Household and similar electrical appliances - Safety - Part 2-28: Particular requirements for sewing machines

Deals with the safety of electric sewing machines for household and similar use, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V for single-phase and 480 V for other appliances. Sewing machines intended for use by laymen in shops and light industry, are within the scope of this standard. This standard does not apply to appliances intended exclusively for industrial purposes, or appliances intended to be used in locations where special conditions prevail, such as the presence of a corrosive or explosive atmosphere (dust, vapor or gas). This consolidated version consists of the fourth edition (2002) and its amendment 1 (2008). Therefore, no need to order amendment in addition to this publication.

Appareils électrodomestiques et analogues - Sécurité - Partie 2-28: Règles particulières pour les machines à coudre

Traite de la sécurité des machines à coudre électriques pour usages domestiques et analogues, dont la tension assignée n'est pas supérieure à 250 V pour les appareils monophasés et à 480 V pour les autres appareils. Les machines à coudre destinées à être utilisées par des usagers non avertis dans des magasins et chez des artisans, sont compris dans le domaine d'application de cette norme. La présente norme ne s'applique pas: aux appareils destinés exclusivement à des usages industriels; aux appareils destinés à être utilisés dans des locaux présentant des conditions particulières, telles que la présence d'une atmosphère corrosive ou explosive (poussière, vapeur ou gaz).  Cette version consolidée comprend la quatrième édition (2002) et son amendement 1 (2008). Il n'est donc pas nécessaire de commander l'amendement avec cette publication.

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Publication Date
14-Jul-2008
Current Stage
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Completion Date
17-Nov-2021
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IEC 60335-2-28
Edition 4.1 2008-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety –
Part 2-28: Particular requirements for sewing machines
Appareils électrodomestiques et analogues – Sécurité –
Partie 2-28: Règles particulières pour les machines à coudre
IEC 60335-2-28:2002+A1:2008
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
THIS PUBLICATION IS COPYRIGHT PROTECTED
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---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
IEC 60335-2-28
Edition 4.1 2008-07
INTERNATIONAL
STANDARD
NORME
INTERNATIONALE
Household and similar electrical appliances – Safety –
Part 2-28: Particular requirements for sewing machines
Appareils électrodomestiques et analogues – Sécurité –
Partie 2-28: Règles particulières pour les machines à coudre
INTERNATIONAL
ELECTROTECHNICAL
COMMISSION
COMMISSION
ELECTROTECHNIQUE
PRICE CODE
INTERNATIONALE
CODE PRIX
ICS 13.120; 61.080; 97.180 ISBN 2-8318-9754-8
® Registered trademark of the International Electrotechnical Commission
Marque déposée de la Commission Electrotechnique Internationale
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
– 2 – 60335-2-28 © IEC:2002+A1:2008
CONTENTS

FOREWORD...........................................................................................................................3

INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................................5

1 Scope...............................................................................................................................6

2 Normative references.......................................................................................................6

3 Definitions........................................................................................................................7

4 General requirement.........................................................................................................7

5 General conditions for the tests ........................................................................................7

6 Classification....................................................................................................................7

7 Marking and instructions...................................................................................................7

8 Protection against access to live parts..............................................................................8

9 Starting of motor-operated appliances ..............................................................................8

10 Power input and current ...................................................................................................8

11 Heating............................................................................................................................9

12 Void ...............................................................................................................................9

13 Leakage current and electric strength at operating temperature........................................9

14 Transient overvoltages .....................................................................................................9

15 Moisture resistance..........................................................................................................9

16 Leakage current and electric strength...............................................................................9

17 Overload protection of transformers and associated circuits .............................................9

18 Endurance........................................................................................................................9

19 Abnormal operation..........................................................................................................9

20 Stability and mechanical hazards ...................................................................................10

21 Mechanical strength.......................................................................................................10

22 Construction...................................................................................................................10

23 Internal wiring.................................................................................................................10

24 Components...................................................................................................................10

25 Supply connection and external flexible cords ................................................................11

26 Terminals for external conductors...................................................................................11

27 Provision for earthing .....................................................................................................11

28 Screws and connections .................................................................................................11

29 Clearances, creepage distances and solid insulation ......................................................11

30 Resistance to heat and fire.............................................................................................11

31 Resistance to rusting......................................................................................................11

32 Radiation, toxicity and similar hazards............................................................................11

Annexes ...............................................................................................................................

