Determination of certain substances in electrotechnical products - Part 1: Introduction and overview

IEC 62321-1:2013 refers to the sample as the object to be processed and measured. The nature of the sample and the manner in which it is acquired is defined by the entity carrying out the tests and not by this standard. It provides guidance on the disassembly procedure employed for obtaining a sample. This first edition of IEC 62321-1 is a partial replacement of IEC 62321, forming a structural revision and replacing Clauses 1 to 4.

Verfahren zur Bestimmung von bestimmten Substanzen in Produkten der Elektrotechnik - Teil 1: Einleitung und Übersicht

Détermination de certaines substances dans les produits électrotechniques - Partie 1: Introduction et présentation

La CEI 62321-1:2013 fait référence à l'échantillon comme étant l'objet à traiter et à mesurer. L'entité qui réalise les essais définit la nature de l'échantillon et la manière de l'obtenir, et non la présente norme. Elle donne des directives concernant le mode opératoire de démontage utilisé pour obtenir un échantillon. Cette première édition de la CEI 62321-1 remplace en partie la CEI 62321:2008, faisant une révision structurelle et replaçant, en général, les Articles 1 à 4.

Določevanje posameznih snovi v elektrotehničnih izdelkih - 1. del: Uvod in pregled

Ta del standarda IEC 62321 se nanaša na vzorec predmeta, ki se obdela in meri. Naravo vzorca in način, na katerega se pridobi, opredeli izvajalec preskusov in nista opredeljena v tem standardu. Opozoriti je treba, da lahko izbira vzorca vpliva na razlago rezultatov preskusa. Ta standard vsebuje navodila za postopek razstavljanja, ki se uporablja za pridobivanje vzorca, vendar ne določa ali opredeljuje:
• stopnje postopka razstavljanja, potrebnega za pridobivanje vzorca;
• opredelitve »enote« ali »homogenega materiala« kot vzorca;
• postopkov ugotavljanja skladnosti.
OPOMBA: Dodatna navodila za postopke ugotavljanja so na voljo v standardu IEC/TR 62476 [2].

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
25-Jul-2013
Current Stage
6060 - Document made available
Due Date
26-Jul-2013
Completion Date
26-Jul-2013

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST EN 62321-1:2014
01-januar-2014
1DGRPHãþD
SIST EN 62321:2009

'RORþHYDQMHSRVDPH]QLKVQRYLYHOHNWURWHKQLþQLKL]GHONLKGHO8YRGLQSUHJOHG

Determination of certain substances in electrotechnical products - Part 1: Introduction

and overview

Verfahren zur Bestimmung von bestimmten Substanzen in Produkten der Elektrotechnik

- Teil 1: Einleitung und Übersicht

Détermination de certaines substances dans les produits électrotechniques - Partie 1:

Introduction et présentation
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: EN 62321-1:2013
ICS:
29.020 Elektrotehnika na splošno Electrical engineering in
general
31.020 Elektronske komponente na Electronic components in
splošno general
SIST EN 62321-1:2014 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST EN 62321-1:2014
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SIST EN 62321-1:2014
EUROPEAN STANDARD
EN 62321-1
NORME EUROPÉENNE
July 2013
EUROPÄISCHE NORM
ICS 13.020; 43.040.10 Supersedes EN 62321:2009 (partially)
English version
Determination of certain substances in electrotechnical products -
Part 1: Introduction and overview
(IEC 62321-1:2013)
Détermination de certaines substances Verfahren zur Bestimmung von
dans les produits électrotechniques - bestimmten Substanzen in Produkten der
Partie 1: Introduction et présentation Elektrotechnik -
(CEI 62321-1:2013) Teil 1: Einleitung und Übersicht
(IEC 62321-1:2013)

This European Standard was approved by CENELEC on 2013-06-21. CENELEC members are bound to comply

with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard

the status of a national standard without any alteration.

Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on

application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CENELEC member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other

language made by translation under the responsibility of a CENELEC member into its own language and notified

to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

CENELEC members are the national electrotechnical committees of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus,

the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany,

Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland,

Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

CENELEC
European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization
Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique
Europäisches Komitee für Elektrotechnische Normung
Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B - 1000 Brussels

© 2013 CENELEC - All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CENELEC members.

