10472-1:1997)

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
30-Jan-2009
Withdrawal Date
27-Dec-2009
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Start Date
29-Oct-2008
Completion Date
29-Oct-2008

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
01-december-2008
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SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2000

Varnostne zahteve za industrijske stroje za nego perila - 1. del: Splošne zahteve

(ISO 10472-1:1997)

Safety requirements for industrial laundry machinery - Part 1: Common requirements

(ISO 10472-1:1997)

Sicherheitsanforderungen für industrielle Wäschereimaschinen - Teil 1: Gemeinsame

Anforderungen (ISO 10472-1:1997)

Exigences de sécurité pour les machines de blanchisserie industrielle - Partie 1:

Prescriptions communes (ISO 10472-1:1997)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 10472-1:2008
ICS:
97.060 Aparati za nego perila Laundry appliances
SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008 en,fr

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
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SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN ISO 10472-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
October 2008
ICS 97.060 Supersedes EN ISO 10472-1:1997
English Version
Safety requirements for industrial laundry machinery - Part 1:
Common requirements (ISO 10472-1:1997)

Exigences de sécurité pour les machines de blanchisserie Sicherheitsanforderungen für industrielle

industrielle - Partie 1: Prescriptions communes (ISO 10472- Wäschereimaschinen - Teil 1: Gemeinsame Anforderungen

1:1997) (ISO 10472-1:1997)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 12 October 2008.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN Management Centre has the same status as the

official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2008 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 10472-1:2008: E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
EN ISO 10472-1:2008 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................3

Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC ..............................................................................................4

Annex ZB (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential

Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC .........................................................................................5

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
EN ISO 10472-1:2008 (E)
Foreword

The text of ISO 10472-1:1997 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 72 “Textile machinery and

machinery for dry-cleaning and industrial laundering” of the International Organization for Standardization

(ISO) and has been taken over as EN ISO 10472-1:2008 by Technical Committee CEN/TC 214 “Textile

machinery and accessories” the secretariat of which is held by SNV.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by April 2009, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the

latest by December 2009.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 10472-1:1997.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EC Directives.

For relationship with EC Directives, see informative Annexes ZA and ZB, which are integral parts of this

document.

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,

Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain,

Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 10472-1:1997 has been approved by CEN as a EN ISO 10472-1:2008 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
EN ISO 10472-1:2008 (E)
Annex ZA
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 98/37/EC

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association to provide a means of conforming to Essential Requirements of the

New Approach Directive Machinery 98/37/EC, amended by 98/79/EC.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Communities under that Directive and has

been implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the normative

clauses of this standard confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity

with the relevant Essential Requirements (except 1.7.4. (f)) of that Directive and associated EFTA regulations.

WARNING — Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling within

the scope of this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
EN ISO 10472-1:2008 (E)
Annex ZB
(informative)
Relationship between this European Standard and the Essential
Requirements of EU Directive 2006/42/EC

This European Standard has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission

and the European Free Trade Association to provide a means of conforming to Essential Requirements of the

New Approach Directive Machinery 2006/42/EC.

Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Communities under that Directive and has

been implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the normative

clauses of this standard confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption of conformity

with the relevant Essential Requirements (except 1.4.2.1 § 2, 1.7.3, 1.7.4.2 t) and u)) of that Directive and

associated EFTA regulations.

WARNING — Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling within

the scope of this standard.
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SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
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SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 10472-1
First edition
1997-12-15
Safety requirements for industrial laundry
machinery —
Part 1:
Common requirements
Exigences de sécurité pour les machines de blanchisserie industrielle —
Partie 1: Prescriptions communes
Reference number
ISO 10472-1:1997(E)
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SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
ISO 10472-1:1997(E)
Contents
Page

1 Scope............................................................................................................................................ 1

2 Normative references ................................................................................................................. 2

3 Definitions.................................................................................................................................... 3

4 Significant hazards connected with most industrial laundry machinery............................... 4

5 Safety requirements and/or measures for the hazards identified in clause 4 ....................... 5

5.1 Mechanical hazards .................................................................................................................... 5

5.1.1 Escape and rescue of trapped persons ..................................................................................... 5

