Children's furniture - Mattresses for cots and cribs - Safety requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies safety requirements and test methods for mattresses including mattress bases and mattress toppers, used in children's cots, travel cots, cribs and suspended baby beds, for domestic and non-domestic use.
This European Standard does not apply to mattresses for carry cots and pram bodies, inflatable mattresses, water mattresses and mattresses used for medical purposes.

Kindermöbel - Matratzen für Kinderbetten und Krippen - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm legt sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für Matratzen fest, einschließlich Matratzenböden und Matratzenauflagen, die in Kinderbetten, Reisekinderbetten, Krippen und Hängewiegen im Wohnbereich und Nicht Wohnbereich verwendet werden.
Diese Europäische Norm gilt nicht für Matratzen für Babytragetaschen und Kinderwagenaufsätze, aufblasbare Matratzen, Wassermatratzen und Matratzen für medizinische Zwecke.

Mobilier pour jeunes enfants - Matelas pour berceaux et lits à nacelle - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne spécifie des exigences de sécurité et des méthodes d'essai applicables aux matelas ainsi qu'aux matelas-sommiers et aux sur-matelas, utilisés dans les berceaux, les lits à nacelle, les lits parapluie et les lits bébé suspendus à usage domestique et collectif.
La présente Norme européenne ne s'applique pas aux matelas des nacelles et des landaus, aux matelas gonflables, aux matelas à eau et aux matelas à usage médical.

Pohištvo za otroke - Posteljni vložki za posteljice in zibelke - Varnostne zahteve in preskusne metode (vključuje dopolnilo A1)

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
29-Jun-2021
Withdrawal Date
30-Dec-2021
Current Stage

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 16890:2017+A1:2021
01-september-2021
Nadomešča:
SIST EN 16890:2017
Pohištvo za otroke - Posteljni vložki za posteljice in zibelke - Varnostne zahteve in
preskusne metode (vključuje dopolnilo A1)
Children's furniture - Mattresses for cots and cribs - Safety requirements and test
methods
Kindermöbel - Matratzen für Kinderbetten und Krippen - Sicherheitstechnische
Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren
Mobilier pour jeunes enfants - Matelas pour berceaux et lits à nacelle - Exigences de
sécurité et méthodes d'essai
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 16890:2017+A1:2021
ICS:
97.140 Pohištvo Furniture
97.190 Otroška oprema Equipment for children
SIST EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 en,fr,de
2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 16890:2017+A1:2021

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SIST EN 16890:2017+A1:2021


EN 16890:2017+A1
EUROPEAN STANDARD

NORME EUROPÉENNE

June 2021
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 97.140; 97.190 Supersedes EN 16890:2017
English Version

Children's furniture - Mattresses for cots and cribs - Safety
requirements and test methods
Mobilier pour jeunes enfants - Matelas pour berceaux Kindermöbel - Matratzen für Kinderbetten und
et lits à nacelle - Exigences de sécurité et méthodes Krippen - Sicherheitstechnische Anforderungen und
d'essai Prüfverfahren
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 3 March 2017 and includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 23 May 2021.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this
European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references
concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN
member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by
translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management
Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and
United Kingdom.





EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION

EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels
© 2021 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 E
worldwide for CEN national Members.