Bibliography..........................................................................................................................

---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
60335-2-28 © IEC:2002+A1:2008 – 3 –
INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION
____________
HOUSEHOLD AND SIMILAR ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES –
SAFETY –
Part 2-28: Particular requirements for sewing machines
FOREWORD

1) The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is a worldwide organization for standardization comprising

all national electrotechnical committees (IEC National Committees). The object of IEC is to promote

international co-operation on all questions concerning standardization in the electrical and electronic fields. To

this end and in addition to other activities, IEC publishes International Standards, Technical Specifications,

Technical Reports, Publicly Available Specifications (PAS) and Guides (hereafter referred to as “IEC

Publication(s)”). Their preparation is entrusted to technical committees; any IEC National Committee interested

in the subject dealt with may participate in this preparatory work. International, governmental and non-

governmental organizations liaising with the IEC also participate in this preparation. IEC collaborates closely

with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in accordance with conditions determined by

agreement between the two organizations.

2) The formal decisions or agreements of IEC on technical matters express, as nearly as possible, an international

consensus of opinion on the relevant subjects since each technical committee has representation from all

interested IEC National Committees.

3) IEC Publications have the form of recommendations for international use and are accepted by IEC National

Committees in that sense. While all reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical content of IEC

Publications is accurate, IEC cannot be held responsible for the way in which they are used or for any

misinterpretation by any end user.

4) In order to promote international uniformity, IEC National Committees undertake to apply IEC Publications

transparently to the maximum extent possible in their national and regional publications. Any divergence

between any IEC Publication and the corresponding national or regional publication shall be clearly indicated in

the latter.

5) IEC provides no marking procedure to indicate its approval and cannot be rendered responsible for any

equipment declared to be in conformity with an IEC Publication.

6) All users should ensure that they have the latest edition of this publication.

7) No liability shall attach to IEC or its directors, employees, servants or agents including individual experts and

members of its technical committees and IEC National Committees for any personal injury, property damage or

other damage of any nature whatsoever, whether direct or indirect, or for costs (including legal fees) and

expenses arising out of the publication, use of, or reliance upon, this IEC Publication or any other IEC

Publications.

8) Attention is drawn to the Normative references cited in this publication. Use of the referenced publications is

indispensable for the correct application of this publication.

9) Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this IEC Publication may be the subject of

patent rights. IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

This part of International Standard IEC 60335 has been prepared by IEC technical committee 61:

Safety of household and similar electrical appliances.

This consolidated version of IEC 60335-2-28 consists of the fourth edition (2002) [documents

61/2204/FDIS and 61/2285/RVD] and its amendment 1 (2008) [documents 61/3544/FDIS and

61/3598/RVD].

The technical content is therefore identical to the base edition and its amendment and has

been prepared for user convenience.
It bears the edition number 4.1.

A vertical line in the margin shows where the base publication has been modified by

amendment 1.
The French version of this standard has not been voted upon.
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
– 4 – 60335-2-28 © IEC:2002+A1:2008

This part 2 is to be used in conjunction with the latest edition of IEC 60335-1 and its

amendments. It was established on the basis of the fourth edition (2001) of that standard.

NOTE 1 When “Part 1” is mentioned in this standard, it refers to IEC 60335-1.

This part 2 supplements or modifies the corresponding clauses in IEC 60335-1, so as to

convert that publication into the IEC standard: Safety requirements for electric sewing

machines.

