Diesel fuel - Assessment of lubricity using the high-frequency reciprocating rig (HFRR) - Part 1: Test method (ISO 12156-1:2018)

This document specifies a test method using the high-frequency reciprocating rig (HFRR), for assessing the lubricating property of diesel fuels, including those fuels which could contain a lubricity-enhancing additive. It defines two methods for measurement of the wear scar; Method "A" — Digital camera, and Method "B" — Visual observation.
This test method applies to fuels used in diesel engines.
NOTE It is not known if this test method will predict the performance of all additive/fuel combinations, including paraffinic fuels for which no additional correlation testing has been performed. Nevertheless, no data has been presented to suggest that such fuels are not within scope.

Dieselkraftstoff - Bestimmung der Schmierfähigkeit unter Verwendung eines Schwingungsverschleiß-Prüfgerätes (HFRR) - Teil 1: Prüfverfahren (ISO 12156-1:2018)

Dieses Dokument legt ein Prüfverfahren unter Verwendung des Schwingungsverschleiß-Prüfgeräts (HFRR) zur Bewertung der Schmiereigenschaften von Dieselkraftstoffen und einschließlich von Kraftstoffen, die einen Zusatzstoff zur Verbesserung der Schmierfähigkeit enthalten können, fest. Dieser Teil legt zwei Verfahren für die Messung von Abriebkalotten fest; Verfahren „A“ — Digitalkamera und Verfahren „B“ — Sichtprüfung.
Dieses Prüfverfahren gilt für in Dieselmotoren verwendete Kraftstoffe.
ANMERKUNG   Es ist nicht bekannt, ob dieses Prüfverfahren die Leistung aller Kombinationen aus Additiven und Kraftstoffen einschließlich paraffinischer Kraftstoffe vorhersagt, für die keine zusätzliche Korrelationsprüfung durchgeführt wurde. Es liegen jedoch keine Daten vor, die vermuten lassen, dass diese Kraftstoffe nicht hiervon umfasst sind.

Carburant diesel - Évaluation du pouvoir lubrifiant au banc alternatif à haute fréquence (HFRR) - Partie 1: Méthode d'essai (ISO 12156-1:2018)

Le présent document spécifie une méthode d'essai utilisant un banc alternatif à haute fréquence pour évaluer les propriétés lubrifiantes des carburants diesel, y compris les carburants qui pourraient contenir un additif améliorant le pouvoir lubrifiant. Elle définit deux méthodes pour mesurer les dimensions de la marque d'usure: Méthode A ? Appareil photo numérique, et Méthode B ? Observation visuelle.
Cette méthode d'essai est applicable aux carburants utilisés dans les moteurs diesel.
NOTE Il n'est pas établi que cette méthode d'essai estimera la performance de toutes les combinaisons additifs/carburants, dont les gazoles paraffiniques pour lesquels aucun essai supplémentaire pour établir une corrélation n'a été réalisé. Néanmoins, aucune donnée n'a été présentée qui puisse suggérer que ce type de carburant n'entre pas dans le domaine d'application de cette méthode.

Dizelsko gorivo - Ocenjevanje mazalne sposobnosti z visokofrekvenčnim merilnikom (HFRR) - 1. del: Preskusna metoda (ISO 12156-1:2018)

Ta dokument določa preskusno metodo z uporabo visokofrekvenčnega merilnika (HFRR) za ocenjevanje mazalne sposobnosti dizelskih goriv, vključno z gorivi, ki lahko vsebujejo dodatek za večanje mazalne sposobnosti. Opisuje dve metodi za merjenje obrabne ploskve, in sicer metodo A z digitalnim snemanjem in metodo B z opazovanjem.
Ta preskusna metoda se uporablja za goriva v dizelskih motorjih.
OPOMBA: Ni znano, ali bo ta preskusna metoda napovedala lastnosti vseh kombinacij dodatkov/goriva, vključno s parafinskimi gorivi, za katera ni bilo opravljeno dodatno korelacijsko preskušanje. Kljub temu niso bili predstavljeni nobeni podatki, ki bi kazali, da takšna goriva niso zajeta.

