Appliances, solid fuels and firelighters for barbecuing - Part 3 : Firelighters for igniting solid fuels for use in barbecue appliances - Requirements and test methods

This European standard specifies the safety, performance, packaging and marking requirements including the test methods for firelighters used to light solid fuels in barbecue and grill appliances. The standard covers firelighters supplied as either solid, liquid, thickened liquid or gel formulations. However the use of highly flammable liquids (except in stabilised formulations) is specifically excluded from the scope of this standard as their use as barbecue firelighters is regarded as highly dangerous.

Geräte, feste Brennstoffe und Anzündhilfen zum Grillen - Teil 3: Anzündhilfen für Grill-Holzkohle und Grillkohlebriketts - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

In dieser Europäischen Norm werden Anforderungen an Sicherheit, Leistung, Verpackung und Kennzeichnung sowie Prüfverfahren für Anzündhilfen festgelegt, die zum Anzünden von Festbrennstoffen in Grillgeräten verwendet werden. In dieser Norm werden Anzündhilfen erfasst, die entweder in fester, flüssiger, dickflüssiger oder Gel-Form geliefert werden. Im Anwendungsbereich dieser Norm wird der Einsatz leicht entzündlicher Flüssigkeiten (ausgenommen in stabilisierten Rezepturen) jedoch ausdrücklich ausgeschlossen, da sie beim Grillanzünden als besonders gefährlich eingeschätzt werden.

Appareils, combustibles solides et allume-barbecue pour la cuisson au barbecue - Partie 3: Allume-feu pour l'allumage des combustibles solides dans les appareils de cuisson au barbecue - Exigences et méthodes d'essai

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences en matière de sécurité, performance, emballage et marquage, ainsi que les méthodes d'essai, relatives aux allume-feu servant à allumer les combustibles solides utilisés pour barbecues et grils. La norme traite des allume-feu solides, liquides, pâteux ou en gel. Cependant, l'utilisation de liquides très inflammables (sauf pour des formulations stabilisées) est spécifiquement exclue du domaine d'application de cette norme, car leur utilisation comme allume-feu pour barbecues est considérée comme extrêmement dangereuse.

Naprave, trdna goriva in naprave za vžiganje žara - 3. del: Vžigalna naprava za žar z lesnim ogljem in briketi lesnega oglja - Zahteve in preskusne metode

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
19-Aug-2003
Current Stage
9092 - Decision on results of review/2YR ENQ - revise - Review Enquiry
Due Date
02-Sep-2017
Completion Date
22-Jan-2021

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Naprave, trdna goriva in naprave za vžiganje žara - 3. del: Vžigalna naprava za žar z lesnim ogljem in briketi lesnega oglja - Zahteve in preskusne metodeGeräte, feste Brennstoffe und Anzündhilfen zum Grillen - Teil 3: Anzündhilfen für Grill-Holzkohle und Grillkohlebriketts - Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenAppareils, combustibles solides et allume-barbecue pour la cuisson au barbecue - Partie 3: Allume-feu pour l'allumage des combustibles solides dans les appareils de cuisson au barbecue - Exigences et méthodes d'essaiAppliances, solid fuels and firelighters for barbecuing - Part 3 : Firelighters for igniting solid fuels for use in barbecue appliances - Requirements and test methods97.040.20Cooking ranges, working tables, ovens and similar appliances75.160.10Trda gorivaSolid fuelsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 1860-3:2003SIST EN 1860-3:2004en01-januar-2004SIST EN 1860-3:2004SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 1860-3:2004

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 1860-3August 2003ICS 75.160.10; 97.040English versionAppliances, solid fuels and firelighters for barbecuing - Part 3 :Firelighters for igniting solid fuels for use in barbecue appliances- Requirements and test methodsAppareils, combustibles solides et allume-barbecue pour lacuisson au barbecue - Partie 3: Allume-feu pour l'allumagedes combustibles solides dans les appareils de cuisson aubarbecue - Exigences et méthodes d'essaiGeräte, feste Brennstoffe und Anzündhilfen zum Grillen -Anzündhilfen für Grill-Holzkohle und Grillkohlebriketts - Teil3: Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 27 June 2003.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and UnitedKingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2003 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 1860-3:2003 ESIST EN 1860-3:2004