5.1.2 Guards and safety devices ......................................................................................................... 5

5.1.3 Fault-finding, cleaning or maintenance .................................................................................... 7

5.1.4 Complex installation ................................................................................................................... 7

5.2 Electrical hazards ........................................................................................................................ 7

5.3 Thermal hazards.......................................................................................................................... 9

5.4 Hazards generated by noise....................................................................................................... 10

5.5 Hazards associated with materials and substances................................................................. 10

5.5.1 Contact with or inhalation of harmful fluids, gases, mists, fumes and dusts ....................... 10

5.5.2 Fire and explosion....................................................................................................................... 10

Decomposition of substances.................................................................................................... 11

5.5.3

5.5.4 Biological hazards ....................................................................................................................... 11

5.6 Hazards due to neglect of ergonomic principles in machine design ..................................... 11

5.7 Failure of energy supply and control systems ......................................................................... 12

5.7.1 Failure of energy supply............................................................................................................. 12

5.7.2 Failure of control systems.......................................................................................................... 12

5.8 Hazards arising during maintenance and/or elimination of process faults ........................... 12

6 Verification of safety requirements and/or measures ............................................................. 12

7 Information concerning machine use ....................................................................................... 15

7.1 Instruction handbook.................................................................................................................. 15

7.2 Warning signs ............................................................................................................................. 16

Annexes

A (normative) - Additional specification for fence guards.......................................................... 17

B (informative) - Layouts of plants................................................................................................ 18

C (informative) - Bibliography ....................................................................................................... 20

© ISO 1997

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic

or mechanical, including photocopying and microfilm, without permission in writing from the publisher.

International Organization for Standardization
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Genève 20 • Switzerland
Internet central@iso.ch
X.400 c=ch; a=400net; p=iso; o=isocs; s=central
Printed in Switzerland
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
ISO ISO 10472-1:1997(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through

ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has

been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International organizations,

governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work. ISO collaborates

closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical

standardization.

Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for

voting. Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies

casting a vote.

International Standard ISO 10472-1 was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 72, Textile machinery and

machinery for dry-cleaning and industrial laundering, Subcommittee SC 5, Industrial laundry and

dry-cleaning machinery.

ISO 10472 consists of the following parts, under the general title Safety requirements for industrial laundry

machinery:
— Part 1: Common requirements
— Part 2: Washing machines and washer-extractors
— Part 3: Washing tunnel lines including component machines
— Part 4: Air dryers
— Part 5: Flatwork ironers, feeders and folders
— Part 6: Ironing and fusing presses

Annex A forms an integral part of this part of ISO 10472. Annexes B and C are for information only.

iii
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SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
ISO 10472-1:1997(E) ISO
Introduction

ISO 10472 is intended to instruct the designer of industrial laundry machinery in a systematic manner,

focusing on his particular type of machine, regarding the relevant essential safety requirements, and to

suggest possible state-of-the-art safety solutions.

The extent to which hazards are covered is indicated in the scope of this part of ISO 10472. The

manufacturer's attention is drawn to the fact that machinery should comply as appropriate with

ISO/TR 12100-1 and ISO/TR 12100-2 for hazards which are not specifically referred to in this part of

ISO 10472.

All examples given in ISO 10472 represent the state of the art. Equivalent solutions are acceptable, provided

they attain at least the same safety level.
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SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO ISO 10472-1:1997(E)
Safety requirements for industrial laundry machinery —
Part 1:
Common requirements
1 Scope

The individual parts of ISO 10472 identify all significant hazards associated with laundry machinery

designed for use in industrial laundry premises, which includes hotels, hospitals, nursing homes, prisons

and similar premises, as well as machines designed for use in self-service establishments subject to the

minimum capacities stated in the separate parts of ISO 10472. Dry-cleaning presses and garment presses

are also included.
Certain specialized finishing machines used for shaped items are excluded.

Household and similar electrical appliances (see IEC 335) are not covered by ISO 10472.

