Information technology -- Automatic identification and data capture techniques -- Unique identification

ISO/IEC 15459-4:2014 specifies a unique string of characters for the identification of individual products and product packages. The character string is intended to be represented in a linear bar code symbol or two-dimensional symbol or other automatic identification and data capture (AIDC) media attached to the entity to meet management needs. To address management needs, different classes of identities are recognized in the various parts of ISO/IEC 15459, which allows different requirements to be met by the identities associated with each class. The rules for the identification of an individual occurrence of a product or product package, understood to mean the layers zero and one defined in ISO 17367 and ISO 17366, respectively, are defined and supported by examples.

Technologies de l'information -- Identification automatique et techniques de capture de données -- Identification unique

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Status
Published
Publication Date
11-Nov-2014
Current Stage
9093 - International Standard confirmed
Start Date
23-Apr-2020
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INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
STANDARD 15459-4
Third edition
2014-11-15
Corrected version
2016-09-01
Information technology — Automatic
identification and data capture
techniques — Unique identification —
Part 4:
Individual products and product
packages
Technologies de l’information — Identification automatique et
techniques de capture de données — Identification unique —
Partie 4: Articles individuels et paquetages d’article
Reference number
ISO/IEC 15459-4:2014(E)
ISO/IEC 2014
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15459-4:2014(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2014, Published in Switzerland

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Ch. de Blandonnet 8 • CP 401
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel. +41 22 749 01 11
Fax +41 22 749 09 47
copyright@iso.org
www.iso.org
ii © ISO/IEC 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15459-4:2014(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Identities for individual products and product packages ......................................................................................... 2

4.1 Qualifiers for individual products and product packages.................................................................................. 2

4.1.1 Identity using a serial component .................................................................................................................... 2

4.1.2 Identity using a separate serial component ............................................................................................. 2

5 Identity for individual products and product packages .............................................................................................. 3

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Maximum number of characters permissible in an identity ........................................................................... 3

5.3 Permissible character sets in an identity ......................................................................................................................... 3

6 Implementation of coding using AIDC media ......................................................................................................................... 3

Annex A (normative) What is a product and/or product package? ..................................................................................... 4

Annex B (informative) Unique identification for product and product package management ..............5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

© ISO/IEC 2014 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15459-4:2014(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical

activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the

work. In the field of information technology, ISO and IEC have established a joint technical committee,

ISO/IEC JTC 1.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for

the different types of document should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent

rights. Details of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the

Introduction and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical

Barriers to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology; Subcommittee

SC 31, Automatic identification and data capture techniques.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO/IEC 15459-4:2008), which has been

technically revised.

This corrected version of ISO/IEC 15459-4:2014 incorporates the following correction plus other minor

editorial modifications. Clause 5.3 has been modified as follows:
“5.3 Permissible character sets in an identity

The identity shall use alphabetic, numeric and special characters from the invariant character set

ISO/IEC 646, see Annex A in ISO/IEC 15459-3.

More compact data encoding may be attained by using only upper case alphabetic characters and

numeric digits.

An Issuing Agency may have additional requirements on the repertoire of characters found within

identities using its IAC.

Any data processing system shall be capable of processing identities using the full repertoire of

characters permitted by ISO/IEC 646.”
A list of all parts in the ISO/IEC 15459 series can be found on the ISO website.
iv © ISO/IEC 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15459-4:2014(E)
Introduction

Unique identities can occur at many different levels, at item level, on the transport unit, on the

returnable transport item, at grouping levels, and elsewhere. Such entities are often handled by several

parties, both public and private, throughout their lifecycle. Each of these parties must be able to identify

and trace such distinct entities so that reference can be made to associated information such as quality

inspection data, the chemical substance contained, the batch or lot number of parts, components or raw

materials, etc.

The associated information is typically held in some kind of database. The information can be accessed

using EDI exchange or another appropriate access protocol, e.g. a directory access protocol.

There are considerable benefits if the identity of the entity is represented as a bar code or other AIDC

(Automatic Identification and Data Capture) media and attached to or made a constituent part of that

which is being uniquely identified so that
— it can be read electronically, thus minimizing errors;
— one identity can be used by all parties;

— each party can use the identity to look up its computer files to find the data associated with the entity.

All AIDC technologies have the potential to encode an identity. It is expected that application standards,

using various automatic identification technologies, will be developed based upon the identity as a prime

key. These application standards, which can include additional rules for which level of identification

should be used, are often made available from the Issuing Agency.

The identity for products and product packages defined in this part of ISO/IEC 15459, and represented

in AIDC media attached to the product or product package, meets the needs defined in ISO/IEC 15459-3,

Common Rules.
© ISO/IEC 2014 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC 15459-4:2014(E)
Information technology — Automatic identification and
data capture techniques — Unique identification —
Part 4:
Individual products and product packages
1 Scope

This part of ISO/IEC 15459 specifies a unique string of characters for the identification of individual

products and product packages. The character string is intended to be represented in a linear bar code

symbol or two-dimensional symbol or other AIDC media attached to the entity to meet management

needs. To address management needs different classes of identities are recognized in the various parts of

ISO/IEC 15459, which allows different requirements to be met by the identities associated with each class.

