Energy efficiency of industrial trucks -- Test methods

This document specifies the method of energy consumption measurement for the following types of industrial trucks as defined in ISO 5053‑1: — counterbalance lift truck; — articulated counterbalance lift truck; — reach truck (with retractable mast or fork arm carriage); — straddle truck; — pallet-stacking truck; — pallet truck; — platform and stillage truck; — pallet truck end controlled; — order-picking truck; — centre-controlled order-picking truck; — towing, pushing tractor and burden carrier; — towing and stacking tractor; — side-loading truck (one side only); — lateral-stacking truck (both sides); — lateral-stacking truck (three sides); — multi-directional lift truck.

Efficacité énergétique des chariots de manutention -- Méthodes d'essai

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
28-May-2020
Current Stage
6060 - International Standard published
Start Date
29-May-2020
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 23308-2
First edition
2020-05
Energy efficiency of industrial
trucks — Test methods —
Part 2:
Operator controlled self propelled
trucks, towing and burden carrier
trucks
Efficacité énergétique des chariots de manutention — Méthodes
d'essai —
Partie 2: Chariots automoteurs commandés par l'opérateur, tracteurs
et chariots transporteurs de charge
Reference number
ISO 23308-2:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 23308-2:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 23308-2:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Test conditions ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Measurement procedure .............................................................................................................................................................................. 2

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.2 Test layout ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.3 Operating requirements and sequence for counterbalance lift trucks and

comparable truck designs ............................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.4 Operating requirements for other types of self-propelled trucks .............................................................. 4

5.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.4.2 Operating sequence for reach trucks ............................................................................................................. 5

5.4.3 Operating sequence of straddle trucks and pallet stacking trucks ...................................... 5

5.4.4 Operating sequence for pallet and stillage trucks, pallet trucks end

controlled, centre controlled order picking trucks ............................................................................ 6

5.4.5 Operating sequence for towing tractors and burden carriers .................................................. 6

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 23308-2:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 110, Industrial trucks, Subcommittee

SC 5, Sustainability.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
This document is intended to be used in conjunction with ISO 23308-1.
A list of all parts in the ISO 23308 series can be found on the ISO website.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 23308-2:2020(E)
Introduction

The ISO 23308 series deals with the energy efficiency of industrial trucks including batteries and

battery chargers.

ISO 23308-1 contains the procedures to determine the efficiency of trucks, traction batteries and

battery chargers. The other parts provide a specific test cycle for different truck types.

NOTE The test cycles are based on the VDI 2198 guideline. This guideline is widely accepted by industry and

is used to measure the energy consumption of electric industrial trucks and internal combustion (IC) industrial

trucks. The guideline has been in place since 1996 and it is used broadly. This approach allows the evaluation of

the energy efficiency of trucks by comparison.

The content of this document is of relevance for the following stakeholder groups:

— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);
— market surveillance authorities;
— machine users (small, medium and large enterprises);
— service providers, e.g. for consulting activities.

The stakeholder groups above have been given the opportunity to participate at the drafting process of

this document. The machines concerned are indicated in the scope of this document.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 23308-2:2020(E)
Energy efficiency of industrial trucks — Test methods —
Part 2:
Operator controlled self propelled trucks, towing and
burden carrier trucks
1 Scope

This document specifies the method of energy consumption measurement for the following types of

industrial trucks as defined in ISO 5053-1:
— counterbalance lift truck;
— articulated counterbalance lift truck;
— reach truck (with retractable mast or fork arm carriage);
— straddle truck;
— pallet-stacking truck;
— pallet truck;
— platform and stillage truck;
— pallet truck end controlled;
— order-picking truck;
— centre-controlled order-picking truck;
— towing, pushing tractor and burden carrier;
— towing and stacking tractor;
— side-loading truck (one side only);
— lateral-stacking truck (both sides);
— lateral-stacking truck (three sides);
— multi-directional lift truck.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 23308-1:2020, Energy efficiency of Industrial trucks — Test methods — Part 1: General

ISO 3691-1:2011, Industrial trucks — Safety requirements and verification — Part 1: Self-propelled

industrial trucks, other than driverless trucks, variable-reach trucks and burden-

...

