Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 29: Multi-sensor fire detectors - Point detectors using a combination of smoke and heat sensors

This European Standard specifies requirements, test methods and performance criteria for point-type multi-sensor fire detectors for use in fire detection systems installed in buildings (see EN 54 1:2011), incorporating in one mechanical enclosure at least one optical or ionization smoke sensor and at least one heat sensor. The overall fire detection performance is determined utilizing the combination of the detected phenomena.
This European Standard provides for the assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) of point detectors using a combination of smoke and heat sensors to this EN.
Point detectors using a combination of smoke and heat sensors having special characteristics suitable for the detection of specific fire risks are not covered by this European Standard. The performance requirements for any additional functions are beyond the scope of this European Standard (e.g. additional features or enhanced functionality for which this European Standard does not define a test or assessment method).
NOTE   Certain types of detector contain radioactive materials. The national requirements for radiation protection differ from country to country and they are not specified in this European Standard.

Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 29: Mehrfachsensor-Brandmelder - Punktförmige Melder mit kombinierten Rauch- und Wärmesensoren

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen, Prüfverfahren und Leistungsmerkmale für punktförmige Mehrfachsensor-Brandmelder fest, die in Brandmeldeanlagen für Gebäude (siehe EN 54 1:2011) eingesetzt werden, und die in einem mechanischen Gehäuse mindestens einen Rauchsensor nach dem Durchlicht- oder Ionisationsprinzip und mindestens einen Wärmesensor enthalten. Ihre Gesamtleistung bei der Brandmeldung ergibt sich aus der Kombination der erkannten Brandphänomene.
Diese Europäische Norm enthält die Bewertung und Überprüfung der Leistungsbeständigkeit (AVCP, en: assessment and verification of constancy of performance) von punktförmigen Meldern mit kombinierten Rauch- und Wärmesensoren nach dieser Europäischen Norm.
Punktförmige Melder mit kombinierten Rauch- und Wärmesensoren, die über spezielle Eigenschaften verfügen und zur Erkennung spezieller Brandrisiken geeignet sind, werden in der vorliegenden Europäischen Norm nicht behandelt. Die Leistungsanforderungen an alle zusätzlichen Funktionen fallen nicht in den Anwendungsbereich dieser Europäischen Norm (z. B. werden in dieser Europäischen Norm für zusätzliche Merkmale oder für eine verbesserte Funktionstüchtigkeit keine Prüf- oder Bewertungsverfahren festgelegt).
ANMERKUNG   Bestimmte Meldertypen enthalten radioaktive Stoffe. Die nationalen Anforderungen zum Schutz gegen radioaktive Strahlung sind in den einzelnen Ländern unterschiedlich und werden in der vorliegenden Europäischen Norm nicht festgelegt.

Systèmes de détection et d'alarme incendie - Partie 29 : Détecteurs d'incendie multi-capteurs - Détecteurs ponctuels utilisant une combinaison de capteurs de fumée et de chaleur

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences, les méthodes d'essai et les critères de performance pour les détecteurs d'incendie ponctuels multicapteurs destinés à être utilisés dans les systèmes de détection d'incendie installés dans les bâtiments (voir l'EN 54-1:2011), incorporant dans une seule enveloppe mécanique au moins un capteur de fumée optique ou à ionisation et au moins un capteur de chaleur. La performance globale de détection du feu est déterminée en utilisant la combinaison des phénomènes détectés.
La présente Norme européenne prévoit l'évaluation et la vérification de la constance des performances (EVCP) des détecteurs ponctuels utilisant une combinaison de capteurs de fumée et de chaleur, par rapport à la présente Norme européenne.
Les détecteurs ponctuels, utilisant une combinaison de capteurs de fumée et de chaleur possédant des caractéristiques particulières appropriées pour la détection de risques d'incendies spécifiques, ne sont pas couverts par la présente Norme européenne. Les exigences de performance relatives à toute autre fonction ne relèvent pas du domaine d'application de la présente Norme européenne (par exemple, des caractéristiques supplémentaires ou une fonctionnalité améliorée pour lesquelles la présente Norme européenne ne définit pas d'essai ou de méthode d'évaluation).
NOTE   Certains types de détecteurs contiennent des matières radioactives. Les exigences nationales de radioprotection variant d'un pays à l'autre, celles-ci ne sont pas spécifiées dans la présente Norme européenne.