The individual parts of ISO 10472 complement the basic requirements laid down in ISO/TR 12100-1 and

ISO/TR 12100-2. They give guidance to the designer on assessing the risks associated with the hazards (see

EN 1050) and on selecting measures to attain the required safety level. "Use of machinery" comprises both

intended use and reasonably foreseeable misuse.
The individual parts of ISO 10472 do not give specific technical advice about:
— the phases of life of the machine other than use;
— noise;
— laser;
— maintenance operations and elimination of process faults;
— ergonomics;
— explosions;
— isolation of energy sources;
— pressure vessels;

— hot surfaces necessarily exposed for production purposes [but see ISO 10472-6 (press head surface)].

The individual parts of ISO 10472 do not cover electromagnetic compatibility.

Hazards due to the use of gas within a machine which is not included in the range described in 5.5.2 of this

part of ISO 10472 are not covered by the individual parts of ISO 10472.

Examples of layouts of a large- and a medium-size plant which show the machines of parts 2 to 6 of

ISO 10472 are given in annex B.

The individual parts of ISO 10472 apply to machines which are manufactured after the date of issue of the

relevant parts.

NOTE — For significant hazards concerned with construction, transport, commissioning, decommissioning,

dismantling and disposal of the machine, see ISO/TR 12100-1:1992, 3.11, 3.12 and ISO/TR 12100-2:1992, 5.5.

---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
ISO 10472-1:1997(E) ISO

The guidance contained in the individual parts of ISO 10472 is based on the assumption that the designer

has completed a risk analysis of the machine under consideration. This will enable him to identify and fulfil

the significant requirements for the machine as stipulated by the individual parts of ISO 10472.

2 Normative references

The following standards contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of

this part of ISO 10472. At the time of publication, the editions indicated were valid. All standards are subject

to revision, and parties to agreement based on this part of ISO 10472 are encouraged to investigate the

possibility of applying the most recent editions of the standards indicated below. Members of IEC and

ISO maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.
ISO 5232:— , Graphical symbols for textile machinery.

ISO 9398-1:1993, Specifications for industrial laundry machines — Definitions and testing of capacity and

consumption characteristics — Part 1: Flatwork ironing machines.

ISO 9398-2:1993, Specifications for industrial laundry machines — Definitions and testing of capacity and

consumption characteristics — Part 2: Batch drying tumblers.

ISO 9398-3:1993, Specifications for industrial laundry machines — Definitions and testing of capacity and

consumption characteristics — Part 3: Washing tunnels.

ISO 9398-4:1993, Specifications for industrial laundry machines — Definitions and testing of capacity and

consumption characteristics — Part 4: Washer-extractors.

ISO 10472-2:1997, Safety requirements for industrial laundry machinery — Part 2: Washing machines and

washer-extractors.

ISO 10472-3:1997, Safety requirements for industrial laundry machinery — Part 3: Washing tunnel lines

including component machines.

ISO 10472-4:1997, Safety requirements for industrial laundry machinery — Part 4: Air dryers.

ISO 10472-5:1997, Safety requirements for industrial laundry machinery — Part 5: Flatwork ironers, feeders

and folders.

ISO 10472-6:1997, Safety requirements for industrial laundry machinery — Part 6: Ironing and fusing

presses.

ISO/TR 12100-1:1992, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 1: Basic

terminology, methodology.

ISO/TR 12100-2:1992, Safety of machinery — Basic concepts, general principles for design — Part 2:

Technical principles and specifications.

ISO 13849-1:— , Safety of machinery — Safety related parts of control systems — Part 1: General principles

for design.
ISO 13850:1996, Safety of machinery — Emergency stop — Principles for design.

ISO 13851:— , Safety of machinery — Two-hand control devices — Functional aspects and design

principles.
1) To be published. (Revision of ISO 5232:1988)
2) To be published.
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SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
ISO ISO 10472-1:1997(E)

ISO 13852:1996, Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent danger zones being reached by the

upper limbs.

ISO 13853:— , Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent danger zones being reached by the lower

limbs.

ISO 14119:— , Safety of machinery — Interlocking devices associated with guards — Principles for design

and selection.

IEC 335-1:1991, Safety of household and similar electrical appliances — Part 1: General requirements.

IEC 335-2-7:1993, Safety of household and similar electrical appliances — Part 2: Particular requirements for

washing machines.

IEC 335-2-11:1993, Safety of household and similar electrical appliances — Part 2: Particular requirements

for tumbler dryers.

