Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN); Videoconference teleservice; Service description

To prepare a stage one service description for a videoconference teleservice in the ISDN.

Digitalno omrežje z integriranimi storitvami (ISDN) – Daljinske storitve: Videokonferenca – Opis storitve

General Information

Status
Published
Publication Date
30-Nov-2003
Current Stage
6060 - National Implementation/Publication (Adopted Project)
Start Date
01-Dec-2003
Due Date
01-Dec-2003
Completion Date
01-Dec-2003

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SLOVENSKI STANDARD
SIST ETS 300 678 E1:2003
01-december-2003
Digitalno omrežje z integriranimi storitvami (ISDN) – Daljinske storitve:
Videokonferenca – Opis storitve
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN); Videoconference teleservice; Service
description
Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z: ETS 300 678 Edition 1
ICS:
33.080 Digitalno omrežje z Integrated Services Digital
integriranimi storitvami Network (ISDN)
(ISDN)
33.160.60 9HþSUHGVWDYQL PXOWLPHGLMVNL Multimedia systems and
VLVWHPLLQRSUHPD]D teleconferencing equipment
WHOHNRQIHUHQFH
SIST ETS 300 678 E1:2003 en

2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.

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SIST ETS 300 678 E1:2003
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SIST ETS 300 678 E1:2003
EUROPEAN ETS 300 678
TELECOMMUNICATION November 1996
STANDARD
Source: ETSI TC-TE Reference: DE/TE-04030
ICS: 33.080
Key words: Conference, ISDN, stage 1, video
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN);
Videoconference teleservice;
Service description
ETSI
European Telecommunications Standards Institute
ETSI Secretariat
Postal address: F-06921 Sophia Antipolis CEDEX - FRANCE
Office address: 650 Route des Lucioles - Sophia Antipolis - Valbonne - FRANCE
X.400: c=fr, a=atlas, p=etsi, s=secretariat - Internet: secretariat@etsi.fr
Tel.: +33 4 92 94 42 00 - Fax: +33 4 93 65 47 16

Copyright Notification: No part may be reproduced except as authorized by written permission. The copyright and the

foregoing restriction extend to reproduction in all media.
© European Telecommunications Standards Institute 1996. All rights reserved.
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ETS 300 678: November 1996

Whilst every care has been taken in the preparation and publication of this document, errors in content,

typographical or otherwise, may occur. If you have comments concerning its accuracy, please write to

"ETSI Editing and Committee Support Dept." at the address shown on the title page.

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ETS 300 678: November 1996
Contents

Foreword .......................................................................................................................................................5

1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................7

2 Normative references..........................................................................................................................7

3 Definitions............................................................................................................................................8

4 Abbreviations.....................................................................................................................................10

5 Description ........................................................................................................................................10

6 Procedures........................................................................................................................................10

6.1 Provision and withdrawal ...................................................................................................10

6.2 Normal procedures ............................................................................................................11

6.2.1 Originating the call (call establishment).........................................................11

6.2.2 Indications during call establishment.............................................................12

6.2.3 Varying the B-channel number during the conference..................................12

6.2.4 Terminating the conference ..........................................................................12

6.2.4.1 Point-to-point conference ....................................................12

6.2.4.2 Multipoint conference...........................................................12

6.2.5 Change of communication mode ..................................................................12

6.2.6 Multipoint control ...........................................................................................13

6.2.7 Data communication .....................................................................................13

6.3 Exceptional procedures .....................................................................................................13

6.3.1 Situations at the calling user side..................................................................13

6.3.2 Situations at the called user side...................................................................13

6.3.3 Situations due to network conditions.............................................................13

6.3.4 Retention of call information..........................................................................13

6.3.5 Failure of additional calls...............................................................................14

7 Intercommunication and interworking ...............................................................................................14

7.1 Normal operation ...............................................................................................................14

7.2 Fall-back procedures .........................................................................................................14

7.2.1 Fall-back to the telephony 3,1 kHz teleservice..............................................14

7.2.2 Interworking with non-ISDNs.........................................................................15

7.3 Interworking with private ISDNs.........................................................................................15

7.4 Restricted network operation .............................................................................................15

8 Special use of supplementary services.............................................................................................15

9 Static description of the service using attributes ...............................................................................16

9.1 Low layer attributes............................................................................................................16

9.2 Access attributes ...............................................................................................................16