Sistemi za odkrivanje in javljanje požara ter alarmiranje - 29. del: Večsenzorski javljalniki  požara - Točkovni javljalniki s senzorjema za zaznavanje dima in toplote

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
07-Apr-2015
Current Stage
6060 - Definitive text made available (DAV) - Publishing
Due Date
08-Apr-2015
Completion Date
08-Apr-2015

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 54-29:2015
01-junij-2015

6LVWHPL]DRGNULYDQMHLQMDYOMDQMHSRåDUDWHUDODUPLUDQMHGHO9HþVHQ]RUVNL

MDYOMDOQLNLSRåDUD7RþNRYQLMDYOMDOQLNLVVHQ]RUMHPD]D]D]QDYDQMHGLPDLQWRSORWH

Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 29: Multi-sensor fire detectors - Point

detectors using a combination of smoke and heat sensors

Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 29: Mehrfachsensor-Brandmelder - Punktförmige Melder mit

kombinierten Rauch- und Wärmesensoren

Systèmes de détection et d'alarme incendie - Partie 29 : Détecteurs d'incendie multi-

capteurs - Détecteurs ponctuels utilisant une combinaison de capteurs de fumée et de

chaleur
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 54-29:2015
ICS:
13.220.20 3RåDUQD]DãþLWD Fire protection
13.320 Alarmni in opozorilni sistemi Alarm and warning systems
SIST EN 54-29:2015 en,fr,de

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 54-29:2015
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SIST EN 54-29:2015
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 54-29
NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
April 2015
ICS 13.220.20
English Version
Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 29: Multi-sensor fire
detectors - Point detectors using a combination of smoke and
heat sensors

Systèmes de détection et d'alarme incendie - Partie 29 : Brandmeldeanlagen - Teil 29: Mehrfachsensor-

Détecteurs d'incendie multi-capteurs - Détecteurs ponctuels Brandmelder - Punktförmige Melder mit kombinierten

utilisant une combinaison de capteurs de fumée et de Rauch- und Wärmesensoren
chaleur
This European Standard was approved by CEN on 15 February 2015.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European

Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national

standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation

under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same

status as the official versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia,

Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,

Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United

Kingdom.
EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION
COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG
CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels

© 2015 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 54-29:2015 E

worldwide for CEN national Members.
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SIST EN 54-29:2015
EN 54-29:2015 (E)
Contents Page

Foreword ..............................................................................................................................................................6

Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................8

1 Scope ......................................................................................................................................................9

2 Normative references ............................................................................................................................9

3 Terms and definitions ........................................................................................................................ 10

4 Requirements ...................................................................................................................................... 10

4.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 10

4.2 Nominal activation conditions/sensitivity ........................................................................................ 10

4.2.1 Individual alarm indication ................................................................................................................ 10

4.2.2 Response to slowly developing fires................................................................................................ 10

4.2.3 Repeatability of smoke response...................................................................................................... 11

4.2.4 Directional dependence of smoke response ................................................................................... 11

4.2.5 Directional dependence of heat response ....................................................................................... 11

4.2.6 Lower limit of heat response ............................................................................................................. 11

4.2.7 Reproducibility of smoke response .................................................................................................. 11

4.2.8 Reproducibility of heat response ...................................................................................................... 11

4.2.9 Air movement ...................................................................................................................................... 11

4.2.10 Dazzling ............................................................................................................................................... 11

4.3 Operational reliability ......................................................................................................................... 11

4.3.1 Connection of ancillary devices ........................................................................................................ 11

4.3.2 Monitoring of detachable detectors .................................................................................................. 11

4.3.3 Manufacturer's adjustments .............................................................................................................. 12

4.3.4 On-site adjustment of response behaviour ..................................................................................... 12

4.3.5 Protection against the ingress of foreign bodies ............................................................................ 12

4.3.6 Software controlled detectors ........................................................................................................... 12

4.4 Tolerance to supply parameters ....................................................................................................... 13

4.4.1 Variation in supply parameters ......................................................................................................... 13

4.5 Performance parameters under fire conditions .............................................................................. 14

4.5.1 Fire sensitivity ..................................................................................................................................... 14

4.6 Durability of nominal activation conditions/sensitivity .................................................................. 14

4.6.1 Temperature resistance ..................................................................................................................... 14

4.6.2 Humidity resistance ............................................................................................................................ 14

4.6.3 Shock and vibration resistance ......................................................................................................... 14

4.6.4 Electrical stability ............................................................................................................................... 15

4.6.5 Resistance to chemical agents ......................................................................................................... 15

5 Test and assessment and sampling methods ................................................................................. 15

5.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 15

5.1.1 Atmospheric conditions for tests ..................................................................................................... 15

5.1.2 Operating conditions for tests .......................................................................................................... 15

5.1.3 Mounting arrangements ..................................................................................................................... 15

5.1.4 Tolerances ........................................................................................................................................... 16

5.1.5 Measurement of smoke response value .......................................................................................... 16

5.1.6 Measurement of heat response value .............................................................................................. 16

5.1.7 Provision for tests .............................................................................................................................. 17

5.1.8 Test schedule ...................................................................................................................................... 17

5.2 Nominal activation conditions/sensitivity ........................................................................................ 18

5.2.1 Individual alarm indication ................................................................................................................ 18

