Fire resistance tests -- Door and shutter assemblies

This document specifies a standard test methodology and resulting field of direct application which are applicable to linear joint fire seal materials used to seal around fire door sets which have been tested in accordance with ISO 3008‑1. The test methodology described in this document uses a smaller-scale fire resistance furnace than that prescribed in ISO 3008‑1.

Essais de résistance au feu -- Assemblages de portes et volets

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Status
Published
Publication Date
15-Feb-2021
Current Stage
5060 - Close of voting Proof returned by Secretariat
Start Date
11-Jan-2021
Completion Date
11-Jan-2021
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INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 3008-4
First edition
2021-02
Fire resistance tests — Door and
shutter assemblies —
Part 4:
Linear joint fire seal materials used to
seal the gap between a fire door frame
and the supporting construction
Reference number
ISO 3008-4:2021(E)
ISO 2021
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 3008-4:2021(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2021

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 3008-4:2021(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Test equipment....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.1 Reduced-scale furnace...................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Furnace internal dimensions ...................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3 Vertical furnace dimensions ........................................................................................................................................................ 2

5 Test specimen .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.2 Specimen size ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.3 Specimen design .................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.4 Timber door frame sections ........................................................................................................................................................ 3

5.5 Splices ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.6 Supporting construction ................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.7 Packers and fixings .............................................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.7.1 Packers ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.7.2 Fixings ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6 Test conditions ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.1 Heating conditions ............................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2 Pressure ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

7 Specimen preparation .................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

7.1 Supporting construction ................................................................................................................................................................. 5

7.2 Joint seal ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

7.3 Splice location .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

7.4 Conditioning .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

7.5 Information and test specimen verification .................................................................................................................. 6

8 Instrumentation .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

8.1 Temperature .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

8.1.1 Furnace thermocouples (Plate thermometers) .................................................................................... 6

8.1.2 Unexposed-surface thermocouples ................................................................................................................. 7

8.1.3 Roving thermocouples ................................................................................................................................................ 7

8.2 Pressure ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

8.3 Deformation .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

8.4 Integrity ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

9 Test procedure ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

9.1 General test procedure ..................................................................................................................................................................... 8

9.2 Termination of test .............................................................................................................................................................................. 8

10 General performance criteria ................................................................................................................................................................. 8

10.1 Insulation ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

10.2 Integrity ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

11 Expression of test results............................................................................................................................................................................. 9

12 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

13 Field of application ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

Annex A (normative) Field of application ....................................................................................................................................................10

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 3008-4:2021(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 92, Fire safety, Subcommittee SC 2, Fire

containment.
A list of all parts in the ISO 3008 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv © ISO 2021 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 3008-4:2021(E)
Introduction

This fire test method provides a methodology for testing linear joint fire seal materials intended to be

used to seal the ‘linear joint gap’ between a fire door frame and the supporting construction.

This test methodology is only appropriate for the evaluation of alternate linear joint fire seal materials

used to seal the gap between a fire door frame and the supporting construction, if:

a) the fire door frame, doors and supporting construction have already been successfully tested

according to ISO 3008-1 and the gap between the door frame and the supporting construction does

not exceed 6 mm, provided the door and frame assembly does not permit the penetration of a gap

gauge, as specified in ISO 834-1:1999, 8.4.2; or

b) the fire door frame, doors and supporting construction have already been successfully tested

according to ISO 3008-1 and during the full-scale fire resistance test, deflection of the supporting

construction and the fire door frame was found to be less than 100 mm.
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 3008-4:2021(E)
Fire resistance tests — Door and shutter assemblies —
Part 4:
Linear joint fire seal materials used to seal the gap
between a fire door frame and the supporting construction

CAUTION — The attention of all persons concerned with managing and carrying out this

fire-resistance test is drawn to the fact that fire testing can be hazardous and that there is a

possibility of toxic and/or harmful smoke and gases evolving during the test. Mechanical and

operational hazards can also arise during the construction of the test elements or structures,

their testing and the disposal of test residues.

An assessment of all potential hazards and risks to health shall be made and safety precautions

shall be identified and provided. Written safety instructions shall be issued. Appropriate

training shall be given to relevant personnel. Laboratory personnel shall ensure that they follow

written safety instructions at all times.
1 Scope

This document specifies a standard test methodology and resulting field of direct application which are

applicable to linear joint fire seal materials used to seal around fire door sets which have been tested in

accordance with ISO 3008-1.