9.3 High layer attributes ...........................................................................................................17

9.4 General attributes ..............................................................................................................17

10 Encryption..........................................................................................................................................18

Annex A (informative): Various functionalities of the complete "videoconference service" ....................19

A.1 Overall description.............................................................................................................................19

A.2 Videoconference configurations........................................................................................................19

A.2.1 Point-to-point configuration................................................................................................19

A.2.2 Switched video multipoint configuration.............................................................................20

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A.2.3 Multipoint configuration with picture composition.............................................................. 20

A.3 Conference set-up mode.................................................................................................................. 21

Annex B (informative): Applicability of supplementary services to the videoconference teleservice...... 22

B.1 Hold, Transfer and Portability ........................................................................................................... 22

B.2 Multiparty supplementary services ................................................................................................... 22

B.3 Supplementary services applicable without restriction ..................................................................... 22

B.4 Supplementary services applicable with restriction .......................................................................... 22

Annex C (informative): Relation between standards and recommendations relevant for the

videoconference service .................................................................................... 24

Annex D (informative): Bibliography ....................................................................................................... 25

History......................................................................................................................................................... 27

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ETS 300 678: November 1996
Foreword

This European Telecommunication Standard (ETS) has been produced by the Terminal Equipment (TE)

Technical Committee of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI).

Transposition dates
Date of adoption of this ETS: 25 October 1996
Date of latest announcement of this ETS (doa): 28 February 1997
Date of latest publication of new National Standard
or endorsement of this ETS (dop/e): 31 August 1997
Date of withdrawal of any conflicting National Standard (dow): 31 August 1997
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1 Scope

This European Telecommunication Standard (ETS) defines the stage one of the videoconference

teleservice for the pan-European Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) as provided by European

public telecommunications operators. Stage one is an overall service description from the user's point of

view (see CCITT Recommendation I.130 in annex D), but does not deal with the details of the human

interface itself.

The videoconference teleservice applies to point-to-point communications established between either two

terminals or one terminal and a Multipoint Control Unit (MCU).

The "conference service" provided by a MCU is outside the scope of this ETS. Related information may be

found in informative annexes A and B of this ETS, and also in ITU-T Recommendation F.730 (see

annex D).

This ETS defines the interworking requirements of private ISDNs with the public ISDN.

In addition, this ETS specifies the base requirements where the service is provided to the user via a

private ISDN.

This ETS does not specify the additional requirements where the service is provided to the user via a

telecommunications network that is not an ISDN but does include interworking requirements of other

networks with the public ISDN.
Charging principles are outside the scope of this ETS.
The values of the general attributes are outside the scope of this ETS.

The videoconference teleservice is a real-time teleservice in which high quality audio, video, control

signals and data are interchanged using two or more circuit-mode 64 kbit/s connections.

This ETS is applicable to the stage two and stage three standards for the ISDN videoconference

teleservice. The terms "stage two" and "stage three" are also defined in CCITT Recommendation I.130

(see annex D). Where the text indicates the status of a requirement (i.e. as strict command or prohibition,

as authorization leaving freedom, or as a capability or possibility), this is reflected in the text of the relevant

stage two and stage three standards.

Furthermore, conformance to this ETS is met by conforming to the stage three standard with the field of

application appropriate to the equipment being implemented concerning characteristics at the user-

network interface, and by conforming to the standard on the end-to-end characteristics appropriate to the

equipment being implemented. Therefore, no method of testing is provided for this ETS.

2 Normative references

This ETS incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These

normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listed

hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of any of these publications

apply to this ETS only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest

edition of the publication referred to applies.
[1] ETS 300 144 (1996): "Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN); Audiovisual
services; Frame structure for a 64 kbit/s to 1 920 kbit/s channel and associated
syntax for inband signalling".
[2] ETS 300 111 (1992): "Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN); Telephony
3,1 kHz teleservice, Service description".
[3] ETS 300 263 (1994): "Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN); Telephony
7 kHz teleservice, Service description".
[4] CCITT Recommendation G.728 (1992): "Coding of speech at 16 kbit/s using
low-delay code excited linear prediction".
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[5] ETS 300 143 (1994): "Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN); Audiovisual
services; inband signalling procedures for audiovisual terminals using digital
channels up to 2 048 kbit/s".
[6] CCITT Recommendation G.711 (1985)88): "Pulse code modulation (PCM) of
voice frequencies".
[7] CCITT Recommendation G.722 (1985)88): "7 kHz audio-coding within
64 kbit/s".
[8] ITU-T Recommendation I.140 (1985)93): "Attribute technique for the
characterization of telecommunication services supported by an ISDN and
network capabilities of an ISDN".
[9] ETS 300 483 (1996): "Terminal Equipment (TE); Integrated Services Digital
Network (ISDN); Multipoint communications for Audiovisual Services; Main
functionalities and basic requirements for Multipoint Control Units (MCUs)".
[10] ITU-T Recommendation H.242 (19985)96): "System for establishing
communication between audiovisual terminals using digital channels up to
2 Mbit/s".