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SIST EN 54-29:2015
EN 54-29:2015 (E)

5.2.2 Response to slowly developing fires ................................................................................................ 19

5.2.3 Repeatability of smoke response ...................................................................................................... 19

5.2.4 Directional dependence of smoke response .................................................................................... 19

5.2.5 Directional dependence of heat response ........................................................................................ 20

5.2.6 Lower limit of heat sensitivity ............................................................................................................ 20

5.2.7 Reproducibility of smoke response .................................................................................................. 21

5.2.8 Reproducibility of heat response ...................................................................................................... 21

5.2.9 Air movement ....................................................................................................................................... 22

5.2.10 Dazzling ................................................................................................................................................ 22

5.3 Operational reliability .......................................................................................................................... 23

5.3.1 Connection of ancillary devices ........................................................................................................ 23

5.3.2 Monitoring of detachable detectors .................................................................................................. 23

5.3.3 Manufacturer's adjustments ............................................................................................................... 23

5.3.4 On-site adjustment of behaviour ....................................................................................................... 23

5.3.5 Protection against the ingress of foreign bodies ............................................................................ 23

5.3.6 Software controlled devices ............................................................................................................... 23

5.4 Tolerance to supply parameters ........................................................................................................ 24

5.4.1 Variation in supply parameters .......................................................................................................... 24

5.5 Performance parameters under fire conditions ............................................................................... 24

5.5.1 Fire sensitivity ..................................................................................................................................... 24

5.6 Durability of nominal activation conditions/sensitivity ................................................................... 26

5.6.1 Temperature resistance ...................................................................................................................... 26

5.6.2 Humidity resistance ............................................................................................................................ 28

5.6.3 Shock and vibration resistance ......................................................................................................... 30

5.6.4 Electrical stability ................................................................................................................................ 34

5.6.5 Resistance to chemical agents .......................................................................................................... 35

6 Assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) ............................................. 37

6.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 37

6.2 Type testing ......................................................................................................................................... 37

6.2.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 37

6.2.2 Test samples, testing and compliance criteria ................................................................................ 38

6.2.3 Test reports .......................................................................................................................................... 38

6.3 Factory production control (FPC) ...................................................................................................... 38

6.3.1 General ................................................................................................................................................. 38

6.3.2 Requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 39

6.3.3 Product specific requirements ........................................................................................................... 41

6.3.4 Initial inspection of factory and FPC ................................................................................................. 42

6.3.5 Continuous surveillance of FPC ........................................................................................................ 42

6.3.6 Procedure for modifications .............................................................................................................. 42

6.3.7 One-off products, pre-production products, (e.g. prototypes) and products produced in

very low quantities .............................................................................................................................. 43

7 Classification and designation .......................................................................................................... 43

8 Marking, Labelling and Packaging .................................................................................................... 44

Annex A (normative) Smoke tunnel for smoke response values ................................................................ 45

Annex B (normative) Test aerosol for smoke response value measurements .......................................... 46

Annex C (normative) Smoke measuring instruments ................................................................................... 47

C.1 Obscuration meter ............................................................................................................................... 47

C.2 Measuring ionization chamber (MIC) ................................................................................................. 47

Annex D (normative) Heat tunnel for heat response value .......................................................................... 51

Annex E (normative) Apparatus for dazzling test ......................................................................................... 52

Annex F (informative) Apparatus for impact test........................................................................................... 54

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SIST EN 54-29:2015
EN 54-29:2015 (E)

Annex G (normative) Fire test room ............................................................................................................... 56

Annex H (normative) Open wood fire (TF1) ................................................................................................... 58

H.1 Fuel ....................................................................................................................................................... 58

H.2 Arrangement ........................................................................................................................................ 58

H.3 Method of ignition ............................................................................................................................... 58

H.4 Variables .............................................................................................................................................. 58

H.5 End-of-test condition .......................................................................................................................... 58

H.6 Test validity criteria ............................................................................................................................ 59

Annex I (normative) Smouldering (pyrolysis) wood fire (TF2) .................................................................... 61

I.1 Fuel ....................................................................................................................................................... 61

I.2 Hotplate ................................................................................................................................................ 61

I.3 Arrangement ........................................................................................................................................ 61

I.4 Heating rate ......................................................................................................................................... 61

I.5 End-of-test condition .......................................................................................................................... 61

I.6 Test validity criteria ............................................................................................................................ 61

Annex J (normative) Glowing smouldering cotton fire (TF3) ...................................................................... 65

J.1 Fuel ....................................................................................................................................................... 65

J.2 Arrangement ........................................................................................................................................ 65

J.3 Ignition ................................................................................................................................................. 66

J.4 End-of-test condition .......................................................................................................................... 67

J.5 Test validity criteria ............................................................................................................................ 67

Annex K (normative) Open plastics (polyurethane) fire (TF4) ..................................................................... 69