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SIST EN 16890:2017+A1:2021
EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 (E)
Contents Page
European foreword . 4
1 Scope . 5
2 Normative references . 5
3 Terms and definitions . 5
4 General test conditions . 6
4.1 Preliminary preparation . 6
4.2 Application of forces . 6
4.3 Tolerances . 6
5 Test equipment . 6
5.1 Measuring table . 6
5.2 Stops . 7
5.3 Square aluminium alloy tube . 7
5.4 Loading pad . 7
5.5 Test template for determination of the indentation depth . 8
5.6 Spherical load for determination of the indentation depth . 9
5.7 Test foam . 9
5.8 Small parts cylinder . 9
5.9 Feeler gauge . 10
5.10 Cone . 10
5.11 Probe. 11
6 Chemical hazards . 11
7 Fire and thermal hazards (see A.3) . 11
8 Mechanical hazards . 11
8.1 Entrapment hazards from gaps and openings (see A.4) . 11
8.1.1 Entrapment hazards between the mattress and the sides . 11
8.1.2 Body entrapment hazards. 12
8.1.3 Entanglement hazards (see A.4.3) . 13
8.2 External suffocation hazards (see A.4.4) . 13
8.2.1 !Labels and decals on the mattress" . 13
8.2.2 Plastic packaging . 13
8.2.3 Firmness . 14
8.3 Choking and internal suffocation hazards (see A.4.5) . 16
8.3.1 Small parts . 16
8.3.2 Accessibility to filling materials . 17
8.4 Hazards due to edges and protrusions (see A.4.6) . 20
8.5 Structural integrity (see A.4.7) . 20
8.5.1 Shrinkage . 20
8.5.2 Hazards due to deformation of the filling . 20
9 Product information (see A.4.8) . 21
9.1 Marking . 21
9.2 Purchase information . 21
9.3 Instruction for use . 22
Annex A (informative) Rationales . 24
2

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SIST EN 16890:2017+A1:2021
EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 (E)
A.1 General . 24
A.2 Chemical hazards (Clause 6) . 24
A.3 Thermal hazards (Clause 7) . 24
A.4 Mechanical hazards (Clause 8) . 25
A.4.1 General . 25
A.4.2 Entrapment hazards (8.1) . 25
A.4.3 Entanglement hazards (8.1.3) . 25
A.4.4 Suffocation hazards (8.2) . 25
A.4.5 Choking and ingestion hazards (8.3) . 25
A.4.6 Hazardous edges and protrusions (8.4) . 26
A.4.7 Structural integrity (8.5) . 26
A.4.8 Product information (Clause 9) . 26
Annex B (informative) Colorants . 27
B.1 Rationale . 27
B.2 Colorants . 27
B.3 Colour fastness to perspiration . 27
Annex C (informative) A–deviations . 28
! Annex ZA (informative) Relationship between this European Standard and the
safety requirements of Directive 2001/95/EC aimed to be covered . 30
Bibliography . 35

3

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SIST EN 16890:2017+A1:2021
EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 (E)
European foreword
This document (EN 16890:2017+A1:2021) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 207
“Furniture”, the secretariat of which is held by UNI.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an
identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by December 2021, and conflicting national standards
shall be withdrawn at the latest by December 2021.
Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of
patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.
This document includes Amendment 1 approved by CEN on 23 May 2021.
This document supersedes !EN 16890:2017"
The start and finish of text introduced or altered by amendment is indicated in the text by tags !".
This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the
European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).
For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this
document.
According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the
following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,
Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland,
Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of
North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the
United Kingdom.
4

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SIST EN 16890:2017+A1:2021
EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 (E)
1 Scope
This European Standard specifies safety requirements and test methods for mattresses including
mattress bases and mattress toppers, used in children's cots, travel cots, cribs and suspended baby
beds, for domestic and non-domestic use.
This European Standard does not apply to mattresses for carry cots and pram bodies, inflatable
mattresses, water mattresses and mattresses used for medical purposes.
2 Normative references
The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are
indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated
references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.
!
EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018, Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties"
EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014, Safety of toys - Part 2: Flammability
!
EN 71-3:2019, Safety of toys - Part 3: Migration of certain elements
EN 597-1:2015, Furniture - Assessment of the ignitability of mattresses and upholstered bed bases - Part 1:
Ignition source smouldering cigarette"
EN 1334:1996, Domestic furniture - Beds and mattresses - Methods of measurement and recommended
tolerances
!
EN 1730:2012, Furniture - Tables - Test methods for the determination of stability, strength and durability
EN ISO 2439:2008, Flexible cellular polymeric materials - Determination of hardness (indentation
technique) (ISO 2439:2008)
EN ISO 13936-2:2004, Textiles - Determination of the slippage resistance of yarns at a seam in woven
fabrics - Part 2: Fixed load method (ISO 13936-2:2004)"
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1
mattress topper
upholstery product that comprises a cover and filling(s) designed to be used on top of a mattress
3.2
mattress base
cot base and a mattress combined in one component
!3.3
woven fabric
fabric produced by interlacing (by weaving on a loom or weaving machine) a set of warp threads and a
set of weft threads normally at right angles to each other
5