[11] ITU-T Recommendation H.233: "Confidentiality system for audiovisual services".

[12] ITU-T Recommendation H.243 (1985)93): "Procedures for establishing
communication between three or more for audiovisual terminals using digital
channels up to 1 920 kbit/s".
[13] ETS 300 345: "Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN); Interworking
between public ISDNs and private ISDNs for the provision of telecommunication
services. General aspects".
[14] ITU-T Recommendation T.122 (1985)93): "Multipoint communication service for
audiographics and audiovisual conferencing service definition".
[15] ITU-T Recommendation T.123 (1985)94): "Protocol stacks for audiographic and
audiovisual teleconference applications".
[16] ITU-T Recommendation T.124 (1995): "Generic conference control".
[17] ITU-T Recommendation T.125 (1994): "Multipoint communication service
protocol specification".

[18] ITU-T Recommendation T.126: "Multipoint still image and annotation protocol".

[19] ITU-T Recommendation T.127: "Multipoint binary file transfer protocol".
[20] ITU-T Recommendation H.261: "Video codec for audiovisual services at
p x 64 kbit/s".
3 Definitions
For the purposes of this ETS, the following definitions apply:

Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN): An integrated services network that provides digital

connections between user-network interfaces (ITU-T Recommendation I.112, subclause 2.3,

definition 308).

Channel Aggregation Unit (CAU): A device having both multiple 64 kbit/s accesses and a single access

at a higher bitrate. Reference in this ETS to "CAU" or "aggregator" means equipment conforming to

ETS 300 481 (cf. bibliography in annex D).
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service; telecommunications service: That which is offered by a service provider to its customers in

order to satisfy a specific telecommunication requirement [ITU-T Recommendation I.112, subclause 2.2,

definition 201].

supplementary service: A supplementary service modifies or supplements a basic telecommunication

service. Consequently, it cannot be offered to a customer as a standalone service. It should be offered

together with or in association with a basic telecommunication service. The same supplementary service

may be common to a number of telecommunication services [ITU-T Recommendation I.210,

subclause 2.4].

teleservice: A type of telecommunication service that provides the complete capability, including terminal

equipment functions, for communication between users according to protocols established by agreement

between service providers [ITU-T Recommendation I.112, subclause 2.2, definition 203].

videoconference terminal: A terminal that supports the videoconference teleservice.

7 khz terminal: A terminal that supports the telephony 7 kHz teleservice.

3,1 khz terminal: A terminal that supports only the telephony 3,1 kHz teleservice.

videotelephone terminal: A terminal that supports the videotelephony teleservice.

fall-back: The mechanism whereby the request for the videoconference teleservice, which includes an

indication that an alternative teleservice is acceptable, results in a call using the alternative teleservice. In

the case of the videoconference teleservice, the alternative teleservice is the telephony 3,1 kHz

teleservice. However, at the called side fall-back might result to the telephony 7 kHz teleservice.

served user: A user to whom the videoconference teleservice is provided.
Network Determined User Busy (NDUB): See description given in subclause 2.1.4 of
ITU-T Recommendation I.221.

User Determined User Busy (UDUB): Is specified for the case where the network offers the call to the

user and if no compatible terminal responds "positively" but one or more compatible terminals respond

"user busy".

restricted network: A network consisting of multiples of 64 kbit/s links, but where only multiples of

56 kbit/s are usable for the terminals (ETS 300 144 [1]).

retention timer: This timer specifies the amount of time that the network retains all the call information

supplied by the calling user when the call encounters busy or is terminated. Implementation of this timer is

a network option. The value for this timer is greater than 15 seconds.