The rules for the identification of an individual occurrence of a product or product package, understood

to mean the layers zero and one defined in the International Standards ISO 17367 and ISO 17366,

respectively, are defined and supported by examples.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 646, Information technology — ISO 7-bit coded character set for information interchange

ISO 3779, Road vehicles — Vehicle identification number (VIN) — Content and structure

ISO/IEC 15459-2, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques —

Unique identification — Part 2: Registration procedures

ISO/IEC 15459-3, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques —

Unique identification — Part 3: Common rules

ISO/IEC 19762-1, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture (AIDC)

techniques — Harmonized vocabulary — Part 1: General terms relating to AIDC
GS1 General Specifications
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/IEC 19762-1 and

ISO/IEC 15459-3 apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— IEC Electropedia: available at http://www.electropedia.org/
— ISO Online browsing platform: available at http://www.iso.org/obp
© ISO/IEC 2014 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/IEC 15459-4:2014(E)
4 Identities for individual products and product packages

Each individual product or product package (See Annex A) shall be unambiguously identified by a

qualifier and a string as defined in Clause 5 so that individual products or product packages of a given

type can be distinguished from other types. The permitted combinations of qualifier and string are

determined by the Issuing Agency.

If there is only one individual product in a product package, or one individual product is seen as

dominant in the product package, the product package may use the identity as the included sole or

dominant individual product (see Clause 4.1). In other cases a product package shall have its own

identity, making it possible to differentiate the product package from the included individual products.

Notwithstanding the above, where regulatory requirements or industry practice dictate it may be

necessary to assign an identity to the only or all the individual products in a package.

4.1 Qualifiers for individual products and product packages

The qualifier component of an identity for a product or product package may use any data format

supported by ISO/IEC 15434 or ISO/IEC 9834-1. What formats may be used are to be specified by the

Issuing Agency rules. For the purpose of this standard examples are not meant to be exhaustive, but

rather representative of the full suite of data qualifiers possible to use and relevant to this standard;

4.1.1 Identity using a serial component
— GS1 Application Identifiers 8004

If this method is used to create the identity each unique identity issuer would select the appropriate

GS1 Application Identifier, conforming to the requirements of the GS1 General Specification, to act

as the qualifier of the identity.
— ASC MH 10 Data Identifiers 25S or 3I

If this method is used to create the identity each unique identity issuer would select the appropriate

ASC MH10 Data Identifier as required by the appropriate Issuing Agency to act as the qualifier of

...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/IEC
DRAFT
STANDARD FDIS
15459-4
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31
Information technology — Automatic
Secretariat: ANSI
identification and data capture
Voting begins on:
2014-06-03 techniques — Unique identification —
Voting terminates on:
Part 4:
2014-08-03
Individual products and product
packages
Technologies de l’information — Identification automatique et
techniques de capture de données — Identification unique —
Partie 4: Articles individuels et paquetages d’article
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/IEC FDIS 15459-4:2014(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO/IEC 2014
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/IEC FDIS 15459-4:2014(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO/IEC 2014

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this publication may be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form

or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting on the internet or an intranet, without prior

written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address below or ISO’s member body in the country of

the requester.
ISO copyright office
Case postale 56 • CH-1211 Geneva 20
Tel. + 41 22 749 01 11
Fax + 41 22 749 09 47
E-mail copyright@iso.org
Web www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO/IEC 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/IEC FDIS 15459-4:2014(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

4 Identities for individual products and product packages ......................................................................................... 1

4.1 Qualifiers for individual products and product packages.................................................................................. 2

5 Identity for individual products and product packages .............................................................................................. 3

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.2 Maximum number of characters permissible in an identity ........................................................................... 3

5.3 Permissible character sets in an identity ......................................................................................................................... 3

6 Implementation of coding using AIDC media ......................................................................................................................... 3

Annex A (normative) What is a product and/or product package? ..................................................................................... 4

Annex B (informative) Unique identification for product and product package management ..............5

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

© ISO/IEC 2014 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/IEC FDIS 15459-4:2014(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (the International Electrotechnical

Commission) form the specialized system for worldwide standardization. National bodies that are

members of ISO or IEC participate in the development of International Standards through technical

committees established by the respective organization to deal with particular fields of technical

activity. ISO and IEC technical committees collaborate in fields of mutual interest. Other international

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO and IEC, also take part in the

work. In the field of information technology, ISO and IEC have established a joint technical committee,

ISO/IEC JTC 1.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular the different approval criteria needed for

the different types of document should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www.iso.org/directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject

of patent rights. ISO and IEC shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

Details of any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction

and/or on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www.iso.org/patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation on the meaning of ISO specific terms and expressions related to conformity

assessment, as well as information about ISO’s adherence to the WTO principles in the Technical Barriers

to Trade (TBT) see the following URL: Foreword - Supplementary information

The committee responsible for this document is ISO/IEC JTC 1, Information technology, Subcommittee

SC 31, Automatic identification and data capture techniques.