When a particular subclause of Part 1 is not mentioned in this part 2, that subclause applies

as far as is reasonable. When this standard states “addition”, “modification” or “replacement”,

the relevant text in Part 1 is to be adapted accordingly.
NOTE 2 The following numbering system is used:

– subclauses, tables and figures that are numbered starting from 101 are additional to those in Part 1;

– unless notes are in a new subclause or involve notes in Part 1, they are numbered starting from 101, including

those in a replaced clause or subclause;
– additional annexes are lettered AA, BB, etc.
NOTE 3 The following print types are used:
– requirements: in roman type;
– test specifications: in italic type;
– notes: in small roman type.

Words in bold in the text are defined in Clause 3. When a definition concerns an adjective, the adjective and the

associated noun are also in bold.
The following differences exist in the countries indicated below.

– Clause 1: Electrical sets are not considered suitable for field installation on non-electrical household sewing

machines (USA).

– 6.1: Motor controls shall not be class 0, class 0I or class I construction (Norway).

– 6.1: Appliances for household use shall be class II or class III (Netherlands).

– 11.7: The cycles of operation are different (USA).
– 19.7: The test is not carried out on household sewing machines (USA).
– 25.7: Lighter types of supply cords are allowed (USA).

The committee has decided that the contents of the base publication and its amendments will

remain unchanged until the maintenance result date indicated on the IEC web site under

"http://webstore.iec.ch" in the data related to the specific publication. At this date,

the publication will be
• reconfirmed,
• withdrawn,
• replaced by a revised edition, or
• amended.

NOTE 4 The attention of National Committees is drawn to the fact that equipment manufacturers and testing

organizations may need a transitional period following publication of a new, amended or revised IEC publication in

which to make products in accordance with the new requirements and to equip themselves for conducting new or

revised tests.

It is the recommendation of the committee that the content of the amendment 1 be adopted for implementation

nationally not earlier than 12 months or later than 36 months from the date of publication.

---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
60335-2-28 © IEC:2002+A1:2008 – 5 –
INTRODUCTION

It has been assumed in the drafting of this International Standard that the execution of its

provisions is entrusted to appropriately qualified and experienced persons.

This standard recognizes the internationally accepted level of protection against hazards such

as electrical, mechanical, thermal, fire and radiation of appliances when operated as in

normal use taking into account the manufacturer's instructions. It also covers abnormal

situations that can be expected in practice and takes into account the way in which

electromagnetic phenomena can affect the safe operation of appliances.

This standard takes into account the requirements of IEC 60364 as far as possible so that

there is compatibility with the wiring rules when the appliance is connected to the supply

mains. However, national wiring rules may differ.

If an appliance within the scope of this standard also incorporates functions that are covered

by another part 2 of IEC 60335, the relevant part 2 is applied to each function separately, as

far as is reasonable. If applicable, the influence of one function on the other is taken into

account.

When a part 2 standard does not include additional requirements to cover hazards dealt with

in Part 1, Part 1 applies.

NOTE 1 This means that the technical committees responsible for the part 2 standards have determined that it is

not necessary to specify particular requirements for the appliance in question over and above the general

requirements.

This standard is a product family standard dealing with the safety of appliances and takes

precedence over horizontal and generic standards covering the same subject.

NOTE 2 Horizontal and generic standards covering a hazard are not applicable since they have been taken into

consideration when developing the general and particular requirements for the IEC 60335 series of standards. For

example, in the case of temperature requirements for surfaces on many appliances, generic standards, such as

ISO 13732-1 for hot surfaces, are not applicable in addition to Part 1 or part 2 standards.

An appliance that complies with the text of this standard will not necessarily be considered to

comply with the safety principles of the standard if, when examined and tested, it is found to

have other features that impair the level of safety covered by these requirements.

