European certified reference materials (EURONORM-CRMs) for the determination of the chemical composition of iron and steel products

This document describes the classification, method of sample preparation, certification main rules and certificate content of the EURONORM-CRMs.
It also details the sample presentation of the various producers' organizations and the distributing sources.

Europäische zertifizierte Referenzmaterialien (EURONORM-ZRM) für die Bestimmung der chemischen Zusammensetzung von Eisen und Stahlerzeugnissen

Matériaux de référence certifiés européens (EURONORM-MRC) destinés à la détermination de la composition chimique des produits en acier et en fonte

Le présent document décrit la classification, la méthode de préparation des échantillons, les principales règles de certification et le contenu des certificats des EURONORM-MRCs.
Il énumère également la présentation des échantillons des divers organismes producteurs et les sources de distribution.

Evropski certificirani referenčni materiali (EURONORM-CRM) za določanje kemijske sestave izdelkov iz železa in jekla

General Information

Status
Published
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
08-Jul-2020
Completion Date
08-Jul-2020

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST-TP CEN/TR 10317:2020
01-oktober-2020
Nadomešča:
SIST-TP CEN/TR 10317:2015
Evropski certificirani referenčni materiali (EURONORM-CRM) za določanje
kemijske sestave izdelkov iz železa in jekla

European certified reference materials (EURONORM-CRMs) for the determination of the

chemical composition of iron and steel products
Europäische zertifizierte Referenzmaterialien (EURONORM-ZRM) für die Bestimmung
der chemischen Zusammensetzung von Eisen und Stahlerzeugnissen
Matériaux de référence certifiés européens (EURONORM-MRC) destinés à la
détermination de la composition chimique des produits en acier et en fonte
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: CEN/TR 10317:2020
ICS:
77.040.30 Kemijska analiza kovin Chemical analysis of metals
77.140.01 Železni in jekleni izdelki na Iron and steel products in
splošno general
SIST-TP CEN/TR 10317:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
SIST-TP CEN/TR 10317:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
SIST-TP CEN/TR 10317:2020
CEN/TR 10317
TECHNICAL REPORT
RAPPORT TECHNIQUE
July 2020
TECHNISCHER BERICHT
ICS 71.040.30; 77.140 Supersedes CEN/TR 10317:2014
English Version
European certified reference materials (EURONORM-
CRMs) for the determination of the chemical composition
of iron and steel products

Matériaux de référence certifiés européens Europäische zertifizierte Referenzmaterialien

(EURONORM-MRC) destinés à la détermination de la (EURONORM-ZRM) für die Bestimmung der

composition chimique des produits en acier et en fonte chemischen Zusammensetzung von Eisen und

Stahlerzeugnissen

This Technical Report was approved by CEN on 22 June 2020. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 459/SC

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. CEN/TR 10317:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
SIST-TP CEN/TR 10317:2020
CEN/TR 10317:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Classification of EURONORM-CRMs .......................................................................................................... 5

3 Preparation of the samples ......................................................................................................................... 6

3.1 EURONORM-CRMs of cast and wrought materials............................................................................... 6

3.2 EURONORM-CRMs of non-metallic materials ........................................................................................ 6

4 Certification ....................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.1 Main rules .......................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.2 Main content of the certificates .................................................................................................................. 7

5 Sample presentation ...................................................................................................................................... 8

6 Distribution of EURONORM-CRMs............................................................................................................. 9

7 Details of current EURONORM-CRMs .................................................................................................... 10

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 11

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
SIST-TP CEN/TR 10317:2020
CEN/TR 10317:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (CEN/TR 10317:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 459/SC 2

(former ECISS/TC 102) “Methods of chemical analysis for iron and steel”, the secretariat of which is

held by SIS.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document supersedes CEN/TR 10317:2014.