Multipoint Control Unit (MCU): A piece of equipment located in a node of the network or in a terminal

that connects several terminals and, according to certain criterion, processes audiovisual signals and

distributes them to the connected terminals. Its main functionalities and applicable requirements are

specified in ETS 300 483 [9].

Service Channel (SC): The eighth sub-channel of a 64 kbit/s channel, or the seventh sub-channel when

communicating in restricted mode (ETS 300 144 [1]).
multi layer protocols: As defined in the T.120 series of ITU-T recommendations.

ISDN number: A number conforming to the numbering plan and structure specified in

CCITT Recommendation E.164.
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4 Abbreviations
For the purposes of this ETS, the following abbreviations apply:
BARAS Baseline Algorithm Recommended for use in Audiovisual Systems
CAU Channel Aggregation Unit
CIF Common Intermediate Format
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
MCS Multipoint Communication Service
MCU Multipoint Control Unit
MLP Multi Layer Protocols
MSN Multiple Subscriber Number
NDUB Network Determined User Busy
PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network
QCIF Quarter Common Interface Format
TE Terminal Equipment
UDUB User Determined User Busy
5 Description

The videoconference teleservice is a real-time teleservice in which audio and video signals are

transmitted inband together with signals for conference control and data communication, between a

terminal and a MCU, or between two terminals by means of two or more (up to 30) 64 kbit/s circuit-mode

connections in the ISDN.

NOTE 1: The quality of the moving colour pictures of the participants rises quickly with the

number of the 64 kbit/s connections.

NOTE 2: A videoconference terminal may support, as options, the telephony 3,1 kHz teleservice

as described in ETS 300 111 [2] and the telephony 7 kHz teleservice as described in

ETS 300 263 [3].

NOTE 3: To improve the video and data communication capacity, the audio encoding specified

in CCITT Recommendation G.728 [4] may be implemented as an option.

The network provides tones and/or announcements to support this teleservice. Tones and/or

announcements can be used to indicate the progress (or lack of progress) of a call.

User information and end-to-end signalling shall be transferred over the B-channel. Signalling for call

control shall be provided over the D-channel.

A MCU, to which all locations are connected individually over the ISDN, is required for the interconnection

of three or more users in a multipoint configuration. Two or more MCUs may be interconnected to

increase the number of participants of a multipoint conference.
6 Procedures
6.1 Provision and withdrawal

The videoconference teleservice shall either be provided after prior arrangement with the service provider,

or shall be generally available.

NOTE 1: As a service provider option, the videoconference teleservice can be offered with

several subscription options which apply separately to each ISDN number, or groups

of ISDN numbers on the interface. For each subscription option, only one value can be

selected.
Subscription options for the interface are summarized in table 1.
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Table 1
Subscription option Value
Maximum number of information m, where m is not greater than the number
channels available of information channels on the interface
Maximum number of total calls n, where n is not greater than the number of
present information channels on the interface

NOTE 2: The physical interface may be one, several, or a combination of basic and primary rate

access(es). A Channel Aggregation Unit (CAU) may be used to allow connection of

single access terminals. It should be noted that in this context an interface may consist

of a group of physical interfaces.

The user can be identified by an ISDN number, a group of ISDN numbers, or globally

for all ISDN numbers on the interface.
More than one ISDN number can be associated with the interface as a part of a
supplementary service such as the Multiple Subscriber Number (MSN) supplementary

service. In the case of one ISDN number, the option given in table 1 for the number of

calls can only exceed the number of information channels in association with a

supplementary service (e.g. the call waiting supplementary service). As a network

provider option, separate values may be specified for incoming and for outgoing calls

for either or both of the limits.

The videoconference teleservice shall be withdrawn by the service provider upon the

request of the subscriber, or for service reasons.
6.2 Normal procedures

For the videoconference teleservice, communication is by means of two or more 64 kbit/s connections,

and so two or more calls shall be established. For the establishment of the first call, the procedures of

subclause 6.2.1 shall apply. The subsequent calls shall be established using the procedures given in

subclause 6.2.1, provided that the first call has already been established.

The network shall provide out of band indications to indicate call progress. Network generated tones

and/or announcements shall be provided for the videoconference teleservice.
6.2.1 Originating the call (call establishment)
The videoconference teleservice shall be originated by the originating user:
- activating the terminal;

- performing the service selection, if applicable for the originating terminal; and

- terminating selection.