IEC 335-2-44:1987, Safety of household and similar electrical appliances — Part 2: Particular requirements

for electric ironers.

EN 563:1994, Safety of machinery — Temperatures of touchable surfaces — Ergonomics data to establish

temperature limit values for hot surfaces.

EN 614-1:1995, Safety of machinery — Ergonomic design principles — Part 1: Terminology and general

principles.

EN 746-2:1997, Industrial thermoprocessing equipment — Part 2: Safety requirements for combustion and

fuel handling systems.

EN 953:1997, Safety of machinery — General requirements for the design and construction of fixed and

movable guards.

EN 999:— , Safety of machinery — Hand/arm speed — Approach speed of parts of the body for the

positioning of safety devices.
EN 1037:1995, Safety of machinery — Prevention of unexpected start-up.

EN 1760-1:1997, Safety of machinery — Pressure sensitive protective devices — Part 1: General principles

for the design and testing of pressure sensitive mats and sensitive floors.

EN 1760-2:— , Safety of machinery — Pressure sensitive protective devices — Part 2: General principles for

the design and testing of pressure sensitive edges and pressure sensitive bars.

EN 50100-1:— , Safety of machinery — Electro-sensitive protective devices — Part 1: General requirements

and tests.

EN 60204-1:1992, Safety of machinery — Electrical equipment of machines — Part 1: General requirements.

[IEC 204-1:1992, modified]
3 Definitions

For the purposes of this part of ISO 10472, the definitions given in ISO 10472-2 to ISO 10472-6 and the

following definition apply.
2) To be published.
---------------------- Page: 15 ----------------------
SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
ISO 10472-1:1997(E) ISO
3.1
industrial laundry machinery

Machines used for the purpose of washing, extracting, drying or finishing of flat and shaped textile items in

an industrial laundry.

NOTE — This definition includes machines intended for use in hotels, hospitals, nursing homes, prisons and similar

premises.
4 Significant hazards connected with most industrial laundry machinery
4.1 Mechanical hazards:
— crushing;
— shearing;
— entanglement;
— drawing-in or trapping;
— impact;
— high pressure fluid ejection;
— slipping, tripping and falling.
4.2 Electrical hazards:
— electrical contact, direct or indirect.
4.3 Thermal hazards:

— incidental or intended contact with hot surfaces, flames or explosions and also radiation from heat

sources;
— health-damaging effects of hot or cold working environments.
4.4 Hazards generated by noise:
— hearing loss (deafness);
— other physiological disorders (e. g. loss of balance, loss of awareness).

4.5 Hazards associated with materials and substances processed, used or exhausted by

machinery:
— contact with or inhalation of harmful fluids, gases, mists, fumes and dusts;
— fire and explosion;
— decomposition of substances (e. g. by a naked flame);
— biological hazards.
4.6 Hazards due to neglect of ergonomic principles in machine design:

— unhealthy posture in case of inadequate height of feeding and unloading equipment.

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SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
ISO ISO 10472-1:1997(E)

4.7 Failure of energy supply, breakdown of machinery parts and other malfunction:

— failure of energy supply (of energy and/or control circuits);

— failure/malfunction of control system (unexpected start-up, unexpected overrun).

4.8 Hazards arising during maintenance and/or elimination of process faults
5 Safety requirements and/or measures for the hazards identified in clause 4
5.1 Mechanical hazards
5.1.1 Escape and rescue of trapped persons

Where there is a residual risk of entrapment, for example due to malfunction of a safety device or during

maintenance, the manufacturer shall provide means and instructions for releasing an entrapped person to

minimize injury.
EXAMPLES
— reversal of a roller ironer;
— separation of roll and bed;
— dismantling of the mechanism of a scissor press.
5.1.2 Guards and safety devices

The following safety requirements and/or measures apply. For guards, see table 1, for safety devices, see

table 2.