EN 1860-3:2003 (E)2ContentsForeword......................................................................................................................................................................3Introduction.................................................................................................................................................................41Scope......................................................................................................................................................................42Normative References...........................................................................................................................................43Terms and definitions...........................................................................................................................................54Requirements.........................................................................................................................................................64.1Safety................................................................................................................................................................64.1.1Firelighter composition................................................................................................................................64.1.2Flashpoint of liquid firelighters....................................................................................................................64.1.3Viscosity of thickened liquid or gel firelighters............................................................................................64.1.4Safety in use of thickened liquid or gel firelighters.....................................................................................64.1.5Consistency of thickened liquid or gel firelighters.......................................................................................64.2Performance......................................................................................................................................................64.2.1Burning characteristics...............................................................................................................................64.2.2Ignition time.................................................................................................................................................74.3Consumer packaging........................................................................................................................................74.3.1General.......................................................................................................................................................74.3.2Solid firelighters..........................................................................................................................................74.3.3Liquid, thickened liquid or gel firelighters....................................................................................................75Marking and instructions for use.........................................................................................................................76Test report..............................................................................................................................................................8Annex A (normative) Method of test for safety in use of a thickened liquid or gel firelighter............................9Annex B (normative) Method of test for determining the burning characteristics of a firelighter...................11Annex C (normative) Method of test for ignition performance of a firelighter...................................................13Annex D (normative) Method of test for the evaluation of the consumer package for solidfirelighters..................................................................................................................................................................17Annex E (normative) Methods of test for the evaluation of the consumer package for liquid,thickened liquid and gel firelighters.......................................................................................................................18Bibliography..............................................................................................................................................................20SIST EN 1860-3:2004

EN 1860-3:2003 (E)3ForewordThis document (EN 1860-3:2003) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 281, "Appliances, solidfuels and firelighters for barbecuing", the secretariat of which is held by AENOR.This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text orby endorsement, at the latest by February 2004, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latestby February 2004.Annexes A, B, C, D, and E are normative.According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the followingcountries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland,France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal,Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.SIST EN 1860-3:2004

EN 1860-3:2003 (E)4IntroductionThis European Standard, EN 1860, on appliances, solid fuels and firelighters for barbecuing consists of thefollowing parts:Part 1: Barbecues burning solid fuels. Requirements and test methods.Part 2: Solid fuels for use in barbecue appliances. Requirements and test methods.Part 3: Firelighters for igniting solid fuels for use in barbecue appliances. Requirements and test methods.Part 4: Single use barbecues burning solid fuels. Requirements and test methods.This standard is Part 3 of the European Standard for appliances, solid fuels and firelighters for barbecuing EN1860, which is intended to reduce the risks which may occur during and through barbecuing with solid fuels.This part should be read in conjunction with Part 1, Part 2 and Part 4.1 ScopeThis European standard specifies the safety, performance, packaging and marking requirements including the testmethods for firelighters used to light solid fuels in barbecue and grill appliances. The standard covers firelighterssupplied as either solid, liquid, thickened liquid or gel formulations. However the use of highly flammable liquids(except in stabilised formulations) is specifically excluded from the scope of this standard as their use as barbecuefirelighters is regarded as highly dangerous.2 Normative ReferencesThis European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. Thesenormative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed hereafter. Fordated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this EuropeanStandard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of thepublication referred to applies (including amendments).EN 24260Petroleum products and hydrocarbons - Determination of sulfurcontent - Wickbold combustion method (ISO 4260:1987)EN 28317Child-resistant packaging - Requirements and testing procedurefor reclosable packages (ISO 8317:1989)EN ISO 1516Determination of flash/no flash - Closed cup equilibrium method(ISO 1516:2002)EN ISO 1523Determination of flash point - Closed cup equilibrium method (ISO1523:2002)EN ISO 2555Plastics - Resins in the liquid state or as emulsions or dispersions- Determination of apparent viscosity by the Brookfield Testmethod (ISO 2555:1989)SIST EN 1860-3:2004