K.1 Fuel ....................................................................................................................................................... 69

K.2 Conditioning ........................................................................................................................................ 69

K.3 Arrangement ........................................................................................................................................ 69

K.4 Ignition ................................................................................................................................................. 69

K.5 Method of ignition ............................................................................................................................... 69

K.6 End-of-test condition .......................................................................................................................... 69

K.7 Test validity criteria ............................................................................................................................ 69

Annex L (normative) Liquid (heptane) fire (TF5) ........................................................................................... 71

L.1 Fuel ....................................................................................................................................................... 71

L.2 Arrangement ........................................................................................................................................ 71

L.3 Ignition ................................................................................................................................................. 71

L.4 End-of-test condition .......................................................................................................................... 71

L.5 Test validity criteria ............................................................................................................................ 71

Annex M (normative) Low temperature black smoke (decalene) liquid fire (TF8) .................................... 73

M.1 Fuel ....................................................................................................................................................... 73

M.2 Arrangement ........................................................................................................................................ 73

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SIST EN 54-29:2015
EN 54-29:2015 (E)

M.3 Ignition .................................................................................................................................................. 73

M.4 End-of-test condition .......................................................................................................................... 73

M.5 Test validity criteria ............................................................................................................................. 73

Annex N (informative) Information concerning the construction of the smoke tunnel ............................. 75

Annex O (informative) Construction of the heat tunnel ................................................................................ 77

Annex P (informative) Information concerning test procedures and requirements for the response

to slowly developing fires .................................................................................................................. 80

Annex Q (informative) Information concerning the construction of the measuring ionization

chamber ................................................................................................................................................ 84

Annex ZA (informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing the provisions of the EU

Construction Products Regulation .................................................................................................... 86

ZA.1 Scope and relevant characteristics ................................................................................................... 86

ZA.2 Procedure for assessment and verification of constancy of performance (AVCP) of point

detectors using a combination of smoke and heat sensors........................................................... 88

ZA.3 CE marking and labelling ................................................................................................................... 92

Bibliography ...................................................................................................................................................... 96

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SIST EN 54-29:2015
EN 54-29:2015 (E)
Foreword

This document (EN 54-29:2015) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 72 “Fire detection and

fire alarm systems”, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical

text or by endorsement, at the latest by October 2015, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at

the latest by January 2017.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent

rights. CEN [and/or CENELEC] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the

European Free Trade Association, and supports the basic requirements of Regulation (EU) 305/2011.

For relationship with EU Regulations, see informative Annex ZA which is an integral part of this document.

EN 54, Fire detection and fire alarm systems, consists of the following parts:
— Part 1: Introduction
— Part 2: Control and indicating equipment
— Part 3: Fire alarm devices – Sounders
— Part 4: Power supply equipment
— Part 5: Heat detectors – Point detectors

— Part 7: Smoke detectors – Point detectors using scattered light, transmitted light or ionization

— Part 10: Flame detector – Point detectors
— Part 11: Manual call points
— Part 12: Smoke detectors – Line detector using an optical light beam
— Part 13: Compatibility assessment of system components

— Part 14: Technical Specification: Guidelines for planning, design, installation, commissioning, use and

maintenance
— Part 16: Voice alarm control and indicating equipment
— Part 17: Short circuit isolators
— Part 18: Input/output devices
— Part 20: Aspirating smoke detectors
— Part 21: Alarm transmission and fault warning routing equipment
— Part 22: Resettable Line-type heat detectors
— Part 23: Fire alarm devices – Visual alarms
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SIST EN 54-29:2015
EN 54-29:2015 (E)
— Part 24: Components of voice alarm systems – Loudspeakers
— Part 25: Components using radio links and system requirements
— Part 26: Point fire detectors using carbon monoxide sensors
— Part 27: Duct smoke detectors
— Part 28: Non-resettable (digital) line type heat detectors
— Part 29: Point detectors using a combination of smoke and heat sensors

— Part 30: Point detectors using a combination of carbon monoxide and heat sensors

— Part 31: Point detectors using a combination of smoke, carbon monoxide and optionally heat sensors

— Part 32: Guidelines for the planning, design, installation, commissioning, use and maintenance of voice

alarm systems

NOTE This list includes standards that are in preparation and other standards may be added. For current status of

published standards refer to http://www.cen.eu/Pages/default.aspx.

According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organisations of the following

countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech

Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece,

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal,

Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

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SIST EN 54-29:2015
EN 54-29:2015 (E)
Introduction

Multi-sensor fire detectors combining smoke and heat sensors complying with this document are general

purpose fire detectors. Multi-sensor fire detectors can be used to achieve
— a high stability against deceptive phenomena,
— a response to a broad range of fires.

Compared to the standards for single phenomenon detectors, additional environmenta

...

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