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
27-Nov-2018
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
28-Nov-2018
Completion Date
28-Nov-2018

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2019
01-februar-2019
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2016
'L]HOVNRJRULYR2FHQMHYDQMHPD]DOQHVSRVREQRVWL]YLVRNRIUHNYHQþQLP
PHULOQLNRP +)55 GHO3UHVNXVQDPHWRGD ,62

Diesel fuel - Assessment of lubricity using the high-frequency reciprocating rig (HFRR) -

Part 1: Test method (ISO 12156-1:2018)
Dieselkraftstoff - Bestimmung der Schmierfähigkeit unter Verwendung eines

Schwingungsverschleiß-Prüfgerätes (HFRR) - Teil 1: Prüfverfahren (ISO 12156-1:2018)

Carburant diesel - Évaluation du pouvoir lubrifiant au banc alternatif à haute fréquence

(HFRR) - Partie 1: Méthode d'essai (ISO 12156-1:2018)
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN ISO 12156-1:2018
ICS:
75.160.20 7HNRþDJRULYD Liquid fuels
SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2019 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2019
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SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2019
EN ISO 12156-1
EUROPEAN STANDARD
NORME EUROPÉENNE
November 2018
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 75.160.20 Supersedes EN ISO 12156-1:2016
English Version
Diesel fuel - Assessment of lubricity using the high-
frequency reciprocating rig (HFRR) - Part 1: Test method
(ISO 12156-1:2018)

Carburant diesel - Évaluation du pouvoir lubrifiant au Dieselkraftstoff - Bestimmung der Schmierfähigkeit

banc alternatif à haute fréquence (HFRR) - Partie 1: unter Verwendung eines Schwingungsverschleiß-

Méthode d'essai (ISO 12156-1:2018) Prüfgerätes (HFRR) - Teil 1: Prüfverfahren (ISO 12156-

1:2018)
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 30 March 2018.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this

European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references

concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN

member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by

translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management

Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2018 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN ISO 12156-1:2018 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2019
EN ISO 12156-1:2018 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

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SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2019
EN ISO 12156-1:2018 (E)
European foreword

This document (EN ISO 12156-1:2018) has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 22 "Road

vehicles" in collaboration with Technical Committee CEN/TC 19 “Gaseous and liquid fuels, lubricants

and related products of petroleum, synthetic and biological origin.” the secretariat of which is held by

NEN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an

identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by May 2019, and conflicting national standards shall be

withdrawn at the latest by May 2019.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes EN ISO 12156-1:2016.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the

following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,

Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia,

France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,

Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,

Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Endorsement notice

The text of ISO 12156-1:2018 has been approved by CEN as EN ISO 12156-1:2018 without any

modification.
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SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2019
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SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2019
INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 12156-1
Fourth edition
2018-10
Diesel fuel — Assessment of
lubricity using the high-frequency
reciprocating rig (HFRR) —
Part 1:
Test method
Carburant diesel — Évaluation du pouvoir lubrifiant au banc
alternatif à haute fréquence (HFRR) —
Partie 1: Méthode d'essai
Reference number
ISO 12156-1:2018(E)
ISO 2018
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SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2019
ISO 12156-1:2018(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2018

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2019
ISO 12156-1:2018(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Principle ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2

5 Reagents and materials ................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

6 Apparatus ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

7 Sampling ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

8 Preparation and calibration ..................................................................................................................................................................... 6

8.1 Preparation of apparatus ............................................................................................................................................................... 6

8.1.1 Test plates and balls ...................................................................................................................................................... 6

8.1.2 Hardware ................................................................................................................................................................................ 6

8.2 Calibration and correction ............................................................................................................................................................ 6

8.2.1 Temperature ........................................................................................................................................................................ 6

8.2.2 Frequency .............................................................................................................................................................................. 6

8.2.3 Stroke length ....................................................................................................................................................................... 6

8.2.4 Test duration ....................................................................................................................................................................... 6

8.2.5 Test rig performance .................................................................................................................................................... 6

9 Test procedure ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

10 Measurement of wear scar ......................................................................................................................................................................... 8

10.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

10.2 Method “A” — Digital camera ...................................................................................................................................................... 8

10.3 Method “B” — Visual observation .......................................................................................................................................... 8

11 Test results .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8

12 Precision ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

12.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

12.2 Repeatability, r ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

12.3 Reproducibility, R ................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

13 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

Annex A (informative) Measurement of HFRR wear scars ..........................................................................................................11

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................14

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved iii
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SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2019
ISO 12156-1:2018(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following

URL: www .iso .org/iso/foreword .html

This document was prepared by ISO/TC 22, Road vehicles, Subcommittee SC 34, Propulsion, powertrain,

and powertrain fluids, in collaboration with Technical Committee ISO/TC 28, Petroleum and related

products, fuels and lubricants from natural or synthetic sources.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/members .html.