An appliance employing materials or having forms of construction differing from those detailed

in the requirements of this standard may be examined and tested according to the intent of

the requirements and, if found to be substantially equivalent, may be considered to comply

with the standard.
---------------------- Page: 7 ----------------------
– 6 – 60335-2-28 © IEC:2002+A1:2008
HOUSEHOLD AND SIMILAR ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES –
SAFETY –
Part 2-28: Particular requirements for sewing machines
1 Scope
This clause of Part 1 is replaced by:

This International Standard deals with the safety of electric sewing machines for household

and similar use, their rated voltage being not more than 250 V for single-phase appliances

and 480 V for other appliances.
Overlock machines and electrical sets are within the scope of the standard.

Appliances not intended for normal household use, but that nevertheless may be a source of

danger to the public, such as sewing machines intended to be used by laymen in shops and in

light industry, are within the scope of this standard.

As far as is practicable, this standard deals with the common hazards presented by

appliances that are encountered by all persons in and around the home. However, in general,

it does not take into account
– persons (including children) whose
• physical, sensory or mental capabilities; or
• lack of experience and knowledge

prevents them from using the appliance safely without supervision or instruction;

– children playing with the appliance.
NOTE 101 Attention is drawn to the fact that

– for appliances intended to be used in vehicles or on board ships or aircraft, additional requirements may be

necessary;

– in many countries additional requirements are specified by the national health authorities, the national

authorities responsible for the protection of labour and similar authorities.
NOTE 102 This standard does not apply to
– appliances intended exclusively for industrial purposes;

– appliances intended to be used in locations where special conditions prevail, such as the presence of a

corrosive or explosive atmosphere (dust, vapour or gas).
2 Normative references
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
Addition:

IEC 60320-2-1, Appliance couplers for household and similar general purposes – Part 2:

Sewing machine couplers
---------------------- Page: 8 ----------------------
60335-2-28 © IEC:2002+A1:2008 – 7 –
3 Definitions
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
3.1.9 Replacement:
normal operation
operation of the appliance under the following conditions

The appliance is operated without thread and fabric, the presser foot being in its lifted position

and the spool-winding device disengaged. The stitch length and zigzag stitch width are

adjusted so that the highest load is obtained.

NOTE 101 The highest load is normally obtained with the stitch length and zigzag stitch width adjusted to their

maximum values.
3.101
electrical set

assembly comprising a motor and its control for mounting on a non-electric sewing machine

NOTE An electrical set may incorporate a lamp.
3.102
overlock machine

sewing machine having more than one needle and incorporating a means for trimming the

material
4 General requirement
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
5 General conditions for the tests
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.

5.101 Electrical sets are mounted on the sewing machine specified in the instructions that

gives the most unfavourable results.
5.102 Sewing machines used on a table are tested as portable appliances.
6 Classification
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
7 Marking and instructions
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
7.1 Addition:

Appliances shall be marked on or near the lampholder with the maximum power input of

replaceable lamps as follows:
lamp max….W
---------------------- Page: 9 ----------------------
– 8 – 60335-2-28 © IEC:2002+A1:2008
The word “lamp” may be replaced by symbol IEC 60417-5012 (2002-10).

The rated voltage of a lamp shall be marked if it is lower than the rated voltage of the

appliance.
7.10 Addition:
The requirement does not apply to switches controlling lamps.
7.11 Addition:
The requirement does not apply to motor controls.
7.12 Addition:

The instructions shall state the maximum power input of any lamp and its rated voltage if it is

lower than the rated voltage of the appliance.
The instructions shall state the substance of the following:
– switch off or unplug the appliance when leaving it unattended;
– unplug the appliance before carrying out maintenance or replacing lamps.
7.12.1 Addition:

The instructions for electrical sets shall indicate the sewing machines for which they are

intended and shall state how they are to be installed.
7.101 Electrical sets shall be marked with
– rated voltage in volts;
– rated current in amperes;