In comparison with the previous edition, CEN/TR 10317:2014, the following technical modifications

have been made:
— title changed;
— deletion of all references to COCOR and ECISS;
— updating of the addresses of some of the producers;
— Bibliography updated.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
SIST-TP CEN/TR 10317:2020
CEN/TR 10317:2020 (E)
Introduction

In accordance with the definition in ISO Guide 30, a Certified Reference Material (CRM) as described in

this document is a “reference material (RM) characterized by a metrologically valid procedure for one

or more specified properties, accompanied by a certificate that provides the value of the specified

property, its associated uncertainty, and a statement of metrological traceability”.

Furthermore, it is accompanied by a certificate issued by the producing organization, after approval by

the participating laboratories and all the producing organizations listed below:
a) France:

1) ArcelorMittal Maizières Research SA (AMMZ) [former Institut de Recherches de la Sidérurgie

Française (IRSID)],
2) Centre Technique des Industries de la Fonderie (CTIF);
b) Germany: Iron and Steel CRM Working Group (AGZRM) comprising:
1) Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM),
2) Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung (MPI),
3) Stahlinstitut VDEh;
c) Nordic Countries: Nordic CRM Working Group, (NCRMWG) comprising:
1) Oy Narema AB,
2) Jernkontoret.

NOTE Bureau of Analysed Samples Ltd (BAS) – United Kingdom – was a member of the EURONORM-CRM

Producer's Group from 1975 until 2013.

Since 1968, EURONORM-CRMs have been analysed by laboratories in most countries in the European

Union (EU) or former European Community (EC).

Pending their eventual replacement by EURONORM-CRMs, a number of former national CRMs

prepared, analysed and certified by laboratories in Germany, France and the United Kingdom

respectively, were accepted as EURONORM-CRMs after their accuracy had been checked by other

European laboratories. This procedure ceased in 1990.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
SIST-TP CEN/TR 10317:2020
CEN/TR 10317:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document describes the classification, method of sample preparation, certification main rules and

certificate content of the EURONORM-CRMs.

It also details the sample presentation of the various producers' organizations and the distributing

sources.
2 Classification of EURONORM-CRMs
EURONORM-CRMs, are classified into two main groups:
— cast and wrought materials: irons, steels, special alloys and ferro-alloys;

— non-metallic materials: raw materials (ores, concentrates, additives and refractories) and by-

products (slags, dusts and similar materials).

Besides this first generic classification, EURONORM-CRMs are grouped into the following categories:

a) From 001 to 099 – High purity irons and unalloyed steels

Normally no element has a content (mass fraction) greater than the limit values in the following

list:
1) silicon, limit value 1,0 %;
2) manganese, limit value 1,5 %;
3) chromium and nickel, limit value for each 0,5 %;
4) cobalt, copper and tungsten, limit value for each 0,3 %;
5) other elements, limit value for each 0,1 %;
6) boron, carbon, phosphorus, lead and sulphur, no limit value.
b) From 101 to 199 – Low alloy steels

The content of one or more elements is greater than the limit given for unalloyed steels but none

exceeds 5 %. The sum of these alloying elements remains under 10 %.
c) From 201 – 299 – Highly alloyed steels

The content of one or more elements is greater than 5 % or the sum of all these alloying elements is

at least 10 %. Nevertheless the iron content will normally be greater than 50 %.
d) From 301 to 399 – Special alloys
The iron content is less than 50 %.
e) From 401 to 499 – Pig irons and cast irons
f) From 501 to 599 – Ferro-alloys
g) From 601 to 699 – Ores, concentrates, sinters and miscellaneous materials
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
SIST-TP CEN/TR 10317:2020
CEN/TR 10317:2020 (E)
h) From 701 to 799 – Additives and refractories
i) From 801 to 899 – By-products, such as slags, dusts and similar materials

The expression “-1” after a CRM number refers to the first issue of this CRM and “-2”, “-3”, etc. refer to

replacement CRMs of generally similar composition, but not to a further bottling of the original CRM.

NOTE This classification is used as a simple and convenient method of differentiating between samples of

different types of materials. It has no other objective and does not replace existing European or International

product specifications for metallic materials.
3 Preparation of the samples
3.1 EURONORM-CRMs of cast and wrought materials
3.1.1 High purity irons, steels and special alloys

The material is obtained as cylindrical, square or rectangular billets or slabs. After the homogeneity has

been verified, it is machined dry (avoiding excessive heat generation) on a suitable lathe or milling

machine in order to produce short chips; the chips are screened so that the fines can be removed. Some

steel samples are produced by atomisation of the liquid metal.
The whole preparation process provides a batch of generally more than
...