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SIST EN 16890:2017+A1:2021
EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 (E)
3.4
nonwoven fabric
engineered fibrous assembly primarily planar, which has been given a designed level of structural
integrity by physical and/or chemical means, excluding weaving, knitting or papermaking
3.5
knitted fabric
fabric in which at least one system of threads is formed into knitted loops and the knitted loops are
intermeshed into stitches"
4 General test conditions
4.1 Preliminary preparation
The furniture shall be tested as delivered.
Unless otherwise specified, the tests shall be carried out on the same sample.
Unless otherwise specified by the manufacturer, the sample shall be stored in indoor ambient
conditions for at least 24 h immediately prior to testing.
The tests shall be carried out at indoor ambient conditions. However, if during a test the temperature is
outside the range 15 °C to 25 °C, the maximum and/or minimum temperature shall be recorded in the
test report.
4.2 Application of forces
The test forces in durability and static load tests shall be applied sufficiently slowly to ensure that
negligible dynamic load is applied. The forces in durability tests shall be applied sufficiently slowly to
ensure that kinetic heating does not occur.
Unless otherwise stated, static forces shall be maintained for (10 ± 2) s. Unless otherwise stated,
durability forces shall be maintained for (2 ± 1) s.
The forces may be replaced by masses. The relationship 10 N = 1 kg shall be used.
4.3 Tolerances
Unless otherwise stated, the following tolerances apply:
— Forces: ± 5 % of the nominal force;
— Masses: ± 0,5 % of the nominal mass;
— Dimensions: ± 1 mm of the nominal dimension;
— Positioning of loading pads: ± 5 mm;
NOTE For the purposes of uncertainty measurement, test results are not considered to be adversely affected
when the above tolerances are met.
5 Test equipment
5.1 Measuring table
!A horizontal, flat and smooth surface with dimensions sufficient to fully support the mattress in any
measuring position. The maximum deflection shall not exceed 1 mm when a force of 1 000 N is applied
to the table when tested in accordance with EN 1730:2012, 6.3."
6

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EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 (E)
5.2 Stops
Stops shall be used to prevent the mattress from sliding by any means which do not affect the test
result.
5.3 Square aluminium alloy tube
40 mm in width x 40 mm in height x 2 mm in thickness, approximately 2 m long, having a mass of
(1,65 ± 0,012 5) kg.
5.4 Loading pad
Rigid circular object 200 mm in diameter, the face of which has a convex spherical curvature with a
radius of 300 mm radius with a 12 mm edge radius (see Figure 1).
7

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SIST EN 16890:2017+A1:2021
EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 1 — Loading pad
5.5 Test template for determination of the indentation depth
The test template shall be made from hard smooth material with the dimensions shown in Figure 2. It
shall have a total mass of (0,26 ± 0,01) kg. The edges of the template shall be rounded with a radius
of ≤ 0,1 mm and it shall have a hole in its centre with a diameter of (111 ± 0,1) mm, see Figure 2.
8

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EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres


a) Intersection view b) Top view c) Side view
Figure 2 — Test template for determination of firmness
5.6 Spherical load for determination of the indentation depth
0,5
The spherical load shall have a diameter of 115 mm and a mass of (2,5 ± 0,012 5) kg.
0
5.7 Test foam
A layer of flexible PU foam, corresponding to the dimensions of the mattress topper to be tested, having
3
a thickness of 100 mm, a density of (25 ± 2,5) kg/m and a hardness of (120 ± 12) N in accordance with
A of EN ISO 2439.
(40 %/30s)
5.8 Small parts cylinder
A cylinder having dimensions as shown in Figure 3.
9