FINAL
INTERNATIONAL ISO/FDIS
DRAFT
STANDARD 23308-2
ISO/TC 110/SC 5
Energy efficiency of industrial
Secretariat: SAC
trucks — Test methods —
Voting begins on:
2020-03-07
Part 2:
Voting terminates on:
Operator controlled self propelled
2020-05-02
trucks, towing and burden carrier
trucks
Efficacité énergétique des chariots de manutention — Méthodes
d'essai —
Partie 2: Chariots automoteurs commandés par l'opérateur, tracteurs
et chariots transporteurs de charge
RECIPIENTS OF THIS DRAFT ARE INVITED TO
SUBMIT, WITH THEIR COMMENTS, NOTIFICATION
OF ANY RELEVANT PATENT RIGHTS OF WHICH
THEY ARE AWARE AND TO PROVIDE SUPPOR TING
DOCUMENTATION.
IN ADDITION TO THEIR EVALUATION AS
Reference number
BEING ACCEPTABLE FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNO-
ISO/FDIS 23308-2:2020(E)
LOGICAL, COMMERCIAL AND USER PURPOSES,
DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS MAY ON
OCCASION HAVE TO BE CONSIDERED IN THE
LIGHT OF THEIR POTENTIAL TO BECOME STAN-
DARDS TO WHICH REFERENCE MAY BE MADE IN
NATIONAL REGULATIONS. ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23308-2:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Fax: +41 22 749 09 47
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23308-2:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Test conditions ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5 Measurement procedure .............................................................................................................................................................................. 2

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.2 Test layout ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.3 Operating requirements and sequence for counterbalance lift trucks and

comparable truck designs ............................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.4 Operating requirements for other types of self-propelled trucks .............................................................. 4

5.4.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.4.2 Operating sequence for reach trucks ............................................................................................................. 5

5.4.3 Operating sequence of straddle trucks and pallet stacking trucks ...................................... 5

5.4.4 Operating sequence for pallet and stillage trucks, pallet trucks end

controlled, centre controlled order picking trucks ............................................................................ 6

5.4.5 Operating sequence for towing tractors and burden carriers .................................................. 6

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23308-2:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 110, Industrial trucks, Subcommittee

SC 5, Sustainability.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
This document is intended to be used in conjunction with ISO 23308-1.
A list of all parts in the ISO 23308 series can be found on the ISO website.
iv © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO/FDIS 23308-2:2020(E)
Introduction

The ISO 23308 series deals with the energy efficiency of industrial trucks including batteries and

battery chargers.

ISO 23308-1 contains the procedures to determine the efficiency of trucks, traction batteries and

battery chargers. The other parts provide a specific test cycle for different truck types.

NOTE The test cycles are based on the VDI 2198 guideline. This guideline is widely accepted by industry and

is used to measure the energy consumption of electric industrial trucks and internal combustion (IC) industrial

trucks. The guideline has been in place since 1996 and it is used broadly. This approach allows the evaluation of

the energy efficiency of trucks by comparison.

The content of this document is of relevance for the following stakeholder groups:

— machine manufacturers (small, medium and large enterprises);
— market surveillance authorities;
— machine users (small, medium and large enterprises);
— service providers, e.g. for consulting activities.

The stakeholder groups above have been given the opportunity to participate at the drafting process of

this document. The machines concerned are indicated in the Scope of this document.

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
FINAL DRAFT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO/FDIS 23308-2:2020(E)
Energy efficiency of industrial trucks — Test methods —
Part 2:
Operator controlled self propelled trucks, towing and
burden carrier trucks
1 Scope

This document specifies the method of energy consumption measurement for the following types of

industrial trucks as defined in ISO 5053-1:
— counterbalance lift truck;
— articulated counterbalance lift truck;
— reach truck (with retractable mast or fork arm carriage);
— straddle truck;
— pallet-stacking truck;
— pallet truck;
— platform and stillage truck;
— pallet truck end controlled;
— order-picking truck;
— centre-controlled order-picking truck;
— towing, pushing tractor and burden carrier;
— towing and stacking tractor;
— side-loading truck (one side only);
— lateral-stacking truck (both sides);
— lateral-stacking truck (three sides);
— multi-directional lift truck.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 23308
...

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