SLOVENSKI STANDARD
kSIST-TP FprCEN/TR 10317:2020
01-maj-2020
Evropski certificirani referenčni materiali (EURONORM-CRM) za določanje
kemijske sestave izdelkov iz železa in jekla

European certified reference materials (EURONORM-CRMs) for the determination of the

chemical composition of iron and steel products
Europäische zertifizierte Referenzmaterialien (EURONORM-ZRM) für die Bestimmung
der chemischen Zusammensetzung von Eisen und Stahlerzeugnissen
Matériaux de référence certifiés européens (EURONORM-MRC) destinés à la
détermination de la composition chimique des produits en acier et en fonte
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: FprCEN/TR 10317
ICS:
77.040.30 Kemijska analiza kovin Chemical analysis of metals
77.140.01 Železni in jekleni izdelki na Iron and steel products in
splošno general
kSIST-TP FprCEN/TR 10317:2020 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN/TR 10317:2020
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN/TR 10317:2020
FINAL DRAFT
TECHNICAL REPORT
FprCEN/TR 10317
RAPPORT TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHER BERICHT
February 2020
ICS Will supersede CEN/TR 10317:2014
English Version
European certified reference materials (EURONORM-
CRMs) for the determination of the chemical composition
of iron and steel products

Matériaux de référence certifiés européens Europäische zertifizierte Referenzmaterialien

(EURONORM-MRC) destinés à la détermination de la (EURONORM-ZRM) für die Bestimmung der

composition chimique des produits en acier et en fonte chemischen Zusammensetzung von Eisen und

Stahlerzeugnissen

This draft Technical Report is submitted to CEN members for Vote. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC

459/SC 2.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,

Poland, Portugal, Republic of North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and

United Kingdom.

Recipients of this draft are invited to submit, with their comments, notification of any relevant patent rights of which they are

aware and to provide supporting documentation.

Warning : This document is not a Technical Report. It is distributed for review and comments. It is subject to change without

notice and shall not be referred to as a Technical Report.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Rue de la Science 23, B-1040 Brussels

© 2020 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. FprCEN/TR 10317:2020 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN/TR 10317:2020
FprCEN/TR 10317:2020 (E)
Contents Page

European foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 4

1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 5

2 Classification of EURONORM-CRMs .......................................................................................................... 5

3 Preparation of the samples ......................................................................................................................... 6

3.1 EURONORM-CRMs of cast and wrought materials............................................................................... 6

3.2 EURONORM-CRMs of non-metallic materials ........................................................................................ 6

4 Certification ....................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.1 Main rules .......................................................................................................................................................... 7

4.2 Main content of the certificates .................................................................................................................. 7

5 Sample presentation ...................................................................................................................................... 8

6 Distribution of EURONORM-CRMs............................................................................................................. 9

7 Details of current EURONORM-CRMs .................................................................................................... 10

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 11

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN/TR 10317:2020
FprCEN/TR 10317:2020 (E)
European foreword

This document (FprCEN/TR 10317:2020) has been prepared by Technical Committee ECISS/TC 102

“Methods of chemical analysis for iron and steel”, the secretariat of which is held by SIS.

This document is currently submitted to the Vote on TR.
This document will supersede CEN/TR 10317:2014.

In comparison with the previous edition, CEN/TR 10317:2014, the following significant technical

changes were made:
— title changed;
— deletion of all references to COCOR and ECISS;
— updating of the addresses of some of the producers;
— Bibliography updated.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN/TR 10317:2020
FprCEN/TR 10317:2020 (E)
Introduction

In accordance with the definition in ISO Guide 30, a Certified Reference Material (CRM) as described in

this document is a “reference material (RM) characterized by a metrologically valid procedure for one

or more specified properties, accompanied by a certificate that provides the value of the specified

property, its associated uncertainty, and a statement of metrological traceability”.