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SIST EN 16890:2017+A1:2021
EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 (E)
Dimensions in millimetres

Figure 3 — Small parts cylinder
5.9 Feeler gauge
A feeler gauge with the dimensions shown in Figure 4.
Dimensions in millimetres

Key
1 side view
2 top view
Figure 4 — Feeler gauge
5.10 Cone
0,1
There shall be one cone with an angle of 30° ± 0,5° with a diameter of mm with conical ends,
60
0
see Figure 5.
10

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EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 (E)

Figure 5 — Examples of cones
5.11 Probe
0,1
There shall be one cylindrical probe with a diameter of 12 mm, see Figure 6.
0

Key
0,1
1 12 mm
0
Figure 6 — Cylindrical Probe
6 Chemical hazards
!Verification shall be provided that the migration of certain elements from materials of the cover of
the sleeping surface fulfils the requirements of EN 71-3:2019."
7 Fire and thermal hazards (see A.3)
A separate sample can be used for this clause.
When tested in accordance with EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014, 5.4, there shall be no surface flash, and the
rate of spread of flame of textiles, coated textiles or plastic coverings shall not exceed 50 mm/s.
When tested in accordance with EN 597-1, there shall be no progressive smouldering ignition or
flaming ignition.
8 Mechanical hazards
8.1 Entrapment hazards from gaps and openings (see A.4)
8.1.1 Entrapment hazards between the mattress and the sides
!This measurement shall be carried out before the whole test procedure.
In order to prevent entrapment hazards from gaps and openings, the tolerances on nominal dimensions
of the mattress shall be:
— Width and length: D (+25/ – 0) mm.
With D: nominal value.
This shall be measured in accordance with EN 1334:1996, 6.1."
11

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EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 (E)
8.1.2 Body entrapment hazards
8.1.2.1 Requirements
!To avoid entrapment of the body, there shall be no gap between components of the mattress. This
requirement is fulfilled if the 60 mm cone (5.10) does not pass through the components when tested
according to 8.1.2.2."
8.1.2.2 Test method
Push the 60 mm cone (5.10) between components of the mattress with a 30 N force.
12

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EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 (E)
8.1.3 Entanglement hazards (see A.4.3)
8.1.3.1 Requirements
The restraint system is excluded from the following requirements.
Cords, ribbons and similar parts shall have a maximum free length of 220 mm when tested in
accordance with 8.1.3.2.
Where cords, ribbons and similar parts are attached to the mattress together or within 80 mm of each
other, all single cords shall have a maximum free length of 220 mm and the combined length from one
loose end to the end of another loose end shall be maximum of 360 mm.
Loops shall have a maximum peripheral dimension of 360 mm, when tested in accordance with 8.1.3.2.
8.1.3.2 Test method
The length of a cord, ribbon or similar part shall be measured from the fixing point on the mattress to
the free end of the cord, ribbon or similar part under a 25 N tensile force.
The peripheral dimension of a loop shall be measured from the fixing point on the mattress of one end
to the fixing point of the other end under a 25 N tensile force.
8.2 External suffocation hazards (see A.4.4)
8.2.1 !Labels and decals on the mattress"
8.2.1.1 Requirements
When tested in accordance with 8.2.1.2, labels and decals shall not become detached or be loosened
from the product.
8.2.1.2 Test method
Using a force of (25 ± 2) N insert the feeler gauge (5.9) between the label or decal and the mattress at
any angle between 0° and 10° from the mattress surface.
Repeat for a further 29 times at the same position so that the feeler gauge is pushed between the label
or decal and the mattress for a total of 30 times.
8.2.2 Plastic packaging
Plastic bags and plastic sheeting used for packaging shall conform to one of the following requirements:
a) Bags made of flexible plastics with an opening perimeter greater than 360 mm used for external or
internal packaging or plastic sheeting used for packaging, shall have an average sheet thickness of
0,038 mm or more when measured in accordance with EN 71-1 and shall not have a drawstring or
cord as a means of closing; or
b) Bags made of perforated sheets or perforated plastic sheeting with an average thickness of less
than 0,038 mm when measured in accordance with EN 71-1 and of an area greater than 100 mm by
100 mm shall be perforated with defined holes so that a minimum of 1 % of the area has been
removed over any area of 30 mm by 30 mm; or
c) Any plastic covering used as packaging that does not fulfil the previous requirements shall be
conspicuously marked in the official language(s) of the country where the mattress is sold with a
statement to indicate that any plastic cover should be removed, destroyed or kept away from
children to avoid suffocation hazard.
13