EN 1860-3:2003 (E)5EN ISO 3104Petroleum products - Transparent and opaque liquids -Determination of kinematic viscosity and calculation of dynamicviscosity (ISO 3104:1994)EN ISO 3219Plastics - Polymers/resins in the liquid state or as emulsions ordispersions - Determination of viscosity using a rotationalviscometer with defined shear rate (ISO 3219:1993)EN ISO 12058-1Plastics - Determination of viscosity using a falling-ball viscometer- Part 1: Inclined-tube method (ISO 12058-1:1997)ISO 567Coke - Determination of bulk density in a small containerISO 1013Coke - Determination of bulk density in a large containerISO 3105Glass capillary kinematic viscometers - Specifications andoperating instructionsISO 3679Paints, varnishes, petroleum and related products - Determinationof flashpoint - Rapid equilibrium methodISO 3680Paints, varnishes, petroleum and related products - Flash/no flashtest - Rapid equilibrium methodISO 3837Liquid petroleum products - Determination of hydrocarbon types -Fluorescent indicator adsorption methodISO/DIS 12058-2Plastics - Determination of viscosity using a falling-ball viscometer- Part 2: Free falling-ball method3 Terms and definitionsFor the purposes of this standard, the following terms and definitions apply:3.1solid firelightersolid substance or preparation, which is readily ignitable by the application of a naked flame and which can be usedto ignite solid barbecue fuels in barbecue and grill appliances.3.2liquid, thickened liquid or gel firelighterliquid, thickened liquid or gel substances or preparations, which are readily ignitable by the application of a nakedflame and which, when supported on a solid substrate, can be used to ignite solid barbecue fuel used in barbecueand grill appliances.3.3barbecue fuelbarbecue charcoal, barbecue charcoal briquettes and other briquetted solid fuels.3.4consumer packageindividual packaging unit, as purchased by the consumer at a retail store.SIST EN 1860-3:2004

EN 1860-3:2003 (E)64 Requirements4.1 Safety4.1.1 Firelighter composition4.1.1.1 The firelighter shall not contain any substance or preparation classified as very toxic, toxic, corrosive,explosive, oxidising, sensitising or class 1 or 2 carcinogen.NOTE Classification is in accordance with the Classification Packaging & Labelling of Dangerous Preparations Directive88/379/EEC of 7th June 1988.4.1.1.2 The properties of any raw material fuel constituent of a solid firelighter shall comply with the following:a) Aromatic content

2,0 % (m/m). This property shall be determined in accordance with the test method detailedin ISO 3837.b) Sulfur content 0,05 % (m/m). This property shall be determined in accordance with the test method detailed inEN 24260.4.1.2 Flashpoint of liquid firelightersThe flashpoint of any liquid firelighter shall be greater than or equal to 55ºC when determined in accordance withthe test method as detailed in either EN ISO 1516, EN ISO 1523, ISO 3679 or ISO 3680.4.1.3 Viscosity of thickened liquid or gel firelightersThe dynamic viscosity of any thickened liquid or gel firelighter shall be greater than or equal to 250 mPa s at 20ºCwhen determined in accordance with the test method as detailed in either EN ISO 2555, EN ISO 3104, ISO 3105,EN ISO 3219, EN ISO 12058-1 or ISO/DIS 12058-2.4.1.4 Safety in use of thickened liquid or gel firelightersWhen tested in accordance with the test procedures described in A.4.1 and A.4.2, the firelighter shall ignite readilyand shall burn steadily, without flaring, sudden deflagrations, sparking, spitting, popping, dripping or explosion,from ignition until it has burned to extinction. When applied to a naked flame using the test procedure described inA.4.3, the firelighter shall not flare or flash back or ignite into the bottle.4.1.5 Consistency of thickened liquid or gel firelightersAny separation of free liquid occurring in a bottle of thickened liquid or gel firelighter shall be reversed and thethickened liquid or gel shall be reconstituted by shaking the bottle and allowing the contents to settle.4.2 Performance4.2.1 Burning characteristics4.2.1.1 Solid firelightersWhen tested in accordance with the test procedure described in B.3.1, the firelighter shall ignite readily and shallburn steadily, without flaring, sudden deflagrations, sparking, spitting, popping, dripping, explosion or loss ofintegrity until the firelighter is totally consumed.SIST EN 1860-3:2004