Furthermore, it is accompanied by a certificate issued by the producing organization, after approval by

the participating laboratories and all the producing organizations listed below:
a) France:

1) ArcelorMittal Maizières Research SA (AMMZ) [former Institut de Recherches de la Sidérurgie

Française (IRSID)],
2) Centre Technique des Industries de la Fonderie (CTIF);
b) Germany: Iron and Steel CRM Working Group (AGZRM) comprising:
1) Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM),
2) Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung (MPI),
3) Stahlinstitut VDEh;
c) Nordic Countries: Nordic CRM Working Group, (NCRMWG) comprising:

1) Swerim AB [former Swerea KIMAB and Swedish Institute for Metals Research (SIMR)],

2) Jernkontoret.

NOTE Bureau of Analysed Samples Ltd (BAS) - United Kingdom – was a member of the EURONORM-CRM

Producer's Group from 1975 until 2013.

Since 1968, EURONORM-CRMs have been analysed by laboratories in most countries in the European

Union (EU) or former European Community (EC).

Pending their eventual replacement by EURONORM-CRMs, a number of former national CRMs

prepared, analysed and certified by laboratories in Germany, France and the United Kingdom

respectively, were accepted as EURONORM-CRMs after their accuracy had been checked by other

European laboratories. This procedure ceased in 1990.
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN/TR 10317:2020
FprCEN/TR 10317:2020 (E)
1 Scope

This document describes the classification, method of sample preparation, certification main rules and

certificate content of the EURONORM-CRMs.

It also details the sample presentation of the various producers' organizations and the distributing

sources.
2 Classification of EURONORM-CRMs
EURONORM-CRMs, are classified into two main groups:
— cast and wrought materials: irons, steels, special alloys and ferro-alloys;

— non-metallic materials: raw materials (ores, concentrates, additives and refractories) and by-

products (slags, dusts and similar materials).

Besides this first generic classification, EURONORM-CRMs are grouped into the following categories:

a) From 001 to 099 – High purity irons and unalloyed steels

Normally no element has a content (mass fraction) greater than the limit values in the following

list:
1) silicon, limit value 1,0 %;
2) manganese, limit value 1,5 %;
3) chromium and nickel, limit value for each 0,5 %;
4) cobalt, copper and tungsten, limit value for each 0,3 %;
5) other elements, limit value for each 0,1 %;
6) boron, carbon, phosphorus, lead and sulphur, no limit value.
b) From 101 to 199 – Low alloy steels

The content of one or more elements is greater than the limit given for unalloyed steels but none

exceeds 5 %. The sum of these alloying elements remains under 10 %.
c) From 201 – 299 – Highly alloyed steels

The content of one or more elements is greater than 5 % or the sum of all these alloying elements is

at least 10 %. Nevertheless the iron content will normally be greater than 50 %.
d) From 301 to 399 - Special alloys
The iron content is less than 50 %.
e) From 401 to 499 – Pig irons and cast irons
f) From 501 to 599 – Ferro-alloys
g) From 601 to 699 – Ores, concentrates, sinters and miscellaneous materials
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
kSIST-TP FprCEN/TR 10317:2020
FprCEN/TR 10317:2020 (E)
h) From 701 to 799 – Additives and refractories
i) From 801 to 899 – By-products, such as slags, dusts and similar materials

The expression “-1” after a CRM number refers to the first issue of this CRM and “-2”, “-3”, etc. refer to

replacement CRMs of generally similar composition, but not to a further bottling of the original CRM.

NOTE This classification is used as a simple and convenient method of differentiating between samples of

different types of materials. It has no other objective and does not replace existing European or International

product specifications for metallic materials.
3 Preparation of the samples
3.1 EURONORM-CRMs of cast and wrought materials
3.1.1 High purity irons, steels and special alloys

The material is obtained as cylindrical, square or rectangular billets or slabs. After the homogeneity has

been verified, it is machined dry (avoiding excessive heat generation) on a suitable lathe or milling

machine in order to produce short chips; the chips are screened so that the fines can be removed. Some

steel sampl
...

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