– name, trade mark or identification mark of the manufacturer or responsible vendor;

– model or type reference.
Compliance is checked by inspection.
8 Protection against access to live parts
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
9 Starting of motor-operated appliances
This clause of Part 1 is not applicable.
10 Power input and current
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
---------------------- Page: 10 ----------------------
60335-2-28 © IEC:2002+A1:2008 – 9 –
11 Heating
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
11.7 Replacement:

The appliance is operated until steady conditions are established by actuating the motor

control in cycles. Each cycle comprises
– 2,5 s operation from start to full speed;
– 5,0 s operation at full speed;
– 7,5 s at rest.
11.8 Addition:

NOTE 101 The actuating member of a motor control is considered to be a handle that is held for short periods

only.
12 Void
13 Leakage current and electric strength at operating temperature
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
14 Transient overvoltages
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
15 Moisture resistance
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
16 Leakage current and electric strength
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
17 Overload protection of transformers and associated circuits
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
18 Endurance
This clause of Part 1 is not applicable.
19 Abnormal operation
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
---------------------- Page: 11 ----------------------
– 10 – 60335-2-28 © IEC:2002+A1:2008
19.7 Modification:

Stalled conditions are obtained by locking the rotor, the appliance being operated for 15 s.

19.9 Not applicable
20 Stability and mechanical hazards
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
20.2 Addition:

Spokes of wheels, cutting blades of overlock machines and the point where a transmission

belt first contacts the hand-wheel shall be adequately guarded.
21 Mechanical strength
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
22 Construction
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
22.14 Addition:

NOTE 101 The risk of injury while feeding material under the presser foot during straight stitch and zigzag sewing

has to be taken into account. An upward bend of the toe of the pressure foot by at least 6 mm or a wire guard is

considered satisfactory.

NOTE 102 This requirement does not apply to presser feet and attachments for particular purposes such as

sewing buttonholes. It also does not apply to moving parts, such as needles, needle bars, spool winding devices

and take-up levers, which are accessible for the operation and maintenance of the sewing machine.

22.101 Lamps having a rated voltage lower than the rated voltage of the appliance shall be

supplied through an isolating transformer.
Compliance is checked by inspection.
23 Internal wiring
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
24 Components
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows
24.1.3 Addition:
NOTE 101 Motor controls are not considered to be switches.
---------------------- Page: 12 ----------------------
60335-2-28 © IEC:2002+A1:2008 – 11 –
24.1.5 Addition:

The relevant standard for appliance couplers used for the connection of motor controls is

IEC 60320-2-1.
25 Supply connection and external flexible cords
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
25.5 Addition:
Type Z attachment is allowed for motor controls and appliance connectors.
25.7 Addition:

Light polyvinyl chloride sheathed cord (code designation 60227 IEC 52) may be used

regardless of the mass of the appliance.
26 Terminals for external conductors
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
27 Provision for earthing
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
28 Screws and connections
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
29 Clearances, creepage distances and solid insulation
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
30 Resistance to heat and fire
This clause of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
30.2.3 Not applicable.
31 Resistance to rusting
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
32 Radiation, toxicity and similar hazards
This clause of Part 1 is applicable.
---------------------- Page: 13 ----------------------
– 12 – 60335-2-28 © IEC:2002+A1:2008
Annexes
The annexes of Part 1 are applicable.
Bibliography
The bibliography of Part 1 is applicable except as follows.
Addition:

ISO 13732-1, Ergonomics of the thermal environment – Methods for the assessment of human

responses to contact with surfaces – Part 1: Hot surfaces
___________
---------------------- Page: 14 ----------------------
– 14 – 60335-2-28 © CEI:2002+A1:2008
SOMMAIRE

AVANT-PROPOS..................................................................................................................15

INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................................17

1 Domaine d’application....................................................................................................18

2 Références normatives...................................................................................................18

3 Définitions...................................................................
...

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