During this process, the originating user shall be given the appropriate indications as to the state of the

call.

The end-to-end path is framed according to ETS 300 144 [1]. The inband protocol shall be established

according to ETS 300 143 [5].
Call 1 shall be established before initiating any additional call.

NOTE 1: Call 1 is initially devoted to transfer of speech. The transmission audio mode on the

end-to-end digital path is defined according to ETS 300 144 [1], using the procedures

defined in ETS 300 143 [5].

Audio tones provided to the user during Call 1 shall be as for the telephony 3,1 kHz teleservice, given in

ETS 300 111 [2].

The subsequent calls can only be originated by the calling user's terminal after the connection has been

established on Call 1 and after the end-to-end capability exchange and mode initialization procedure are

completed.
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NOTE 2: The subsequent calls are devoted to video and data communication.
6.2.2 Indications during call establishment

At the called side, the calls shall be accepted after successful checking of compatibility information by the

terminal(s) addressed.

After initiating Call 1 the calling user shall receive an acknowledgement that the network is able to process

the call. The called user shall receive an indication of the arrival of an incoming videoconference call. The

calling user shall also be given an indication that the call is being offered to the called user. Acceptance of

Call 1 by the called user (answer), shall cause the indications to be removed and the bi-directional

communication path to be provided.

After initiating each subsequent call, the calling user shall receive an acknowledgement that the network is

able to process the call. The called user shall receive an indication of the arrival of every additional

incoming videoconference call. Originating address (when available) and additional channel identification

number shall be used to check compatibility between successive incoming calls.

The acceptance of the subsequent calls by the called user (answer), shall cause the bi-directional

communication path to be provided.
6.2.3 Varying the B-channel number during the conference

The user (or MCU) can vary the number of connections during the conference. Set-up and release of

additional channels use the standard D-channel procedures. However the change of multiplex structure

shall be prepared by preliminary appropriate inband signalling procedures.
6.2.4 Terminating the conference
6.2.4.1 Point-to-point conference

A request to terminate the videoconference teleservice can be generated by either of the users. If one

user terminates the service, the other user(s) shall be given an appropriate indication.

6.2.4.2 Multipoint conference

A request to terminate the call(s) can be generated by either the user or the MCU controlled by the MCU

director or the user given the Chair control described in ITU-T Recommendation H.243 [12]. If one user

terminates his call to the MCU, the other user(s) shall be given an appropriate indication.

The termination of the whole conference shall be controlled by the MCU or by the user given the Chair

control.

NOTE: An MCU could be designed to establish the call to a given user if this connection is

unintentionally released.
6.2.5 Change of communication mode

Because of end-to-end integrity on the videoconference teleservice, different communication modes can

be used according to ETS 300 143 [5].
The audio mode used at call set-up is:
- 3,1 kHz speech (CCITT Recommendation G.711 [6]).
The normal operating mode is:
- 7 kHz speech (CCITT Recommendation G.722 [7]).
However, a video conference terminal should be able to support as an option:
- 3,1 kHz speech (CCITT Recommendation G.728 [4]).
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The user (or MCU) can vary the audio mode during the communication.

The available bit rate is used by data and/or video signal for various picture definition (Common

Interchange Format (CIF), Quarter Common Interface Format (QCIF)).
6.2.6 Multipoint control

To allow communication between three or more videoconference terminals a MCU shall be used. The

MCUs may be cascaded, (multiple MCU configurations) as described in ETS 300 483 [9], when required

by a particular conference. The procedures for establishing connections between MCUs can follow the

principles for establishing connections between a MCU and a terminal (one MCU plays the role of a

simple terminal).

The connections between an MCU and the users participating in the conference shall be established by:

- the MCU calling the user (dial out);
- the user calling the MCU (dial in, also referred as meet-me).

When the dial-in procedure is used, the MCU should provide an optional control system to prevent

unauthorized access to the conference.
6.2.7 Data communication

The data transmission facility provides means for transmission of additional control information (e.g.

Chair-control functions), transmission of user information, communication between PCs, etc. Protocols for

data transmission and conference control are specified in the ITU-T T.120 series of recommendations.

6.3 Exceptional procedures
6.3.1 Situations at the calling user side

When the network receives an improper service request from the user, the network shall give that user

the appropriate failure indication and the call establish
...

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