The instruction handbook shall state that the machine shall not be operated until the fixed guards are put

correctly in place.
Table 1 — Safety requirements and/or measures for guards
Application Reference
Guard selection, unless specified in ISO 10472-2 to ISO 10472-6
ISO/TR 12100-2:1992, 4.1
EN 953:1997, clause 5
Guard design and construction
ISO/TR 12100-2:1992, 4.2
EN 953:1997, clauses 6 and 7
Guard fastening
EN 953:1997, 5.4, 7.2 and 7.3
Guard arrangement, unless specified in ISO 10472-2 to ISO 10472-6
ISO 13852:1996, tables 1 and 4
ISO 13853
Guard interlocking, unless specified in ISO 10472-2 to ISO 10472-6
ISO 14119:—, clause 5
Fence guard
annex A

1) The safety distances for guards shall apply to all operating positions for normal operation as well as setting, adjustment,

maintenance work, and elimination of process faults.
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SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
ISO 10472-1:1997(E) ISO
Table 2 — Safety requirements and/or measures for safety devices
Application Reference

Selection of safety devices, unless specified in ISO 10472-2 to ISO/TR 12100-2:1992, 4.1

ISO 10472-6
Technical characteristics of safety devices ISO/TR 12100-2:1992, 4.2.3
EN 50100-1:—, clause 4

Positioning of safety devices unless specified in ISO 10472-2 to EN 999:—, clauses 5 to 7

ISO 10472-6
Interlocking guard ISO 14119:—, 3.2
- selection ISO 14119:—, 7.5
- design ISO 14119:—, clauses 5 and 6
Interlocking guard with guard locking ISO 14119:—, 3.3
- selection ISO 14119:—, 7.5
- design ISO 14119:—, 5.3
EN 50100-1:—, A5, A6, A8
Electrosensitive protective devices,
- selection
EN 50100-1:—, clause 4
ISO 13849-1:—, 4.3
- installation
EN 50100-1: , annex C
- when used for start-up
EN 50100-1:—, A5
Photoelectric protective devices
- selection EN 50100-1:—, clause 4
- positioning EN 999:—, clause 6, 6.1 to 6.4
Two-hand controls ISO 13851:—, clause 5
- selection EN 60204-1:1992, 9.2.5.7
ISO 13849-1:—, 4.3
Pressure-sensitive protective devices EN 1760-1:1997, clause 4
EN 1760-2: —, clause 4
Hold-to-run control devices ISO/TR 12100-1:1992, 3.23.3
EN 60204-1:1992, 9.2.5.6

1) The safety distances for safety devices shall apply to all operating positions for normal operation as well as setting, adjustment,

maintenance work, and elimination of process faults.
2) Type 2 shall be used unless specified in ISO 10472-2 to ISO 10472-6.
3) Type II shall be used unless specified in ISO 10472-2 to ISO 10742-6.

4) This device shall be positioned so that the operator can clearly see but not reach the danger zone(s).

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SIST EN ISO 10472-1:2008
ISO ISO 10472-1:1997(E)
5.1.3 Fault-finding, cleaning or maintenance

For fault-finding, cleaning or maintenance (e. g. clearing of blockages), safety measures in accordance with

ISO/TR 12100-2:1992, 3.7.10 shall be taken and described in the instruction handbook.

5.1.4 Complex installation

For complex installations comprising a combination of machines and service equipment, arranged to work

as one integrated production unit and subject to an overall control system, the following safety

requirements and/or measures shall be taken:

a) there shall be a power supply disconnecting device (master isolator) for the entire complex installation,

and each machine or section shall be provided with individual power supply disconnecting devices,

where such can be operated individually (see EN 1037:1995, 4.1); and

b) additional guards and safety devices shall be installed as necessary for either the complex installation in

its entirety or on individual constituent machines, together with the interfaces between any given

machine and those adjoining; and

c) all movable guards and safety devices shall be in position and activated before it is possible to start the

entire complex installation for normal operation. It is permitted to have guards and safety devices out of

position or inactivated on any constituent machine whilst it is purposely inoperative and at standstill,

provided that access to dangerous parts on adjacent operating machines is prevented; and

d) in the case of a machine, or a combination of machines, comprising unit items selected from the

proprietary range of products of two or more manufacturers, it shall be ensured that a comprehensive

complement of safety measures is provided by the party responsible for the overall installation

according to how this responsibility is defined in the ruling contract(s). Particular attention shall be given

to the interfaces between the u
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