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EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 (E)
8.2.3 Firmness
8.2.3.1 Requirement
This requirement applies to all mattress toppers, to mattresses that are more than 30 mm in thickness
as well as to mattress bases with a soft filling thickness of more than 30 mm.
When tested in accordance with 8.2.3.2, the spherical load (5.6) shall not be in complete contact with
the inner edge of the template (5.5).
8.2.3.2 Test method
8.2.3.2.1 Conditioning
Unpack the mattress and keep it flat and unloaded in an environment of (23 ± 2) °C and a relative
humidity of (50 ± 5) % for a minimum of 72 h prior to testing.
When repeating the firmness test after the test of deformation of the filling (8.5.2), the sample shall be
conditioned at least for 5 h prior to testing.
8.2.3.2.2 Procedure
Mattresses supplied with a product shall be tested in that product.
Mattresses that are supplied to consumers as stand-alone or generic replacement products shall be
placed on a horizontal, plane, rigid structure for testing.
Mattress toppers shall be placed on the test foam specified in 5.7.
Unless one side of the mattress is clearly not suitable as a sleep surface, both sides of the mattress shall
be tested if they are of different construction.
The procedure for testing shall be as follows:
a) When applicable, compress the sleep surface by agitating or shaking it so as to achieve its
maximum aerated state and an even distribution of any filling material.
b) If the sleep surface has been separated from other product components, return the sleep surface to
its normal secured position in the product, ensuring it is well supported in a horizontal orientation.
c) Allow the sleep surface to settle for at least five minutes.
d) Mark the point to be tested as follows:
Point B shall be located in the centre of the mattress
Point C shall be located as close as possible to the edges of the mattress, but the template shall be totally
in contact with the mattress.
Point A shall be located on a position, that represents a subjective ‘worst case’ scenario, where an
infant’s head might lay in a particularly soft spot, or an infant’s nose/mouth might contact a fold or
undulation protruding above or below the average plane of the sleep surface.
14

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EN 16890:2017+A1:2021 (E)

Key
1 test template for determination of the indentation depth, see 5.5
Figure 7 — Test location
e) The test template specified in 5.5 shall be positioned on each testing point defined in (d) as shown
in Figure 7.
The spherical load specified in 5.6 shall be placed in the centre of the test template. Check after 5 min if
the spherical load is in complete contact with the template (see Figures 8 and 9).

Key
1 test template
2 spherical load
3 mattress
4 test surface
Figure 8 — Test passed – The spherical load is not in complete contact with the template
15

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Key
1 test template
2 spherical load
3 mattress
4 test surface
Figure 9 — Test failed – The spherical load is in complete contact with the template
8.3 Choking and internal suffocation hazards (see A.4.5)
8.3.1 Small parts
8.3.1.1 Requirements
The requirements do not apply to paper, fabric, and yarn.
When tested in accordance with 8.3.1.2, no part that can be detached shall fit wholly within the small
parts cylinder (5.8).
8.3.1.2 Test method
8.3.1.2.1 General
The tests are applicable only to small parts which are considered grippable by a child and which may
...

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