Ref. No. EN 62321-1:2013 E
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SIST EN 62321-1:2014
EN 62321-1:2013 - 2 -
Foreword

The text of document 111/295/FDIS, future edition 1 of IEC 62321-1, prepared by IEC TC 111

"Environmental standardization for electrical and electronic products and systems" was submitted to the

IEC-CENELEC parallel vote and approved by CENELEC as EN 62321-1:2013.
The following dates are fixed:
• latest date by which the document has (dop) 2014-03-21
to be implemented at national level by
publication of an identical national
standard or by endorsement
(dow) 2016-06-21
• latest date by which the national
standards conflicting with the
document have to be withdrawn

EN 62321-1:2013 is a partial replacement of EN 62321:2009, forming a structural revision and replacing

Clauses 1 to 4.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. CENELEC [and/or CEN] shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights.
Endorsement notice

The text of the International Standard IEC 62321-1:2013 was approved by CENELEC as a European

Standard without any modification.

In the official version, for Bibliography, the following note has to be added for the standard indicated:

IEC 60730-1:2010 NOTE Harmonised as EN 60730-1:2011 (modified).
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SIST EN 62321-1:2014
- 3 - EN 62321-1:2013
Annex ZA
(normative)
Normative references to international publications
with their corresponding European publications

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

NOTE When an international publication has been modified by common modifications, indicated by (mod), the relevant EN/HD

applies.
Publication Year Title EN/HD Year
ISO/IEC 17025 - General requirements for the competence of EN ISO/IEC 17025 -
testing and calibration laboratories
ISO 78-2 1999 Chemistry - Layouts for standards - - -
Part 2: Methods of chemical analysis
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SIST EN 62321-1:2014
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SIST EN 62321-1:2014
IEC 62321-1
Edition 1.0 2013-05
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
colour
inside
Determination of certain substances in electrotechnical products –
Part 1: Introduction and overview
Détermination de certaines substances dans les produits électrotechniques –
Partie 1: Introduction et présentation
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
PRICE CODE
INTERNATIONALE
CODE PRIX Q
ICS 13.020; 43.040.10 ISBN 978-2-83220-815-1

Warning! Make sure that you obtained this publication from an authorized distributor.

Attention! Veuillez vous assurer que vous avez obtenu cette publication via un distributeur agréé.

® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
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SIST EN 62321-1:2014
– 2 – 62321-1 © IEC:2013
CONTENTS

FOREWORD ........................................................................................................................... 3

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 5

1 Scope ............................................................................................................................... 6

2 Normative references ....................................................................................................... 6

3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations ................................................................................ 6

3.1 Terms and definitions .............................................................................................. 6

3.2 Abbreviations .......................................................................................................... 8

4 Test methods – Overview ................................................................................................. 8

4.1 Field of application .................................................................................................. 8

4.2 Sample .................................................................................................................... 9

4.3 Test methods – Flow chart ..................................................................................... 9

4.4 Quality assurance and control ............................................................................... 12

4.5 Blank solution ........................................................................................................ 12

4.6 Adjustment to the matrix ........................................................................................ 12

4.7 Limits of detection (LOD) and limits of quantification (LOQ) ................................... 12

4.8 Test report ............................................................................................................ 13

4.9 Alternative test methods ........................................................................................ 13

Annex A (informative) Limit of detection (LOD) or method detection limit (MDL) –

Example of calculation .......................................................................................................... 14

Bibliography .......................................................................................................................... 16

Figure 1 – Flow chart of the test methods ............................................................................. 10

Table 1 – Overview of typical screening and verification testing procedure elements –

Preparation ........................................................................................................................... 11

Table 2 – Overview of typical screening and verification testing procedure elements –

Substance type ..................................................................................................................... 12

Table A.1 – Experimental results .......................................................................................... 14

Table A.2 – Students t-values (t-statistic) .............................................................................. 14

Table A.3 – Calculation results ............................................................................................. 15

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SIST EN 62321-1:2014
62321-1 © IEC:2013 – 3 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
DETERMINATION OF CERTAIN SUBSTANCES
IN ELECTROTECHNICAL PRODUCTS –
Part 1: Introduction and overview
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC itself does not provide any attestation of conformity. Independent certification bodies provide conformity

assessment services and, in some areas, access to IEC marks of conformity. IEC is not responsible for any

services carried out by independent certification bodies.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

International Standard IEC 62321-1 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 111:

Environmental standardization for electrical and electronic products and systems.

The first edition of IEC 62321:2008 was a 'stand-alone' standard that included an introduction,

an overview of test methods, a mechanical sample preparation as well as various test method

clauses.

This first edition of IEC 62321-1 is a partial replacement of IEC 62321, forming a structural

revision and replacing Clauses 1 to 4.