This fourth edition of ISO 12156-1 cancels and replaces the third edition (ISO 12156-1:2016), which has

been technically revised after a user feedback survey. This revision includes the following changes:

— lessening of the requirements on reagents and correction of the ambient test conditions (Figure 2)

to reflect the actual conditions met by participants in the inter-laboratory test program;

— the Annex containing details of the major changes (adding the camera and deletion of the humidity

correction factor) between the second and third edition of this document has been removed; and

— Annex A has been populated with updated photographs of typical wear scars.
A list of all parts in the ISO 12156 series can be found on the ISO website.
iv © ISO 2018 – All rights reserved
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SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2019
ISO 12156-1:2018(E)
Introduction

All diesel fuel injection equipment has some reliance on diesel fuel as a lubricant. Wear due to excessive

friction resulting in shortened life of engine components, such as diesel fuel injection pumps and

injectors, has sometimes been ascribed to lack of lubricity in the fuel.

The relationship of test results to diesel injection equipment component distress due to wear has been

demonstrated for some fuel/hardware combinations where boundary lubrication is a factor in the

operation of the component .

Test results from fuels tested to this procedure have been found to correlate with many fuel/hardware

combinations and provide an adequate prediction of the lubricating quality of the fuel. The correlation

of biodiesel blends has been validated through 15 years of field experience and anecdotal data.

This document includes content and data, with permission of ASTM International, from ASTM Research

[3] [1] [2]
R ep or t R R : D 02 -1718 that is cited in ASTM D6079 and ASTM D7688 .

1) NIKANJAM. Manuch, Teri CROSBY, Paul HENDERSON, Chris GRAY, Klaus MEYER, and Nick DAVENPORT, “ISO

Diesel Fuel Round Robin Program,” SAE Technical Paper No. 952372, 1995, ISSN 0148- 7191, doi: 10.4271/952372

© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved v
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SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2019
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SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2019
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 12156-1:2018(E)
Diesel fuel — Assessment of lubricity using the high-
frequency reciprocating rig (HFRR) —
Part 1:
Test method

WARNING — Application of this document may involve the use of hazardous materials, operations,

and equipment. This document does not purport to address all the safety problems associated

with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this document to establish appropriate safety

and health practices, and to determine the applicability of any other restrictions for this

purpose.
1 Scope

This document specifies a test method using the high-frequency reciprocating rig (HFRR), for assessing

the lubricating property of diesel fuels, including those fuels which could contain a lubricity-enhancing

additive. It defines two methods for measurement of the wear scar; Method “A” — Digital camera, and

Method “B” — Visual observation.
This test method applies to fuels used in diesel engines.

NOTE It is not known if this test method will predict the performance of all additive/fuel combinations,

including paraffinic fuels for which no additional correlation testing has been performed. Nevertheless, no data

has been presented to suggest that such fuels are not within scope.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 683-17, Heat-treated steels, alloy steels and free-cutting steels — Part 17: Ball and roller bearing steels

ISO 3170, Petroleum liquids — Manual sampling
ISO 3171, Petroleum liquids — Automatic pipeline sampling
ISO 3290-1, Rolling bearings — Balls — Part 1: Steel balls

ISO 4288, Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) — Surface texture: Profile method — Rules and

procedures for the assessment of surface texture
ISO 5272, Toluene for industrial use — Specifications
ISO 6507-1, Metallic materials — Vickers hardness test — Part 1: Test method
ISO 6508-1, Metallic materials — Rockwell hardness test — Part 1: Test method

ASTM D4306, Practice for Aviation Fuel Sample Containers for Tests Affected by Trace Contamination

3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
© ISO 2018 – All rights reserved 1
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SIST EN ISO 12156-1:2019
ISO 12156-1:2018(E)

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http: //www .electropedia .org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https: //www .iso .org/obp
3.1
boundary lubrication

condition in which the friction and wear between two surfaces in relative motion are determined by

the properties of the surfaces and the properties of the contacting fluid, other than bulk viscosity

Note 1 to entry: Metal to metal contact occurs and the chemistry of the system is involved. Physically adsorbed

or chemically reacted soft films (usually very thin) support contact loads. As a result, some wear is inevitable.

3.2
lubricity

qualitative term describing the ability of a fluid to affect friction between, and wear to, surfaces in

relative motion
...

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