This third edition cancels and replaces the second edition (ISO/IEC 15459-4:2008), which has been

technically revised.

ISO/IEC 15459 consists of the following parts (as a result of the reconstruction of previously published

parts 1 to 8), under the general title Information technology —Automatic identification and data capture

techniques— Unique identification:
— Part 1: Individual transport units
— Part 2: Registration procedures
— Part 3: Common rules
— Part 4: Individual products and product packages
— Part 5: Individual returnable transport items (RTIs)
— Part 6: Groupings
iv © ISO/IEC 2014 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/IEC FDIS 15459-4:2014(E)
Introduction

Unique identities can occur at many different levels, at item level, on the transport unit, on the returnable

transport item, at grouping levels, and elsewhere. Such entities are often handled by several parties,

both public and private, throughout their lifecycle. Each of these parties must be able to identify and

trace such distinct entities so that reference can be made to associated information such as quality

inspection data, the chemical substance contained, the batch or lot number of parts, components or raw

materials, etc.

The associated information is typically held in some kind of database. The information can be accessed

using EDI exchange or another appropriate access protocol, e.g. a directory access protocol.

There are considerable benefits if the identity of the entity is represented as a bar code or other AIDC

(Automatic Identification and Data Capture) media and attached to or made a constituent part of that

which is being uniquely identified so that
— it can be read electronically, thus minimizing errors;
— one identity can be used by all parties;

— each party can use the identity to look up its computer files to find the data associated with the

entity.

All AIDC technologies have the potential to encode an identity. It is expected that application standards,

using various automatic identification technologies, will be developed based upon the identity as a prime

key. These application standards, which can include additional rules for which level of identification

should be used, are often made available from the Issuing Agency.

The identity for products and product packages defined in this part of ISO/IEC 15459, and represented

in AIDC media attached to the product or product package, meets the needs defined in ISO/IEC 15459-3,

Common Rules.
© ISO/IEC 2014 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/IEC FDIS 15459-4:2014(E)
Information technology — Automatic identification and
data capture techniques — Unique identification —
Part 4:
Individual products and product packages
1 Scope

This part of ISO/IEC 15459 specifies a unique string of characters for the identification of individual

products and product packages. The character string is intended to be represented in a linear bar code

symbol or two-dimensional symbol or other AIDC media attached to the entity to meet management

needs. To address management needs different classes of identities are recognized in the various parts

of ISO/IEC 15459, which allows different requirements to be met by the identities associated with each

class.

The rules for the identification of an individual occurrence of a product or product package, understood

to mean the layers zero and one defined in the International Standards ISO 17367 and ISO 17366,

respectively, are defined and supported by examples.
2 Normative references

The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are

indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated

references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO/IEC 646, Information technology — ISO 7-bit coded character set for information interchange

ISO 3779, Road vehicles — Vehicle identification number (VIN) — Content and structure

ISO/IEC 15459-2, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques —

Unique identification — Part 2: Registration procedures

ISO/IEC 15459-3, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture techniques —

Unique identification — Part 3: Common rules

ISO/IEC 19762-1, Information technology — Automatic identification and data capture (AIDC) techniques —

Harmonized vocabulary — Part 1: General terms relating to AIDC
ANS MH.10.8.2, Data Identifier and Application Identifier Standard
GS1 General Specifications
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO/IEC 19762-1 and ISO/IEC 15459-

3 apply.
4 Identities for individual products and product packages

Each individual product or product package (See Annex A) shall be unambiguously identified by a

qualifier and a string as defined in Clause 5 so that individual products or product packages of a given

© ISO/IEC 2014 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO/IEC FDIS 15459-4:2014(E)

type can be distinguished from other types. The permitted combinations of qualifier and string are

determined by the Issuing Agency.

If there is only one individual product in a product package, or one individual product is seen as dominant

in the product package, the product package may use the identity as the included sole or dominant

individual product (see Clause 4.1). In other cases a product package shall have its own identity, making

it possible to differentiate the product package from the included individual products.

Notwithstanding the above, where regulatory requirements or industry practice dictate it may be

necessary to assign an identity to the only or all the individual products in a package.

4.1 Qualifiers for individual products and product packages

The qualifier component of an identity for a product or product package may use any data format

supported by ISO/IEC 15434 or ISO/IEC 9834-1. What formats may be used are to be specified by the

Issuing Agency rules. For the purpose of this standard examples are not meant to be exhaustive, but

rather representative of the full suite of data qualifiers possible to use and relevant to this standard;

4.1.1 Identity using a serial component
— GS1 Application Identifiers 8004

If this method is used to create the identity each unique identity issuer would select the appropriate

GS1 Application Identifier, conforming to the requirements of the GS1 General Specification, to act

as the qualifier of the identity.
— ASC MH 10 Data Identifiers 25S or 3I

If this method is used to create the identity each unique identity issuer would select the appropriate

ASC MH10 Data Identifier as required by the appropriate Issuing Agency to act as the qualifier of

the identity.

NOTE The structure of an identity following “3I” is defined in ISO 3779, Road vehicles — Vehicle

identification number (VIN) — Content an
...

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