Future parts in the IEC 62321 series will gradually replace the corresponding clauses from

IEC 62321:2008. Until such time as all parts are published, however, IEC 62321:2008 remains

valid for those clauses not yet re-published as a separate part.
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SIST EN 62321-1:2014
– 4 – 62321-1 © IEC:2013
The text of this standard is based on the following documents:
FDIS Report on voting
111/295/FDIS 111/306/RVD

Full information on the voting for the approval of this standard can be found in the report on

voting indicated in the above table.

This publication has been drafted in accordance with the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2.

A list of all parts in the IEC 62321 series can be found on the IEC website under the general

title: Determination of certain substances in electrotechnical products.

The committee has decided that the contents of this publication will remain unchanged until

the stability date indicated on the IEC web site under "http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data

related to the specific publication. At this date, the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

IMPORTANT – The 'colour inside' logo on the cover page of this publication indicates

that it contains colours which are considered to be useful for the correct

understanding of its contents. Users should therefore print this document using a

colour printer.
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SIST EN 62321-1:2014
62321-1 © IEC:2013 – 5 –
INTRODUCTION

The widespread use of electrotechnical products has drawn increased attention to their impact

on the environment. In many countries this has resulted in the adoption of regulations

affecting wastes, substances and energy use of electrotechnical products.

The use of certain substances (e.g. lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and polybrominated diphenyl

ethers (PBDEs)) in electrotechnical products, is a source of concern in current and proposed

regional legislation.

The purpose of the IEC 62321 series is therefore to provide test methods that will allow the

electrotechnical industry to determine the levels of certain substances of concern in

electrotechnical products on a consistent global basis.

The first edition of IEC 62321:2008 was a single 'stand-alone' standard that included an

introduction, an overview of test methods, a mechanical sample preparation as well as various

test method clauses.
The structure of the new multi-part IEC 62321 series comprises:

– Determination of certain substances in electrotechnical products – Part 1: Introduction and

overview.

– Determination of certain substances in electrotechnical products – Part 2: Disassembly,

disjointment and mechanical sample preparation.

The remaining parts specify screening and verification test methods for the determination of

certain substances, each part representing a given substance.

WARNING – Persons using this International Standard should be familiar with normal

laboratory practice. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety

problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user to establish

appropriate safety and health practices and to ensure compliance with any national

regulatory conditions.
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SIST EN 62321-1:2014
– 6 – 62321-1 © IEC:2013
DETERMINATION OF CERTAIN SUBSTANCES
IN ELECTROTECHNICAL PRODUCTS –
Part 1: Introduction and overview
1 Scope

This part of IEC 62321 refers to the sample as the object to be processed and measured. The

nature of the sample and the manner in which it is acquired is defined by the entity carrying

out the tests and not by this standard.

It is noted that the selection of the sample may affect the interpretation of the test results.

While this standard provides guidance on the disassembly procedure employed for obtaining

a sample, it does not determine or specify:
• the level of the disassembly procedure required for obtaining a sample;
• the definition of a “unit” or “homogenous material” as the sample;
• conformity assessment procedures.
NOTE Further guidance on assessment procedures may be found in IEC/TR 62476 [2].
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and

are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.

ISO 78-2:1999, Chemistry – Layouts for standards – Part 2: Methods of chemical analysis

ISO/IEC 17025, General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration

laboratories
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations
3.1 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
3.1.1
analyte
substance to be measured
3.1.2
electronics

material used in electrical or electronic equipment that is not metal or plastic (e.g. ceramic) or

not uniform in composition throughout and cannot be practically disassembled to individual

discrete materials

EXAMPLE Resistors, capacitors, diodes, integrated circuits, hybrids, application-specific integrated circuits,

wound components, relays and their materials.
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SIST EN 62321-1:2014
62321-1 © IEC:2013 – 7 –
3.1.3
field replaceable unit

part, component or subassembly that is easily removed (mechanically disjointed) using

ordinary tools

Note 1 to entry: “Easily removed” means using ordinary tools to perform such functions as screwing or

disconnecting, and only without irreversibly destroying the unit.
[SOURCE: IEC Guide 114:2005, definition 3.7] [3]
3.1.4
matrix

substance or mixture and its form or state in which analyte is embedded or to which analyte is

attached
3.1.5
performance-based measurement system

set of processes wherein the data needs, mandates or limitations of a program or project are

specified, serving as criteria for selecting appropriate methods to meet those needs in a cost-

effective manner

Note 1 to entry: The criteria may be published in regulations, technical guidance documents, permits, work plans

or enforcement orders.
3.1.6
precision

closeness of agreement between independent test results obtained under stipulated

conditions
3.1.7
reference material
material, sufficiently homogeneous and stable
...

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