The test methodology described in this document uses a smaller-scale fire resistance furnace than that

prescribed in ISO 3008-1.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 834-1, Fire-resistance tests — Elements of building construction — Part 1: General requirements

ISO 834-8, Fire-resistance tests — Elements of building construction — Part 8: Specific requirements for

non-loadbearing vertical separating elements

ISO 3008-1, Fire resistance tests — Door and shutter assemblies — Part 1: General requirements

ISO 10295-1, Fire tests for building elements and components — Fire testing of service installations —

Part 1: Penetration seals

ISO 10295-2, Fire tests for building elements and components — Fire testing of service installations —

Part 2: Linear joint (gap) seals

ISO/TR 10295-3, Fire tests for building elements and components — Fire testing of service installations —

Part 3: Single component penetration seals — Guidance on the construction and use of test configurations

and simulated services to characterise sealing materials
ISO 13943, Fire safety — Vocabulary
© ISO 2021 – All rights reserved 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 3008-4:2021(E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 834-1, ISO 834-8, ISO 3008-1,

ISO 10295-1, ISO 10295-2, ISO 10295-3, ISO 13943 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at ht
...

INTERNATIONAL ISO
STANDARD 3008-4
First edition
Fire resistance tests — Door and
shutter assemblies —
Part 4:
Linear joint fire seal materials used to
seal the gap between a fire door frame
and the supporting construction
PROOF/ÉPREUVE
Reference number
ISO 3008-4:2020(E)
ISO 2020
---------------------- Page: 1 ----------------------
ISO 3008-4:2020(E)
COPYRIGHT PROTECTED DOCUMENT
© ISO 2020

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, or required in the context of its implementation, no part of this publication may

be reproduced or utilized otherwise in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, or posting

on the internet or an intranet, without prior written permission. Permission can be requested from either ISO at the address

below or ISO’s member body in the country of the requester.
ISO copyright office
CP 401 • Ch. de Blandonnet 8
CH-1214 Vernier, Geneva
Phone: +41 22 749 01 11
Email: copyright@iso.org
Website: www.iso.org
Published in Switzerland
ii PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 2 ----------------------
ISO 3008-4:2020(E)
Contents Page

Foreword ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................iv

Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................v

1 Scope ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1

2 Normative references ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 1

3 Terms and definitions ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4 Test equipment....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.1 Reduced-scale furnace...................................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.2 Furnace internal dimensions ...................................................................................................................................................... 2

4.3 Vertical furnace dimensions ........................................................................................................................................................ 2

5 Test specimen .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2

5.2 Specimen size ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.3 Specimen design .................................................................................................................................................................................... 3

5.4 Timber door frame sections ........................................................................................................................................................ 3

5.5 Splices ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.6 Supporting construction ................................................................................................................................................................. 3

5.7 Packers and fixings .............................................................................................................................................................................. 4

5.7.1 Packers ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

5.7.2 Fixings ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 4

6 Test conditions ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.1 Heating conditions ............................................................................................................................................................................... 5

6.2 Pressure ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5

7 Specimen preparation .................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

7.1 Supporting construction ................................................................................................................................................................. 5

7.2 Joint seal ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5

7.3 Splice location .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

7.4 Conditioning .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

7.5 Information and test specimen verification .................................................................................................................. 6

8 Instrumentation .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 6

8.1 Temperature .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 6

8.1.1 Furnace thermocouples (Plate thermometers) .................................................................................... 6

8.1.2 Unexposed-surface thermocouples ................................................................................................................. 7

8.1.3 Roving thermocouples ................................................................................................................................................ 7

8.2 Pressure ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 7

8.3 Deformation .............................................................................................................................................................................................. 7

8.4 Integrity ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

9 Test procedure ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 8

9.1 General test procedure ..................................................................................................................................................................... 8

9.2 Termination of test .............................................................................................................................................................................. 8

10 General performance criteria ................................................................................................................................................................. 8

10.1 Insulation ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 8

10.2 Integrity ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

11 Expression of test results............................................................................................................................................................................. 9

12 Test report ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9

13 Field of Application ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

Annex A (normative) Field of application ....................................................................................................................................................10

Bibliography .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................11

© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE iii
---------------------- Page: 3 ----------------------
ISO 3008-4:2020(E)
Foreword

ISO (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards

bodies (ISO member bodies). The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out

through ISO technical committees. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical

committee has been established has the right to be represented on that committee. International

organizations, governmental and non-governmental, in liaison with ISO, also take part in the work.

ISO collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of

electrotechnical standardization.

