Heating fuels - Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) - Requirements and test methods

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for marketed and delivered fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) to be used either as heating fuel for diesel engines at 100 % concentration, or as a blending component for the production of heating fuel. At 100% concentration it is applicable to fuel for use in heating equipment designed or subsequently adapted to run on 100% FAME.
NOTE   For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms "% (m/m)" and "% (V/V)" are used to represent respectively the mass fraction and the volume fraction.

Heizöle - Fettsäure-Methylester (FAME) - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren

Diese Europäische Norm legt Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren für gehandelte und ausgelieferte Fettsäure-Methylester (FAME, "Fatty Acid Methyl Esters") für die Verwendung allein als Heizöl oder als Blendkomponente für die Herstellung von Heizöl fest. Mit einer Konzentration von 100 % (m/m) ist sie anwendbar auf Brennstoffe für den Einsatz in Heizungsanlagen, die für den Betrieb mit 100 % FAME entwickelt oder nachträglich ausgerüstet wurden.
ANMERKUNG   Für den Zweck dieser Norm darf das Symbol % (m/m) verwendet werden, um Massenanteile in % auszudrücken.

Fuel domestique - Esters méthyliques d'acides gras (EMAG) - Exigences et méthodes d'essais

La présente Norme européenne spécifie les exigences et méthodes d'essai applicables aux esters méthyliques d'acides gras  (EMAG) commercialisés et livrés comme combustibles de chauffage a une concentration de 100 % ou comme constituant pour la préparation de combustibles de chauffage. A la concentration de 100 %, elle est applicable aux combustibles utilisés dans les installations de chauffage conçues ou adaptées pour fonctionner avec 100 % d'EMAG.
NOTE   Dans le cadre de la présente Norme européenne, le terme "% (m/m)" est utilisé pour représenter la fraction massique.

Kurilno olje – Metil estri maščobne kisline (FAME) – Zahteve in preskusne metode

General Information

Status
Withdrawn
Publication Date
31-Oct-2003
Withdrawal Date
03-Sep-2012
Current Stage
9900 - Withdrawal (Adopted Project)
Start Date
31-Aug-2012
Due Date
23-Sep-2012
Completion Date
04-Sep-2012

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2003-01.Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Razmnoževanje celote ali delov tega standarda ni dovoljeno.Heizöle - Fettsäure-Methylester (FAME) - Anforderungen und PrüfverfahrenFuel domestique - Esters méthyliques d'acides gras (EMAG) - Exigences et méthodes d'essaisHeating fuels - Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) - Requirements and test methods75.160.20Liquid fuelsICS:Ta slovenski standard je istoveten z:EN 14213:2003SIST EN 14213:2003en01-november-2003SIST EN 14213:2003SLOVENSKI

STANDARD
SIST EN 14213:2003

EUROPEAN STANDARDNORME EUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHE NORMEN 14213July 2003ICS 75.160.20English versionHeating fuels - Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) - Requirementsand test methodsFuel domestique - Esters méthyliques d'acides gras(EMAG) - Exigences et méthodes d'essaisHeizöle - Fettsäure - Methylester (FAME) - Anforderungenund PrüfverfahrenThis European Standard was approved by CEN on 13 February 2003.CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this EuropeanStandard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such nationalstandards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translationunder the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the officialversions.CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and UnitedKingdom.EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNGManagement Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels© 2003 CENAll rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reservedworldwide for CEN national Members.Ref. No. EN 14213:2003 ESIST EN 14213:2003

EN 14213:2003 (E)2ContentsForeword................................................................................................................................................31Scope.........................................................................................................................................42Normative references...............................................................................................................43Sampling...................................................................................................................................54Requirements and test methods............................................................................................64.1Dyes and markers....................................................................................................................64.2Additives...................................................................................................................................64.3Generally applicable requirements and related test methods............................................64.4Precision and dispute..............................................................................................................6Annex A (Normative) Details of interlaboratory test programme......................................................8Annex B (Normative) Correction factor for calculation of density of FAME....................................9Bibliography........................................................................................................................................10SIST EN 14213:2003

EN 14213:2003 (E)3ForewordThis document EN 14213:2003 has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 19 “Petroleumproducts, lubricants and related products”, the secretariat of which is held by NEN.This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of anidentical text or by endorsement, at the latest by January 2004, and conflicting national standardsshall be withdrawn at the latest by January 2004.This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission andthe European Free Trade Association.Many of the test methods included in this standard were the subject of interlaboratory testing todetermine the applicability of the method and its precision in relation to different sources of fatty acidmethyl esters. These fatty acid methyl esters were produced from rapeseed and sunflower oil.This standard gives all relevant characteristics, requirements and test methods for FAME, which areknown at this time to be necessary to define the product to be used as fuel for heating or as ablending component for the production of heating fuel, including iodine value. The question of productstability, i.e. thermal and storage stability as well as biovulnerability, are of great concern for thepractical use of FAME as heating fuel. At this time no suitable test methods and limits can beproposed for the different types of stability.The stability characteristics of FAME are under investigation in an EU-funded research programme‘BIOSTAB’, and suitable limits and test methods may be incorporated into an amended version of thisstandard upon successful conclusion of this programme, including a possible replacement for iodinevalue.If this specification is used for FAME as a blending component in blends of FAME with mineral oilbased heating fuels, the resulting blends should meet the requirements of the national standards forheating fuel in the countries applying this standard.Annex A is normative and contains the precision data generated on the test methods which are theresult of the interlaboratory testing as mentioned above, carried out by working groups of CEN/TC 19.Annex B, also normative, contains details on the calculation of density.According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of thefollowing countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, CzechRepublic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UnitedKingdom.SIST EN 14213:2003

EN 14213:2003 (E)41 ScopeThis European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for marketed and delivered fatty acidmethyl esters (FAME) to be used either as a heating fuel at 100% concentration, or as a blendingcomponent for the production of heating fuel. At 100% concentration it is applicable to fuel for use inheating equipment designed or subsequently adapted to run on 100% FAME.NOTEFor the purposes of this European Standard, the term “% (m/m)” is used to represent the massfraction.2 Normative referencesThis European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications.These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text and the publications are listedhereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publicationsapply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undatedreferences the latest edition of the publication referred to applies.EN 116:1997, Diesel and domestic heating fuels – Determination of cold filter plugging point.EN 12662:1998, Liquid petroleum products - Determination of contamination in middle distillates.EN 14103:20031) , Fat and oil derivatives - Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) – Determination of esterand linolenic acid methyl ester contentsEN 14104:20031), Fat and oil derivatives – Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) - Determination of acidvalueEN 14105:20031), Fat and oil derivatives – Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) – Determination of freeand total glycerol and mono-, di- and triglyceride contents (Reference method)EN 14106:20031), Fat and oil derivatives – Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME)– Determination of freeglycerol contentEN 14111:20031), Fat and oil derivatives – Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) – Determination of iodinevalueEN 14112:20031), Fat and oil derivatives - Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) - Determination ofoxidation stability (accelerated oxidation test).EN ISO 3104:1996, Petroleum products - Transparent and opaque liquids - Determination ofkinematic viscosity and calculation of dynamic viscosity (ISO 3104:1994).EN ISO 3104:1996/AC:1999, Petroleum products - Transparent and opaque liquids - Determination ofkinematic viscosity and calculation of dynamic viscosity (ISO 3104:1994, Cor. 1:1997).EN ISO 31702) Petroleum liquids – Manual sampling.EN ISO 3171:1988, Petroleum liquids – Automatic pipeline sampling (ISO 3171:1988).EN ISO 3675:1998, Crude petroleum and liquid petroleum products - Labora

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