EN 1860-3:2003 (E)74.2.1.2 Liquid, thickened liquid or gel firelightersWhen tested in accordance with the test procedure described in B.3.2, the firelighter shall ignite readily and shallburn steadily, without flaring, sudden deflagrations, sparking, spitting, popping, dripping, explosion or loss ofintegrity until the firelighter is totally consumed.4.2.2 Ignition timeWhen tested in accordance with the test method described in Annex C, the mean time taken from initial ignition ofthe firelighter to achieving a radiation intensity of 500 W/m2 from the fire shall not exceed 25 min.4.3 Consumer packaging4.3.1 GeneralThe firelighter shall be packaged in such a way as to contain the product, protect the consumer, preventenvironmental pollution and facilitate safe handling, storage and transportation.4.3.2 Solid firelightersWhen tested in accordance with the test method described in Annex D, the consumer package shall maintain itsintegrity, quality of sealing, freedom from stains and dryness.4.3.3 Liquid, thickened liquid or gel firelighters4.3.3.1 A child-resistant closure shall be fitted and it shall be tested by the method specified in EN 28317.4.3.3.2 The consumer package shall have a dosing device that shall be firmly attached to the package. The dosingdevice shall not detach from the package when a vertical pulling force is applied to the outlet plug of the dosingdevice in accordance with the test procedure described in E.2.4.4.3.3.3 The consumer package shall have a protective device to prevent contents from running out when thepackage is open and horizontally orientated in such a way as to allow contents to escape. The maximum emissionshall not exceed 10 ml.4.3.3.4 The consumer package shall withstand being dropped from a height of 1 m onto a concrete floor such thatthe package is not damaged to an extent that its contents can leak out.4.3.3.5 When tested in accordance with the test method described in Annex E, it shall be verified that theconsumer package maintains its integrity and that the requirements given in 4.3.3.1 to 4.3.3.4 are met.5 Marking and instructions for useThe consumer packaging shall be clearly marked, in the official language of the country of intended sale, with atleast the following:a) the number and date of this European Standard;b) the name and address of the manufacturer or supplier;c) the product designation (see NOTE 1);d) instructions for use;e) risk and safety phrases in accordance with European legislation (see NOTE 2);f) warnings and hazard symbols in accordance with European legislation (see NOTE 2);g) product coding, indicating traceability of goods e.g. batch number;SIST EN 1860-3:2004

EN 1860-3:2003 (E)8h) an indication that, before any food is cooked, the firelighter must be completely burned and the barbecue fuelmust be ashed over;i) the words “Keep out of the reach of children”.NOTE 1 The designation of a firelighter in accordance with this standard should be marked “Barbecue firelighter in accordancewith EN 1860-3.”NOTE 2 Where any national or local legislation in the country of intended sale requires additional marking then this will alsoneed to be complied with.6 Test reportThe test report, each page of which shall be consecutively numbered, shall specify the results of the test and anyother additional information and shall contain at least the following details concerning the test undertaken on thefirelighter:a) the name and address of the firelighter manufacturer or supplier;b) all necessary details for the complete identification and designation of the firelighter tested;c) a reference to the test methods applied in accordance with this standard;d) all conditions detailed in the test procedure as described in this standard or considered optional which haveinfluenced the result;e) a statement describing whether the safety, performance and consumer packaging requirements of clause 4 aremet or failed, supported by the detailed test results obtained;f) a copy of the marking information and instructions for use given with/on the firelighter, and a statementindicating that the marking

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