The procedures used to develop this document and those intended for its further maintenance are

described in the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 1. In particular, the different approval criteria needed for the

different types of ISO documents should be noted. This document was drafted in accordance with the

editorial rules of the ISO/IEC Directives, Part 2 (see www .iso .org/ directives).

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of

patent rights. ISO shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights. Details of

any patent rights identified during the development of the document will be in the Introduction and/or

on the ISO list of patent declarations received (see www .iso .org/ patents).

Any trade name used in this document is information given for the convenience of users and does not

constitute an endorsement.

For an explanation of the voluntary nature of standards, the meaning of ISO specific terms and

expressions related to conformity assessment, as well as information about ISO's adherence to the

World Trade Organization (WTO) principles in the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), see www .iso .org/

iso/ foreword .html.

This document was prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 92, Fire safety, Subcommittee SC 2, Fire

containment.
A list of all parts in the ISO 3008 series can be found on the ISO website.

Any feedback or questions on this document should be directed to the user’s national standards body. A

complete listing of these bodies can be found at www .iso .org/ members .html.
iv PROOF/ÉPREUVE © ISO 2020 – All rights reserved
---------------------- Page: 4 ----------------------
ISO 3008-4:2020(E)
Introduction

This fire test method provides a methodology for testing linear joint fire seal materials intended to be

used to seal the ‘linear joint gap’ between a fire door frame and the supporting construction.

This test methodology is only appropriate for the evaluation of alternate linear joint fire seal materials

used to seal the gap between a fire door frame and the supporting construction, if:

a) The fire door frame, doors and supporting construction have already been successfully tested

according to ISO 3008-1 and the gap between the door frame and the supporting construction does

not exceed 6 mm, provided the door and frame assembly does not permit the penetration of a gap

gauge, as specified in ISO 834-1:1999, 8.4.2; or

b) The fire door frame, doors and supporting construction have already been successfully tested

according to ISO 3008-1 and during the full-scale fire resistance test, deflection of the supporting

construction and the fire door frame was found to be less than 100 mm.
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE v
---------------------- Page: 5 ----------------------
INTERNATIONAL STANDARD ISO 3008-4:2020(E)
Fire resistance tests — Door and shutter assemblies —
Part 4:
Linear joint fire seal materials used to seal the gap
between a fire door frame and the supporting construction

CAUTION — The attention of all persons concerned with managing and carrying out this

fire-resistance test is drawn to the fact that fire testing can be hazardous and that there is a

possibility of toxic and/or harmful smoke and gases evolving during the test. Mechanical and

operational hazards can also arise during the construction of the test elements or structures,

their testing and the disposal of test residues.

An assessment of all potential hazards and risks to health shall be made and safety precautions

shall be identified and provided. Written safety instructions shall be issued. Appropriate

training shall be given to relevant personnel. Laboratory personnel shall ensure that they follow

written safety instructions at all times.
1 Scope

This document specifies a standard test methodology and resulting field of direct application which are

applicable to linear joint fire seal materials used to seal around fire door sets which have been tested in

accordance with ISO 3008-1.

The test methodology described in this document uses a smaller-scale fire resistance furnace than that

prescribed in ISO 3008-1.
2 Normative references

The following documents are referred to in the text in such a way that some or all of their content

constitutes requirements of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For

undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.

ISO 3008-1, Fire resistance tests — Door and shutter assemblies — Part 1: General requirements

ISO 834-1, Fire-resistance tests — Elements of building construction — Part 1: General requirements

ISO 834-8, Fire-resistance tests — Elements of building construction — Part 8: Specific requirements for

non-loadbearing vertical separating elements

ISO 10295-1, Fire tests for building elements and components — Fire testing of service installations —

Part 1: Penetration seals

ISO 10295-2, Fire tests for building elements and components — Fire testing of service installations —

Part 2: Linear joint (gap) seals

ISO/TR 10295-3, Fire tests for building elements and components — Fire testing of service installations —

Part 3: Single component penetration seals — Guidance on the construction and use of test configurations

and simulated services to characterise sealing materials
ISO 13943, Fire safety — Vocabulary
© ISO 2020 – All rights reserved PROOF/ÉPREUVE 1
---------------------- Page: 6 ----------------------
ISO 3008-4:2020(E)
3 Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in ISO 834-1, ISO 834-8, ISO 3008-1,

ISO 10295-1, ISO 10295-2, ISO 10295-3, ISO 13943 and the following apply.

ISO and IEC maintain terminological databases for use in standardization at the following addresses:

— ISO Online browsing platform: available at https:// www .iso .org/ obp
— IEC Electropedia: available at http:// www .electro
...

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